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Deacons mentioned Acts, ch. vi. v. 5.) he, no doubt, was well entertained : we read that Philip had four daughters, virgins, which did prophecy. And that Paul (notwithstanding his haste to be at Jerusalem) tarried there many days. During this time, there came down from judea, a certain s prophet named Agabus, who took Paul's girdle,

and bound his own hands and feet, and fuid• Thus faith the Holy Ghost-So shall the Jews ' at Jerusalem bind the man that owneth this

girdle, and thall deliver him into the hands of • the Gentiles.' If the four virgins prophesied with as little truth, their purity would be more than suspected. Paul at Jerusalem was not bound by the Jews and delivered to the Gentiles : but was bound by the Gentiles after they had rescued him from the outrage of the Jews. Being in the temple, he was by the Asiatic Jews accused of prophaning it, and with endeavouring to destroy the law : upon which the Jews dragged him from thence, beat him in the fireets, and were about to kill himn. Claudius Lyfias, the Ronan ChiefCaptain, being informed that all Jerusalem was in an uproar ; took some soldiers, ran to the place and rescued Paul from the hands of the Jews; ordered him to be bound and brought into the castle. Upon the stairs which afcended thereto; he, at his own request, was suffered to harangue the people. Here he again recounts his miraculous conversion, &c. Irritated by this oration, S 3



the Jews cried out Away with such a fellow 6 from the earth : for it is not fit that he should

live. Upon this Claudius ordered him to be brought into the castle, and that he should be examined by scourging: to avoid this, Paul declares himself a Roman; and upon this declaration the Chief Captain alters his measures : he, the next day, commanded the chief priests and their counsel to appear ; loosed Paul, and set him before them; orelered the Jews to bring their accusation, and Paul to make his defence, that by these he might determine his own conduct in the business. Paul' earnestly beholding the counsel, " said, Men and brethren, I have lived in all good

conscience before God until this day. The high priest irritated, I suppose, that Paul should endeavour to justify himself, before the accusa

tion was made ; commanded them who stood by, . to smite him upon the mouth : upon which Paul

faid to him— God shall smite thee, thou whited ''wall: for fittest thou to judge me after the law; r and commandeft me to be smitten contrary to o the law ?' Some asking him-' Revileft thou God's high priest?' He answered— I wist not, brethren, that he was the high priest: for it is written-Thou shalt not speak evil of the ruler

of thy people." Paul, by his address in calling himself a Roman, had the preceding day escaped a flogging ; he now tries the effects of another manxuvre. Perceiving the Jews his accusers


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were of two fects : Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, angel, or spirit : and Pharisees, who confess both ; availed himself of this circumstance; and to divide them cried out-Men 6 and brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a

Pharisee : of the hope, and resurrection of the • dead, I am called in question:' Upon which the Pharisees, in opposition to the Sadducees, would have acquitted him. A tumult ensued; and Paul, in all probability would have been pulled to pieces between the contending parties; had not the Roman Captain ordered the soldiers to take him by force from among them, and bring him again into the castle. This last manæuvre of the faint's, of which he had nearly been the victim; was an imposition upon the Pharisees ; if the resurrection they held was, as it is said to be, of the soul in another body according to the system of Pythagoras. The following night, Paul tells us, 'The Lord stood by him, and said •'. r-Be of good cheer Paul : for as thou hast tes, - tified of me in Jerusalenı; so nust thou bear

witness also at Rome.' (It must be remarked, that this prophecy was recorded after it was fulfilled.) The next day, Paul's sister's son, by his order, tells Claudius, that more than forty Jews had bound themselves by an oath, to kill Paul : upon which he sent him away by night to Cæ- farea, and at the same time a letter to Felix the governor, acquainting him with all that had



paffed in Jerusalem relative to Paul, whofe accusers he had ordered to appear before Felix at Cæfarea. This, in a few days, they did, accom: panied by Tertullus, an orator, who first addressing some high compliments to the governor; opens the accusation against the saint saying, that he was a peftilent fellow; a mover of fedition among all the Jews throughout the word; and a ringleader of the feet of the Nazarenes; who also had gone about to prophane the temple : for which they would have judged him in Jerusalem according to their law, but that he was taken from them in a violent manner by Lyfias. Paul, knowing the governor would take cognizance of the tumule only, denies his having caused it; and afferts his peaceable behaviour at Jerusalem, saying 'They ç neither found me in the Temple dispuțing with 5 any man, neither raising up the people, neither ? in the synagogues, nor in the city,' He very wisely suppressed his adventures at Antioch, Ico, pium, Lyftra, Thyatira, Thessalonica, Berea, and Ephesus : these were too flagrant and recent, I think, to be omitted by his accusers; and though Paul, or hiş fcribe Luke, doth not tell us they were urged against him, yet we find Felix kept Paul in custody for fuộther examination, Some time after this, for the entertainment, it seems, of Drusilla, a Jewels, Paul was brought before them: when, it is said, ' as he reasoned of righteousness, temperance, and judgment

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to come, Felix trembled.' This I am inclined to think is a mistake : Drufilla who had quitted her husband Azizus to live with Felix; hearing Paul describe the consequences; might, and it is natural to think she did, experience a momentary fit of trembling : but of Felix, it is said he I hoped also that money should have been given

him of Paul, that he might loose him : where"fore he sent for him the oftener, and communed ' with him. But after two years, Porcius Feftus ! came into Felix' room, and Felix willing to ? fhew the Jews a pleasure, lefi Paul bound.' Poor Paul, it is certain, could not preach himself out of bonds : but it is not, I think, quite so certain that a Roman governor; the gallant Felix who kept the gay Drufilla, should expect a bribe from a poor tent-maker. But, upon recollection; this poor tent-maker had, by the agency of his pupil, messenger, companion and friend Titus ; collected from the Macedonians, Corinthians, &c. confiderable fums for the poor brethren at Jerusalem, from whence he was hurried fo suddenly, that possibly he had not time to distribute the money, and in course his pockets were well lined ; this fortunate circumstance, probably ohtained the favour of the centurion his guard ; and enabled him, during two ycars, to live at Rome in his own hired house. The new governor Feftus, likewise summonsed Paul's accusers, and examined the charges against

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