Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

$

66

[ocr errors]

To 48 bbl. Pork

@ $12.50 138 bbl. Flour

7.15 " 4 bbl. Molasses, 169 gal. .40 “ 30 firkins Butter, 2200 lb.“ .17 4 boxes Raisins

4.60 4 bbl. Kerosene, 164 gal. “ .19 30 doz, cans Fruit

2.50 2 bundles Tobacco

.40 « 12 doz. Spices

1.123

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

$

Set in bill form the following purchases, find the footings, and assume that the bills were paid :

4. Mrs. T. N. Butcher bought of Hervey Martin, 15 yd. of carpet @ $1.00; 50 yd. of muslin @ 121 cts. ; 18 yd. of calico @ 94 cts. ; 5 pairs of hose @ 75 cts. ; 15 yd. of gingham @ 111 cts.; and 25 yd. of Canton flannel @ 101 cts.

5. Mr. D. F. Lovett bought of S. Q. Lowrey, 8679 ft. of hemlock @ $13.85 per M. ; 9640 ft. of flooring @ $24.75 per M.; 6709 ft. of pine @ $50.00 per M. ; 4926 ft. of oak @ $35.00 per M. ; 8157 ft. of ash flooring @ $40.00 per M.

6. Mr. H. K. Landman bought of B. A. Gross, 47 bu, of wheat @ $.87; 60 bu. of corn @ $.60; 50 bu, of oats @ $.33; 30 cwt. of flour @ $3.50; 160 bu. of bran @ $.18; 83 lb. of corn meal @ $.05.

7. Mr. John Rodgers bought of William H. Cartwright, 100 lb. of breakfast bacon @ $.10; 55 lb. of lard @ $.08; 371 lb. of picnic hams @ $.06; 45 lb. of tallow @ $.052 ; 25 lb. of creamery butter @ $.17; 10 doz. Western eggs @ $.123 ; 16 lb. of fowls (hens) @ $.15; 5 lb. of cheese @ $.102 ; 121 lb. of Rio coffee @ $.171.

[ocr errors]

DENOMINATE NUMBERS. Denominate Numbers are Simple or Compound.

A Compound Denominate Number is composed of units of two or more denominations that have

among

them

a certain natural relation; as, 4 feet 6 inches, or 3 bushels 2 pecks 1 quart.

Compound Denominate Numbers have their origin in the existence of the various Measures in common use.

[ocr errors]

/

The Measure of Value is Money, which is also called Currency.

1. United States Money consists of Coin and Paper Money. Coin is called Specie. The Coins are: GOLD.

SILVER.
The Double Eagle $20.00. The Dollar $1.00.
Eagle

10.00.
Half-Dollar

.50.
Half-eagle

5.00. Quarter-Dollar .25.
Quarter eagle

2.50.
Dime

.10.
The Nickel Coin $.05.

The Bronze Coin .01. Other United States coins found in circulation are not now coined.

Paper money is issued in the form of bills whose face value is one dollar and upward. The Unit of United States Money is the Dollar.

Table.
10 Mills (m.) = 1 Cent (ct.).
10 Cents

1 Dime (d.).
10 Dimes = 1 Dollar ($).
10 Dollars : 1 Eagle (E.).

$ d. cts.

1 10 100 1000.

Scale : 10, 10, 10 (Decimal). 2. Canadian Money has the denominations of the United States money, except the gold coins, which are the Sovereign and Half-Sovereign.

3. French Money has the following denominations : Centime, Decime, and Franc.

The Unit is the Franc.

Table.
10 Centimes (ct.) (son-teems) 1 Decime (dc.).
10 Decimes (des-seems)

1 Franc (fr.).
Fr. dc. ct.

1 10 = 100. $0.193. Scale: 10, 10 (Decimal).

m.

=

4. English or Sterling Money is the currency of Great Britain. The coins are :

[ocr errors]

66

GOLD.

SILVER
The Sovereign 20 shillings.

Crown 5 shillings.
Half-Sovereign
10

Florin 2
Guinea
21

Shilling.
Six-penny piece.

Three-penny piece.
COPPER: Penny, Half-penny, Farthing (four things).

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]

1. Since 4 farthings = 1 penny, how many farthings 1

2 pence? 3 pence? 4 pence? 5 pence?

2. Since 12 pence = 1 shilling, how many pence 6 shillings? 10 shillings? 12 shillings?

3. How many shillings in £2? In £2 6 shillings? 4. How many pence in £2 6s. 5d. ?

= how many shillings? 6. 1s. = how many pence?

how many shillings ?

5. £

[ocr errors]

7. £1

Reduction descending changes a denominate number from a higher to a lower denomination without changing its value.

= 92s.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

EXERCISES. 1. Reduce £4 12s. 8d. to farthings. Process.

Explanation. £4 12s. 8d.

Since £1 20s., £4 = 80s. 80s. + 12s. 20

Since 1s. 12d., 92s. 92 x 12d. = 1104d. 80s.

1104d. + 8d. 1112d.

Since 1d. 12s.

: 4 far., 1112d. 1112 x 4 far. 4448

far. 92s.

Hence £4 12s. 8d. 4448 farthings. 12

2. Reduce £to pence. 1104d. 8d.

Process. 1112d. £= of 20s.=1Jes. 1995. = 192 of 12d.

4 = 1200d. = 133fd. Or, £5 X 20 X 12 =

40. 4448 far. 49°d. = 133fd.

3. Reduce £4 to integers of the lower denominations.

[ocr errors]

Process.
£4= 4 of 20s. = 80s. 114s.
is. = 4 of 120.= 36d. =54d.
d.= 4 of 4 far. = 4 far.
{
Hence, £4=11s. 5d. 01 far.

RULE. Multiply by the numbers of the scale in reverse order, beginning with that number that makes one of the highest given denomination; and, as you proceed, add to the products the given numbers of lower denominations.

4. Reduce :

1. £24 6s. to shillings.
2. £40 9s. 6d. to farthings.
3. £35 6s. 8d. to pence.
4. 7s. 6d. 2 far. to farthings.
5. £14 18s. 11d. to pence.
6. £92 15s. 8d. 2 far. to farthings.

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »