« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
Master and Servant For cases in Dec.Dig. & Am.Dig. Key-No.Series & Indexes see same topic and KEY-NUMBER Om 86(2) (N.Y.Sup.) Rules relating to "innu- 1 Cr23(1), (N.Y.App.Div.) Palumber endo" stated.-Hills v. Press Co., 678.
applying for plumbing permit held to have suffiSaw 89(1) (N.Y.) Statenent must De libelous cient interest.-Chapin v. Hogan, 641, per se where no special damages alleged.-Brown v. Tregoe, 236 N. Y. 497, 142 N. E. 159. II. SUBJECTS AND PURPOSES OF RELIEF. Emm 89(1) (N.Y.App.Div.) Circumstances under
(A) Acts and Proceedings of Courts, which special damages should be pleaded stat
Judges, and Judicial omcers. ed.-Cortright v. Anderson, 729.
C 61 (N.Y.Sup.) Writ to compel magistrate (E) Trial, Judgment, and Review. to allow complainant's counsel to act as sole 123(8) (N.Y.Sup.) Whether language
prosecutor denied.-People ex rel. Pringle v. is
Conway, 104. fair criticism ordinarily for jury.-Hills v. Press Co., 678.
123(10) (N.Y.App.Div.) Question of puni- Bacts and Proceedings of Public 08tive damages for jury, where article, libelous 74(4) (N.Y.Sup.) Will lie to compel recan
cers and Boards and Municipalities. per se.-Kraft v. Stiles & Merriam, 201.
vass of votes where arbitrarily refused.-In re
Cm74(4) (N.Y.Sup.) Authorization for court 1. FOR OCCUPATIONS AND PRIVILEGES. to require' recanvass of ballots to be found Cm7(1) (N.Y.App.Div.) Statute requiring li. only in Election Law.-People ex rel. Widmeyer censing of theater ticket speculators and re
v. Grunert, 135. stricting resale price held proper exercise of Cm87 (N.Y.App.Div.) When court should not police power.-People v. Weller, 149.
interfere by mandamus with plans approved by 7(2) (N.Y.App.Div.) Ordinance prohibiting tenement house commissioner.--Kelmenson v. licenses to aliens to retail soft drinks held val- | Mann, 358. id.-Miller y. City of Niagara Falls, 549.
Clear case necessary to warrant interference Om 13. (N.Y.App.Div.) Statute held to merely with judgment of tenement house commissionrestrain persons from engaging in business of er.-Id. master or employing plumbers, unless licensed. -Chapin v. Hogan, 641.
III. JURISDICTION PROCEEDINGS, AND
RELIEF. LIENS. em 164(2) (N.Y.Sup.) Return to alternative
FlemSee Mechanics' Liens.
writ held insufficient. Farrington v.
ming, 3. LIFE ESTATES.
w 180 (N.Y.App.Div.) Peremptory order de
nied, where real controversy.-Continental Om6 (N.Y.Sur.) Life tenant_held entitled to Guaranty Corporation v. Craig, 11. possession without security.-In re Niles' Will, aw 197(9) (N.Y.App.Div.) Order not reversed, 475.
because inspector, refusing to pass on plans, LIMITATION OF ACTIONS.
later claims they are defective.- Chapin v. HoSee Adverse Possession. .
MARRIAGE. 1. STATUTES OF LIMITATION.
See Divorce; Husband and Wife. (B) Limitations Applicable to Particular Actions.
Om 34 (N.Y.App.Div.) Engaged person under
duty to disclose diseased condition.-Jacobson Cars 34(5) (N.Y.Sup.) Six-year period not ap- v. Jacobson, 96. plicable to action by creditor against directors 37 (N.Y.App.Div.) Wife may sue for anpaying dividends from capital.--City Investing nulment for fraud, notwithstanding consumCo. v. Gerken, 41,
mation.-Jacobson 7. Jacobson, 96.
40(8) (N.Y.Sup.) Courts will not attribute LITERARY PROPERTY.
illegal quality to cohabitation moral in its inOm7 (N.Y.App.Div.) Author bas property
ception.-Sorenson v. Sorenson, 620. right subject to sale. -Packard v. Fox Film Cm 54 (N.Y.Sup.) Common-law marriage held Corporation, 164.
contracted, and not to be annulled.--Sorenson
v. Sorenson, 620. LIVERY STABLE AND GARAGE
Cam 57 (N.Y.Sup.) Action to annul statutory.
-Sorenson v. Sorenson, 620.
Action for separation cannot be counterclaimww44/2 (N.Y.Sup.) Denial of permit to open ed in action for annulment; "separation;" public garage held not justified as for best in- annulment."-Id. terests of community.--People ex rel. Parry v. Om60(2) (N.Y.App.Div.) Cohabitation since Walsh, 48.
discovery of fraud only limitation on right to Decision denying permit for garage held il- annulment.--Jacobson v. Jacobson, 96. legal, and reviewable on merits on certiorari. 60(6) (N.Y.App.Div.) In annulment action, -Id.
judgment cannot be granted on theory other LUNATICS.
than that pleaded.—Jacobson v. Jacobson, 96.
Om60 (7) (N.Y.Sup.) Evidence held not to See Insane Persons.
show concealment or misrepresentation of men. MANDAMUS.
tal condition.-Conrad v. Conrad, 39. I. NATURE AND GROUNDS IN GENERAL.
MASTER AND SERVANT. m10 (N.Y.Sup.) Granted only where clear
I. THE RELATION. legal right.-People ex rel. Pringle v. Conway, 104.
(A) Creation and Existence. Omar 10 (N.Y.Sup.) Essential that petitioner's C3(2) (N.Y.Sup.) Whole contract considered rights be clear and complete.-Van Fleet v. in determining intent.-National Cash Register Walsh, 745.
Co. v. Remington Arms Co., 691,
Master and Servant
202 NEW YORK SUPPLEMENT
w9 (N.Y.Sup.) Employee, continuing
Method of computing compensation for inices, held employed from year to year.--Na-juries in seasonal employment stated.-Id. tional Cash Register Co. v. Remington Arms Average weekly wages of minor compensation Co., 691.
claimant must be based on wages in same emEmployment contract held impliedly to con-ployment.-Id. tinue, except as expressly modified.-Id.
385(20) (N.Y.App.Div.) Lump sum award Employer held willing to employ employee to compensation claimant held not in interests at same salary, within contract provisions.-Id. of justice.-Mandelblatt v. Auswaks, 383.
387 (N.Y.App.Div.) Compensation for disII. SERVICES AND COMPENSATION.
figurement, in addition to award for permanent (A) Performance of Services.
total disability, improper.-Clark v. Hayes, 453. 62 (N.Y.Sup.) Agreement restricting right for a year to enter other employment, and re
(C) Proceedings. quiring assignment of inventions, held valid.m405(6) (N.Y.App.Div.) Evidence held not National Cash Register Co. v. Remington Arms to warrant award to minor compensation claimCo., 691,
ant, injured in seasonal employment.-Gruber Agreement to assign inventions during year v. Kramer Amusement Corporation, 413. following termination of employment construed. -Id.
MECHANICS' LIENS. Second employer of inventor held charged
II. RIGHT TO LIEN. with knowledge of contract with former employer.-Id.
(B) Services Rendered and Materials Fur
nished. III. MASTER'S LIABILITY FOR INJURIES
Om35 (N.Y.App.Div.) Not permitted for work TO SERVANT.
to be performed or breach of contract.--Higgins (B) Tools, Machinery, Appliances, and
v. G. Piel Co., 874, Places for Work. Cm107 (4) (N.Y.App.Div.) Charge that, if place
(D) Persons Entitled in General. on which employee stepped was not reasonably C93 (N.Y.App.Div.) When failure to subsafe, he was entitled to verdict, held error.-stantially perform contract prevents recovery Clark v. Brown, 277.
stated.-Jac Bldg. & Const. Co. v. Niccomini, Om129(6) (N.Y.App.Div.) Defective coupler 132. must be proximate cause of injury.-Hodgert v. Delaware, L. & W. R. Co., 793.
III. PROCEEDINGS TO PERFECT. Defective coupler held not proximate cause of 132(3) (N.Y.App.Div.) Lienor cannot ex. injury.-Id.
tend time by relying on contract after termina(H) Actions.
tion.-Iliggins v. G. Piel Co., 874. Cm 278(18) (N.Y.App.Div.) Verdict for em-132(8) (N.Y.App.Div.) Time for filing noployee, injured by sudden movement of car, held tice held extended by matter occurring after against weight of evidence.-Hodgert v. Dela- discharge.- Higgins v. G. Piel Co., 874. ware, L. & W. R. Co., 793.
Ono 147 (N.Y.App.Div.) Notice of lien not stat
ing value or price held invalid.-Higgins v. G. IV. LIABILITIES FOR INJURIES TO THIRD Piel Co., 874.
PERSONS. (B) Work of Independent Contractor.
IV. OPERATION AND EFFECT. On 316(1) (N.Y.App.Div.) Automobile repair
(A) Amount and Extent of Lien. man "independent contractor;" "employee."-C 1.61(2) (N.Y.App.Div.) Architects wrongMcCloskey v. Nagel, 34,
fully discharged not entitled to lien, based on Omm318(1) (N.Y. App.Div.) Owner, in control cost of building when completed.-Higgins v. G. of building under construction, held liable for Piel Co., 874. injuries.-Shanahan v. Crestonia Const. Corporation, 785.
VII. ENFORCEMENT. (C) Actions.
281 (1) (N.Y.App.Div.) Evidence held to w330 (3) (N.Y.App.Div.) Evidence held to show contractor failed to substantially perform warrant finding owner adopted contractor's contract.-Jac Bldg. & Const. Co. v. Niccomini, runway.-Shanahan v. Crestonia Const. Corpo
132. ration, 785.
MORTGAGES. C332(2) (N.Y.App.Div.) Whether store su- See Chattel Mortgages. perintendent was engaged in master's business held question for jury.-Nagler v. James Butler, IV. RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES OF Inc., 527.
PARTIES. VI. WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION ACTS. 194 (N.Y.App.Div.) Mortgagee in posses. (4) Nature and Grounds of Master's Lia- sion after expiration of agreement held entitled bility.
to compensation on basis of agreement.--Gor
don v. Krellman, 682. 351 (N.Y.Sup.) Remedy under Compensa
Annual payment to first mortgagee, to allow tion Law exclusive when applicable.-Sullivan mortgage to remain, held properly credited to v. Booth & Flinn, 807.
mortgagee in possession.-Id. 36! (N.Y.App.Div.) Partner held not "em
Mortgagee in possession held properly creditployee" within Workmen's Compensation Law. ed with attorney's and stenographer's expenses -Le Clear v. Smith, 514.
in prior accounting action.-Id.
201 (N.Y.App.Div.) Agreement by a mort(B) Compensation.
gagee in possession held to contemplate expen0385(1) (N.Y.App.Div.) Compensation bas- diture for insurance.-Gordon v. Krellman, S. ed on average weekly earnings in same "em-w202 (N.Y.App.Div.) Mortgagee in possesployment," not necessarily for same employer. sion, held entitled to credit for expenditures for --Gruber v. Kramer Amusement Corporation, current repairs.-Gordon v. Krellman, 682. 413.
Mortgagee in possession held properly cred
tion not valid.--Id.
Cuma 217(6) (N.Y.Sup.) Unfiled resignation ef-
Resignation as superintendent of streets held
ent of streets and parks.-Id.
On 218(11) (N.Y.Sup.) Futile demand of em-
ployee for reinstatement not necessary.--Van
Fleet v. Walsh, 745.
R. Co. v. State Tax Commission, 310.
IX, PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS.
Om 366 (N.Y.App.Div.) Notice of election to
terminate contract held sufficient.--Faillace v.
Village of Mamaroneck, 115.
Refusal to reopen accounting to admit testi-om 405 (N.Y.Sup.) "Local assessments” defin-
School Dist. No. 4, Town of North Hempstead,
not exempt from paving assessments for ap-
proaches to bridge.-City of Olean v. Pennsyl-
vania R. Co., 368.
road purposes exempt from paving assessments
for approaches to bridge.-City of Olean v.
Pennsylvania R. Co., 368.
434(3) (N.Y.Sup.) School district pot ex-
Nassau County, 62.
approaches to bridge.--City of Olean v. Penn-
sylvania R. Co., 368.
divided cannot be divided for assessment.-Peo-
Om488, 489(8) (N.Y.Sup.) Proceedings
clusive as to benefits when not questioned be-
fore proper authorities.-City of Olean v. Peno-
(A) Streets and Other Public Ways.
Em 648 (N.Y.App.Div.) Travel by public for 20
ute.-Fountaine v. Fuld & Hatch Knitting Co.,
why obstructed street should be discontinued
if he does not see approaching vehicle.-Rounds
v. Fitzgerald, 595.
attended held to have used more than ordinary
Truck owner not liable for acts of trespass-
202 NEW YORK SUPPLEMENT
ww705 (2) (N.Y.Sup.) Automobile driver hav- III. CONTRIBUTORY NEGLIGENCE, ing right of way must exercise forbearance.
(C) Imputed Negligence. Keating v. Cairns, 317. Ow705(10) (N. Y. Sup.) Finding automobile
Om 89(1) (N.Y.App.Div.) Doctrine of imputdriver free from contributory negligence held ed negligence not recognized.-Anastasio v. against weight of evidence. -Pietraszewski v.
Hedges, 109. American Ry. Express Co., 262.
Om95(3) (N.Y.App.Div.) Instruction faen 706(3) (N.Y.App.Div.) Burden on plaintiff ther's negligence imputed to children killed held to show defendants owned automobile causing not error.-De Cicco v. New York Cent. R. injury.–Page v. Hirsch, 787.
IV. ACTIONS, Ow706(5) (N.Y.App.Div.) Evidence held to prove pedestrian's negligence.-Cooperstein . (A) Right of Action, Parties, Preliminary Eden Brick & Supply Co., 63.
Proceedings, and Pleading. Sm 706(5) (N.Y.App.Div.) Evidence held in- en 1039/2 (N.Y.Sup.). Statute of foreign state sufficient to show defendants owned automobile in which railroad accident occurred, relating to causing injury.- Page v. Hirsch, 787. province of jury, held inapplicable.-Colucci v. em 706(5) (N.Y.Sup.) Finding of no contribu-Lehigh Valley Ř. Co., 717. tory negligence held supported by evidence.Keating v. Cairns, 317.
(B) Evidence. Distances and speeds held to demonstrate 134(3) (N.Y.App.Div.) Evidence held to negligence of automobile driver having right show window cleaner was lawfully on premises. of way did not contribute to collision.-Id. -Nagler v. James Butler, Inc., 527.
706 (6). (N.Y.App.Div.) Evidence as to ve. hicle collision in street held to require denial
(C) Trial, Judgment, and Review. of nonsuit.-Rounds v. Fitzgerald, 595.
136(22) (N.Y.Sup.) Evidence as to injuries Ow706 (7) (N.Y.Sup.) Whether skidding of on stairway held sufficient to prevent dismissal. automobile should have been foreseen held-Bussue v. Wagner Leasing Co., 711. question of fact.-Keating v. Cairns, 317. Ow706(8) (N.Y.App.Div.) Instruction concern- NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS. ing vehicles approaching street intersection See Bills and Notes. held erroneous.---Rounds v. Fitzgerald, 595.
NEW TRIAL. MUTUAL BENEFIT INSURANCE.
II. GROUNDS. See Insurance, Om694–754.
(B) Misconduct of Parties, Counsel, 02
28 (N.Y.App.Div.) Plaintiff's letter, asking
witness to testify falsely, held not_to_require See Canals.
new trial.-Tunison v. Buffalo & L. E. Traction
29 (N.Y.App.Div.) Asking incompetent
question may justify new trial.-Cherry Creek aw36(1). (N.Y.Sup.) Employee working on Nat. Bank v. Fidelity & Casualty Co. of New construction of tunnel connecting states under York, 611. navigable river subject to state Compensation Law.-Sullivan v, Booth & Flinn, 807.
(F) Verdict or Findings Contrary to LAW Federal government has no control over land
or Evidence. under Hudson river.-Id.
Om65 (N.Y.App.Div.) Trial judge authorized
to set aside verdict contrary to evidence. NEGLIGENCE.
O'Keeffe v. O'Keeffe, 769. See Master and Servant, 107-332; Rail
NONSUIT. roads, cm 307; Street Railroads, w113- See Dismissal and Nonsuit. 117.
NOTES. 1. ACTS OR OMISSIONS CONSTITUTING NEGLIGENCE.
See Bills and Notes. (A) Personal Conduct in General.
NOVATION. em 6 (N.Y.App.Div.) Willful unexcused omis-ml (N.Y.Sup.) Requisites stated.—Donemore sion of statutory safeguards negligence.- Clothing Co. v. Shapiro, 258. Rounds v. Fitzgerald, 595.
Ow12 (N.Y.Sup.) Acceptance of check of corw 15 (N.Y.App.Div.) Joint tort-feasor not
poration subsequently organized and check of excusable.-Anastasio v. Hedges, 109.
referee on corporation's bankruptcy held in
sufficient to prove novation.-Donemore Cloth(C) Condition and Use of Land, Buildings, ing Co. v. Shapiro, 258.
and Other Structures. Om 48 (N.Y.Sup.) Presence of janitor held no
OFFICERS. tice of condition of stairway.-Bussue v. Wag-See Attorney General; District and Prosecut. ner Leasing Co., 711.
ing Attorneys; Public Service Commissions. II. PROXIMATE CAUSE OF INJURY.
PARDON. 60 (N.Y.App.Div.) Wrongdoer not liable C 10 (N.Y.Sup.) Conditional parole from re. for remote consequences.-Prudential Society, formatory may be revoked.-People ex rel. v. Ray, 614.
Haupt v. Lasch, 416. ww62(3) (N.Y.) “Proximate cause" defined un 10 (N.Y.Sup.) Whether parole should be -Saugerties Bank v. Delaware & Hudson Co., revoked within parole board's discretion.-Peo236 N. Y. 425, 141 N, E. 904.
ple ex rel. Ackron v. Hunt, 537.
v. Josephthal, 77.
time of expulsion, and not entitled to future
profits.-Id. PARENT AND CHILD.
IV. RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES AS TO Om2(3) (N.Y.Sup.) Mother held not entitled
THIRD PERSONS. to custody of child left with defendants more
(C) Application of Assets to Liabilities. than 5 years.-In re Duffy, 323.
Om 185 (N.Y.Sup.) Resident partner not auPARTIES.
thorized to apply to firm debt nonresident part
ner's personal funds.-W. & S. Job & Co. v. For parties on appeal and review of rulings as Sanders, 752.
to parties, see Appeal and Error. For parties to particular proceedings or in
V. RETIREMENT AND ADMISSION OF
Am236 (N.Y.App.Div.) Retiring partner liable
as surety to creditors with notice of dissolution.
-Drake v. Hodgson, 813. (B) Joinder.
Ow241 (N.Y.App.Div.) In absence of notice 29 (N.Y.Sup.) Chairman of county com
of withdrawal, retiring partner continues liamittee held perly joined as defendant in ac
ble.--Drake v. Hodgson, 813. tion to test constitutionality of election statute; Cw242(4) (N.Y.App.Div.) Demurrers to "alleged."-Lyon v. Nichols, 401,
swer of retiring partner, alleging statute of limitations, novation, etc., held properly over
ruled.--Drake v. Hodgson, 813. III. NEW PARTIES AND CHANGE OF PARTIES.
Plaintiff's allegation of dissolution of part
nership held not to import notice thereof to Om51(2) (N.Y.Sup.) Court has discretion to plaintiff.-Id. permit bringing in as party third person liable on claim against party in action.-Irwin v. New
VII. DISSOLUTION, SETTLEMENT, AND York Telephone Co., 81.
ACCOUNTING. 53 (N.Y.App.Div.) Affidavit to bring in ad-|(B) Rights, Powers, and Liabilities after ditional party defendant held insufficient.
Dissolution. George A. Moore & Co. v. Heymann, 99.
Affidavit of attorney not familiar with facts Cm 296(1) (N.Y.Sup.) Sellers of stock not necheld insufficient to transform action against / essary parties to action to declare buyer trusindividual into one against partnership.-Id.
tee for partnership though buyer agreed to offer Pm53 (N.Y.Sup.) Application to bring in third stock to sellers before disposing of it.-Bayer person as codefendant without showing merit
v. Bayer, 890. denied.--Irwin v. New York Telephone Co., 81.
(C) Distribution and Settlement Between V. DEFECTS, OBJECTIONS, AND
Partners and Their Representatives. AMENDMENT.
Om 300 (N.Y.Sup.) Contracts with salesmen
for continuation of services pot firm assets on 95(1) (N.Y.Sup.) Defect of parties held dissolution.--Bayer v. Bayer, 890. not fatal.-Rice v. Miner, 256.
51(1) (N.Y.Sup.) "Dwell,” used in cash Omo 49 (N.Y.App.Div.) Income tax returns register, held well-known device, and not inand petition for arbitration held admissible on vention or improvement.-National Cash Reg. issue of partnership.-In re Rosenberg's Will, ister Co. v. Remington Arms Co., 691. 324.
PAYMENT. III. MUTUAL RIGHTS, DUTIES. AND LIA
1. REQUISITES AND SUFFICIENCY. BILITIES OF PARTNERS.
C12 (5) (N.Y.Sup.) Bonds payable in "francs" (A) Firm Property and Business.
held payable in francs of country where preCm70 (N.Y.Sup.) Partner owes duty of abso- sented for payment.-Levy v. Cleveland, C., c. lute good faith to copartners.--Bayer v. Bayer, & St. L. R. Co., 396.
Purchaser without notice not bound by intent (B) Individual Transactions.
of original parties to bonds.-Id. Em92 (N.Y.Sup.) Partner, buying stock in cor IV. PLEADING, EVIDENCE, TRIAL, AND poration in which partnership was interested,
REVIEW held to hold it as trustee for partnership.-m 65(1) (N.Y.App.Div.) Payment not preBayer v. Bayer, 890.
sumed.-Ehrich v. Andrews, 65. (C) Actions Between Partners.
V. RECOVERY OF PAYMENTS. Amw 120 (N.Y.Sup.) Allegations that expelled C82(4) (N.Y.App.Div.) Insurance company's partner violated partnership agreement, held district manager, who paid premiums without to raise issue, on motion to strike out defense request, held "volunteer,” not entitled to recovand counterclaim.-Schnitzer 4. Josephthal, 77. er from insured.-McNamee v, Zimmett, 372.