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sity, honour, and justice, have prompted us to undertake this late expedition. First, we have been prompted to it by necessity; it being absolutely necessary to go to war with the Spaniards, since they will not allow us to be at peace with them: and then honour, and justice, seeing we cannot pretend to either of these, if we sit still and suffer such unsufferable injuries to be done our countrymen, as those we have shown to have been done them in the West Indies.
And truly they see but a very little way, who form their notion of the designs and intentions of the Spaniards, according to that friendly aspect, with wbich the present declension of their affairs has obliged them to look upon us in these parts of the world, (that face which they have put on being only a false one,) for it is certain they have the same mind, and the very same desires, which they had in the year 1588, when they endeavoured to subdue this whole island; nay, it is certain their hatred is more inflamed, and their jealousies and suspicious more increased by this change of the state of our affairs, and of the form of our republic. But if we omit this opportunity, which by reason of some things that have lately happened, may perhaps give us an occasion to fall upon some way, whereby through the assistance of God we may provide for our safety, against this old and implacable enemy of our religion and country; it may happen, he will recover such a degree of strength, as will render him as formidable and hard to be endured as before.' One thing is certain, he always will and cannot but have the greatest indignation against us. Meanwhile, if we suffer such grievous injuries to be done our countrymen in the West Indies, without any satisfaction or revenge ; if we suffer ourselves to be wholly excluded from that so considerable a part of the
world; if we suffer our malicious and inveterate enemy (especially now, after he has made peace with the Dutch) to carry off without molestation, from the West Indies, those prodigious treasures, whereby he may repair his present damages, and again bring his affairs to such a prosperous and happy condition, as to deliberate with hiniself a second time, what he was thinking upun in the year 1588; namely, whether it would be more adviseable to begin with subduing England, in order to recover the United Provinces, or with then, in order to reduce Eugland under his subjection; without doubt he will not find fewer, but more, causes why he should begin with England. And if God should at any time permit those intentions of his to have their desired effect, we have good ground to expect, that the residue of that cruel havoc he made among our brethren at the foot of the Alps, will be first exercised upon us, and after that upon all protestants; which, if we may give eredit to the complaints that were made by those poor orthodox christians, was first designed and contrived in the court of Spain, by those friars whom they call missionaries.
All these things being considered, we hope the time will come, when all, but especially true Englishmen, will rather lay aside their private animosities among tbemselves, and renounce their own proper advantages, than through an excessive desire of that small profit to be made by trading to Spain (which cannot be obtained but upon such conditions as are dishonourable and in some sort unlawful, and which may likewise be got some other way;) expose, as they now do, to the ut. most danger, the souls of many young traders, by those terms upon which they now live and trade there, and suffer the lives and fortunes of many christian brethren
in America, and in fine, the honour of this whole na-