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THE

ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA

A

DICTIONARY

OF

ARTS, SCIENCES, AND GENERAL LITERATURE

Ninth Edition-Complete Repriut.

VOLUME XVII

NEW YORK

THE HENRY G. ALLEN COMPANY, PUBLISHERS

1890

RARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

TRANSFERRED FROM BOTANICAL MUSEUM LIBRARY

FEB. 26, 1934

ARGYLE PRESS PRINTING AND BOOKBINUING, 265 & 267 CHERRY 6T., N. Y.

W

34-19 5-15

VOL. XVII.--(MOT-ORM).

Total number of Articles, 709.

PRINCIPAL CONTENTS.

HOTMOT. ALFRED NEWTON, F.R.S., Professor of

Zoology, University of Cambridge.
MOUSE. OLDFIELD THOMAS, British Museum.
MOZAMBIQUE. T. F. HENDERSON.
MOZART. W. S. ROCKSTRO, Author of “Life of

Handel.”
MILE. GEORGE FLEMING, President, Royal Vet.

erinary College, London.
MUMMY. Miss A. B. EDWARDS, Author of “A

Thousand Miles up the Nile."
MUNICH. J. F. MUIRHEAD,
MUNICIPALITY. Chas. I. ELTON, Barrister at

Law.
MURAL DECORATION. W. MORRIS, Author of

" Decorative Art,” • Earthly Paradise,” &c.,

and J. H. MIDDLETON.
MURAT. H. MORSE STEPHENS.
MURCHISON. ARCHIBALD GEIKIE, F.R.S., LL.D.,

Director of the Geological Survey of the United

Kingdom
MURDER. EDMUND ROBERTSON, Professor of

Roman Law, University College, London.
MURILLO. W. M. ROSSETTI, Author of “Fine

Art: Chiefly Contemporary.
MURRAIN. GEORGE FLEMING.
MUSCINEÆ. K E. GOEBEL, Ph.D., Professor of

Botany, University of Rostock.
MUSHROOM. W. G. SMITH.
MUSIC-
HISTORY. Sir GEORGE A. MACFARREN, Mus. Doc.,

Professor of Music, University of Cambridge.
SCIENCE, R. H. M. BOSANQUET, Professor of

Acoustics, Royal College of Music, London.
MUSSEL. E. R. LANKESTER, F.R.S., Professor of

Zoology. University College, London.
MUSSET. WALTER H. POLLOCK, M.A.
MYRIAPODA. U. N. MOSELEY, F.R.S., Linacre

Professor of Human and Comparative Anatomy,

Oxford,
MYRRA. E. M. HOLMES, Curator of Museum of

the Pharmaceutical Society, London.
MYSORE. W. W. HUNTER, LL.D., C.I.E.
MYSTERIES. W. M. RAMSAY, M.A.
MYSTICISM. Prof. ANDREW SETH, University

College, Cardiff.
MYTHOLOGY. ANDREW LANG, Author of “Helen

of Troy."
N. · John PEILE, M.A., Fellow and Tutor of Christ's

College, Cambridge.
NÆVIUS. W. Y. SELLAR, LL.D., Professor of

Humanity, University of Edinburgh.
NAHUM. W. ROBERTSON SMITH, LL.D., lord

Almoner's Professor of Arabic, University of

Cambridge.
NAMES. ANDREW LANG.
NANKING. R. K. DOIGLAS, Professor of Chinese,

King's College, London.
NAPIER, SIR CHARLES J. H. MORSE STEPHENS.
NAPIER, JOHN. J. W. L. GLAISHEK, F.R.S.,

Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.
NAPIER, SIR WILLIAM F. P. H. MORSE

STEPHENS.
NAPOLEON I. J. R SEELEY, LL.D., Professor of

Modern History University of Cambridge.

NAPOLEON III. C. ALAN FYFFE, M.A., Fellow of

University College, Oxford.
NARCOTICS. J. G. M‘KENDRICK, M:D., Professor

of the Institutes of Medicine, University of

Glasgow.
NARSES. Thomas HODGKIN, M.A., Author of

“ Italy and its Invaders."
NASIR KHOSRAU. HERMANN ETHé, Ph.D., Pro-

fessor of Moler Languages, University College,

Aberystwit?
NATAL. J. W. TURNBULL, B. A., Barrister at Law,

Pietermaritzburg.
NATIONAL DEBT. J. Scott KELTIE, Editor of

the “Stateman's Year Book."
NAVIGATION. CAPTAIN H. A. MORIARTY, R.N.,

C.B.
NAVIGATION LAWS. JAMES WILLIAMS, M A.,

B.C.L., Barrister at Law.
NAVY. NATHANIEL BARNABY, C.B., Director of

Naval Construction, Whiteball, and Lieut. J. D.

JERROLD KELLEY, U. S. Navy.
NEANDER. Very Rev. PRINCIPAL TULLOCH.
NEBRASKA. Prof. S. AUGHEY, State Geologist,

Lincoln, Neb.
NEBULAR THEORY. R. S. BALL, LL.D., F.R.S.,

Astronomer-Royal for Ireland.
NEEDLE. JAMES PATON, Corporation Galleries of

Art, Glasgow.
NEER. J. A. CROWE, Author of Early Flemish

Painters."
VEGLIGENCE. J. WILLIAMS,
NEGRO. A. H. KEANE, B. A., Professor of Hindus-

tani, University College, London.
NELSON. W. O'CONNOR MORRIS.
NEMATOIDEA. FRANCIS E. BEDDART M A., of

the “Challenger" Expedition Office.
NEMERTIXES. Prof. A. A. W. HUBRECHT Uri.

versity of Utrecht.
NEOPLATONISM. ADOLF HARNACK, Professor of

Church History, University of Giessen.
NEPAL. Dr. DANIEL WRIGHT.
NERI. Rev. R. F. LITTLEDALE, LL.D., D.C.L.
NERO. H. F. PELHAM, M, A., Fellow and Tutor ol

Exeter College, Oxford.
NERVA. H. F. PELAAM.
NESTOR. Prof. A. NEWTON.
NESTORIANS. Prof, ALBRECHT SOCIN, University

of Tübingen.
NET. JAMES PATON.
NEURALGIA. J. O. AFFLECK, M.D.
NEVADA. WM. WRIGHT, Virginia City, Nev.
FEW BRUNSWICK. GEORGE STEWART, Jun.,

Editor of the “ Chronicle," Quebec.
NEW CALEDONIA. COUTTS TROTTER, F.R.G.S.
NEWFOUNDLAND. Rev. M. HARVEY, St. Jonn's,

Newfoundland.
NEW GUINEA. COUTTS TROTTER.
NEW HAMPSHIRE. Profs. C. H, HITCACOCK and

J. K. LORD, Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.A.
NEW HEBRIDES. COUTTH TROTTER.

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