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few points of the compass, is the visible horizon performs its office. The improrement i bare ate of any particular place to which it is set. On the tempted, is in the application of a quadrant of celestial globe this semicircle is a morcable circle altitude of a more solid construction; wbich beof declination, and its sinail annexed circle an ar- ing afixed to a brass socket of some length, and tificial sun or planet. Each globe has a brass wire this ground, and made to turn upon an upright TWY placed at the limits of the crepusculum or steel spindle, fixed in the zenith, steadily directs twilight, which, together with the globe, is mount. the quadrant, or rather arc, of altitude to its true ed in a wooden frame, haring underneath a may. azimuth, without being at liberty to deviate from netic needle in a compass-box. On the strong a vertical circle to the right hand or left; by which brass circle of the terrestrial glube, and about 23 means the azimuth and altitude are given with the degrees on each side of the north pole, the days same exactness as the measure of any other of the of tach month are laid down according to the sun's great circles. For a more particular description declination; and this brass circle is so contrived, of this inprovement, illustrated with figures, see that the globe may be placed with the north and the place above quoted. south poles in the plane of the horizon, and with The globes cominonly used are composed of the south pole elevated above it. The equator ou plastır and paper in the following manner:-A the surface of either globe serves the purpose of wooden axis is provided, somewhat less than the the horary circle, by means of a semicircular intended diameter of the globe, and into the exwire placed in the plane of the equator ÆF, tremes thereof two iron wires are driven for poles: carrying two indices, one on the east, the other this axis is to be the basis of the whole structure. on the west side of the strong brass circle : one of On tbe axis are applied ewu hemispherical caps, which is occasionally lo be used to point out the furined on a kind of wooden mould or block. time upon the equator. In these globes, there- These caps consist of pasteboard or paper, laid fore, the indices being set to the particular time one lay after another on the mould to the thickon the equator, the globes are turned round, and ness of a crown-piece; after which, having stood the indices point out the time by remaining to dry and einbody, making an incision along the fixed; whereas, in the globes as generally mount. midule, the two caps thus parted are slipped off ed, the indices move over the horary circies the monld. They remain now to be applied on while the globe is moving, and thus point out the the poles of the axis, as before they were on those change of time. For farther particulars of these of the mould: ard to fix them in their new place, globes, and the method of using them, see Adams's the two edges are seved together with packTreatise on the Construction and Useof the Globes. thread, &c. The rudiments of the globe Leing

Mr. G. Wright, of London, bas yet farther laid, they proceed to strengthen and make it siinplified the construction of the hour-circle, and smooth and regular. In order to this, the two it is thereby rather less operose. It consists of the poles are hasped in a metalline semicircle of the following particulars :- There are engraved on size intended ; and a kind of plaster made of the globes two hour-circles, one at each of the whiting, water, and glue, heated, melted, and poles; which are divided into a double set of incorporated together, is daubed all over the papertwelve hours, as isual in the commou brass oncs, surface. In proportion as the plaster is applicd, except that the hours are figured round both to the ball is turned sound in the semicircle, the the right and left. The hour-hand or index is edge whereof pares off whatever is superfluous and placed in such a manner under the brass meridian, beyond the due dimension, leaving the rest ad. as to be moveable at pleasure to any required hering in places that are short of it. After such part of the hour circle, and yet remain there application of plaster the ball stands to dry; fixed during the revolution of the globe on its which done, it is put again in the semicircle, and axis, and is entirely independent of the poles of fresh mutier appiied. thus they continue allesthe globe. In this manner, the motion of the nately to apply the composition and dry it, till globe round its axis carrying the hour-circle, such time as the bal every where acenrately the fixed index serves to point out the time, the touches the semicircle; in which state it is per. same as in the reverse way by other globes. sectly smooth, regular, and complete. The tall

There is a small advantage in having the hour- being finished, it remains to paste the map or de. circle figured both ways, as one hour serves as a scription thereon: in order to this, the map is complement to SIl for the other, and the time of projected in several gores or gussets; all which join bun rising and setting, and vice versa, may both be accurately on the spherical surface, and corer seen at the same time on the hour-circle. In the the whole ball. To direct the application of these probleins generally to be performed, the inner gores, lines are drawn by a semicircle on the sur. circle is the circle of reckoning, and the outer one face of the ball, dividing it into a number of eqnal only the complement. Fig. 5. is a representation parts corresponding to those of the gores, and of the globe, with Mr. Wright's improred hour. subdividing those avain answerably to the lines circle at C.

and divisions of the gures. When papers are In the Philos. Trans. for 1789, p. 1, Mr. Smes. pasted on, there remains nothing but to colour ton has proposed some improvements of the and illuminate the globe, and to raruish it, the celestial globe, especially with respect to the better to resist dust, moisture, &c. The globe quadrant of altitude, for the resolutior of pro- itself finished, they bang it in a brass meridian, blems ielating to the azimuth and altitude. The with an hour-circle and a quadrant of altitude, o therlty, he observes, that has occurred in fixing a and thus fit it into a wooden horizon, semicircle, so as to have a centre in the zenith To describe the gores or gussets for the globes. lo and nadir points of the globe, at the same time Chambers's Dictionary the following method is t' at the meridian is left at liberty to raise the directed : "1. From the given diameter of the pole to its desired elevation, I suppose, has in- globe find a right line AB, fig. 1. Pl. 63. equal ta duced the globe-makers to be contented with the the circumference of a great circle, and divide it ptrip of thin flexible brass, called the quadrant of into twelve equal parts. 2. Through the several altitude; and it is well known how imperfectly it points of division, 1, 2, 3, 4, &c. with the idler,

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val of ten of them, describe arches mutually in- parts, if the parallels are to be drawn in every tersecting each other in D and E; these figures 10°; divide also the quadrant BE into nine equal or pieces, duly pasted or joined together, will parts through each division point of the quadrant, make the whole surface of the globe. 3. Divide as G; and through the corresponding point D of each part of the right line AB into thirty equal the right line CP draw the perpendiculars HGF parts, so that the whole line AB, representing the and DF, the meeting of which in F gives one of periphery of the equator, may be divided into 360 the points of the curve BEP, which will termidegrees 4. From the poles D and E, fig. 2. with nate the circumference of the gore. When a sufthe interval of 234 deg. describe arches ab; these ficient number of points are thus found, trace the will be twelfth-parts of the polar circles. 5. After outline PIB with a curved rule. By this conthe like manner, from the same poles D and E, struction are given the gore breadths which are with the interval of 66} deg. reckoned from the on the globe, in the ratio of the confines of the equator, describe arches cd; these will be twelfth- latitudes; supposing these breadths, taken perparts of the tropics. 6. Through the digree of pendicular to CD, which is not very exact (but it the equator e, corsesponding to the right ascen- is impossible to prescribe a rigid operation,) sufli. sion of any given star and the poles Dand E, draw cient to make a plane which shall cover a curved an arch of a circle, and, taking in the compasses surface, and that on a right line AB shall make the complement of the declination from the pole lines PA, PC, PB, equal among themselves, as D, describe an arch intersecting it in i; this they ought to be on the globe. To describe the point i will be the place of that star. 7. áll the circle KDI which is at 30° from the equator : stars of a censtellation being thus laid down, the there must be taken above D a point, which shall figure of the constella’ion is to be drawn according be distant from it the value of the rangent of 60°, to Barer, Hevelius, or Flamstead. 6. Lastly, taken out either from the tables, or on a circle after the same manner are the declinations and equal to the circumference of the globe to be right ascensions of each degree of the ecliptic dg traced; this point will serve as a centre for the zo be determined. 9. The surface of the globe parallel DI, which should pass through the point thus projected on a plane is to be engraven on D, far it is supposed equal to that of a cone circopper, to save the trouble of doing this orer cumscribing the globe, and which would touch again for each globe. If the declinations and at the point D. * The meridians may be traced right ascensions of the stars be not given, but the to every 10 degrees by dividing each parallel, as Jungitudes and latitudes in lieu thereof, the sur. Ki, into three parts at the points L and M, and face of the globe is to be projected after the same drawing from the pole P, through all these divimanner as before, except that in this case D and sion points, curves, which represent the interme

E, fig. 2. are the poles of the ecliptic, and fl the diate meridians between PA and PB (as BR and ecliptic itself; and that the polar circles and ST, fig. 4.). The ecliptic may be described by tropics, with the equator gd, and the paralels means of the known declination from different thereof, are to be determined from their declina- points of the equator that may be found in a tatione

ble; for 10°, it is 30 58 ; for 20°, 7° 50'; for 30°, M. De La Lande, in his Astronomie, 1771,

11° 29', &c. tom. 3. p. 736, describes the following methods : It is observed in general, that the paper on " To construct celestial and terrestrial globes, which charts are printed, such as the colomgores niust be engraved, which are a kind of bier, shortens itself ,i part or a line in six inches projection or inclosure of the globe (fig. 3.) simi- upon an average, when it is dried after printing; lar to what is now to be explained. The length this inconvenience must therefore be corrected in PC of the axis of this curve is equal to a quarter the engraving of the gores; if, not withstanding of the circumference of the globe; the intervals that, the gores are found too short, it must be of the parallels on the aris PC are all equal, the remedied by taking from the surface of the bal radii of the circles KDI, which represent the pa. a little of the whire with which it is covered, talles, are equal to the cetangents of the latitudes; thereby making the dimensions suitable to the and the arches of each, as Di, are nearly equal tó gure as it was printed. But what is singular in the oumber of the degrees of the breadth of the that in drawing the gore, moistened with the gore, (which is usually 30°) multiplied by the paste to apply on the globe, the axis GH lengil.sine of the latitude: thus there will be found no ens, and the side AK shortens, in such a manner, intricacy in tracing them; but the difficulty pro- that neither the length of the side ACK nor the ceeds from the variation found in the trial of the of the axis GEH of the gore are exactly equal 10 gores when pasting them on the globe, and of the quarter of the circumference of the globe, the quantity that must be taken from the paper, when compared to the figure on the copper, or less on the sides than in the middie (because the to the numbered sides shown in fig. 4. Mr, sides are longer), to apply it exactly to the space Bonue having made several experiments on the that it svould cover.

dimensions that gores take after they had been " The method used among workmen deli- parted ready to apply to the globe, and particu. neate the gores, and which is described by Mr. Larly with the paper named jesus that he made Bion (Usage des Globes, tome 3.) and by Mr. use of for a globe of one foot in diameter, found Robert de Vaugenby, in the 7th volume of the that it was necessary to give to the gores on the Encyclopédie, is little geometrical, but yet is copper the dimensions shewn in fig. 4. Suppossufficient in practice. Draw on the paper a line ing that the radius of the globe contained 720 AC, equal to the chord of 15°, to make the half parts, the half breadth of the gore is dG=1884&. breadth of the gore; and a perpendicular PC, the distance AC for the parallel of 10 degrees equal to tbree times the cbord of 30°, to maké taken on the right line L.M is 128.1, the small the half length; for these papers, the dimensions deviation from the parallel of 10 degrees in the of which will be equal to the choids, become middle of the gore ED is 4, the line ABN is righi, equal to the arcs ihemselves when they are pasted the radius of the parallel of 10°, or of the circle on the globe. Divide the height có into nine CEE, is 4083; and so of the others as maskulin, tne ngure. The small circular cap, which is lateral fibres; as in Bunium, Ranunculus. placed under H, has its radius 253, instead of 274, A globular head of powers, round on all which it would have if the sine of 20o had been sides. A globular corol ; a corol. or flower the radius of it. For the uses, &c. of ihe globes, round like a ball; as in Trollius. It is apwe refer to some of the many treatises which plied also to the receptacle, to the germ, and 10 best of which we reckon those of Adams, Brans- seeds. A globular-depressed pericarp. A Hattedby, Butler, Davis, Harris, and Molineux.

globular, or more properly an oblate spheVery large globes have been made in different roidal pericarp or fruit.

GLOBOSITY. s. (from globose.) Spheriparts of Europe, as at Gottorp, Paris, &c. but we believe they are all inferior in size to one erected city; sphericalness (Ray). at Pembroke college, Cambridge, under the di

GLOBOUS. a. (globosus, Latin.) Spherirection of the late Dr. Long. The description of cal; round (Philips). this machine is here added in the doctor's own GLOBULAR.. (globulus, Latin.) In words :

form of a small sphere ; round; spherical “ I have, in a room lately built in Pembroke- (Grew). hall, erected a sphere of eighteen feet diameter,

SCWZBULARIA. In botany, a genus wherein thirty persons may sit conveniently; the of the class tetrandria, order inonogynia. Come entrance into it is over the south pole by six steps: the frame of the sphere consists of a num

mon-calyx imbricate ; proper tubular, infeber of iron meridians, not complete semicircles,

rior; upper lip of the corollet two-parted, the northern ends of which are screwed to a

lower three-parted; receptacle, chaffy. "There large round plate of brass, with a hole in the are eight species; though only one, G. centre of it ; through his hole, from a beam in vulgaris, or common blue daisy, is to be met the ceiling, comes the north pole, a round iron with in our gardens. rod, about three inches long, and supports the

GLO'BULE, s. (globule, Fr. globulus, Lat.) upper parts of the sphere to its proper elevation Such a small particle of malier as is of a for the latitude of Cambridge: the lower part of globular or spherical figure; as the red parthe sphere, so much of it as is invisible in Eng- ticles of the blood (Newton). Jand, is cut off; and the lower or southern ends of the meridians, or truocated semicircles, termi

GLO'BULOUS. a. (from globule.) In nate on, and are sciewed down to, a strong cir- form of a small sphere ; round Boyle). cle of oak, of about thirteen feet diameter, which

GLOBUS HYSTERICUS. In medicine. when the sphere is put into motion, runs upon The air rising in the æsophagus, and prelarge rollers of lignum vitæ, in the manner that vented by spasm from reaching the mouth, the tops of some windniills are made to turn is so called by authors, because it mostly atround. Upon the iron meridians is fixed a 20- tends hysteria, and gives the sensation of a diac of tin, painted blue, whereon the ecliptic ball ascending in the throat. and heliocentric orbits of the planets are drawn, GLOCESTER. See GLOUCESTER. and the constellations and stars traced : the great and little bear, and draco, are already painted in Germany, and capital of a duchy of the

GLOGAW, a strong town of Silesia, in their places round the north-pole; the rest of the constellations are proprsed to follow: the whole

It was taken by the king of is turned round with a sozall winch, with as little

Prussia in 1741. Lat. 51, 40 N. Lon, 16. labour as it takes to wind up a jack, though the 31 E. weight of the iron, tin, and wooden circle, is

GLOGAW THE Less, a town of Silesia, about a thousand pounds. When it is made use in the duchy of Opelen, belonging to the of, a planetarium will be placed in the middle king of Prussia. It is three miles S. E. thereof. The whole, with the floor, is well sup- of Great Glogaw. Lat. 51, 38 N. Lon. 16. ported by a frame of large timbers.” Since this 33 E. was written, ip 1758, the constellations and chief

GLOME, in botany, a roundish head of stars visible at Cambridge have been painted in flowers. their proper places upon plates of iron joined GLOMERATE (glomero, from glomus, together, which form one concave surface.

We are soriy to remark that, since the death a clue of yarn or thread), in botany, applied of Dr. Long, this curious structure appears to

to the spike and panicle. A glomerate spike; have been much neglected, and now exhibits (spiculis varie congestis;) having the spikelets strong tokens of decay: although, if we are not or component spikes variously heaped togemisinformed, the doctor in his will made ample ther: as in panicum italicum. A glomerate provision for keeping it in constant repair. panicle is exemplified in poa ciliaris, and dacGLOBE FISH. See ASTRACION.

tylis glomerata. The flowers grow pretty close GLOBE AMARANTHUS, in botany. See together, in a globular or sub-globular form. GOMPHRÆNA,

Scaliger derives glomus from globus ; but GLOBE DAISY, in botany. See GloTU- others on the contrary derive globus from LARIA.

glomus. GLOBE RANUNCULUS, in botany. See GLOMERATE GLAND, in medicine, a gland Tollius.

formed of a glomer of sanguineous vessels, GLOBE THISTLE, in botany. See Echi- having no cavity, but furnished with an exVOPS.

cretory duct; as ihe lachrymal and mammary GLOBOSE. Globular, or spherical, a term glands. in botany, applied to the roots, heads and corols To GLO'MERATE. v. a. (glomero, Latin.) of plants : a globular root, roundish, with To gather into a ball or sphere,

same name.

GLOMERATION. s. (glomeratio, Latin.) nown; celebrity (Sidney). 4. Splendour; 1. The act of forming into a ball or sphere. magnificence (Matthew). 5. Lustre: bright2. A body formed into a ball (Bacon). ness (Pope). 6. A circle of rays which sur

GLOWERELLS, in our old writers, com. rounds the heads of saints in picture (South). missaries appointed to determine differences 7. Pride ; boastfulness; arrogance (Young). between scholars of a school or university, and 8. Generous pride (Sidney). the inwnsmen of the place.

To GLO'RY. v. n. (gloriur, Latin.) To GLO'MEROUS. a. (glomerosus, Latin.) boast in ; to be proud of (Sidney). Gathered in a ball or sphere.

T. GLOSE. v. To flatter; to collogue. GLOMERULE. (dimin, from glomus.) GLOSS. s. (yawora; glose, French.) 1. A In botany. A small glome.

scholium ; a comment (Davies). 2. SuperGLOMME, a river of the province of ficial lustre (Addison). 3. An interpretation Asgerhuys, in S. Norway, which flows into artfully specious; a specious representation the North Sea, at Fredericstadt.

(Hooker). GLOOM. S. (glomanz, Saxon, twilight.) To Gloss. 0. n. (gloser, French.) 1. To 1. Imperfect darkness ; dismalness ; obscu- comment (Dryden). 2. To make sly remarks rity ; defect of light (Milton). 2. Cloudiness (Prior). of aspect; heaviness of mind; sullenness. To Gloss. v. a. 1. To explain by com

To Gloom. v. n. (from the noun.) 1. To mert (Donne). 2. To palliate by specious shine obscurely, as the twilight (Spen.) 2. exposition or representation (Hooker)., 3. To To be cloudy; to be dark. 3. To be inelan- embellish with superficial lustre (Dryden). choly; to be sullen.

GLO'SSARY.'s. (glossarium, Latin.) A GLOOMILY. ad. (from gloomy.). 1. Ob- dictionary of obscure or antiquaterd words scurely; dimly; without perfect light; dis. (Buker). mally: 2. Sullenly; with cloudy aspect; with GLOSSA TOR. s. (glossaleur, French.) A dark intentions; not checrfully (Dryden). writer of glosses ; a coinmentator (Ayliffe).

GLOOMINESS. s. (froin gloomy.). 1. GLOʻSSER. s. (glossarius, Lat.) 1. A schoWant of light; obscurity; imperfect light; liası ; a commentator. 2. A polisher. di malness. 2. Want of cheerfuluess ; cloudi- GLOʻSSINESS. s. (from glossy.) Smooth ness of look; heaviness of mind ; melancholy polish ; superficial lustre (Boyle). (Collier).

GLO'SSO, in anatomy, (from ydwussa, the GLOOMY. a. (from gloom.) 1. Obscure; tongue.) Names compounded with this word imperfectly illuminated; almosi dark; disınal belong to muscles, nerves, or vessels, from for want of light (Dryden). 2. Dark com- their being attached, or going to the tongue. plexion (Milion). 3. Sullen ; melancholy; GLOSSO-PHARYNGEAL

The cloudy of look; heavy of heart.

ninth pair of nerves. They arise from the proGLORIA PATRI, among ecclesiastical cesses of the cerebellum, which run to the writers. See DoxOLOGY.

medulla spinalis, and terminate by numerous GLO'RIED. a. (from glory.) Illustrious; branches in the muscles of the tongue and bonourable: not in use (Milton).

pharynx. GLORIFICATION. s. (glorification, Fr.) Glosso-PHARYNGEUS. (Musculus glossoThe act of giving glory (Taylor).

pharyngeus, γλωσσοφαρυγίαιος from γλα, τα the To GLORIFY. v. a. (glorifier, French.) tongue, and qapurç the pharynx : so named 1. To procure honour or praise to one (Dan.). from its origin in the tongue, and its insertion 2. To pay honour or praise in worship (Ilook). in the pharynx.) See CoNsTRICTOR PHA3. To praise ; to honour; to extol (Donne). RYNGIS SUPERIOR. 4. To exalt in heaven (Romans).

GLOSSO-STAPHILINUS. (Musculus glossoGLORIOSA. In botany, a genus of the staphylinus, you55c5 pepudives from yow,so the class hexandria, order monogynia. Corol six- tongue, and seovaryos the staphylinus.) See petalled, undulate, entirely reflected; style CONSTRICTOR ISTHMI FAUCIUM. oblique. Two species. 1. G. superba. Su- GLO'SSOGRAPHER. s.(yowcoa and yçamo.) perb lily, with leaves ending in a tendril; an A scholiast ; a commentalor. elegant plant, not unfrequently found in our GLOSSOGRAPHY. s. (yacucoa and ya pw.) green-houses, but a native of Malabar. The The writing of commentaries. roots and every part of the plant are poisonous. GLOSSOMA. In botany, a genus of the 2. G, simplex. Simple gloriosa: a native class tetrandria, order monogynia. Calyx fourof Senegal, with pointed leaves, climbing stein, toothed ; corol four-petalled ; anthers cohering and blue flowers.

by a membrane; stigma four-cleft; drupe with GLORIOUS. 4. (gloriosus, Latin.) 1. a grooved one-seeded nut. One species, a Boastful ; proud; haughty (Bacon). 2. No- native of Guiana : a shrub branched at top, ble; illustrious ; excellent Addison). with leaves opposite, oblong, pointed, glabrous,

GLORIOUSLY. ad, (from glorious.) very entire , Anwers white, in axillary cymes. Nobly; splendidly; illustriously (Pope). GLOSSOPETALUM. In botany, a ge

GLORY. s. (gloria, Latin.) 1. Praise nus of the class pentandria, order pentagynia. paid in adoration (Luke). 2. The felicity of Calyx half inferior; five-toothed; corol fiveheaven prepared for those that please God petálled with a lincar-lanceolate ligule at the (Milton). 3. Honour; praise ; fame; re- tip of each : berry five-seeded.

Two specics,



both natives of Guiana, trees from fifty to fed here, formerly celebrated for the finenea sixty feet high, with flowers in a spherical of their wool, and the smallness of their fieece. head.

It is notimprobable that the fine-woolled sheep GLOSSY. (from gloss.) Shining; of Spain might originally have been procured sinoothly polished (Dryden).

from Cotswold, sent over by Richard I, or GLOTTIS. (glottis, zowels from ydwila, Edward l. This breed of sheep has been the tongue.) The superior opening of the changed for others of a larger kind, which larynx at the bottom of the tongue.

produce a larger fleece of coarser wool. Here GLOTTIS, in music, the name applied are many considerable dairy farms, and between by the ancients to an additional and moveable the hills are some excellent meadows. What part of the flute, which they placed between is called the vale of Berkeley is an extensive their lips in performance, and which is sup- and fertile plain, lying on both sides of the posed to be similar to our reed.

Severn, in the south-west part of the county. GLOUCESTER, a city of Gloucestershire, This part of the county is celebrated for its excel. with two markets on Wednesday and Saturday. lent cheese. The vale about the city of Glouces. It is seated on the E. side of the Severn, ter contains excellent meadow and pasture land. where, by two streams, it makes the isle of Towards Tewkesbury the soil is a sandy loam, Alney. It is a large and well-inhabited place, rich and deep, chiefly einployed in grazing has been lately much improved, and its four and dairying. In the forest of Dean, it was principal streets are admired for the regularity formerly supposed the best ship-timber grew : of their junction in the centre of the town. this forest at present contains but a small part It contains 12 churches, of which six only of what it did formerly; however, some pains are in' use, beside the cathedral of St. Peter, are taken to preserve what remains. The which is a handsome structure, remarkable for woollen manufacture is carried on to a great its large cloister and whispering gallery. Glou- extent in this county, particularly at Dursley, cester is a city and county of itself, and go. Stroud, Wotton-Underedge, Painswick, Minverned by a mayor, 12 aldermen, and 26 com- chin-Hampton, and their neighbourhood. mon-council, a town-clerk, and sword-bearer: Mines of coals abound in Kingswood and the mayor is recorder of the city. It contains the neighbourhood of Bristol, and mines of hve hospitals, two free-schools, and a new iron in the forest of Dean.. Great quantities county goal, and was fortified with a wall, of cider are made in the villages on the banks which king Charles II, after the restoration, of the Severn, a kind of which, called Styre ordered to be demolished. It sends two mem- cidler, is almost peculiar to the western banks bers to parliament, and furnishes 1163 militia- of that river. men. It contains 1368 houses, and 7579 in- GLOVE, chirotheca, a habit or covering habitants. Great quantities of pins are made for the hand and wrist, used both for warmth, here. Lat. 51. 50 N. Lon. 2. 16 W.

decency, and as a shelter from the weather. GLOUCESTER (Robert of), the oldest of Gloves are distinguished, with respect to comour English poets, lived in the time of Henry merce, into leathern gloves, silk gloves, II. Camden quotes many of his old English thread gloves, cotton gloves, worsted gloves, rhymes, and speaks highly of him. He died &c. about the beginning of ihe reign of king John, To throw the Glove was a practice or at an advanced age.

cereinony very usual among our forefathers, GLOUCESTERSHIRE, a county of Eng. being the challevge whereby another was de land, is bounded on the west by Monmouth-fied to single combat. It is still retained at shire and Herefordshire, on the north by the coronation of our kings, when the king's Worcestershire, on the east by Oxfordshire champion casts his glove in Westminster-hall. and Warwickshire, and on the south by Wilt- Favyn supposes the custom to hare arisen from shire and part of Somersetshire. It is sixty the eastern nations, who in all their sales and miles in length, twenty-six in breadth, and deliveries of lands, goods, &c. used to give one hundred and sixty in circumference; con. the purchaser their glove by way of delivery or taining 800,000 acres, 48,172 house's, 250,800 investiture. To this effect he quotes Ruth iv. inhabitants, 290 parishes, 140 are impropria- 7. where the Chaldee paraphrasc calls glove tions, 1229 villages, two cities, and 28 inarket, what the cominon version renders 'by shoe, towns. It sends only eight members to par. He adds, that the rabbins interpret hy glove, Jiament: six for three towns, viz. Gloucester, that passage in the cviiith Psalm, In Jalumeam Tewkesburv, and Cirencester, and two for the extendam calceamentum meum, Over Edom county. The soil and cultivation of Glou- will I cast out my shoe. Accordingly, among cestershire differ in different parts. On the us, he who took up the glove, declared thereby Coswold hills the soil is in general loamy, his acceptance of the challenge; and as part with stones; the earth shallow, seldom al- of the ceremony, continues Faryn, took the Jowing the plow to enter more than four or glove off his own right hand, and cast it upon five inches, beneath which is generally a kind the ground, to be taken up by the challenger. of limestone. In some places the land is stiff To Glove. v. a. (from the noun.) To and sour. About Fairford and Cirencester cover as with a glove (Cleaveland). the soil is richer and deeper. The farnis in GLOʻVER. s. (from glove.) One whose Eeneral are large : great quantities of sheep are trade is to make or sell gloves (Shakspeare),

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