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such days: and let the prayers, psalms, portions of Scripture to be read, and sermons, be all in a special manner adapted to the occasion.
VII. On fast days, let the minister point out the authority and providences calling to the observation thereof; and let him Spend a more than usual portion of time in solemn prayer, particular confession of sin, especially of the sins of the day and place, with their aggrava- . tions, which have brought down the judgments of heaven. And let the whole day be spent in deep humiliation and mourning before God.
VIII. On days of thanksgiving, he is to give the like information respecting the authority and providences which call to the observance of them; and to spend a more than usual part of the time in the giving of thanks, agreeably to the occasion, and in singing psalms or hymns of praise.
It is the duty of people on these days to rejoice with holy gladness of heart; but let trembling be so joined with our mirth, that no excess or unbecoming levity be indulged.
THE DIRECTORY FOR SECRET AND FAMILY WORSHIP.
I. BESIDES the public worship in congregations, it is the indispensable duty of each per
son, alone, in secret; and of every family, by itself in private, to pray to, and worship God.
II. Secret worship is most plainly enjoined by our Lord. In this duty every one, apart by himself, is to spend some time in prayer, reading the Scriptures, holy meditation, and serious self-examination. The many advantages arising from a conscientious discharge of these duties, are best known to those who are found in the faithful discharge of them.
III. Family worship, which ought to be performed by every family, ordinarily morning and evening, consists in prayer, reading the Scriptures, and singing praises.
IV. The head of the family, who is to lead in this service, ought to be careful that all the members of his household duly attend; and that none withdraw themselves unnecessarily from any part of family worship; and that all refrain from their common business while the Scriptures are read, and gravely attend to the same, no less than when prayer or praise is
V. Let the heads of families be careful to instruct their children and servants in the principles of religion. Every proper opportunity ought to be embraced for such instruction. But we are of opinion, that the Sabbath ovenings, after public worship, should be sacredly preserved for this purpose.
Therefore we highly disapprove of paying unnecessary private visits on the Lord's day; admitting stran
gers into the families, except when necessity or charity requires it; or any other practices, whatever plausible pretences may be offered in their favour, if they interfere with the above important and necessary duty.
GENERAL RULES FOR JUDICATORIES.*
1. The moderator shall take the chair precisely at the hour to which the judicatory stands adjourned; shall immediately call the members to order; and, on the appearance of a quorum, shall open the session with prayer.
2. If a quorum be assembled at the hour appointed, and the moderator be absent, the last moderator present shall be requested to take his place without delay.
3. If a quorum be not assembled at the hour appointed, any two members shall be competent to adjourn from time to time, that an opportunity may be given for a quorum to assemble.
4. After calling the roll, and marking the absentees, the minutes of the last sitting shall be read, and, if requisite, corrected.
* The following rules, not having been submitted to the presbyteries, make no part of the Constitution of the Presbyterian Church. Yet the General Assembly of 1821, considering uniformity in proceedings in all the subordinate judicatories, as greatly conducive to order and despatch of business, and having revised and approved these rules, recommend them to the synods, presbyteries, and sessions, as a system of regulations, which, if they think proper, may be advantageously adopted by them. 45
5. It shall be the duty of the moderator, at all times, to preserve order, and to endeavour to conduct all business before the judicatory to a speedy and proper result.
6. It shall be the duty of the clerk, as soon as possible after the commencement of the sessions of every judicatory, to form a complete roll of the members present, and put the same into the hands of the moderator. And it shall also be the duty of the clerk, whenever any additional members take their seats, to add their names, in their proper places, to the said roll.
7. It shall be the duty of the clerk, immediately to file all papers, in the order in which they have been read, with proper endorsements, and to keep them in perfect order.
8. It shall be the duty of the moderator, carefully to keep notes of the several articles of business which may be assigned to particular days, and to call them up at the time appointed.
9. The moderator may speak to points of order, in preference to other members, rising from his seat for that purpose; and shall decide questions of order, subject to an appeal to the judicatory by any two members.
10. Business left unfinished at the last sitting is ordinarily to be taken up first.
11. A motion made must be seconded, and afterwards repeated by the moderator, or read aloud, before it is debated; and every motion