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Chapter Verse difference in the evangelic accounts, I call mate

rial, for two reasons : the first is, that our faith in the scriptures is lessened, when in them we find such contradictory accounts, that it is evident one of them must be untrue. The second relates to the last state of Judas : by Matthew's account, when he perceived they had condemned Jesus, and in course would deprive him of life; (an extre. mity which perhaps he at first did not expect) he repented the evil he had occasioned ; declared the innocence of Jesus and his own crime publickly in the temple : made retribution to the utmost of his power, by refunding the money for which he committed the crime: and lastly-Inflicted upon himself the feverest punishment he possibly could in this world : and these we hope, may some. thing extenuate in the next * : and add to these Acts, ch. iv, v. 27 and 28. We will now proceed with Matthew's account of the exami

nation before Pilate (which was interrupted by xxvii. 11 a recital of the above story) • And Jesus stood : before the governor, and the governor asked

' him saying, Art thou the King of the Jews ? 12 6 and Jesus said unto him thou fayeft. And when

' he was accused of the chief priests and elders, 13 he answered nothing.. Then faith Pilate unto

him, hearest thou not how many things they 14' witness against thee? And he answered him to

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never a word, insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly. The same short and unin- ' ta iting account of this matter, is given by St. M k. Luke gives us something better, and int: duces new matter ; ch. xxiii, v. 1- And

th whole multitude of them arose, and led hinunto Pilate. And they began to accuse him saying, We found this fellow perverting the i on, and forbidding to give tribute to Cæsar aying, that he himself is Christ a king.

And Pl asked him saying—Art thou the king of l \Jews? And he answered him and

said, thou A it. In page 146, I have given the name of eq voque to these kind of answers : this transaction inces its propriety. If the Roman governor ha understood this answer as a plain avowal of hi being King of the Jews; hę would not, he ou at not to have said to the

chief priests and t he people, his accufers I od now

1s man. Judea was at that time, a Roman province, they allowed not a king therein ; and to withhold or forbid Cæsar's tribute was a capital crime. When we examine St.John's account of this matter, we shall, I think, be confirmed in this opinion. But we first will nith Luke's. ' And they were the more fierce, saying, he stirreth up the people, teaching

roughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee S to his place. When Pilate heard of Galilee, She ked whether the man were a Galilean.

And

And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto • Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod,

who himself was also at Jerusalem at that time. “And when Herod saw Jesus he was exceedingly

glad, for he was desirous to see him of a long 6 season, because he had heard many things of

him, and he hoped to have seen some miracle • done by him. Then he questioned him in 'many words : but he answered him nothing. (Why this filence, when interrogated by men of • the higher rank, men of learning and in autho‘rity ?) And the chief priests and scribes stood ' and vehemently accused him. And Herod with s his men of war set him at nought, and mocked ' him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent

him again unto Pilate.' The Roman governor, and the Jewish tetrarch, seem to bandy him from one to the other in derision: Pilate sends him to Herod as his competitor for the throne of Israel ; Herod ironically acknowledges his .title, by arraying him in a gorgeous robe ; but

sends him back to Pilate for his determination. We find this complimental jest, reconciled Pilate and Herod, who before were at variance- And • the same day Pilate and Herod were made ' friends together ; for before they were at en'mity between themselves.' St. Luke is the only evangelift who mentions Herod in this affair : he goes on And Pilate when he had called together the chief priests, and the rulers of the

' people,

people, said unto them, ye have brought this man unto me as one that perverteth the people ; raud behold I have examined him before you,

have found no fault in this man touching those

things whereof ye accuse him. No, nor yet • Herod, for I sent you to him, and lo, nothing 6 worthy of death is done unto him. I will 6 chastise him, and release him.' He did not, nor did Herod think Jesus' worthy of death, from which it is evident they did not think se. riously of his pretentions to the kingdom of Ilrael ; but it is evident that Pilate thought he deserved scourging for the disturbances he had raised therein. Having thus given Matthew, Mark,, and Luke's account of this examination, up to the demand relative to Barabbas; we will now examine St. John's. He says nothing of He-. rod, but he gives us long and repeated examina-, rions before Pilate, ch. xviii, v. 28- Then led " they Jesus from Caiaphas (the high Priest) unto

the (Roman) Hall of Judgment : and it was. • early, and they themselves went not into the.

Judgment Hall, left they should be defiled, bụt that they might eat the passover. Pilate then " went out unto them (great condefcenfion) and • said, What accusation bring you against this man? They answered and said unto him ; If he s were not a malefactor, we would not have de"livered him up unto thee, (An odd kind of answer.) Then said Pilate unto them; Take

'ye

ye him and judge him according to your law. . (This reply is full as odd ; the Jews having no • power to judge a malefactor.) The Jews there

fore said unto him, it is not lawful for us to put any man to death.' St. John adds That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled which he spake signifying what death he should die.' (Query where is this prophecy to be found ? and how, in this, was 'it fulfilled) « Then Pilate • entered into the Judgment Hall again, and

called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou

the king of the Jews ? (This pretention I sup• pose he had now learnt from the Jews without)

Jesus answered him-Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me?' Could Jesus want this information ? and was it respecto ful to a Roman magistrate, acting officially; to question him, instead of replying to his demand ? Pilate, it seems, respectfully rejoined - Am I a « Jew? and goes on-Thine own nation, and the “chief priests have delivered thee unto me. What (haft thou done? (By this question it seems as if " there was no particular accusation before Pilate; ' and as if he expected Jesus to accuse himself. “St. John gives a very lame account of the pro'ceedings in a Koman tribunal) Jesus answer

ed, my kingdom is not of this world : If • my kingdom were of this world, then would

my servants fight, that Í should not be delivered ' to the Jews : but now is my kingdom not from

' hence.

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