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57 Esq. Captain of the 29th regt. nephew of the late fession, he now devoted all his leisure to astroLord Hartland, to Henrietta Bathurst, the Bi- nomical studies, to which he was led by having shop's eldest daughter.
begun a course of mathematical reading while 18. At Nuneaton, Warwickshire, the very Rev. at Halifax. He applied himself to this new James Henry Monk, DD. Dean of Peterborough, pursuit with all the ardour of genius, unableand Regius Professor of Greek in the University fortunately for both himself and the worldof Cambridge, to Jane, daughter of the Rev. T. to purchase a telescope capable of satisfying Hughes, of Nuneaton.
him, he determined upon constructing one with 19. Mr. Parrat, of Mount-street, Berkeley-square, his own hands, and in 1774, first saw Saturn, in
to Amelia, youngest daughter of John Linstead, a five feet reflecting telescope of his own makEsq. of Harling, Norfolk.
ing. Stimulated by this success, he continued
to form larger reflectors, until he produced one IN SCOTLAND.
of twenty feet. In 1779 he began to examine At Melville-house, Fife, by the Hon. Rev. Robert the Heavens, star by star, and his zeal and la
Leslie Melville, Abel Smith, Esq. MP. of Wood- bour were amply rewarded on the 13th of March, hall-park, Herts, to Lady Marianne Leslie Mel- 1781, by the discovery of a new primary planet, ville, youngest sister to the Earl of Leven and to which hel gave the name of Georgium Sidus, Melville.
although it is now more generally denominated IN IRELAND.
Uranus. This great discovery fixed his reputa
tion as one of the most eminent Astronomers of At Mount Catharine, by the Right Rev. Dr. O'Shaug.
the age, and secured for him that Royal patronnessy, R. C. Bishop of Killaloe, James John Ba
age, which enabled him to apply himself engot, Esg. of Castle Bagot, in the County of Dubfin, to Ellen Maria, daughter and co-heiress of
tirely to his new pursuit. He now removed the late Edmund O'Callaghan, Esq. of Kilgory,
to Slough, where he constructed that stupendous
Telescope, which was a noble monument of his in the County of Clare.
genius, science, and perseverance.
merous subsequent discoveries are recorded in
the Transactious of the Royal Society. In 1816 Roscommon, to Catharine, daughter of the Rev. W.Gormon, of Kilmore, in the County of Meath,
his present Majesty conferred upon him the
Guelphic order of Knighthood. Sir William and niece to the Right Hon. the Lord Chief
was, like his nephew, the celebrated Griesbach, Justice.
an admirable performer on the oboe. He has At Dublin, Walter Blake, Esq. Captain of the late
Jeft one son, the inheritor not only of his name
but of his genius. His remains were interred
in Upton Church, on the 7th of September. Tipperary.
26. At Cheltenham, Lieut.-Gen. John Hayes, of ABROAD.
the East India Company's Service, At Paris, William John Dalzell, Esq. of the 29. At Brighton, in her 98th year, Mrs. Dulany, Royal Artillery, second son of the late Professor relict of the Hon. Daniel Dulany, many years Dalzell, of Edinburgh, to Eliza Margaretta, only Secretary of the Prorince (now States) of Marydaughter of S. Blyth, Esq. of London,
land. - At Leamington, where he had been residing
several months, Mr. Jones, Banker, of the firm DEATHS.
of Jones and Lloyd, Lothbury. He was sitting
in the colonade in front of the pump-room, when August 9.-At Lathbury, near Newport Pagnell. he suddenly fell back and expired without a
Bucks, Mansel Dawkins Mansel, Esq. who de- groan. His death was occasioned by apoplexy. stroyed himself with a Pistol. He had served 31. At her house, in Park-lane, after a short illthe office of High Sheriff of Bucks, and was for
ness, Lady Perth. many years an active Magistrate of that county. - At the Vicarage, Wandsworth, in his 79th year, -And, on the 24th, Mrs. Mansel, his widow, the Rev. Rob. Holt Butcher, LLD. forty-four who died through grief at his melancholy fate. years Vicar of that parish, and Chairman of the They have left a family of five children.
Bench of Magistrates for the Half-hundred of 22. William Bowen, Esq. fourth son of the late Brixton.
G. Bowen, Esq. of Lyngwaire, Pembrokeshire. - At St. Ives, a young lady aged about 24, the He was running, in Piccadilly, to overtake the niece of the Rev. Mr. Morris, Dissenting MinisBristol stage, which had just left the Coach- ter of that place. She was found suspended to office, when he fell down opposite the Albany, a nail which she had driven for that purpose and instantly expired.
into the wall of her bed-chamber. 24. At his seat, Plasgwin, Anglesea, aged 65, - In Green-street, Grosvenor-square, in her 91st Paul Panton, Esq.
year, Mrs. Mary Milles, only surviving sister of - At Shooter's-bill, Kent, in bis 79th year, after the late Richard
Milles, Esq. of Nackington, an illness of only three days, General Sir Thos. Kent, and North Elmbam, Norfolk. Blomefield, Bart. 25. At Slough, Bucks, in his 84th year, the dis- Sept. 1. At Bodmin, John Waldron, MD.
tinguished Astronomer, Sir Wm. Herschel, 6. At Preston-house, near Alnwick, after a tedious Knight Guelph, FRS. London and Edinburgh, illness, Barbara Christiana, sister to Edmund President Astron. Soc. Lond. and a Member of Craster, Esq. High Sheriff for the county of nearly all the principal scientific bodies of Eu- Northumberland. rope and America. This eminent man was 7. At his residence, No. 2, York-place, Maryleborn in Gerinany, Nov. 1738. His father, who bone, in his 60th year, Mr. Thornton, an emiwas a musician, educated his four sons to the nent builder. This unfortunate gentleman, same profession, and placed William, at the who was a man of considerable property, deage of 14, in the band of the Hanoverian Foot stroyed himself with a knife, with which he inGuards. Desirous both of improving his cir- flicted a wound on the right side of the neck, cumstances, and of rising in his profession, he expiring about three bours after the commission came over to England in 1757. Here, after ex- of the fatal act. The verdict was, “Died in a periencing many difficulties, he was engaged state of temporary derangement.” After the by the Earl of Darlington to instruct a military departure of the Coroner, Isaac Strong, who rehand which that Nobleman was then forming sided in the family of the deceased, and had been in the County of Durbam. In consequence of examined as a witness, requested that he might the connexions formed in that part of the coun- have the knife which Mr. T. had employed. try, he, on the expiration of this engagement, This being given to him, he said, “Gentlemen, spent several years in the neighbourhood of it is now all settled; I thank you for the verdict Leeds, Pontefract, &c. wbere he distinguished yon have given; I am his natural son." On himself in his profession, and obtained a num. this strange confession, he was asked why he ber of pupils. In 1776, he was elected organist had not mentioned that circumstance before; at Halifax ; a situation which he shortly after and seven of the Jurymen immediately drew up relinquished for the more advantageous one of a request to the Coroner, that he would grant a organist at the Octagon Chapel, at Bath. Not. fresh inquest, with this, however, he said that withstanding his ardent attachment to his pro- he could not comply, as there was nothing in
what Strong had said that could authorise such well known for his strong opposition to Governa proceeding:
ment during an eventful period in the history of 8. At Exeter, Laura Edwyna, the lady of Wm. Ireland. In consequence of the freedom of his
Edward Powell, Esq. MP. Lord Lieutenant for political animadversions he was once imprisonthe county of Cardigan.
ed two years and a half. 9. At his house, in Hereford-street, Lieut.-Gen. At Cork, in child-bed of twins, Mary, wife of MatSir Hildebrand Oakes, Bart. Lieut.-Gen. of thew Lamert, Esq. Surg. Ist Veterans. the Ordnance, and Colonel 524 Regt. foot. He At Dublin, aged 19, Miss Eastwood, daughter of arrived in town the preceding Saturday from the late Samuel Eastwood, Esg. of that city. Ramsgate, where he had been
for the benefit of Her clothes catching fire, as she was taking a his health. Lord Hill, it is said, will succeed tea-kettle off the fire, in the absence of a serhiin as Lieut.-Gen, of the Ordnance.
vant, she was so dreadfully burnt, that she 11. At her house, Chigwell-row, Essex, Mrs. expired after lingering two days in extreme
Wilbraham, of Upper Seymour-street, relict agony. of the late George Wilbraham, Esq. of Dela- Mrs. Whitley, of King's County, She was walking mere-lodge, Cheshire. She was riding with in her garden, when chancing to touch a springher daughter in a low, four-wheeled carriage, gun, both her legs were shot, and she was found when the horse taking fright, they were both quite dead by her servants about half an hour thrown out, and Mrs. W. received such a violent afterwards. contusiou on her head that she continued in a At Nymphsfield, Charles O'Hara, Esq. one of the state of complete insensibility until she expired, Representatives in Parliament for the county of which was not till two days afterwards. Mrs. Sligo. W was second daughter of the late W. Harvey, Esq. MP. for Essex, and sister to Sir Eliab Har
ABROAD vey, the present representative for that county. At Barville-park, near Graham Town, Algoa Bay,
At Brighton, in her 38th year, Mrs. Cramer, Major-Gen. Charles Campbell. wife of the celebrated composer, and performer At Valparaiso, Captain Thos. Graham, of the on the pianoforte, J. B. Cramer, Esq. after a Doris Frigate, husband of Mrs. Maria Grabam, long and painful illness.
the well-known authoress of several popular 12. Of Cholera Morbus, the Rev. Dr. Samuel works, “A Journal of a Residence in India,” Gauntlett, Warden of New College, Oxford. &e. This venerable individual was gifted with a At Paris, after a long and painful illness, Madame strong intellect, and a benevolent heart: as a Condorcet, widow of the illustrious Condorcet, scholar he was distinguished for his classical and piece to Marshal Grouchy. attainments, as a divine, for his pure doctrine At Tours, aged 42, Henry Bache Thornhill, Esq. and exemplary conduct, and as a governor, by of Montague-place, Montague-square, eldest son the regularity of his discipline.
of Bache Thornhill, Esq. of Stanton, in the 13. At Aldenham-abbey, Herts, aged 19, Charlotte county of Derby.
Jemima, third and youngest daughter of Admi. At Luccu, in her 16th year, Ellen Grace, only ral Sir Charles and Lady Pole.
daughter of Lieut.-Colonel Croft, of the 36th At his father's, at Hemel Hempsted, the Rev. Regt.
Samuel Grover, MA. Fellow of Exeter College, At Rome, in his 70th year, Cardinal Rigante.
In the Island of St. Nevis, John Huggins, Esq. in 15. At Eton, the Rev. Edwin Halhed, Tutor to Lord consequence of a wound received in a duel with
Craven's son. This gentleman is another on Walter Maynard, Esq. President of that Island. that melancholy list of suicides which seems of The ball entered the right hip, and passed late to be extending to such an alarming degree, through his body, and the unfortunate gentlethis being the fourth instance of self-destruction man who was a young man of most amiable noticed by us this month.
character, and married about seven mouths be18. At the Rectory, Woodstock, Ana, the wife of fore) expired within an hour and a half. the Rev. Dr. Mayor.
On Richmond Heights, in the Island of Grenada, 19. At Hammersmith, the Countess of Dundonald, West-Indies, Samuel Bougham, Esq. Ensign
daughter of Francis Plowden, Esq. Barrister-at- 9th Regt. eldest son of Lieut.-Gen. Bougham, of law.
Great Warley-place, Essex. Lately, at Chiswick, in bis 61st year, the Rev. The Duke D'Escans, Intendant to the Royal
Robert Lowth only son of the late Bishop of Household to his Majesty Louis XVIII. London) Rector of Hinton, Hants, and one of At Dieppe, suddenly from a violent hæmorrhage, the Prebendaries of St. Paul's Cathedral.
Don Jose Tiburcio Echevarria, a native of Ma
racaybo in Columbia, and one of the Members IN IRELAND.
of the Mission from the Government of ColumAt Ashford, near Newrath-bridge, John Magee, bia to Spain.
Esq. Proprietor of the Dublin Evening Post,
The Rev. Lord W. Somerset, appointed to the building is to be erected after a design by Mr. Prebendal Stall, in Bristol Cathedral, vacant Cockerell, aniting taste with economy. J.S. 'Harby the resignation of the Rev. F. Blomberg.—The ford, Esq. and his two brothers, the Lords of the Rev. Samuel Henry Savory, MA. to the vicarage Manor of Lampeter, gave the ground on which of Houghton juxta Harpley, Norfolk, on the pre- the College is to be built, accompanied with a besentation of the Marquis of Cholmondeley. nefaction of 10001. His Majesty has also very Thc Rev. Thos. Bissland, Ba. of Baliol College, munificently subscribed the same sám, and both Oxford, appointed Chaplain to the Right Hon. the Universities have contributed largely towards Lord St. Helens.—The Rev. Dr. Watson of Acle, this meritorious undertaking, the object of which Norfolk, to the living of Denford-cum Ringstead, is to provide an adequate course of instruction in Northamptonshire, vacant by the death of the Rev. a district where the candidates for holy orders are Charles Proby.-The Rev. W. Thusby, MA. of uniformly too poor to incur the expence of enterOriel College, Oxford, to the vicarage of Harding - ing the Universities. The plan was first formed stone, Northamptonshire, on the presentation of in 1804. the Lord Chancellor.-The foundation stone of St. OXFORD.—The Wardenship of New College is David's College was laid at Lampeter, Cardigan- become vacant by the death of the Rev.Dr. Gauntshire, Aug. 12, by the Bishop of St. David's. The
1822.] A METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL FOR Aug. 1822. 59
Kept at the Observatory of the Naval Academy, Gosport.
29.95 29.92 29 935 71 152 161-5
45 55 SW LONW
NW to N
Sto N 30.0429.98 80-010 174 55 64-5
N to NW 30 19 30 13 30-160 175 53 64
NW to w 30-2230-203-210 175 56 65 5
S to SW 30.1029 961 30.0830 75 55 65
NE DO SE
-80) 035 29.92 29-89 29-905 73 60 66.5
NW to SW 29-94 29.92 29-930 174 60 67
SW to W 29.95 29.94 29-945 176 60 68
SW 12 29.98 29.9429.960 176 69 69 5
N to SW 13 30-05 29.93 29.990 76 60 68
SW 14 30-05 29-38 29-965 178 60 69
SW to SE 15 30-10 29.85 29.975 71 50 60 5
W to NW 116 30-26 30 22 30 240 172 56 64
SW to NW 17 30:38 30-34 30-360 79 56 6745
NW to SW 30-32 30 26 30 290 79 60 695
N to s 30-26 30 24 30 250 75 62 68.5
E to SE
-70 30 22 30 16 30 190 82 65 73-5
NE 30:10 30.07 30-085 76 62. 69
E to SE 30-014 30-02 30.030 82 58170
SW to NW 30:11 30 10 30-105 76 54 65
NW to W 30-00 29.80 29-900 73 154 63.5
S to SW
.30-550 29.87 29.85 29.860 170 55 62-5
W to SW
•10-240 29.86 29.80 29.830 | 69 53 61
W to SW
• 145 29.82 29.80 29 810 ||70 55 62-5
NW to SW
085 29.84 29.6529-745 172 56 64
SE to SW
28122 30 1126 23|15|| 7:40 1:815| The observations in each line of this Table, under Barometer, Thermometer, Wind, and Rain, are for a period of 24 hours, beginning at 8 AM.
Maximum...... 31:38 Aug. 17th, Wind NW.
Minimam...... 29 62 Do. 29th, Do. W.
30-015 for the lunar period, ending the 18th instant.......
29.917 for 16 days, with the Moon in North declination ........
29.970 for 14 days, with the Moon in South declination ..........
29-865 Spaces described by the rising and falling of the Mercury
820 Aug. 22d, Wind SW.
30th, Do. NW. Range....
..................... 35 Mean temperature of the Air
... 64.99 for 31 days with the Sun in Leo
...... 65.74 Greatest variation in 24 hours.....
DE LUC's WHALEBONE HYGROMETER.
... 74° in the evening of the 2015,
...... 31 in the afternoon of the 3d. Range of the Iridex
43 Mean at 2 o'clock PM.
........ 44.4 at 8 Do... AM.
55.6 at 8 Do... PM.
59-7 of 3 observations each day at 8, 2, and 8 o'clock .... 53.2 Evaporation for the month.....
7.400 inches. Rain, with the gauge near the ground...
1.815 Ditto with ditto 23 feet high
A SUMMARY OF THE WEATHER.
OBSERVATIONS ON THE WEATHER,
FOR AUGUST, 1822. Naval Academy, Gosport.
Fair weather has prevailed for two-thirds early winter may be expected. It was reof this month ; the other part was showery, ported by several of the country people but mostly in the nights, which occasioned here, that a slight hoar frost was percepbut little interruption in the completion of tible in the fields, &c. last Saturday mornan abundant harvest, sooner by many days ing a little before sun-rise, with a fresh than has been experienced in this county, breeze from NW.: however, our self-reor perhaps in any other, for many years gistering thermometer did not at that time past. The pressure of the atmosphere is recede below 47°, the minimum temperature above the mean this month, the weather of the month. The temperature of springhaving been generally calm and hot, with water is already a little on the decrease. a moist air; but the rain is less than 2 During the fair weather between the even. inches in depth. It is a remarkable cir. ings of the 12th and 24th instant, both cumstance, that the mean temperature of small and large meteors were prevalent the air has been retrograde this summer- and numerous : one of the largest, in the the mean of August is generally the high. evening of the 15th, was of a light blue est of the year in this latitude, but that of colour in its descent, till it burst at halfthe present month is an exception, and is past 9 P.M. when the evolving matter actually less than either that of July or changed to fiery-red sparks—it passed under June ! June afforded a mean temperature the side of the Serpent, between the of 66-85°,-July, 65:950,- and August, Northern Crown and the Scales. The at64.890. The uniformity of these results mospheric and meteoric phænomena that through the summer is also remarkable, have come within our observation this and must have been beneficial to the fruits month, are 2 parhelia, 2 paraselena, 2 and vegetation. July, however, would solar and 2 lunar halos, 81 meteors (17 of have been the hottest month but for the which presented themselves in the evening heavy rains. The evaporation also was of the 17th), lightning on four, and thungreatest in June.
The daily rains at the der on two different days, and 5 gales of latter part of August have again cooled wind, or days on which they have predown the earth's radiating power; and vailed, namely, I from SE., 1 from S., should it turn out a wet September, an I from SW., and 2 from the West.
Aug. 1. A sunny day, and a brisk wind; overcast by night, inostly with thunder clouds, and a little rain.
2. As the preceding day : much dew and Cirrostratus by night, in which 2 faintly.coloured para. selenæ appeared at a quarter past 2 AM. just withont the edge of a large lunar balo.
3. As the preceding day : the clouds of various colours in the evening, and the sunset with a Jarge halo around it.
4. AM. fair : overcast, and a light shower in the afternoon : a moonlight night.
5. A fair day and night, with a brisk northerly wind.
6. An overcast sky, except an hour or two in the morning.
7. After a light shower, a fair and calm day: ? bright meteors in the evening to the northward of this, followed by rain from the same quarter.
8. Á fair day; and two winds crossing at right angles: a mixture of clouds at sunset, followed by lightning and rain.
9. Light showers and sunshine at intervals : overcast by night.
10. Calm and overcast with Cumulostratus nearly all day and night.
11. A fair day and two winds: overcast and calm, with lightning and light showers by night.
12. An overcast sky, except in the afternoon, and light rain in the night.
13. Fair, with a strong breeze from SW.: cloudy and fine by night, and one sinall meteor.
14. A fine sunny day, and a brisk cale from SE.: the night as the preceding, and 8 meteors, two of which had trains.
15. As the preceding day : a clear sky by night,
and 9 meteors, two of which left long red trains behind them, and one was of a very large size.
16. Fair and two winds, the upper one from NW.: 5 small meteors in the evening, and much dew by night.
17. As the preceding day and nigbt, with the addition of 12 meteory.
18. A fair day and opposite winds, the upper one from the north : Cirrostratus in the evening, wbich chiefly descended in dew in the night: 15 small meteors appeared in various directions between 9 and 11 PM.
19. Fair with Cirri and a brisk wind from SE, : patches of Cirrostratus by night, and 5 small meteors.
20. A fair and hot day, and tiro winds, the upper one from SW.: beds of Cirrostratus by night, and 3 small ineteors. During the last 24 hours the evaporation amounts to nine-tenths of an inch.
21. Fair, with a brisk wind from SE.: the night as the preceding, with the addition of lightning, and thunder to the eastward.
22. Foggy till 9 AM., afterwards fair and hot, with light airs.
23. Fair with a brisk wind from NW. and a transparent atmosphere: a few flashes of lightning
а from the passing clouds in the night, and 5 meteors.
24. AM. mostly overcast with an inosculation of clouds: PM. heavy rain, and wind from SW.
25. A fine sunny day, with a brisk gale from SW.: showery at intervals, and 1 meteor in the night,
26. Sunshine and showers in the day, and repeated flashes of strong lightning, with thunder froin a passing Nimbus at 10 minutes before 2 PM.:
New Patents-Foreign Exchange.
61 very bright meteor passed under the star Alru- 29. A sunny day, and a continuation of the gale: kabah at a quarter before 9: chiefly overcast by light shower after sunset, a clear night, and a night.
rising barometer. 27. A sunny day, with the exception of a smart 30. AM. fine: calm and showery in the aftershower in the morning : a cloudy night and some noon; and the
night as the preceding, but a cold dew.
wind from the NW. 28. Overcast with Cumulostratus in the morning : 31. A calm sunny day, and a little rain in the PM. rain at intervals, and a gale from the south, evening : a clear moonlight night, and much
dew. then from the west.
Jonas and John Hobson, Mythom improvements in the construction and maBridge, Yorkshire, woollen manufacturers ; nufacture of spring-jacks, &c.—July 27. for new machinery for a more effectual and Sir A. Perrier, City of Cork, Knt. ; for expeditious mode of shearing, cutting, and improvements in the apparatus for distilling, finishing woollen cloth, &c. which require boiling, and concentrating, by evaporation, the use of shears.—July 27.
various sorts of liquids.—July 27.
COURSES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AT
Paris. Hamburg. Amsterdam Vienna. Nuremberg Berlin. Naples. Leipsig. Bremen
13 Sept. 16 Sept.
37 40-3 10:7 fl. 10.13 7:14 6204 617
1397 1403 | 1454
993 99% 1031 1003
15.50 Madrid. ... 15:55
540 394 424
COURSES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AT
Breslaw. Stockholm. Petersburg. Riga. Antwerp Madrid. Lisbon.
6 Sept. 3 Sept. 5 Sept. 18 Sept.
103 10 40:4
98 94 34%