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Perjury

202 NEW YORK SUPPLEMENT

PERJURY.

separately stated.-Joy v. Urban Motion Pic-

ture Industries, 200.
I. OFFENSES AND RESPONSIBILITY
THEREFOR.

III. PLEA OR ANSWER, CROSS-COM-
Owl (1) (N.Y.App.Div.) Testimony must be PLAINT, AND AFFIDAVIT OF
willfully false in material matter.-People v.

DEFENSE.
Barbuti, 126.

(C) Traverses or Denials and Admissions.
mil (2) (N.Y.App.Div.) False testimony as
to transactions erroneously admitted in evi- ml 12 (N.Y.Sup.) Fact. once denied, is denied
dence held not "material.”—People v. Barbuti, for all purposes of pleading.-Rahaim v. Rossia
126.

Ins. Co. of America, 257.
em 12 (N.Y.App.Div.) Testimony must be am 126 (N.Y.App.Div.) Denial of specific in-
willfully false in material matter.-People v. debtedness held not good.- Van Slyke News
Barbuti, 126.

Agency v. News Syndicate Co., 725.

new

V. DEMURRER OR EXCEPTION.
II. PROSECUTION AND PUNISHMENT.

Om 193(7) (N.Y.App.Div.) On
Como 3! (N.Y.App.Div.) Burden of proving ma- complaint, prayer for relief immaterial.-Traub

demurrer to
teriality on people.-People v. Barbuti, 126.
36 (N.Y.App.Div.) Materiality of false tes- cm 214(8) (N.Y.App.Div.) Demurrant not es-

V. Arrow Mfg. Corporation, 121,
timony for court.—People v. Barbuti, 126.

topped from contesting facts alleged.-Drake v.

Hodgson, 813.
PERPETUITIES.

VI. AMENDED AND SUPPLEMENTAL
Om6(1) (N.Y.App.Div.) Suspension of power PLEADINGS AND REPLEADER.
of alienation during minority equivalent to sus.
pension for a life.--In re Trevor's Will, 862.

232 (N.Y.Sup.) Court may on its own mo-
Cm 6(5) (N.Y.Sur.) Provision of will postpon- tion amend pleadings to conform to proof.-
ing, payment of legacies for five years held in- Gallagher v. Perot, 441.
valid.-In re Wilber's Will. 760.

On 237(6) (N.Y.App.Div.) When trial
Cm 6(6) (N.Y.App.Div.) Limitation after life granted, complaint should be amended to con-
estate held invalid.-In re Trevor's Will, 862. form to proof.--Sinith v. Massachusetts Bond-
Em 6(10) (N.Y.App.Div.) Future estates must ing & Insurance Co., 857.
terminate within statutory period.-In re Tre-Em 243 (N.Y.Sup.) Misjoinder of actions held
vor's Will, 862.

not fatal.–Rice v. Miner, 256.
8(8) (N.Y.App.Div.) Gift to charitable On280 (N.Y.Sup.) Supplemental answer, set-
corporation of income earned, but not due or ting up additional defense, held barred by'lach-
payable, at time of its incorporation, held void. es.-Gallagher v. Perot, 441.
-In re Juilliard's Will, 429.
9(7) (N.Y.Sur.) Provisions of will re-

XI. MOTIONS.
straining alienation and postponing distribution 343 (N.Y.App.Div.) Motion for judgment
held so interwoven that both must fall.-In redenied, where pleadings raise issues of fact:-
Wilber's Will, 760.

Interstate Pulp & Paper Co. v. New York Trib-

une, 232.
PLEADING.

-345(1) (N.Y.App.Div.) Complaint held

suflicient.-Packard v. Fox Film Corporation,
For pleadings in particular actions or proceed- 164.

ings, see also the various specific topics. Use of author's name to advertise motion
For review of rulings relating to pleadings, picture under different title entitled author to
see Appeal and Error.

damages.-Id.

Omw 345(1) (N.Y.Sup.) Judgment on pleadings
1. FORM AND ALLEGATIONS IN GENERAL.

on theory that note was accommodation note

and purchase usurious not authorized.-Panzica
Cam 8(3) (N.Y.App.Div.) Characterizing act as v. Boasberg, 321.
illegal is mere conclusion.-Almirall & Co. v. 345(1) (N.Y.Supl) Complaint, challenging
McClement, 139,

legality of use of voting machines, held not to
8(6) (N.Y.Sup.) Allegations that note had state cause of action and subject to dismissal.
been decreed void and was void held conclu- -Lynn y. Nichols, 401.
sions.-Panzica v. Boasberg, 321.

350(2) (N.Y.Sup.) Motion for judgment
ww8(7) (N.Y.App.Div.) Complaint for com- held improper, complaint being only pleading.
pensation for services, failing to set out em- Rice v. Miner, 256,
ployment contract provision, held insuficient.-- Cw350(3) (N.Y.Sup.). Complaint liberally con-
Fox v. I. Stern Dental Supply Co., 802.

strued on motion for judgment on pleadings.-
Crow 8 (15) (N.Y.App.Div.) Characterizing act Rice v. Miner, 256.
as fraudulent is mere conclusion.-Almirall & Cow362(2) (N.Y.Sup.) Motion to strike out
Co. v. McClement, 139.

convenient method of determining whether for-
Cur 34 (3) (N.Y.) Liberally interpreted in favor eign statute applicable.—Colucci v. Lehigh Val-
of pleader.--Brown v. Tregoe, 236 N. Y. 497, ler R. Co., 717.
142 N. E. 159.

362 (3) (N.Y.App.Div.) Allegations denying

matters of public record in foreign jurisdiction
II. DECLARATION, COMPLAINT, PETI-

held improperly stricken as sham.-Schubach v.
THON, OR STATEMENT.

Moyses, 102.

Cw365(1) (N.Y.Sup.) Motion to strike out
ww49 (N.Y.Sup.) Tort presumed waived, and must be made within 20 days from service.--
action brought on contract, in absence of un- Colucci v. Lehigh Valley R. Co., 717.
ambiguous allegations.-W.'& S. Job & Co. v. 367(5) (N.Y. App.Div.) Motion to make al.
Sanders. 752.

legations more definite and certain, by giving
Cw52(2) (N.Y.App.Div.) Causes of action for dates and places of loans, properly granted.
services and for breach of contract should be Schubach v. Moyses, 102.

INDEX-DIGEST

Quo Warranto
For cases in Dec.Dig. & Am.Dig. Key-No.Series & Indexes see same topic and KEY-NUMBER
XIII. DEFECTS AND OBJECTIONS, WAIV- would be liable held sufficient.-Jamison V.
ER, AND AIDER BY VERDICT

Lamborn, 113.
OR JUDGMENT.

190(3) (N.Y.App.Div.) Injury by falling
Cum 403(2) (N.Y.App.Div.) Allegation of an- ceiling prima facie evidence of negligence
swer held not to aid complaint.--Drake y. Hodg- against lessor, but not his agent.-Slater v.
son, 813.

Barnes, 107.
POLICE POWER.

PRINCIPAL AND SURETY.
See Constitutional Law, mw 81.

See Guaranty.
POWERS.

II. NATURE AND EXTENT OF LIABILITY
1. CREATION, EXISTENCE, AND VA-

OF SURETY.
LIDITY.

Om79 (N.Y.App.Div.) Defalcation occurs
12 (N.Y.App.Div.) Irrevocable, where do- when money converted, though covered up by
nee has interest in subject-matter of power.- payments.- Golden Seal Assur. Soc. v. Atpa
Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. v. Winthrop, 456. Casualty & Surety Co., 674.
Can 13 (N.Y.App.Div.) Power of trustee to re-
ceive and collect for benefit of trust fund held

III. DISCHARGE OF SURETY.
not irrevocable, and not to survive dopor.
Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. v. Winthrop, 456. failure to give notice of dishonor of secured

On 123(3) (N.Y.Sup.) Indorser discharged by

checks as agreed.--Gerstein v. Weisbrott, 240.
PRACTICE.
For practice in particular actions and pro-

IV. REMEDIES OF CREDITORS.
ceedings, see the various specific topics. em 162(2) (N.Y.Sup.) Whether indorser of

note was by agreement to be given potice of dis-
PRESCRIPTION.

honor of checks secured by note held for jury.
See Adverse Possession; Limitation of Actions.

-Gerstein v. Weisbrott, 240.

PROMISSORY NOTES.
PRINCIPAL AND AGENT.

See Bills and Notes.
See Attorney and Client; Brokers.

PROPERTY.
II. MUTUAL RIGHTS. DUTIES, AND LIA-
BILITIES.

-9 (N.Y.App.Div.) Devisees' possession held
(A) Execution of Agency.

prima facie evidence of title.-Schick v. Wolf,
78 (4) (N.Y.App.Div.) Presumption that

601.
employee has performed duty overcome by al-

PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS.
legations that he applied employer's money to See Municipal Corporations, 366-489.
own use.-Ehrich v. Andrews, 65.
JII. RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES AS TO

PUBLIC LANDS.
THIRD PERSONS.

IV, COLONIAL AND PROPRIETARY
(A) Powers of Agent.

GRANTS.
w 103(14) (N.Y.App.Div.) Special agent held w 193 (N.Y.App.Div.) Beach property held
unauthorized to change contract.-Wells v. covered by colonial patent.-Stehli v. Town of
Chaffee, 538.

Oyster Bay, 842.
C105(9) (N.Y.App.Div.) Evidence that mak-
ers returned automobile in payment of note re PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONS.
versible error.--Wells y. Chaffee, 538.
Crow 122(1). (N.Y.App.Div.) Agent's declara @mw 5 (N.Y.App.Div.) Transit commission's ap-
tions inadmissible to establish authority.-Wells proval of claim for expenses not final, as af-
v. Chaffee, 538.

fecting comptroller's authority to audit.-Con-

tinental Guaranty Corporation v. Craig, 11.
(C) Unauthorized and Wrongful Acts. Ca 35 (N.Y.Sup.) Stay of rate fixed by Public
Om 147(2), (N.Y.App.Div.) Party dealing with Service Commission authorized on evidence of
agent held to know his authority, and must irreparable damage, without another trial by

court granting certiorari.-In re People's Gas
prove it.--Wells v. Chaffee, 538.

& Electric Co. of Oswego, 700.
(D) Ratification.

PUBLIC SERVICE CORPORATIONS.
Cm 163(3) (N.Y.App.Div.) Agent's acts not
equivalent to execution of contract by New See Carriers; Railroads; Street Railroads.
York oflice.- Alhambra Amusement Co. v. As-
sociated First National Pictures, 605.

QUO WARRANTO.
w 173(3), (N.Y.App.Div.) Evidence hold not
to establish contract was approved by New

I. NATURE AND GROUNDS.
York office, as required by provision therein.-C5 N.Y.Sup.) Quo warranto sole proceed-
Alhambra Amusement Co. v. Associated First ing to review determination of canvassing
National Pictures, 605.

board.-In re Barrett, 20.
Om 173(3) (N.Y.App.Div.) Evidence held suffi-
cient to justify ruling that agreement was rati-
fied.-Dairymen's League Co-op.

II. JURISDICTION PROCEEDINGS, AND

Ass'n
Holmes, 663.
(F) Actions.

Omas 34 (N.Y.Sup.) Quo warranto proceeding to

review determination of canvassing board
Som 189(1) (N.Y.App.Div.) Complaint alleging brought in name of state and not petitioner.-
facts under which either of two defendants In re Barrett, 20.

Railroads

202 NEW YORK SUPPLEMENT

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RAILROADS.

Fourteenth Street Co. V. D. A. Schulte, Inc..

737. See Street Railroads.

Mistake must be clear.-Id.
V. RIGHT OF WAY AND OTHER INTER-
ESTS IN LAND.

REFORMATORIES. Om76 (N.Y.App.Div.) Right to lay tracks on Om2 (N.Y.Sup.) Purpose of statutes relating street involves property right, and also right to to confinement in reformatories stated.-People diminish public use of street. -People ex rel. Le- ex rel. Haupt v. Lasch, 416. high Valley R. Co. v. State Tax Commission, 310.

REMAINDERS. VII. SALES, LEASES, TRAFFIC CON- ww15 (N.Y.Sur.) Proceeds of insurance

TRACTS, AND CONSOLIDATION. property devised should be invested by deposit. On 123 (N.Y.Sup.) Lease and modification ap

-In re Mullin's Estate, 758. proved by two-thirds of stock held binding. Peabody v. Interborough Rapid Transit Co.,

REVENUE, 287.

See Taxation, Parties to lease may waive unanimous con

REVIEW. sent of stockholders to modification.-Id. Powers of directors to lease 'cannot be re

See Appeal; Certiorari. voked by stockholders.--Id. Lease requiring unanimous consent of stock

ROADS. holders to reduction of rent illegal.-Id.

See Highways. 131 (N.Y.Sup.) Public policy as respects

SALES. leasing of railroad embodied in statute.-Pea- See Vendor and Purchaser. body v. Interborough Rapid Transit Co., 287.

133(4) (N.Y.Sup.) Guaranty of dividends 1. REQUISITES AND VALIDITY OF Coxby lessee held based on direct guaranty rather

TRACT. than on lease. Peabody v. Interborough Rapid Cur23(4) (N.Y.App.Div.) No unqualified acTransit Co., 287. Lease may provide for "guaranty" of divi- ceptance of buyer's offer to go on with contract

shown.-Watts v. Thomas Carter & Sons, 852. dends on lessor's stock.-Id. Lessee's obligation to pay dividends as rent

ww38 (9) (N.Y.App.Div.) Contract obtained held not to survive obligation to pay rent.-Id. by fraud can be voided only by timely exercise

of right to rescind.-Pallister v. New York

Stamping Co., 173.
X. OPERATION.

48 (N.Y.Mun.Ct.) Violation of revenue (F) Accidents at Crossings.

statute does not make sale enforceable, unless 307 (4) (N.Y.App.Div.) Negligence cannot statute so provides.-Christophersen & Kiaer be predicated on want of flagman, gate, or auto

v. U. S. Nav. Co., 902. matic bell.-Gilliland v. Delaware & Hudson em 50 (N.Y.App.Div.) Buyer, retaining beneCo., 710.

fits and not showing damage, cannot counterREAL ACTIONS.

claim for part of price paid, because of fraud.

-Pallister v. New York Stamping Co., 173. See Ejectment; Forcible Entry and Detainer. Om 52 (5) (N.Y.App.Div.) Evidence held suffiRECORDS.

cient to show contract never completed.- Isaiou

Trading Corporation v. Standard Rice Co. of See Appeal, Om712–714.

New York, 849. Can 9(13) (N.Y.Sup.) Allegations of misstate

II. CONSTRUCTION OF CONTRACT. ments, mistakes, and irregularities in proceedings under Torrens Law held insufficient.-eww83 (N.Y.App.Div.) Words "f.o.b. cars" inRubin v. Smith, 861.

dicate delivery was to be made to railroad.Sarachen & Rosenthal y. Wilson & Co., 591.

Buyer must exercise option as to manner of REFORMATION OF INSTRUMENTS.

shipment by giving shipping directions.-Id. I. RIGHT OF ACTION AND DEFENSES. m20 (N.Y.Sup.) When granted, stated.-154 III. MODIFICATION OR RESCISSION OF West Fourteenth Street Co. v. D. A. Schulte,

CONTRACT. Inc., 737.

(C) Rescission by Buyer. em 21 (N.Y.Sup.) Lessee's silence in permit: w127 (N.Y.App.Div.) After waiver of time ting lessor to sign under misapprehension held element, notice necessary to restore it as esnoť fraud.-154 West Fourteenth Street Co. v. sential element.--Sarachen & Rosenthal v. WilD. A. Schulte, Inc., 737

son & Co., 591. C 25 (N.Y.Sup.) Mistake must be excusable. -154 West Fourteenth Street Co. v. D. A.

IV. PERFORMANCE OF CONTRACT. Schulte, Inc., 737. em 26 (N.Y.Sup.) Lessor's negligence in sign

(C) Delivery and Acceptance of Goods. ing lease imputable to grantee.-154 West Four-nos 152 (N.Y.App.Div.) Shipping instructions teenth Street Co. v. D. A. Schulte, Inc., 737. condition precedent to seller's duty to deliver.

-Sarachen & Rosenthal v. Wilson & Co., 591. II. PROCEEDINGS AND RELIEF.

C 153 (N.Y.App.Div.) Refusal to receive fur. mw43 (N.Y.Sup.) Presumed lease carefully ther shipments waives tender.-Sarachen & prepared.-154 West Fourteenth Street Co. v. Rosenthal v. Wilson & Co., 591. D. A. Schulte, Inc., 737.

In absence of shipping instructions, no duty 45(1) (N.Y.Sup.) Proof of fraud or mistake to tender goods.-Id. must be clear and convincing.--154 West Four-o 153 (N.Y.Sup.) No valid tender of goods in teenth Street Co. v. D. A. Schulte, Inc., 737. warehouse, warehouseman not acknowledging

45(9) (N.Y.Sup.) Evidence held to show buyer as owner.-Robinson v. All-Lite Sales lease embodied agreement of parties.-154 West I Co., 260.

INDEX-DIGEST

States
For cases In Dec.Dig. & Am.Dig. Key-No.Series & Indexes see same topic and KEY-NUMBER

161 (N.Y.Sup.) Delivery to steamship line to steredores; "seaman.”-Martis v. Union
held sufficient.-Frank E. Childs & Bro. v. Transport Co., 56.
Adolph Hirsch & Co., 226.

Cu 29(5) (N.Y.Sup.) State courts, though not
161 (N.Y.Sup.) Seller held not liable for in district where injured seamen's employer re-
carrier's failure to divert shipment as request- sides or bas place of business, not deprived of
ed by buyer.-Armour & Co. 7. Wood & Selick, jurisdiction.-Bennett v. Connelly, 568.
275.
mm 173
(N.Y.App.Div.).. Buyers, by mailing

SEPARATION.
government permit to ship, held to make mail
their agent, and not agent of sellers. Robinson See Husband and Wife, om 278, 279.
v. Liebman, 645.
Ons 174 (N.Y.App.Div.) Buyer's failure to ex-

SET-OFF AND COUNTERCLAIM.
tend letter of credit held material breach, ex-
cusing seller.-Shirai v. Blum, 510.

II. SUBJECT-MATTER.
CM 181(1) (N.Y.Sup.) Seller has burden of E34 (3) (N.Y.Sup.) Counterclaim, in which
proving tender of goods.-Robinson v. All-Lite word "converted" was used, held proper.-W. &
Sales Co., 260.

S. Job & Co. v. Sanders, 752.
Cws 18! (11) (N.Y.App.Div.) Giving shipping in m 41 (N.Y.Sup.) Debt 'due from broker to
structions, acceptance thereof, and delivery of defendant's partner not deductible from pur-
goods sufficient basis for finding of waiver of chase price.-Ungar v. Frisch, 367.
time provision.--Sarachen & Rosenthal v. Wil-
son & Co., 591.

SHIPPING.
(D) Payment of Price.

I. REGULATION IN GENERAL.
Aww 185 (N.Y.App.Div.) Tender of letter of 312, [New, vol. 8A Key-No. Series]
credit an hour after time specified, and for an (N.Y.Súp.) Emergency Fleet Corpora-
amount less than price, held invalid.-Isaiou tion held liable for injury to employee of ship-
Trading Corporation v. Standard Rice Co. ping company operating its vessel.--Shea v. U.
of New York, 849.

S. Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corpora-

tion, 809.
VI. WARRANTIES.

Where no cause of action against shipping
Om 288(4), (N.Y.App.Div.) Claim for breach of company, there was no cause of action against

its successor.-Id.
warranty held barred by buyer's retention of
silk for nearly a year without testing color.- v. LIABILITIES OF VESSELS AND OWN-
Schnitzer v. Lang, 530.

ERS IN GENERAL.
VII. REMEDIES OF SELLER,

80 (N. Y. App. Div.) Ship's appliances not

warranted as seaworthy.-Tammis v. Panama
(F) Actions for Damages.

R, Co., 230.
Om 377 (N.Y.App.Div.) Allegations of readiness Shipowner, supplying customary type of en-
and willingness to perform held sufficient, de- gine in good repair, discharges duty in that re-
fendant having option as to manner of ship- spect.--Id.
ment.-Sarachen & Rosenthal v. Wilson & Co.,

SLANDER.
591.

387 (N.Y.App.Div.) Sufficiency and legal See Libel and Slander.
effect of unequivocal notice of cancellation held
matter of law for court.-Robinson v. Liebman,

SPECIAL LAWS.
645.

See Statutes, m101.
388 (N.Y.App.Div.) Instruction that sell-
ers never were ready to ship held prejudicial er-
ror.-Robinson v. Liebman, 645.

SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE.

I. NATURE AND GROUNDS OF REMEDY IN
VIII. REMEDIES OF BUYER.

GENERAL.
(C) Actions for Breach of Contract. Om 10(1) (N.Y.Sup.) Granted, with abate-
ww417 (N.Y.App.Div.) Evidence held to war-

ment for deficiency, where vendor unable to
rant finding that goods could not be elsewhere perform.-Clark v. Merinsky, 273.
purchased.- Acunto v. Schmidt-Dauber Co., 1. mar! 0(2) (N.Y.Sup.) Directed against vendor,
Cm 417 (N.Y.App.Div.) Verdict for buyer held with abatement of purchase price for dower in-
against weight of evidence.-Becker v. Arn- terest.-Feldman v. Lisansky, 79.
staedt & Co., 627.

C10(2) (N.Y.Sup.) Abatement allowed for
Cm 418(15) (N.Y.App.Div.) Loss of profits value of inchoate dower only, and not for value
held measure of damages, there being no mark- of consummate dower.--Kupferberg v. Beatty,

in which goods obtainable.-Acunto
Schmidt-Dauber Co., 1.

19 (N.Y.App.Div.) Decree not prevented
by contract with another party having notice of

plaintiff's contract.- Baker v. Carlson, 224.
(D) Actions and Connterclaims for Breach
of Warranty.

I. CONTRACTS ENFORCEABLE.
Ow441 (2) (N.Y.App.Div.) Finding that sell-
ers warranted color of silk held against weight @ww53 (N.Y.Sup.) Vendee held entitled to as-
of evidence.-Schnitzer v. Lang, 530.

sume description in contract included entire

lot.-Clark v. Merinsky, 273.
SEAMEN.

STATES.
en 3 (N.Y.Sup.) Action for injury while in
foreign port governed by law of flag.-Bennett

1. POLITICAL STATUS AND RELATIONS.
v. Connelly, 568.

Qw12(2) (N.Y.Sup.) Boundaries of New York
Amo 29(3) (N.Y.App.Div.) Fellow servant rule and New Jersey held middle of Hudson river.-
not abrogated by Merchant Marine Act as Sullivan v. Booth & Flinn, 807.

et

V.

States

202 NEW YORK SUPPLEMENT

III. PROPERTY, CONTRACTS, AND LIA.

STATUTES CONSTRUED.
BILITIES,
108 (N.Y.Ct.CI.) Contract held to prevent

CONSTITUTION.
contractor from recovering from unreasonable Art. 1, $ 1–202 N. Y. S. 401.
delays.-Mack v. State, 344.

Art. 1, $ 64202 N. Y. S. 149.
Contractor cannot recover for reasonable Art. 2, 1-141 N. E. 907, 236 N. Y. 437; 202
delay.-Id.

N. Y. S. 91.

Art. 2, § 5-202 N. Y. S. 401.
V. CLAIMS AGAINST STATE.

Art. 2, § 6-141 N. E. 907, 236 N. Y. 437;
178 (N.Y.App.Div.) Conveyance of canal

202 N. Y. S. 20, 401.
lands on condition of release of claims against Art. 3, & 18–202 N. Y. S. 401,
state held not to vitiate transaction as an "au- Art. 3, § 19–202 N. Y. S. 244.
dit," within provision of Constitution against Art. 4, § 8–202 N. Y. S. 243.
audit of claims by Legislature.--People's Gas & Art. 5, & 9–202 N. Y. S. 3, 745.
Electric Co. v. City of Oswego, 243.

Art. 7, § 7-202 N. Y. S. 582.

Art. 10, $ 2–202 N. Y. S. 401.
STATUTE OF FRAUDS.

Art. 10, $ 3—202 N. Y. S. 745.
See Frauds, Statute of.

CIVIL PRACTICE ACT,
STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS.

(Laws 1920, ch. 925.)
See Limitation of Actions.

§ 7, subsec. 8–202 N. Y. S. 601.

§ 182—202 N. Y. S. 236.
STATUTES.

$ 192—202 N. Y. S. 256.

$ 193–202 N. Y. S. 890.
For statutes relating to particular subjects, $ 193, subsec. 2. Amended by Laws 1923, ch.
see the various specific topics.

250---202 N. Y. S. 81.

$$ 207, 208–202 N. Y. S. 586.
II. GENERAL AND SPECIAL OR LOCAL S 211–202 N. Y. S. 401.
LAWS.

$ 213–202 N. Y. S. 113.
ww77(1). (N.Y.Sup.) "Local or private law" Š 241–202 N. Y. S. 401.
defined.-Lynn v. Nichols, 401.

265–202 N. Y. S. 63, 754.
Om 101(!) (N.Y.Sup.) Statute providing single 206—202 N. Y. S. 620, 752.
commissioner of elections in Monroe county 288–202 N. Y. S. 193.
held constitutional.-Lyon v. Nichols, 401. $S 290, 292-202 X. Y. S. 30. .

296–202 N. Y. S. 805.
IV. AMENDMENT, REVISION, AND CODIFI- 303—202 N. Y, s. 193.
CATION.

324–202 N. Y. S. 30.
Om 147 (N.Y.App.Div.) Consolidated Laws

347–202 N. Y. S. 364.

350—202 N. Y. S. 599.
construed as of date of previous enactment in

353–202 N. Y. S. 364.
determining effect on special laws.-Chapin v.
Hogan, 641.

$$ 458, 459—202 N. Y, S. 398.

612–202 N. Y. S. 99.
V. REPEAL, SUSPENSION, EXPIRATION,

$8716–748—202 N. Y. S. 584.
AND REVIVAL.

$ 990–202 N. Y. S. 601.
Cuma 158 (N.Y.Mun.ct.) Repeals by implication 1132-1146–202 N. Y. S. 620.
not favored.-Arcutel Realty Corporation v. 11614202 N. Y. S. 5-13.

88 1135, 1139--202 N. Y. S. 96.
Ruskin, 635.

1169–202 N. Y. S. 586.

1208–202 N. Y. S. 135.
VI. CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION.

1259--202 N. Y. S. 416.
(A) General Rules of Construction. $8 1283-1312–202 N. Y. S. 700.
em 181 (2) (N.Y.Mun.ct.) Act of bad faith not $ 1284–202 N. Y. S. 7.

1357-202 N. Y. S. 586.
imputed to Legislature by doubtful construc-

1374–202 N. Y. S. 703.
tion.-Building Co. of Cohen Bros. v. Lery, 181.
Com 225 (N.Y.Mun.Ct.) Construction which will

1410, subsec. 1a-202 N. Y. S. 181.
give effect to different statutes on same sub- 8 1410, subsec. la. Amended by laws 1922,
ject favored.-Arcutel Realty Corporation v.

ch, 663–202 N. Y, S. 635.
Ruskin, 635.

8 1411, subsec. 4202 N. Y. S. 601.
www22544 (N.Y.) Acts enacted by same Legis-

1412-202 N. Y. S. 601.
lature, to take effect on same day, reconciled $ 1434–141 N. E. 917, 236 N. Y. 465; 202 x.

Y. S. 263.
if possible. -People ex rel. Chadbourne v. Voor-
his, 236 N. Y. 437, 141 N. E. 907.

$ 1444-141 N. E. 917. 236 N. Y. 465.
Legislative intent controls where contempo- 1492–202 N. Y. S. 586.
raneous statutes on same subject-matter con- 1504–202 N. Y. S. 325.
tain minor inconsistencies.--Id.

8 1577-142 N, E. 156, 236 N. Y. 488.
C230 (N.Y.) Amendment of subdivision
theretofore incorporated in another subdivision RULES OF CIVIL PRACTICE.
affects latter.-American Bank v. Goss, 236 N. Rule 40–202 N. Y. S. 586.
Y. 488, 142 N. E. 156.
Code Civil Procedure regarded as single stat. Rule 102-202 N. Y. S. 164, 256.

Rule 70—202 N. Y. S. 121.
ute in determining effect of amendment of sec- Rules, 103, 105–202 N. Y. S. 717.
tions incorporated in other sections.-Id.

Rule 106–202 N. Y. S. 164, 256, 401.

Rule 112—202 N. Y. S. 232, 256.
(B) Particular Classes of Statutes.

Rule 113-202 N. Y. S. 232, 301,
Om 245 (N.Y.App.Div.) Doubts resolved in tax- Rule 140-202 N. Y. S. 30.
payer's favor.-People ex rel. Vernon Metal & Rule 146 -202 N. Y. S. 791, 792.
Produce Co. v. Law, 554.

Rule 234–202 N. Y. S. 325.

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