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houses are insufficient for the hay, failing excitement to every kind of forage, and ammunition. Surely depredation. The tithe system there must be some hidden meaning seems to be the ostensible pretence, in this “ note of preparation ;”-it but we fear the evil is much deeper seems much too extended and too seated. The great land-holders and ample for a mere precautionary mea- gentry of the country have, however, sure. In its internal administration met, and endeavoured, as far as in the government proceeds in the same them lay, to obviate this pretence, steady and determined system of seve- by entering into a resolution to rerity. The four conspirators, condemn- commend the commutation of tithes ed at Rochelle, have perished on the to the legislature. Such a recomscaffold, and Berton and his associ- mendation will, we hope, have its ates, their appeal having been dis- weight, although we are disposed to allowed, have shared the same fate. doubt very much the ultimate sucThe papers are filled with very in- cess of the experiment. In Dublin, teresting details as to the bravery indeed, the troubles of Ireland seem with which these men met their to have been by some ascribed to death. They are, however, much another, and a very different source, too minute for our transcription; but namely, the Union. A motion was as Berton excited so much notice, the lately made in the Guild of Mermanner in which he conducted him- chants, and unanimously agreed to, self through the last great trial may to present a petition for a repeal of not be unacceptable to our readers, that measure.

It would be premaparticularly as the truth of the ac- ture to offer any observations now count is vouched for by his confessor. upon the policy of this attempt; as At half past nine, on the morning of to its fate, however, we may venture the day of the execution, Cafe, one of to predict, without the danger of the condemned, who had been lying bringing our repute as prophets into on his bed apparently listening to his question. Even Mr. Fox, when askconfessor, contrived to open the fe- ed for his support of such a petition, moral artery with some instrument is reported to have said, that “it which he had concealed under the was a very different thing to oppose bed clothes ; his death was so sud- a measure in the first instance, and den, that he had only time to say to afterwards to vote for its repeal, if his confessor, “Give me your blessing carried.” We saw little in the last and embrace me.” In consequence days of the Irish parliament to call of this event, Berton was more closely in question Swift's double sarcasm watched, and his arms tied. When against both it and the Irish univerled to execution, he was dressed in sity, where, in his “ Legion Club," a blue great coat, and had a helmet speaking of the situation of the buildon his head ; on the way to the scaf- ing, he describes it as fold he behaved with every courtesy Not a bowshot from the college, to the priest who attended him, and Half the globe from sense and knowledge. died, after having received the sacraments. He was much altered in his Another motion was made in the appearance after his condemnation, same Guild, to admit catholics to but died with great firmness. His its freedom; and, with singular conlast words, pronounced in a firm voice, sistency, almost unanimously rejectand twice repeated, were, Vive la ed. The same men who loudly called France !-Vive la Liberté !for the emancipation of themselves,

The intelligence from Ireland oc- were just as loud in denying it, even cupies, and we fear is long likely to partially, to others. occupy, the leading feature in our do- A great reduction is taking place in mestic abstract. Now that the new the military department of Scotland. harvest has been gathered, and has Many persons have already been disfully equalled, in its produce, the missed; and it is now said, that Lord hopes of the most sanguine, the dis- Robert Kerr, with the assistance of position to commit every kind of out- one clerk, with a salary of half a rage seems rather to have increased crown a day, will be able to manage than diminished. In the south, par- the Adjutant-general's department. ticularly, the possession of property, The appointment of Lord Amherst or a good house, constitutes the un- as Governor-general of India, in the

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room of the Marquis of Hastings, has on some serious political charge. at last taken place, and been con- Some private letters with which this firmed by the Board of Directors. gentleman was entrusted, and a ma

Parliament will not, it is rumour- nuscript copy of verses, are reported ed, be called upon to meet till Fe- to have compromised him. He has bruary, unless something important protested loudly against his detein the meantime should occur to ren- tion, and also against the seizure of der their convocation necessary. One a sealed dispatch, of which he was of the first measures to be proposed by the bearer from the Portuguese amthe Chancellor of the Exchequer will, bassador at Paris to the Portuguese if report speak true, be the reduction ambassador in London. The French of the old four per cents. to three government, however, have taken and a half. This idea has originated but little notice of his complaints, as in the success of the experiment made he was confined au secret; and the last year upon the five per cents. report, that he was to be tried on a

The Chief Justice has been sitting charge of treason, was in extensive at Nisi prius, during the latter half circulation. Mr. Bowring lately pubof October. Few trials of any in- lished in this country a work enterest took place, if we except some titled, “ Specimens of the Russian for blasphemous and political libels, Poets.” A measure equally decisive, instituted by the Bridge-street and the though not equally severe, has been Suppression of Vice Societies. All adopted towards Sir Robert Wilson. the defendants were convicted. Lit- He was ordered to quit Paris within tle Waddington, the bill-sticker, of 24 hours, and the French territory radical notoriely, was among the as fast as he could travel. sufferers. He defended himself, and His Majesty has, we are happy to in such a manner, that the Chief say, quite recovered his health and Justice expressed considerable doubts spirits during his sojournment at his as to his sanity.

cottage in Windsor-park. He has We do not know that we ought signified his intention of passing some not to have mentioned, under our time at the Pavilion. foreign head, the arrest of Mr. Bow- Oct. 24, 1822. ring, an English merchant, at Calais,

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE, &c. Illustrations of Italian Architecture.— studied by many of our scene-painters and A work now publishing by Leske, of Darm- decorators. stadt, contains an interesting selection of Sculpture.- Hermann and Pettrich, two outline engravings of some of the various young Danes, and pupils of Thorvaldsen, and numerous specimens of architecture bid fair to become illustrious ornaments of abounding in Italy; its title is Kirchen, Pa- the school of that great master. The for läste, und Klöster in Italien nach Monumen- mer of these has lately executed a bas-relief ten gezeichnet von J. L. Ruhl, folio, 1, 2, 3 in marble, the subject of which is BacHeft. The subjects are not only very judici- chus and Ariadne ; its execution is particuously chosen, but such as have not oftcn been larly excellent. Pettrich has also executed a delineated. The admirers of the Gotico-Te- relief, representing our Saviour inviting desco style will here meet with several curious Little Children to approach him. The specimens of the ecclesiastical architecture young artist has treated the subject with a of the middle ages : for instance, the Ca- feeling that discovers real genius, and adthedral at Spoleto, San Feliciano at Fu- dresses itself immediately to the soul of the ligno, San Giacomo at Vicovaro. One or spectator. In manual execution it indicates two very beautiful and picturesque Cortili much ability, and partakes considerably of are introduced, particularly that of San the character of Thorvaldsen's style. FerApostolo at Rome, and one belonging to a dinand Pettrich, the only son of Professor palace in the Via Sacra in the same city. Pettrich, the sculptor, was born at Dress An interior of the Sacristy of San Martino den, Dec. 17th, 1798. From his earliest a Monte at Rome proves from what appa- years he discovered an innate predilection rently slight and inadequate materials an for the art practised by his father, who first interesting architectural subject may be initiated him in:0 its mysteries. At the formed: the effect is most pleasing ; and beginning of 1819 he was sent to Rome to the ensemble presents an architectural complete his studies, where he was so fortu. composition that might be very usefully Date as to become the pupil, and gain the

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personal attachment, of Thorvaldsen. One taste and abilities of their architect, M. of his first attempts was an Infant Christ Klenze. The former of these fine strucsleeping on the Cross. He is at present tures is the glyptotheca, or gallery, erected employed upon a large composition—the by the crown-prince of Bavaria for the reEntombing of Christ, in the model of which ccption of his valuable collection of an-, he at length succeeded to his wish, after re- cient statues and marbles. It consists of peated alterations.

thirteen noble halls (one is not less than 140 Musco Borgia.—This valuable collection feet in length), each of which accords in its of Egyptian monuments has been united to architecture and decorations with the class the Borboni Museum, and arranged by of statues to which it is destined. The Arditi, the director of the royal museum at building is a square, with a cortile in the Naples, and superintendent of the excava

The façade, which is of the Ionic tions and antiquities. They are placed in order, is constructed entirely of whitish one of the lower porticos, and amount to up- Salzburgh marble, a material worthy of the wards of 600 different subjects, among which beautiful decoration which this front disare, an obelisk of red granite, an altar with plays. A majestic octastyle portico consti22 mummy-looking figures in bas-relief, se- tutes its principal feature, and gives the veral Harpocrates tablets, a basaltic torso whole a very temple-like appearance ; and covered with hieroglyphics of such extreme the tympanum of the pediment contains a elegance, that they resemble cameos, and a profusion of sculpture in relief. Extensive as statue of Ptolemæus Epiphanes. Among this building is, it forms but the part of a the Cufic antiquities is a celestial globe, design for a magnificent place, among whose formed of metal, with its meridian; this embellishments a catholic church and a tritruly unique monument of its kind was umphal arch will be important features. executed by Kaissar, an Arabian astrono. The second edifice is the New Ridingmer and mechanist, at the command of Mu. House. Here the architect had many diffihamed Alkamel, sixth king of Egypt, in culties to contend with ; for the stables haythe year 1225 of our æra, &c. &c. ing been already erected, he was quite limit

Duc D'Enghien.—The monument erect- ed, both as to situation and extent, in this ed to the memory of this unfortunate additional building. It is a parallelogram of prince will ere long be completed. The 320 feet by 85, of which the façade occupies cenotaph is surrounded by four figures of the longest side. A somewhat lofty basement white marble. One of these represents the gives an air of majesty to this front. Above prince, who is proceeding tranquilly to his this basement rises a Roman-Doric order of execution; the second figure is Fortitude, colossal proportions, consisting of pilasters who supports him in this trying moment; at the extremities, and insulated columns the third Malice, who is lurking for him ; in the centre. Over the large arched winand the fourth France in fetters. These dows, of the centre division, are circular statues are about 7 feet 6 inches high, and bronze shields, 8 or 9 feet in diameter, the entire height of the mausoleum is 22 adorned with colossal horses' heads; and feet. The sculptor is M. Deseine, first the attic is decorated with an inscription in sculptor to the Bourbon-Conde family, and bronze. The interior is still more imposing; member of the academies of Bourdeaux resting on a lofty stylobate, are pilasters and Copenhagen.

supporting a richly decorated entablature; Life-Prescrver.The newly invented and, at the ends, are open tribunes or gal. . life-preserver is most valuable on account of leries with Ionic columns. The ceiling is de

its extreme simplicity. Its advantages are, corated with square caissoons and pannels. that it is air-tight, and impenetrable to wa. Of this edifice the construction and deter ; that it does not occasion the least pres- tails are alike admirable; nor is there sure on the chest; that it can be inflated in all Germany any building more characand adjusted to the body in a moment, and teristic of the purpose for which it was is then capable of sustaining the weight of erected. Wagner's bas-reliefs of the Cen. an additional person in case of emergency; taurs and Lapithæ are particularly fine: he that it can be worn by females over their has executed besides for this building two clothes ; and, lastly, that it is light and groups of extraordinary beauty, each con. portable. The inventor exhibited it on the sisting of three figures, larger than life. Thames, Aug. 20th, in the presence of nu. The first of these groups consist of a Cenmerous spectators, who expressed their un- taur combating with two Lapithæ, one of qualified approbation.-M. Scheerbaum whom is almost vanquished, while the other made an experiment on Aug. 15, with an is still endeavouring to defend himself. In artificial horse, a machine with which he the second group, the Centaur is raising rode into the sea at Scheveningen while a large fragment of rock to crush one of his breakers rose to the height of 12 feet, and adversaries; the other has leaped aside. advanced 400 yards into that element with For beauty of form, energy of expression, perfect safety.

and strong poetical feeling, these producMunich.--This city is now adorned by tions deserve to rank very high indeed two very fine pieces of architecture, both of among the noblest efforts of modern art.

ich will long remain monuments of the

MONTHLY REGISTER,

NOVEMBER 1, 1822.

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season.

AGRICULTURAL REPORT. AMONG the paralyzing effects of dis.. now done; the ruin is nearly universal tress, we must first notice the decrcased spi- among the tenantry. Estates too are rit of improvement which is manifested by changing masters, nor does it appear that the paucity of technical discussion at this Ministers have a clearer view of the sub

The prevention of smut by pre. ject than the people they govern. Nothing parations of the seed wheat, and the aug. but A REDUCED TAXATIon, and the mentation of the produce, as well as of conversion of the idle pauper into an indusa employment, by the substitution of spade trious producer and consumer, can work husbandry, have no longer the same charms the good so much to be desired. for speculative Agriculturists.

The operations out of doors have been The fact is, they have no spirit to en- materially advanced by the fine rains gage in experiments, though this seems to which began about the close of last month. us an erroneous method of procedure, for The wheats are well got in, in most places, difficulties require increased energy. Com-, the turnips are improved, and every thing plaint resounds from one end of the king- promises abundance. The wheat crop of dom to the other; and it can but be ob- last year is ascertained, both in bulk, served, that the local reports are written, weight, and quality, to be greatly beyond with far more bitterness than ever. No expectation Yet it does not come into the wonder! the innumerable sales which have market as briskly as might have been antitaken place, the depression of stock as wellcipated under all circumstances. The aveas of the price of produce, make the fare rage of the foreign and English supply by mer's condition really deplorable. Nor is sea to the port of London was in the years he alone in ruin. We positively know that 1817, 1818, about 12,000 quarters weekly: more than one, two, or three large farms Since harvest, the average has not reached have been let upon the express condition of 9,000 of English alone ; no opinion can paying NO RENT AT ALL, but merely therefore be formed concerning the relation under covenant to keep them in tilth, and of supply to demand ; nor can it, we con. to discharge the tithes and the rates. In ceive, till next harvest. This, however, is many instances, the tithe is the most van afçer all the point upon which the whole luable property in the soil ; yet such is the question turns; and, we believe, taking infinite variety of causes affecting the Agri- the average of seasons, the one is very near cultural question, that we really believe it to the other. The after-grass crop is stated is still very partially-indeed, we may say, to be very excellent in many counties, parnot at all, understood. In the meanwhile, ticularly in Cornwall, and towards the it does not appear that the landed interest West of England. Potatoes are also likely will remain quiet spectators of their own to be plentiful. Cider is superabundant, destruction. At the Pitt dinner, at Nor. and seiling from 20s. to 233. per hogshead, wich, Mr. Edmond Wodehouse, imme. Wool remains much the same. At the vadiately after the health of Ministers had rious fairs, which are more numerous at been given, and their abilities panegyrized this season than at any other period of the by Mr. Marsham Elwin, one of his most year, stock of all sorts has been shown in intimate friends, and most active support, large quantities, and has met a very dull ers, ---Mr. E. Wodehouse, we say, rose and sale. Butter and cheese at Winchester, declared his absolute conviction that Minis- Shrewsbury, Nottingham, Cambridge, ters had not donc all they might have done Bury, and other such marts, fetched (the for the Agricultural interest ; and moreover prime dairies) from 45s. to 55s. One of the expressed his belief, that had Mr. Pitt country papers states, that 200 Devons were been at the head of affairs, he would have driven from South Molton in that county found some means of preserving a more to every fair in the neighbourhood, -to. equitable adjustment between the monied Smithfield,-forty miles beyond London, and landed interests. “He would not," to Smithfield a second time, and at last the says Mr. Wodehouse,“ have sought up greater part returned to the proprietor unthe ruin of one interest for the benefit of sold. another." Mr. Wodehouse further urged At Winchester fair, many hundreds of upon his hearers, “ that this was no time excellent lambs were sold between 5s. and to sit still in their chairs, and say things 148. a head. The general prices may be will come to rights.” But the mischief is quoted. Down ewes, from 98. to 20s.; dowr.

Vol. VI, - Mon. Reg.

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lambs, from 58. to 158.; wethers, from 20s. colt, two years old, was sold for the price of to 28s. Hops are excellent, and a fine growth 100 lambs, of a better than middling quain every sense ; Farnham's were grounded lity. In Smithfield, all sorts of meat are at from 71. to 77. 10s. ; country hops, from a little advanced. 31. 108. to 51. 12s. Good horses still October 22, 1822. maintain good prices ; at this fair, a cart

COMMERCIAL REPORT.

(London, October 22.) Nothing remarkable as affecting the In the following week, the demand was foreign trade of the country has occurred general and extensive, and the market was during the last month. Some facilities how. farther improved by the very favourable ever have been given to British ships trading accounts from Liverpool ; several parcels to the Netherlands, by the remission of from the late India sale were disposed of at certain tonnage and other duties heretofore an advance of 1d. to 1d. per lb.; above paid, and placing British ships on the same 3,000 packages were sold in this week. In footing, in this respect, as those of the king- the week ending to-day, the East India dom of the Netherlands. Russia too has cotton of the last sale has been much in. allowed foreign vessels to carry on the quired after for home consumption, and fd. coasting trade in Finland on the same terms advance on Surat and Madras has been reas Russian vessels. It is confidently stated, fused : the purchases this week are 2120 that the Portuguese government has rea bags, all sold in bond, viz.-250 Pernams solved to desist from its claim of 30 per 10 d. good fair; 600 Surats, fair 5£d. and cent. on English woollen manufactures, 53d., good fair 6d., good 6d. ; 1400 Benand to be contented with 15 per cent. We gals, very ordinary 4$d. and 4fd., fair 5d. have not, however, seen any official state- and 5 d., good 5 d. and 64d.; 150 Madras ment of this determination in the Portu. 5$d. a 53d. ordinary to good ; and 20 guese papers, which we have had the op- Bourbons 91d. fair. portunity of examining.

Ac Liverpool, the market has been uni. Cotton.--Though the report of the Lic formly favourable, the sales during the five verpool market was very favourable at the weeks ending October 19, having amounted end of last month, it produced no anima- The most business was done in the week

to 64,550 bags, and the arrivals to 34, 235. tion in the market here, because of the ex. pected sale at the India House on the 27th. ending October 12, when the sales amountAt this sale, about 11,000 bales were sold, ed to 21,700, of which 12,000 were taken and 5,500 bought in, and withdrawn. Of on speculation, at a general improvement those sold, about 4,500 were taken on spe- week were 22,560 bags.

of $d. per lb.; the arrivals in the same culation ; the rest for home consumption and exportation. The Surat and Madras Sugar.- The market presented a very were $ to gd. and, in some instances, ed. favourable appearance for the last ten days lower ; the Bengals, especially the good of the preceding month, and the first fort. qualities, supported the previous prices. night of this, the prices were very firm, and In the first week of October, the purchases a small but gradual advance took place : we by private contract and at public sales were subjoin the report for the week ending the very considerable, about 3,000 packages, 8th instant. viz.-in bond, 182 New Orleans very or- « The demand for Muscovades has been dinary 67d. a 74d., fair 7d., good 84d. a steady and considerable, a gradual advance 84d. ; 650 Boweds, ordinary 6d. a 6 d., of 1s. per cwt. in the prices took place, and middling fair, fair 7d. a 14d., good fair "the market was very firm at the improve, 78d. to 7 d. for good ; 66 Tenessee very ment; the purchases lately on speculation inferior 54d. a 50. ; 950 Surats fair 5 d., are reported to be rather on an extensive good fair 5 d., good 5 d. and 6d. ; 300 scale. Bengals, fair 5d. and 5 d, good 5 d. ; 200 “ This forenoon the show of good Sugars Pernams 91d. fair to 13 d. good fair; 50 is very limited; the consequence has been Paras 8 d. a 8£d. good ; 86 St. Domingo that sales are more confined than for some very ordinary 5£d. and 5 d., good fair 7d. time past ; the advance of last week is, a 74d. ; and duty paid, 15 Demeraras fair however, firmly maintained, and the hold. 7 d., good fair 8fd. a 8 d. ; 25 Barbadoes ers still confident of a further improvement good 74d. ; 21 Bahamas common 7d. to on account of the small stock in London, fine silky 8fd.; 7 Montserrat ordinary compared with preceding years. 6 d.; 40 Carriacou good 7d.; 249 “The inquiries after refined goods, from La Guira and Cumana fair 6fd. to good Ireland, from Liverpool, and from Glas. Gd.

gow, have lately been very general, owing,

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