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A. The word remember is set in the beginning of the fourth commandment, partly because of the great benefit of remembering it, we being thereby helped in our preparation to keep it;" and, in keeping it, better to keep all the rest of the commandments,' and to continue a thankful remembrance of the two great benefits of creation and redemption, which contain a short abridgment of religion : P and partly because we are ready to forget it, 9 for that there is less light of nature for it, and
m Ex. xx. 8.
n Ex. xvi. 23. To-morrow is the rest of the holy Sabbath unto the Lord: bake that which ye will bake to-day, and seethe that ye will seethe. Luke xxiii. 54, 56. And that day was the preparation, and the Sabbath drew on, &c. Compared with Mark xv. 42. And now, when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the Sabbath. Neh. xiii. 19.
• Ezek. xx. 12, 19, 20. Moreover also, I gave them my Sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the Lord that sanctify them.—And hallow my Sabbaths ; and they sball be a sign between me and you, that ye may know that I am the Lord your God.
P Gen. ii. 2, 3. And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made ; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had inade. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. Psa. cxviii. 22, 24. The stone which the builders refused, is become the head-stone of the corner.—This is the day which the Lord hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it. Rev. i. 10. I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day.--Heb. iv. 9.
9 Ezek. xxii. 26. Her priests have violated my law,and have hid their eyes from my Sabbaths.
r Neh. ix. 14. And madest known unto them thy holy
yet it restraineth our natural liberty in things at other times lawful ;' that it cometh but once in seven days, and many worldly businesses come between, and too often take off our minds from thinking of it, either to prepare for it, or to sanctify it;t and that Satan with his instruments, much labour to blot out the glory, and even the memory of it, and to bring in all irreligion and impiety."
Q. 122. What is the sum of the six commandments which contain our duty to man?
A. The sum of the six commandments which contain our duty to man, is, to love our neighbour as ourselves,' and to do to others what we would have them to do to us.
Q. 123. Which is the fifth commandment ? Sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant.
• Ex. xxxiv. 21. Six days thou shalt work ; but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing-time and in harvest thou shalt rest.
t Ex. xx. 9. Six days thou shalt labour. Amos viii. 5.—When will the new moon be gone,-and the Sabbath, that we may set forth wheat ? &c.
u Lam. i. 7. Jerusalem remembered in the days of her affliction, and her miseries, all the pleasant things that she had in the days of old, when her people fell into the hand of the enemy, and none did help her: the adversaries saw her, and did mock at her Sabbaths. Neb. xiii. from verse 15 to 23. In those days saw I in Judah, some treading wine-presses on the Sabbath. Jer. xvii. 21, 22, 23.
• Matt. xxii. 39. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
w Matt. vii. 12. Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them; for this is the law and the prophets.
A. The fifth commandment is, Honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
Q. 124. Who are meant by father and mother, in the fifth commandment?
A. By father and mother, in the fifth commandment, are meant not only natural parents,' but all superiors in
in age? and gifts; * and especially such as by God's ordinance are over us in place of authority, whether in family, church, o or commonwealth.d
x Ex. xx. 12.
y Prov. xxiii. 22, 25. Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old. -Thy father and thy mother shall be glad, and she that bare thee shall rejoice. Eph. vi. 1, 2.
2 1 Tim. v. 1, 2. Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father; and the younger men as brethren; the elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters.
a Gen. iv. 20, 21. And Adab bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle. And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ. Gen. xlv. 8.And he hath made me a father to Pharaoh.
E 2 Kings v. 13. And bis servants came near, and spake unto him, and said, My father, if the prophet had bid thee do some great thing, wouldst thou not have done it?
c Gal. iv. 19. My little children, of whom I travail in birth again, until Christ be formed in you. 2 Kings ii. 12. And Elisha saw it, and he cried, My father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof! 2 Kings xiii. 14.
d Isa. xlix. 23. And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers.
Q. 125. Why are superiors styled father and mother?
A. Superiors are styled father and mother, both to teach them in all duties towards their inferiors, like natural parents, to express love and tenderness to them, according to their several relations ; ° and to work inferiors to a greater willingness and cheerfulness in performing their duties to their superiors, as to their parents.
Q. 126. What is the general scope of the fifth commandment ?
A. The general scope of the fifth commandment, is the performance of those duties which we mutually owe in our several relations, as inferiors, superiors, or equals. 5
Eph. vi. 4. And ye, fathers, provoke not your children to wrath : but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. 1 Thess. ii. 7, 8, 11. But we were gentle among you, even as a nurse cherisheth her children: so, being affectionately desirous of you, we were willing to have imparted unto you, not the gospel of God only, but also our own souls, because ye were dear unto us.As ye know how we exhorted, and comforted, and charged every one of you, as a father doth his children. Num. xi. 11, 12, 16.
il Cor. iv. 14, 15, 16. I write not these things to shame you, but, as my beloved sons, I warn you. For though ye have ten thousand instructers in Christ, yet have ye not many fathers : for in Christ Jesus I have begotten you through the gospel. Wherefore, I beseech you, be ye followers of me.
6 Eph. v. 21. Submitting yourselves one to another in the fear of God. 1 Pet. ii. 17. Honour all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king. Rom. xii. 10. Be kindly affectioned one to another, with brotherly love, in honour preferring one another.
Q. 127. What is the honour that inferiors owe to superiors ?
A. The honour which inferiors owe to their superiors is, all due reverence in heart, word, i and behaviour ;j prayer and thanksgiving for them ; k imitation of their virtues and graces ;? willing obedience to their lawful commands and counsels ;m due submission to their corrections;" fidelity
h Mal. i. 6. A son honoureth his father, and a servant bis master: if then I be a father, where is my honour? and if I be a master, where is my fear ? Lev. xix. 3. Ye shall fear every man his mother and his father.
i Prov. xxxi. 28. Her children arise up, and call her blessed; her husband also, and he praiseth her. 1 Pet. iii. 6. Even as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord :
j Lev. xix. 32. Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honour the face of the old man. 1 Kings ii. 19.-And she sat on his right hand.
1 1 Tim. ii. 1, 2. I exhort, therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks be made for all men ; for kings, and all that are in au. thority.
1 Heb. xiii. 7. Remember them which have the rule over you, who have spoken unto you the word of God; whose faith follow, considering the end of their conversation. Phil. iii. 17. Brethren, be followers together of me, and mark them which walk so, as ye have us for an ensample.
m Eph. vi. 1, 2, 5, 6, 7. Children, obey your parents in the Lord :-Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters, according to the flesh, &c. 1 Pet. ii. 13, 14. Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme, or unto governors, &c. Rom. xiii. from 1 to 6. Heb. xiii. 17. Prov. iv. 3, 4; and xxiii. 22.
* Heb. xii. 9. Furthermore, we have had fathers of