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ry turning and winding of a poor and lungs, must be the first to jump tímid hare.
off his horse, and, securing the " It is only on the plains that bridle by putting it round his arm, the hunters venture to go out on discharge his piece; then in an inhorseback after the lion. If it stant recovering his seat, must, ride keeps in some coppice, or wood, obliquely athwart his companions ; on a rising ground, they endeavour and, in fine, giving his horse the to teize it with dogs till it comes reins, must trust entirely .to the out; they likewise prefer going to- speed and fear of this latter, to congether two or more in number, in vey him out of the reach of the order to be able to allift and rescue fury of the wild beast, in case he each other, in case the first shot has only wounded him, or has abThould not take place.
folutely missed him. In either of When the lion fees the hun. these cases, a fair opportunity preters at a great distance, it is uni- sents itself for some of the other versally allowed that he takes to hunters to jump off their horses dihis heels as fast as ever he can, in rectly, as they may then take their order to get out of their fight; aim and discharge their pieces with but if they chance to discover him greater coolness and certainty. at a small distance from them, he is Should this shot likewise miss, then said to walk off in a surly (which, however, seldom happens) manner, but without putting him- the third sportsman rides after the self in the least hurry, as though lion, which at that instant is in purhe was above sewing any fear, suit of the first or the second, and, when he finds himself discovered springing off his horse, fires his or hunted. He is therefore report- piece, as foon as he has got within a ed likewise, when he finds himself proper distance, and finds a suffici. pursued with vigour, to be loon ently convenient part of the animal provoked to refiitance, or at least present itself, especially obliquely he disdains any longer to fly, Con- from behind. If now the lion turns sequently he flackens his pace, and upon him too, the other hunters at length only tidles slowly off, step turn again, in order to come to his by step, all the while eying his rescue with the charge, which they pursuers alkaunt; and finally makes loaded with on horseback, while they a full stop, and turning round upon were flying from the wild beast. them, and at the fame time giving “ No instance has ever been himself a shake, roars with a short known of any misfortune happenand sharp tone, in order to shew ing to the hunters in chasing the his indignation, being ready to lion on horseback. The African seize on them and tear them in colonists, who are born in, or have pieces. This is now precisely the had the courage to remove into the time for the hunters to be upon the more remote parts of Africa, which spot, or else to get as soon as pof- are exposed to the ravages of wild fible within a certain distance of beasts, are mostly good marksmen, him, yet so as at the same time to and are far from wanting courage. keep at a proper distance from each The lion, that has the boldness to other; and he that is nearest, or is seize on their cattle, which are the most advantageoutly posted, and has most valuable part of their properthe best mark of that part of thc ty, sometimes at their very doors, lion's body which contains his heart is as odious to them as he is dan
the other hand, connect as easily less, it is the smalleft proof of his with its successors :
abilities. The Ruins of Rome, and So we' miftaka the future's face,
· the Fleece, however neglected by Ey'd through bspe's deluding glass.; superficial readers, or degraded by As yon summits fofr and fair, , injudicious critics, justly intitle hin Clad in colours of the air,
to the highest praise." Which to those, &c. This reading, also, will give us 1. Since the above was written grammatical construction :-" We the author has seen a very ingenimiitake the future's face, as we mif- ous
le ous work (Obfervations on the Ritake yon summits, which are airy ver Wve, by Mr. Gilpin), in which and beautiful when distant, but,
but this poem has obtained considerable when near, brown and rough.” notice. Dyer is there considered as The thought in this pasage is one a landscape painter. painting with that seems naturally to occur to the words initead of colours : and is human mind : we feel the same kind
pronounced defective in his execuof fenfation when the eye views a
tion, as wanting contrait of fore. delightful prospect, as when the
ground and distance. It is justly imagination contemplates fuppoted
observed, that the objects immedifuture happiness : we think the place
ately beneath his eye, and those where we are, less pleasant than the
more remote, are marked with en place wę behold; we think the pre
ore qual strength and distinctness; the lent bour leis happy than the hours trees close at hand, are distinguishin expectation.
ed by their shapes and bues, and the " There is a remarkable spright castle afar off, by ivy creeping on liness in the movement of the vertes, its walls. Where the describer is in which the poet exults in the en- supposed to stand, the former muit joyment of his pleasant situation : be visible, the latter could not ; · Now, even now, my joys run high, and therefore should not hare been As on the mountain-turf I lie ;
mentioned. When a man propofes While the wanton zephyr fings,
much, and fails of doing it, he discoAnd in the vale perfumes his wirgs; While the waters murmur deep;
vers inability or negligence ; when While the shepherd charms his theop; he professes nothing, and does litWhile the birds untouuded fly, ) tle, we may wish he had done more, And with music fill the sky;
but we should not estimate his powe Now, even now, my joys run high.
ers by his performance. Dver's Be fuli ye courts, be great who will, Search for peace with all your skill:
poem seems designedly without plan; Open wide the lofty door,'
ịt is desultory and diffuse, iketching Seck her on the marble flour;
at random a number of unconnected lu vain you search, she is not there;
objects. His hill's extenlive view In vain ye search the domes of care!
would probably have afforded leven Grongar-Hill, had Dyer written no- ral complete landscapes ; but it is thing else, would have obtained for not clear that he aimed at producing him the name of a poet; neverthe- any."
chest to the anus, five feet seven of the foull itself. On the horns inches; froin the top of the shoulde of this beast, when ayed, there have ers to the ground, about ten feet; been observed finallirregular eleva. but from the loins only right feet ţions, which M. Allainand supposes two inches ; a difference which pro- to be the lioots of future branches. ceeds partly from the length of the The colour of this beast is a Thoulder-blades, which are two feet white ground, with large reddith long, and partly from a tharp pro- spots, Itanding pretty close to each cess of the firit vertebra of the back, other; which spots, in the more which projects above a foot beyond aged animals, incline to a darka the rest. From the breast to the brown or black, but in the others ground it measures five fect and a border upon the yellow. The tail half; che neck, which is decorated is small and blender, and is termiwith a mane like that of the zebra, nated by a large tuft of very coarse is fix feet long, and consequently and moitly black setaccous hairs ; twice the length of thc cainel's; the fore parts of the loofs are much the head is above two feet in length, higher than the back parts. This and fomewhat resembles the head creature has no fetlocks, as all other of a Mheep; the upper lip is rather hoofed animals haves targer and thicker than the under, " This animal when it goes fast but both of them are covered with does not limp, as foine have imaItiff hairs; the eyes of this creat gined, but sometimes paces, and ture, are large and beautiful ; its fometimes gallops. Every tiine it fore-teeth small, and eight in nume lifts up its fore feet it throws its ber, and are only to be found in neck back, which on other occathe lower jaw, though the animal fions it holds erect: notwithstanda has fix grinders on both sides of ing this, it is by no means flow each jaw. Directly before the horns when pursued, as M. de Buffon there is a knob, which proceeds fuppofés it to be, but, on the confrom an elevation of part of the trary, it requires a fleet horse to cranium, and projects two inches hunt it. above the surface; and behind them, “ In eating the grass from off or in the crag of the neck, there are the ground, it sometimes bends one two smaller ones, which are form of its knees, as horses do ; and in ed by the subjacent ġlands. The plucking leaves and finall branches horns are seven inches long, i. e. a from high trees, it brings its fore little shorter than the ears ; they feet about a foot and a half nearer father incline backwards, and are than cominon to the hind feet. A a little broader arid rounded off at camelopardalis which major Gor. the ends, where they are encircled don wounded in the leg, so that it with long hairs, which reach bes could not raise itself from the yond the horny part, forming a ground, nevertheless did not thew tuft. In fine, the horns are cover the least figns of anger or resence ed, like those of other animals, ment; but when its throat was cut, with a cutaneous and hairy lub spurned against the ground with a ftance; but the interior substance force far beyond that of any other of them is said to resemble the heart animal. The viscera refeinbled those or bony part of the horns of ga- of gazels, but this animal had no zels and oxen, and to be processes porus ceriferus. The fieth of the 1785.
young ones is very good eating, for the sake of this hunt the beast, but sometimes has a strong flavour and kill it with their poisoned arof a certain shrub, which is fup- rows. Of the skin they make ref-, posed to be a species of mimofa. fels, in which they keep water and The Hottentots are particularly other liquors." fond of the marre w, and chietly
An ACCOUNT of an ARTIFICIAL SPRING of WATER. By
.. ERASMUS DARWIN, M. D. F. R. S.
[From the Seventy-fifth Volume of the Philosophical Transactions. ]
“ n onfident that every atom the water role within two feet of
which may contribute to the top of the well. increase the treasury of useful know- " Having observed that a very ledge, which you are so success. copious spring, called St. Alkmund's fully endeavouring to accumulate, well, rofe out of the ground about will be agreeable and interesting 80 half a mile higher on the fame fide the Society, I send you an account of the Darwent, the level of which -of an artificial spring of water, I knew by the height of the interwhich I produced last summer near vening wier to be about four or the side of the river Darwent, in five feet above the ground about my Derby.
well; and having observed, that « Near my house was an old the higher lands, at the distance of well, about one hundred yards from a mile or two behind these wells, the river, and about four yards confifted of red marl like that in deep, which had been many years the well, I concluded, that, if I difused on account of the badnels fiould bure through this itratum of of the water, which I fourd to marl, I might probably gain a wacontain much vitriolic acid, with, ter Gimilar to that of Si. Alkmund's at the same time, a light tulphu. well, and hoped that at the fa.ne reous hell and taite; but did not time it might rise above the surface carefully analyse it. The mouth of my old well to the level of St. of this well was about four fret Alkmund's, 'above the surface of the river; and “ With this intent a pump was 'che ground, through which ii was first put down for the purpose of funk, confifted of a black, loose, more easily keeping dry the bottom moilt earth, whicb appeared to hare of the old well, and a hole about been very lately a morals, and is two and an half inches diameter 'now covered with houses built upon was then bored about thirteen yards pikes. At the boi tom was found a below the bottom of the well, ull bed of red marl, and the fpring, some sand was brought by the auwhich was so strong as to give up ger. A wooden pipe, which was many hogsheads in a day, oozed previously cut in a conical forin at from between the morass and the one end, and armed with an iron marl : it lay about eight feet be- ring at the other, was driven into neath the surface of the river, and tho top of this hole, and stood up
about two yards from the bottom of rose about a foot above the top of the well, and being surrounded with the well in the leaden pipe; and, well rammed clay, the new water on bending the mouth of this pipe ascended in a small fream through to the level of the surface of the the wooden pipe.
ground, about two hogsheads of 66 Our next operation was to water flowed from it in twenty-four build a wall of clay against the mo. hours, which had similar proper. rafly sides of the well, with a wall ties with the water of St. A'ke of well-bricks internally, up to the mund's well, as on comparison both top of it. This completely stopped these waters curdled a folution of out every drop of the old water; soap in spirit of wine, and aboundand, on taking out the plug which ed with calcareous earth, which was had been put in the wooden pipe, copiously precipitated by a solution the new water in two or three days of fixed alkali; but the new water rose up to the top, and flowed over was found to possess a greater abun. the edges of the well.
dance of it, together with nume. " Afterwards, to gratify my cus roụs small bubbles of aerial acid or riofity in seeing how high the new calcareous gas.. spring would rise, and for the agree " The new water has now flow. able purpose of procuring the wa- ed about twelve months, and, as ter at all times quite cold and fresh, far as I can judge, is already in. I directed a pipe of lead, about creafed to almost double the quan. eight yards long, and three-quar- tity in a given time; and from the ters of an inch diameter, to be in rude experiments I made, I think troduced through the wooden pipe it is now less replete with calcareous described above, into the stratum earth, approaching gradually to an of marl at the bottom of the well, exact correspondence with St. Alk. so as to stand about three feet above mund's well, as it probably has its the surface of the ground. Near origin between the fame itrata of the bottom of this leaden pipe was earth. sewed, between two leaden rings or " As many mountains bear in. Aanches, an inverted cone of ftiff contestable marks of their having leather, into which some wool was been forcibly raised up by some stuffed to stretch it out, so that, af- power beneath them; and other ter having passed through the wood- mountains, and even islands, have en pipe, it might completely fill been lifted up by subterraneous up the perforation of the clay. An- fires in our own times, we inay other leaden ring or flanch was fol. fafely reason on the same suppodered round the leaden pipe, about lition in respect to all other great two yards below the surface of the elevations of ground. Proofs of ground, which, with some doubles these circumstances are to be seen of flannel placed under it, was on both fides of this part of the nailed on the top of the wooden country. Whoever will infpect, pipe, by which means the water with the eye of a philosopher, the was perfectly precluded from rising lime-mountain at Breedon, on the between the wooden and the leaden edge of Leicestershire, will not hepipes.
fitate a moment in pronouncing, * This being accomplithed, the that it has been forcibly elevated bottom of the well remained quite by some power beneath it ; for it is dry, and the new water quickly of a conical form, with the apex