« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
of money. He afterwards voted against think at first, but at length discovered by the establishment of the empire, but as his her questions that she really imagined him conduct 'was always upright, he never gave to be Robinson Crusoe. His astonishment any umbrage to the government. During and that of the company cannot be dethe prosperity of the empire, he never scribed, nor the peals of laughter which it asked for any thing; but after the misfor- excited in Paris, as the story flew like wildtunes of Russia, he demanded employ- fire through the city, and even Talleyrand ment, and got the command of Antwerp, himself was ashamed of it. (Vol. i. p. where he acquitted himself very well. After 434_436.) Napoleon's return from Elba, he was minister of the interior ; and the emperor had rand," said he, “ to proceed on a mission
" At one time I had appointed Talleyevery reason to be satisfied with his conduct . He was faithful, a man of truth and ganize the best method of accomplishing
to Warsaw, in order to arrange and orprobity, and laborious in his exertions. the separation of Poland from Russia. He After the abdication, he was named one of had several conferences with me respecting the provisional government, but he was
this mission, which was a great surprise to joué by the intriguers by whom he was surrounded. He had passed for an original character at the time. Having married one
the ministers, as Talleyrand had no official amongst his companions when he was
of his relations to the Duchess of Courland, young. He hated the nobles, and on that Talleyrand was very anxious to receive the account had several quarrels with Robes appointment, in order to revive the claims pierre, who latterly protected many of of the Duchess's family. However, some them He was member of the committee of public safety along with Robespierre, money transactions of his were discovered
at Vienna, which convinced me that he Couthon, St. Just, and the other butchers, and was the only one who was not de determined me not to employ him on
was carrying on his old game and nounced. He afterwards demanded to be the intended mission. I had designed at included in the denunciation, and to be tried for his conduct, as well as the others, with which he refused to comply. Ma
one time to have made him a cardinal, which was refused; but his having made dame Grand threw herself twice upon her the demand to share the fate of the rest, knees before me, in order to obtain permis. gained him great credit. (Vol. i. p. 186 –
sion to marry him, which I refused ; but 188.)
through the intreaties of Josephinc, she The characters of Fouché and Talc succeeded on the second application. I leyrand are strongly and unfavour- afterwards forbade her the court, when I ably drawn. The following anecdote, discovered the Genoa affair, of which I if not probable, is at least amusing. told you before. Latterly," continued he,
“ Talleyrand sunk into contempt.” (Vol. i. • Madamc Talleyrand was a very fine p. 446, 447.) woman, English or East Indian, but sotte
The last character which we can and grossly ignorant. I sometimes asked Denon, whose works I suppose you have afford to take out of these volumes, read, to breakfast with me, as I took a is that of his Majesty of Prussia. pleasure in his conve:sation, and conversed
I asked him, if the king of Prussia was very freely with him. Now all the in.
a man of talent. “ Who," said he, “ the triguers and speculators paid their court to king of Prussia ?” He burst into a fit of Denon, with a view of inducing him to laughter. “ lle a man of talent! The mention their projects or themselves in the course of his conversations with me, think. laccio che non ha nè talente, né informa
greatest blockhead on earth. Un ignoraning that even being mentioned by such a zione. A Don Quixote in appearance. I man as Denon, for whom I had a great es- know him well. He cannot hold a conver. teem, might materially serve them. Tal. sation for five minutes." (Vol. i. p. 102.) leyrand, who was a great speculator, invited Denon to dinner. When he went " When,” continued Napoleon, “I home to his wife, he said, my dear, I was at Tilsit, with the Emperor Alexander have invited Denon to dine. He is a great and the King of Prussia, I was the most traveller, and you must say something ignorant of the three in military affairs. handsome to him about his travels, as he These two sovereigns, especially the King may be useful to us with the emperor.' of Prussia, were completely au fuit, as to His wife being extremely ignorant, and the number of buttons there ought to be in probably never having read any other book front of a jacket, how many behind, and of travels than that of Robinson Crusoe, the manner in which the skirts ought to be concluded that Denon could be nobody else cut. Not a tailor in the army knew better than Robinson. Wishing to be very civil than King Frederic, how many measures of to him, she, before a large company, asked cloth it took to make a jacket
. In fact," him divers questions about his man Friday! continued he, laughing, “ I was nobody in Denon, astonished, did not know what to comparison with them. They continually
tormented ine with questions about matters his own private property, and the belonging to tailors, of which I was en- savings which he had made on the tirely ignorant, though, in order not to af. civil list, were to be preserved to him, front them, I answered just as gravely as but that on the contrary they were if the fate of an army depended upon the seized ; that the private property of cut of a jacket. When I went to see the his family was to be held sacred,. King of Prussia, instead of a library, I found he had a large room, like an arsenal, but it was confiscated; that the do-furnished with shelves and pegs, in which tations assigned to the army, on the were placed fifty or sixty jackets of various Mont Napoleon, were to be premodes. Every day he changed his fashion, served, but they were suppressed; and put on a different one. He was a tall, that 100,000 francs, which were to dry looking fellow, and would give a good be paid as pensions, to persons pointidea of Don Quixote. He attached more ed out by him, were never paid ; and importance to the cut of a dragoon or a last, that assassins were sent to Elba hussar uniform, than was necessary for the to murder him. salvation of a kingdom. At Jena, his
It must by no means be underarmy performed the finest and most shewy stood, that Napoleon uttered sweepmanæuvres possible, but I soon put a stoping and indiscriminate censures upon to their coglionerie, and taught them, that to fight, and to execute dazzling manæuvres
those Englishmen who were opposed and wear splendid uniforms, were very dif- to him ; even in acknowledging a ferent affairs. If,” added he, “the French repulse at Acre from Sir Sidney army had been commanded by a tailor, the Smith, he speaks of him in terms of King of Prussia would certainly have commendation, and says, “ he liked gained the day, from his superior know. his character."-Of Lord Cornwallis ledge in that art; but as victories depend his sentiments are quite enthusiasticmore upon the skill of the general com- of Sir John Moore he said, that he was manding the troops, than upon that of the a brave soldier, an excellent officer, tailor who makes their jackets, he conse- and a man of talent, and that the few quently failed.” (Vol. ii. p. 48, 49.)
mistakes he made were probably inseIt is a curious fact, and one morti- parable from the difficulties by which fying enough to human greatness, he was surrounded.”—Mr. Fox, he that Napoleon declared, that the hap- said, was so great and so good a man, piest days he ever passed were when that every member of his family seemhe was but a private man, “ living ed to have taken a tinge from his virin a lodging near Paris.” Being tues.-Speaking of Admiral Sir Pulasked by Mr. O'Meara, what was his teney Malcolm he said his counhappiest point of time after his ac- tenance bespeaks his heart, and I cession to the throne, he instantly am sure he is a good man; I never replied, “the march' from Cannes yet beheld a man of whom I so imto Paris.” This, our readers will inediately formed a good opinion as doubtless recollect, was after the of that fine, soldier-like old manexpedition from Elha. He declares, there is the face of an Englishman that he had no idea of departing a countenance, pleasing, open, infrom Elba at first; and that, on the telligent, fran sincere."-Of Sir contrary, he would have contentedly George Cockburn also, who appears remained there, had it not been for the to have done his duty strictly, but numberless violations of the treaty of like a gentleman, he spoke in terms Fontainbleau by the allies; amongst of commendation. -- On the subthe most prominent of which he enu- jects both of his elevation and his merates the following. He says, it was fall, he is extremely minute and instipulated that all the members of his teresting. Our readers may recollect family should be permitted to follow two reports, which in this country him, and that this was violated by certainly gained considerable cnrthe almost instant seizure of his wife rency; one, that Napoleon owed and child ; that they were to have much of his rise to Barras; and the had the duchies of Parma, Placentia, other, that he at one time in his and Guastalla, of which they were early life offered his services to Engdeprived ; that prince Eugene was land. Both of these he declares to to have had a principality in Italy, be “romans," and says, he did not which was never given ; that his know Barras till long after the siege mother and brothers were to receive of Toulon, where he was chiefly inpensions, which were withheld ; that debted to Gasparin, the deputy for
Orange, who protected him against I ventured, said Mr. O'Meara, upon the ignorantacci, sent down by the another occasion, to express my surprise Convention ; he goes on to say, that to Napoleon, that the Empress Marie Paoli always anticipated his eleva. Louise had not made some exertion in his
behalf. tion, and when he was a boy used
“ I believe," replied the Em. frequently to pat him on the head peror, “ that Marie Louise is just as much and say, You are one of Plutarch's that more attention is paid to decorum in
a state prisoner as I am myself, except Ön the subject of his fall, in the restraints imposed upon her. I have
a question from Mr. always had occasion to praise the conduct O'Meara, whether he did not con- of my good Louise, and I believe that sider Baron Stein as mainly instru- it is totally out of her power to assist me; mental to it? he said immediately, moreover, she is young and timorous. It “No-none but myself ever did me was, perhaps, a misfortune to me, that I any harm; I was, I may say, the had not married a sister of the Emperor only enemy to myself; my own pro- Alexander, as proposed to me by Alex. jects - that expedition to Moscow, ander himself, at Erfurth. But there were and the accidents which happened her religion. I did not like to allow a
inconveniences in that union, arising from there, were the causes of my fall. I Russian priest to be the confessor of my may, however, say, that those who wife, as I considered that he would have made no opposition to me, who been a spy in the Thuilleries for Alexander. readily agreed with me, entered into It has been said, that my union with all my views, and submitted with Marie Louise was made a stipulation in the facility, were my greatest enemies; treaty of peace with Austria, which is not because, by the facility of conquest true. I should have spurned the idea. It they afforded, they encouraged me was first proposed by the Emperor Francis to go too far.” How happy would himself, and by Metternich to Narbonne. it be for the world if kings re- In presenting to the public these flected upon this in time! In his anticipations of a very interesting exile, Napoleon seems to have so- work, we have not felt ourselves laced himself much with the idea called upon to exercise the office of that Marie Louise was still strongly a critic. Our object has been to give attached to him, and he was repeat- a general idea of the nature of the edly recurring to the mention of the work, without engaging ourselves in King of Rome.
Che Carly French Ports.
ESTIENNE JODELLE. The first of the French poets, who cuba of Euripides, and that of Ninus made a figure in tragedy, was Es in the Semiramis of Manfredi and of tienne Jodelle. He was, as we have Voltaire. Cleopatra then enters with seen, the intimate of_Ronsard, and Eras and Charmium, and tells them had a place in the French Pleiad. that she has seen Anthony in a dream, His Cleopatre, which was performed and that he calls her to follow. him. in the presence of Henry II. and his She declares her resolution to die racourt, pleased that monarch so well, ther than be led in triumph by Oce that he immediately made the au- tavius Cæsar. The other dramatis thor a present of five hundred crowns. personæ are Octavius, Agrippa, ProOn this occasion, a he-goat crowned culeius, and a chorus of Alexandrian with ivy, his beard and horns gilded, women. Octavius expostulates with was led in mock procession to Bac- her for her conduct towards Octavia, chus; and the sacrifice accompanied the wife of Anthony. Cleopatra enby a dithyrambic effusion from the deavours to appease him, by discomuse of Jan Antoine de Baïf ; all this vering to him her treasures. Seleuto the great scandal of the reformers. cus, one of her vassals, who is present, At the opening of this play, the ghost declares she has not shown the whole of Anthony appears, and ushers in the of them, on which the Queen cuffs argument in the same manner as the and drags him by the hair, and he ghost of Polydorus does in the He- flies to Octavius for protection. The indignation expressed by Cleopatra account given by Proculeius of her to Eras and Charmium against 0c- death, make up the rest of this tratavius when he is gone out; her re- gedy. solution to die, again repeated; her I shall extract a short passage de. lamentation over Anthony; and the scriptive of her sorrow and despair.
Eras. Ha mort, o douce mort, mort seule guarison
Des esprits oppressez d'une estrange prison,
Cleopatre. Mourrons donc cheres soeurs, ayant plustost ce coeur
De servir a Pluton qu'à Cesar mon vainqueur,
Quand aurons demi fait aux esprits ouverture. F. 245.
Of spirits sunk in a strange prison-house;
Cleopatra. Let us then die, sweet sisters ; having rather
The courage to serve Pluto than this Cæsar;
An opening for our spirits half way to meet him. There is in Maffei's collection an have nothing to do with the business Italian tragedy on the same subject, of the piece. Yet there is some paby the Cardinal Delfino. It is full of thos in the description of Cleopatra's moral reflections, and the choruses death.
· In the Didon, Jodelle's other tra- rary with Jodelle, having been born gedy, (which is written in the Alex- in 1504, and deceased in 1569. andrine measure,) the speeches are L'Eugene, a comedy, revolts us by long,and of ten tedious; but there is a mixture of low intrigue, indecency, more of what we should
call poetry in and profaneness. Of the last, one it than in the tragedies of Corneille and sample will suffice. Racine, or than in the Didon of Le Avez vous en vostre maison Franc de Pompignan, who is one of Grand nombre de fils ?-Trois-Je prise the best of that school.
Ce nombre qui est sainct. La Didone and la Cleopatra occur In his sonnets, the conceits are in the catalogue of tragedies written strained, and the language rugged. by Giambattista Giraldi Cinthio, to The following, I believe, is as free whose novels Shakspeare has been so from these imperfections as any of much indebted. He was contempo- the number.
J'aime le verd laurier, dont l'hyver ni la glace
N'effacent la verdeur en tout victorieuse,
Iles poignans eguillons de sa fueille espineuse:
Qui le chesne ou le mur estroitement embrasse.
Aux pensers immortels, qui dedans moy s'assemblent,
Est plus verte, et poignante, et plus estroit encore
Que n'est le verd laurier, ny le hous, ny le lierre. Sonnet xiii.
Which nor the northern blast nor hoary rime
Emblem wherein eternity is seen:
On his gloss'd leaves that keep their verdant prime;
On tree or bower, and weave their amorous skreen.
Of thee, whom still I worship night and day.
More keen my thorns, and greener is my wound,
Than are the ivy, holly, or green bay. His Ode de la Chasse, au Roy, Les larmes luy tombent des yeux. contains much that would interest Et bien que pitié presqu'il face, those who are curious about the man- Si faut-il que de telle chasse ner of sporting in that time.
Sa mort soit le pris glorieux. The lively minuteness with which La mort du cerf se sonne, alors he has delineated the death of the Les monts, les vaux et les bois rer.dent stag, would do credit to the pencil of Les bruyans et hautains accors, Sir Walter Scott.
Que les trompes dans l'air espandent,
On coupe et leve un des pieds droits, Aux trousses ja les chiens ardans
On abat l'orgueil de sa teste, Le tiennent, il est ja par terre,
Qui sont (Sire) de ta conqueste Ils le tirassent de leurs dents,
Les enseignes et premiers droits. Jouissans du fruit de leur guerre ;
Now on the earth behold him lie:
Rejoicing in their victory.