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ment of the Lord's supper, , to set apart the bread and wine from common use by the word of institution, thanksgiving, and prayer; to take and break the bread, and to give both the bread and the wine to the communicants ; who are by the same appointment to take and eat the bread, and to drink the wine; in thankful remembrance that the body of Christ was broken and given, and his blood shed for them."
Q. 170. How do they that worthily communicate in the Lord's supper feed upon the body and blood of Christ therein ?
A. As the body and blood of Christ are not corporally or carnally present in, with, or under the bread and wine in the Lord's supper; and yet are spiritually present to the faith of the receiver, no less truly and really than the elements themselves are to their outward senses ; " so they that worthily communicate in the sacrament of the Lord's supper, do therein feed upon the body and blood of Christ, not after a corporal or carnal, but in a spiritual manner; yet truly and really,'
s Mark xiv. 22, 23, 24. And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them and said—This is my body. And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them; and they all drank of it. 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24. Matt. xxvi. 26 to 28. Eph. ii. 11, 13.
Acts iii. 21. Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things.
u Gal. iii. 1. O foolish Galatians—before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you. Heb. xi, 1.
"John vi. 51 to 53. I am the living bread, which came
while by faith they receive and apply unto themselves Christ crucified, and all the benefits of his death."
Q. 171. How are they that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper to prepare themselves before they come unto it?
A. They that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper, are, before they come, to prepare themselves thereunto, by examining them. selves, % of their being in Christ,' of their sins and wants ;? of the truth and measure of their knowledge, * faith, repentance, o love down from heaven. If any man eat of this bread he shall live for ever ; and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.-Except ye eat of the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you.
w 1 Cor. x. 16. See letter (o), page 345.
* 1 Cor. xi 28. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.
y 2 Cor. xiii. 5. Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith ; prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates ?
z 1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us. Compared with Ex. xii. 15.
* 1 Cor. xi. 29. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.
2 Cor. xiii. 5. See letter (y), above. c Zech. xii. 10. And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications; and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced ; and they shall mourn for him as one mourneth for his only son; and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is iņ bitterness for his h 1 Cor. v. 8. Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven—but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
to God and the brethren, a charity to all men, forgiving those that have done them wrong, of their desires after Christ, 5 and of their new obedience; and by renewing the exercise of these graces, i by serious meditation, i and fervent prayer. "
Q. 172. May one who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation, come to the Lord's supper ?
first-born. 1 Cor. xi. 31. For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.
d 1 Cor. x. 17. For we, being many, are one bread, and one body; for we are all partakers of that one þread.
e 1 Cor. v. 8. Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth? 1 Cor. xi. 18, 20.
i Matt. v. 23, 24. Therefore, if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath aught against thee, leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.
& John vii. 37. Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me and drink. Luke i. 53. He hath filled the hungry with good things. Isa. lv. 1.
i Heb. x. 21, 22, 24. And having an high-priest over the house of God; let us draw near with a true heart, in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.–And let us consider one another, to provoke unto love, and to good works. Psa. xxvi. 6.
j 1 Cor. xi, 24. This do, in remembrance of me.
* Matt. xxvi. 26. Jesus took bread, and blessed it. 2 Chron. xxx. 18, 19.
A. One who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation to the sacrament of the Lord's supper, may have true interest in Christ, though he be not yet assured thereof; and in God's account hath it, if he be duly affected with the apprehension of the want of it, and unfeignedly desirous to be found in Christ, ” and to depart from iniquity; o in which case (because promises are made, and this sacrament is appointed, for the relief even
i Isa. 1. 10. Who is among you that feareth the Lord, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light ? let him trust in the name of the Lord, and stay upon his God. 1 John v. 13. These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God ; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.
11 Isa. liv. 7, 8, 10. For a small moment have I forsaken thee; but with great mercies will I gather thee. In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment; but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy on thee, saith the Lord, thy Redeemer.—For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but my kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the Lord that hath mercy on thee. Matt. v. 3, 4. Psa. xxxi. 22.
» Psa. xlii. 11. Why art thou cast down, O my soul : and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God; for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my God.
o 2 Tim. ii. 19. Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ, depart from iniquity. Rom. vii. 24, 25. 0 wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death? I thank God, through Jesus Christ our Lord.
of weak and doubting Christians) P he is to bewail his unbelief, 9 and labour to have his doubts resolved ;* and so doing, he may and ought to come to the Lord's supper, that he may be further strengthened. s
Q. 173. May any who profess the faith, and desire to come to the Lord's supper, be kept from it?
A. Such as are found to be ignorant or scandalous, notwithstanding their profession of the faith, and desire to come to the Lord's supper, may and ought to be kept from that sacrament by the power which Christ hath left in his church, * until they receive instruction, and manifest their reformation. u
p Matt. xxvi. 28. For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many, for the remission of sing. Matt. xi. 28. Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Isa. x). 11, 29, 31.
9 Mark ix. 24. And said with tears, Lord, I believe; help thou mine unbelief.
1 Acts xvi. 30. And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what inust I do to be saved ? Acts ix. 6.
s 7 Cor. xi. 28. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. Matt. xi. 28. .! 1 Cor. xi. 29. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation (judgment to himself, not discerning the Lord's body. 1 Cor. v. 11. But now I have written unto you not to keep company, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; with such an one, no, not to eat. Matt. vii. 6. Jude 23.
o Gal. vi. 1. Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual, restore such an one in the