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The plan used in the compilation of this work is similar to that of several State works given to the public by the author of this publication, which have been well received. The countries and places described are those with whom we, as a people in our business relations, are closely associated. We have almost a daily communication with them, particularly with Great Britain, with whom we are assimilated in our language, laws, manners and customs. To a large portion of the inhabitants of this country it is the home of our ancestors, and, as such, we feel an interest in their history, and in the places where they lived.

We claim, in common with our brethren across the Atlantic, our full proportion of whatever is ennobling in the history of the past. Their heroes, statesmen, philosophers and geniuses are ours also. The Shakespeares, the Miltons, and Bunyans, the Cromwells, and Hampdens, and the Covenanters of Scotland, are our relatives. We feel a similar interest in viewing the spot on which they were born, the habitations they occupied, and the relics they left behind.

The materials from which this work is derived, are drawn from a great variety of sources. Access has been had to valuable historical works, to examine which, it is necessary to cross the Atlantic. The countries, and the most prominent places de scribed in this volume, have been personally visited; and much of the matter for this work was found in the local histories published in the places described. In the biographical department, much has been extracted from “ Lempriere's Biographical Dictionary.” The numerous engravings interspersed through the work were made from authentic drawings, part of which were taken on the spot by the author of this work.

While conscious of using every precaution generally adopted in preparing similar works, the compiler does not claim an exemption from the imperfections always attendant on publications where so many names, dates, figures, &c., are introduced. A certain writer defines History as merely " an approximation towards truth.” Though this humiliating statement cannot be fully allowed, yet, (such is the imperfection of every thing human,) it must be acknowledged to have some foundation in truth. While it has been the aim of the author to furnish a work interesting to all classes of readers, it has also been bis aim that whatever influence it might possess, should be on the side of the great interests of religion and morality.

J. W. B. New Haven, Conn., Nov., 1854.

CORRECTIONS AND ADDITIONS.

PAGE.

38 For apothesis, read apotheosis. 52 For Low counties, read Low countries. 68 For southern, read northern extremity-for iron ware, wire. 70 For sixty-eight, read sixty-seven. 90 For commitatum, Carolo II, tira, ferne, anorum Tyrannic, read comitatum, Carolo

I, tria, ferme, annorum, Tyrannice. The first Latin passage may read thus :

April 26, 1616, 14th year of James I, Oliver Cromwell, of Huntingdon, was admitted to the instruction of ihe Fellows, April 26th, 1616, Mr. Richard Howlett, Tutor.” The second entry may be rendered as follows :-" He was a great Impostor, a most abandoned villain, who having, by a horrid murder, cut off King Charles I, of blessed memory, usurped the throne itself, and, under the name of Protector, for nearly five years, plagued the three kingdoms with outrageous

tyranny.' 187 For mores, read morum. 198 The inverted X should be H. 333 For before the west, stands, read the west front stands. 336 The building containing the varied collections of the British Museum is of the

Grecian Ionic order, having a frontage of 370 feet, with a portico in the center

with wings at each end. 344 For Perry, read Percy. 350 The London Monument is 202 feet high-it was erected as a memento of the

Great Fire which commenced at this place. It has numerous inscriptions relative to the fire, &c. It formerly had on it, one ascribing the calamity to the

Catholics: this was obliterated by order of the Corporation in 1831. 364 For port, read part. 403 The house of Col. Gardiner, seen in the back ground, was burnt a year or two

previous to the erection of the monument. The walls, however, remain en

tire, showing its original form. 429 The Latin epitaph is in English thus:-"He was the upright pillar of the church,

its shining window, its fragrant incense, its sounding bell. 463 For ridges, read bridges.

T Many of the copies and drawings for the numerous engravings in this work were obtained at considerable expense, and part of them are now for the first time published. These may be considered as private property; and it is hoped that this consideration alone, will prevent publishers in this country from taking them without liberty.

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263

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PAGE.
ABNEY HOUSE, STOKE NEWINGTON, 129 Birmingham, siege of

306

Aberdeen, its history, &c.,

433 Birmingham, riots in .

307

Aberdeen, Ragged Schools of 434 Bonaparte, Napoleon

527

Abbey, Westminster,

329 Bothwell Castle, Scotland, .

451

Addison, Joseph, birth-place, &c. 151 Botanic Garden, Leyden,

493

Alva, Duke of

479 Bourse, or Exchange at Paris, 535

Alexander Pope,

54 Bowderstone, Cumberland,

260

Alloway Kirk, Scotland,

463 Bruce's Addres-Scots wha hae, 468
Alnwick Castle,
275 Brighton,

118
Amsterdam, history of, &c.

484 Bridge Hotel, lodgings of L. Phillippe, 120

Amsterdam, Palace of

486 Brading Church, view of

133

Amsterdam, procession of boys in 487 Bruges,

518

Antwerp, account of

512 British Museum, view of

836

Antwerp, Cathedral of

513

Brougham Hall, view of
Antwerp, siege of, 1832,
515 Buckingham Palace,

325
Anthem, Nat., God save the Queen, 325 Burns' Cottage, view of

466
Andrews, Castle of St.

428 Burns, Robert, 461, personal appear. 467

Antiquities, gallery of, Brit. Museum, 336 Burke, Edmund

362

Andrews, St., University of
430 Burns' Monument,

463-465

Argyle, Marquis of, execution of, 397 Bunyan's birth-place, Elstow, 67

Armory, Queen Elizabeth's

822 Bunyan Church, Bedford,

66

Arc, Triomphe de l'Etoile

542 BRUSSELS, Cathedral at, &c.

522

Arkwright, Richard

300 Bristol,

162

Aston Sandford Church, .

223

Bradford,

249

Asbury, Francis .
310 Bray, Vicar of, song, &c.

364
Astronomical Observatory, Edinb., 389 Byron, Lord,

229
Assassination of Archb. Sharpe, 430–432 Byron's burial-place,

231
Assassination of the Prince of Orange, 403 CALAIS, view of

560
Assembly, Gen. of Scotland, Glasgow, 401 Campbell, Thomas .

424 425
Augustine, St., Monastery of . 20 Cathedral, Gloucester,

176

ВАТИ,

172 Calton Hill, Edinburgh, .

388

Barbauld, Anna Letitia,

216 Canals of Holland,

475

Barbauld's Hymns in prose,

217 Cameron, Richard,

438

Bacon, Francis, burial-place, &c. 363 Cameronian Dream,

439

Baxter, Richard

309 Canterbury, its Cathedral

, &c. 18

Ballad of St. Hugh,

206 Cartoons of Raphael,

Bank of England,

337 Cambridge, its University, &c. 82

Barleywood, H. Moore's residence, 148 Caroline, Queen, trial of

41

Bass Ísland, Scotland,

454 Carlisle, its Cathedral, &c.

260

Battle of Flodden Field,

460 Church of St. Michael, Scotland, 469
Battle of Bothwell Bridge,

451 Chamber of Horrors, Mad. Tassaud's, 342

Battle of Culloden,

436-438 Chalmers, Rev. Thomas, grave of, &c. 391

Battle at Glasgow,

419 Chalmers, Rev. Dr., visit to London, 392

Battle of Bannockburn, . 416-417 Chevy Chase, ballad of .

276
Battle of Hastings,

27-30 Chatham, its military establishments, 33

Battle-Abbey, Hastings,

30

Chiswick,

63

Battle of Naseby,

220–221 Chichester, its Cathedral, &c. 124
Battle of Waterloo,

524
Chatterton, Thomas, poet,

170
BELGIUM,
511 Cheltenham,

179
Becket, Thomas a'

23 Chester, 287, Chester Rows, 289, Gros-
Bede, the venerable

269 venor Bridge at, 291, siege of 292
Beechy Head,

30 Charlotte, Princess, monument of . 38
Bedford Jail, view of .

70 Church, the smallest in England, 267
Bentinck, Admiral, Holland,

491 Clarke, Dr. Adam, biography of 166

Berwick-on-Tweed, siege of, &c. 373 Clarkson, Thomas, his residence, &c. 141

Belgium, annexed to Ilolland, 481

Climate of England,

13

Ben Lomond Mountain, Scotland, 455 Claremont Palace,

138
Bible, Wickliff's, specimen of

244
Coventry, history, view of .

194

Birmingham,

305 Coke, Thomas,

310

Birmingham, William de

305 Covenanters Monument, Ediuburgi, 387

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Coal Mines, near Newcastle, 271-273
Cole, Dr., prevented from persecution, 289
Congregation of the Free Church, 471
Commons, interior view of House of 319
Corn and Coal Exchange, London,

334

Corday, Charlotte, and Marat, 553

Covenanters, history of

399

Counties of England,

12

Cowper's house, Olney,

114
Cobden, Richard, biography of 122
Crosses, ancient, in Cheshire, 296
Cruelties of Philip and Duke of Alva, 479
Crouch Oak, Surrey,

366
Cromwell, Oliver,

95
DAIRYMAN'S DAUGHTER,

134
Davy, Sir Humphry

158
Darling, Grace, the heroine,

279
Deputies, Chamber of, Paris,

533
Delft, view in, &c. .

502
Derby, Queen Mary at, &c.

303
Delft Haven, Holland, view of 507
De Witt, Admiral, effigy, &c.

498
Dodsley, Robert

269
Does, John Van der

495

Dover, its Castle, &c.

15

Doddridge, Philip, 74, chapel, 76
Dort, view in, 509 ; Synod of, 510
Dryden, John, birth-place, &c.

81

Drake, Sir Francis

157

Dress of William, Prince of Orange, 500

Dream, Cameronian

439

Dunbar, Battle of

406

Ducking Stool punishment,

300
Durham, its Cathedral, &c.

267
Dundee, Battles of, &c.

426
Dunbarton Castle, capture of, &c. 444
Dunfermline, Scotland,

452
Dumfries, Scotland,

469
Dykes of Holland,

474

Eaton Hall, Marquis of Westminster, 293

Early seat of Christianity in Scotland, 470

EDINBURGH,

375

Elegy, Gray's, fac-simile, &c.

47
Elizabeth's, Queen, armory,

322

Elstow village, view of, &c.

67

Elgin and Egyptian Saloons, Lond. 337

ENGLAND,

11

Epigram, Dr. Clarke's

125
Epworth Church, view of

207

Erasmus, statue of, &c.

498

Esher Place,

Ettrick Shepherd, (James Hogg,) 458

Exeter, its Cathedral, &c.

135

Exile of Erin, (stanzas,) ·

425

Exchange, Royal, London, view of 333

Exchange, Corn, Coal, and Stock 334

FALKIRK, Battle of, &c.

413

Fire, Great, in London, 1666, 350
Fox, George,

216

Foster, John,

146

Funeral of Louis Phillippe,

139

PAGE.

First and last Inn in England, 159

GARDINER, Col., monument of

403
Gateshead, near Newcastle

271
Gallery of Antiquities, Brit. Museum, 336
Gallery, National, London,

339

Gilpin, John, diverting ballad of 116

Giles, St., Cathedral, Edinburgh, 379

GLASGOW, its Cathedral, &c. 417

Gloucester, 174, Cathedral,

176

Glencoe, valley, view of, massacre, 442
Gowrie House, Perth, Scotland, 427
Gravesend, near London,

32
Greenwich Hospital, 34 ; 'Model Ship,

35; Observatory, Park, &c. . 36
Gray, Thomas, poet, 45; Elegy, 47
Greyfriars Church-yard, Edinburgh, 387
Grahame, James, author, Scotland, 423
Greyfriars Church, Stirling,

416
Greenock,

443
Gretna Green, view of

460

Grave of Dr. Chalmers, view of . 391

Greta Hall, Southey’s residence, 164

Grotius, Hugo, biography of 504
Gunpowder Plot, 343, Conspirators, 344
Guy, Earl of Warwick, 211, Ballad, 212
Hague, the, Holland,

499
Halifax, England,

250

Hastings, 25; Battle of

27

Hampton Court Palace,

50
Hamilton, Lady

113

Hampden, John.

190

Haaerlem, Holland,

506
Haynau, Marshal, attack on

353
Hemans, Felicia, view of residence, 284
· Hervey, James, Rev., house of, &c.
Heroit's Hospital, Edinburgh,

386

Hereford, its White Cross, &c.

Heber Reginald, hand-writing, &c. 294

Henry, Matthew, Church, Chester, 291

Hill, Rowland, singularities, &c. 196

Highland Mary, Robert Burns' 464
Hotel de Ville, Brussels,

522
Hotel de Ville, Paris,

557

Hood, Robin, 228 ; his grave, &c. 258

Hospital, Greenwich,

34

Hogarth, William, monument, &c. 64

Horse Armory in the Tower, . 321

House of Lords, view of

317

House of Commons, view of

319

House, highest, in England,

265

House, Jewel, Tower of London, 322

Holyrood Palace, view of

381

Hogg, James, (Ettrick Shepherd,) 458

HOLLAND, history of

473

Hotel des Invalides, Paris,

537

Hospital for thirteen poor men, 126
Hume, David,

892
Hucknall Torkard Church, view of 231
Huntingdon, its Grammar School, 95
INVERNESS, Scotland,

435
lona, or llcomkill, Scotland,

469

Ipswich,

140

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PAGE.
Ives, St., residence of Cromwell, 100
JEYNER, Dr. EDWARD,

178
Jordan's Meeting House,

105
Kew, its Botanic Gardens, &c.

59
Kennilworth, its Castle, &c.

212
Kirk, Alloway, Scotland,

467
Kilchurn Castle, Loch Awe, view of 456
Kings Chapel, Cambridge, view of 92
Knox, John, 408, house,

385
LAMBERT, DANIEL,

218
Lambeth Palace,

366
Leyden, its Siege, Museum, &c. 492
Leicester, 214; Leeds, 248; Leith, 394
Linlithgow Palace,

411
Liverpool,

282
Lichfield, 'its Cathedral, &c.

310
Lincoln, its Cathedral, &c.

202
Llo Rooms, London,

336
LONDON,

313
Lords, House of, view of

317
London Parks,

338
Loch Lomond, Loch Awe,

455
Locke, John,

359
Louvre, Paris, view of

544
Louis Phillippe, arrival in England, 120
Louis Phillippe's funeral, Claremont, 139
Louis XVI, of France, executed, 550
MACPHERSON, JAMES,

440
Madeleine, Church of the, Paris, 542
Martin, St., Church, Canterbury, 21
Magna Charta, fac-simile,

368
Marat, assassination of, in Paris, 553
Martyrs' Monument, Edinburgh, 387
Martyrs' Monument, Oxford, 189
Mary, Queen, at Derby,.

303
Mary Magdalene Church, Oxford,

190
Maria Antoinette, Queen, executed, 551
Marseilles Hymn of Liberty, 552
Meeting of Gen. Assem. of Scotland, 401
Milton, John,

357
Montgomery, James,

256
Moore, Thomas, poet,

367
Moore, Sir John, death of

422
More, Hannah,

147
Museum at the Hague,

500
Multangular Tower, York,

238
NAPOLEON, Emp., 527 ; hand-writing, 628
National Anthem-God save the Queen, 325
Naval Stores at Plymouth,.

156
National Assembly, Paris,

533
Nelson's Monument, Liverpool, 282
Newstead Abbey, Lord Byron's resi. 232
Newark, Siege of, Castle of, &c., 234
Nelson's Monument, Edinburgh, 388
Newcastle, Gateshead, &c.

269
Necropolis, Glasgow,

421
Netherlands, invasion of the

481
Neville Court, Trinity College, Cam. 89
Nelson, Lord.

110
New Haven, Smith's Hotel at

120
Newport Gate, Lincoln, .

203
Norbam Castle, Scotland,

459

PAGE.
Nottingham, 224, Market Square, · 227
Northampton and vicinity,

72
North, Christopher, (John Wilson,) 449
Norwich, view of, &c.

107
Notre-Dame, Brages,

519
Notre-Dame Church, Paris,

531
Observatory, Royal, Greenwich, 36
Orleans, Duke of, death and funeral, 554
Orleans, Duchess of

555
Orange, William, Prince of

480
Organ at Haarlem,

506
Ostend,

519
Ossian, Son of Fingal, poetry,

440
Otford Castle, Kent,

23
Oxford, its University, &c.

184
PAINTING, Curious, at Winchester, 127
Paul's, St., Church, London,

327
Pantheon in London, .

340
Pantheon in Paris, .

536
Parliament, Sitting of, Glasgow, 419
Palace in the Woods, Hague,

501
Palais Royal, Paris,

545
PARIS,

529
Parliament House, London, view of 315
Peel, Sir Robert, birth-place, &c. 302
Perth,

427
Penn, William, 103 ; grave of

105
Peeping Tom, at Coventry,

194
Percival, Hon. Spencer, statue of 73
Peter the Great's house at Saardam, 492
Pilgrims, embarkation, Delft Haven, 508
Pitt, William, (Earl of Chatham,) 160
Philip of Spain,

479
Phenix Tower, Chester, view of 288
Playford Hall, Clarkson's residence, 142
Plague, Great, in London,

348
Pope, Alex., 54, house at Binfield,

55
Portsmouth, its docks, shipping, &c. 131
Pont Neuf, Pont des Arts, Paris, 533
QUEEN Caroline's trial, &c.

41
Queen Elizabeth's birth-place,

36
Queen Mary's bed-chamber, Holyrood, 382
Queen Elizabeth's visit, Kenilworth, 213
Queen, opening the House of Lords, 317
RAFFLES', Dr., Church, Liverpool, 7
Railway, Liverpool and London, 9
Ramillies, Victory of

481
Rain, fall of, in Birmingham,

305
Regalia, of England, 323, Scotland, 378
Regulus', St., Chapel, Scotland, 429
Renwick, James, execution of

398
Revolution, French

548
Revolution in Belgium,

483
Revolution in Paris, 1848,

556
Revolution of the Netherlands, 511
Richmond Hill, Bridge, &c.

57
Richmond, Rev. Leigh

133
Riots in Norwich, 108 ; Birmingham, 309
Rizzio, murder of, Edinburgh,

384
Robespierre, execution of

551
ROTTERDAM, its Cathedral, &c.
Robin Hood, 228; his grave, &c.

258

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496

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