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the numerous anecdotes which she vernor Pownall's observations on hath related of them, render there the thip temple, an uncommon volumes a very entertaining public building now in ruins in Ireland, cation. Her manner of writing is and an antique crystal vase ; Mr. easy and natural; her story amur- Ledwich's differtation on the reliing and affecting. A more chequer- gion of the Druids ; Mr. Hunter's ed scene than her life we scarce- description of some artificial caly ever viewed. She is frank in, verns in the neighbourhood of disclosing, and we doubt not. The Bombay ; Mr. Astle's differtation is fincere in censuring the errors on the letters of the Pelasgians, and follies into which he had been and Mr. Marsden's letter on the betrayed by her thoughtless, giddy language of the people called Gyp heart. She hath, however, con- fies. vinced us, by many of her obferva- Mr. Swinburne, in the year 1783, tions and reflections, that her quapublithed a volume of « Travels in lifications, had the been placed in the Two Sicilies," the reception of a proper sphere, and had they been which by the public was sufficiente properly directed, would have ren- ly flattering to encourage the pubdered her a very useful as well as lication of this second volume. It amiable character. We pity her is with great pleasure chat we have misfortunes, while we cannot but followed our traveller in this concondemn her indiscretions; and we tinuation of his narrative, and consider her whole story as a Itrik vewed those classic scenes which are ing and useful lefion of virtue, so happily drawn by his pencil.
We have remarked on a former ocUnder the head of Antiquities, calion, that Mr. Swinburne ap. the year 1785 presents to us a va- pears to advantage as an historian luable and instructive work, in the and antiquary, as well as a defcriseventh volume of “ Archæologia; ber of modern objects and manners, or Miscellaneous Tracts relating to The prefent volume will add conAntiquity, published by the Soci- fiderably to his reputation in both ety of Antiquaries of London.” these characters. To che landscape This volume will be found equally painter it is also a very valuable useful and entertaining with the present. The grand and variegat: former ones, for which the public ed prospects which he will meet are greatly indebted to the industry with in it, will prove a rich addition and ingenuity of the fociety. The to his store of interesting and Itrikarticles amount to forty-five in ing objects. Our author's prenumber, exclusive of the appendix, sent enquiries and observations ree which consists of curious extracts late to Naples and the adjoining from papers communicated to the islands; the ancient city of Pæla Society, which it was not thought tum, whose ruins have lately at proper to publish entire. We have tracted the notice of the literary received great pleasure and infor- world; and the vestiges of old mation from the perufal of the magnificence in the island of Sicily, whole volume. We were particu. This work recommends itself to the larly struck with the researches of reader, by justness of sentiment, Mr. Daines Barrington into the useful inforination, and entertaine practice of archery in England, and ing anecdotes. And we do not into the progress of gardening i go- remember any production of the kind, from which we have derived humour under the influence of at once fo much profit and pleasure, which it feeans to have been writ. as from the remarks and descrip. ten. tions of our agreeable and well in "A Tour to Ermenonville, &c." formed traveller.
the beautitul seat of the Ma:qui, of Mr. Bofwell's “ Journal of à Girardin, wiil be found an agreeTour to the Hebrides, with Dr. able and pleafing litrie narrative. Johnson", excited in us, as we were What is peculiarly interesting in reading it, a Itrange mixture of it, is the description which it gives disgust and of pleasure. We were of Rousseau's tomb, and the aneedisgusted by the servile homage does it mentions of that tingular which the author pays to the ca- character. The accounts, likewite, prices and weaknesses of the Doctor; which we have of the pa ace, car. and at the minute attention with dens, and curiofities at Cbantily, which he hath recorded his triling are drawn up in a manner superior actions, his dogmatical, bigotted, to the productions of common obsude, and absurd sayings. No- servers, and render it well worthg thing can more powerfully contri- of perufal. bute to leflen all reverence for his character, thau such an injudicious In our account of the political detail of what should have been bu- productions of the present year, ried in everlalling oblivion. After we shall follow, as nearly as por having thus freely expressed our fible, the rule by which we have disapprobation of what we think re- been governed on former occasions; prehendible in the work before us, and mention little more than the we pronounce it, on the whole, to subjects of discussion in the princi. abound in entertainment and in- pal publications which harc tallen 1truction. The lively falies of Dr. under our notice. And the first Johnson's wit, and his judicious place we shall aflign to such as have observations on subjects of science any reference to Indian politics. and literature, morals and man. The conduct of Mr. Haiings, ners, give it a lasting value and when governor general of Bengal, importance. The character of the had been taxed with cruelty and Doctor Mr. Bofweil hath drawn injustice, in his tranfactions respeit. with much strength and justice. ing the nabob vizier of Owde, and Many of the anecdotes which he the princesses of his family. In hath prclerved respecting his liter- order to justify himntelf from such a ary contemporaries, will be accept charge, we are presented with "A able to the reader. Those which Letter” from him to the Honourhe hath mentioned rclating to the able Court of Lirectors of the East pretender, and the autheutic C- India Company, dated from Luc. count of his escape after the battle now.” This letter is written in a of Culloden, will be found high- fpirited and classical style, and is conly interesting; and will be useful fidered by the friends of Mr. Halto prevent the mistakes of future tings, as a complere and satisfachistorians. If any thing could tory vindication of his conduct. inake us retract the feverity with What will be found more particu. which, in the first instance, we larly interesting in it is, the ac. created this publication, it would count, in the poitfcript, of the be the uniform vivacity and good fight of the eldett fun of the king
of Delhi from the tyranny of his versary; but his powers of ridic father's ministers; and the uncom- cute are not so keen and poignant. mon generosity and delicacy of The author of "Manufactures sentiment which mark the charac- improper Subjects of Taxation” ter of that prince.
employs himself in thewing, that Mr. Burke's “Speech on the Mo- it must be a ruinous policy that tion made for Papers relative to the can ever lead us to load our maDirection for charging the Nabob nufactures with taxes, as suchi burof Arcot's private Debts to Euro- thens must prove an effectual bar to peans on the Revenues of the Car- their improvement, on which the natic," like all the fpeeches of that riches and power of the nation, in a gentleman, is animated and forid, great degree depend. What he reand discovers great rhetorical ad- commends in lieu of them is, a tax on dress and ability. He considers the the rents of lands and houses, to debts due from the nabob to indi, be paid by the tenant ; on men ferviduals, to be most glaring abuses vants, malt, and distillation, and and infamous frauds; and reasons, on undivided commons. from this opinion, on the injustice “The Crisis; or immediate Cone of placing them on a footing with cernments of the British Empire”, the fair and equitable claims of the is the production of a young mind, Eat India Company. The party which comprehends a great variety whose views and interests are oppo- of political reflections on America, lite to those of Mr. Burke and his the East India trade, the Emperor friends, will be disposed to accuse and the Dutch, Gibraltar, national him of misrepresentation in his debts and taxes, Ireland and the statement of facts; and will conti, West Indies. These reflections conder his warmth and energy as the vince us, that the author is by no effects of luckless and disappointed means deficient in capacity, though ambition.
he hath taken too large a scope for “A Gleam of Comfort to this the proper display of his talents. distracted Empire, in despite of We hope to be excused in payFaction, Violence, and Cunning,” ing more particular attention to &c. is a pamphlet which disco. “ An Efray on the Modes of Devers, throughout, that the writer fence best adapted to the Situation is poffessed of considerable abilities, and Circumstances of these Illands,” and no small share of wit. It is &c. together with two other intended to satirize the present ad- pamphlets to which it gave rise. ministration; and to represent the The first of these publications was measures which they adopt and occafioned by the extensive plans countenance, to be ruinous to the formed by the duke of Richmond, English constitution. When the for the purpose of fortifying our author does not defcend to viru- principal dock-yards : and is ad. lence, he is a laughable and plea- dressed by the author to the public fant companion.
at large, but particularly to the “ Eironiclaltes, or a Cloud of house of commons. Great as the Facts against a Gleam of Com- acknowledged abilities and integrifort," &c. is written in a similar ty of his grace are, his favourite strain and spirit, but with an op- plan of fortification was by no pofite tendency. His facts may means popular among his warmest outweigh the invectives of his ad. admirers. It seemed to imply in
it a diffidence of our naval strength fence,” &c. in which another proand courage, which every Briton fessional author undertakes the retuglories in, as the pride and protec- tation of the principles advanced by tion of his country. And, on this the former. This pamphlet is writaccount, the decision of the house ten with great acuteneis and plauti. of coinmons, which will be noticed bility; but we do not think that it in the history of the year 1786, overthrows the reasonings of our perfectly coincided with the preju- efayiti. Our author accules his an. dices and feelings of Englishmen. tagonist of illiberality and misreThe author of the present Essay is presentation; and with much irony, a rational and sensible advocate for and Itrong atfertions, pleads on bethere feelings; which are ir separ- half of the exploded sytem. able froin the national character, To this answer succeeded "A and the strongest ground of our con- Reply, &c. in a Letter to his Grace fidence and security. He is inti- the Duke of Richmond.” Of this mately acquainted with the subject Reply, independent of the serere on which he writes, and with pro- and personalreflections on the duke, fellional arguments, which appear to who is fupposed to be the author of us unanswerable, contends againit the Answer, we think as highly as the dangerous innovations of the of the Effay. If we are not milhoble duke. His principal posi- taken, our author's acquaintance tions are, that the furnithing of ex- with tactics has not been confined to tentive fortifications with proper the clofet. He marthals his argugariiions, would, on an invation by ments, and secures the ground which the enemy, too much weaken the he had occupied, with the intuition army neceifary to act in the field; and practice of a veteran. We could that such works, if insufficiently with, however, to see the queftion, manned, would afford a secure lodge which is the subject of these publiment for the enemy; that it being cations, discussed without asperity impoilible to fortify all our coasts, and personal allusions, as it is of the security of the island inuit de. such importance to the safety of our pend on its navy; and that, fupcountry. poting an enemy should be able to The “Strictures upon Naral Deland, our best method of defence partments,” &c. seem to be written would be to impede his line of pe. with good intentions, and with good netration, by hanging on his flanks, information on the points to which attacking his convoys, and harrafl- the author directs his observations. ing him at every opportunity which His advice, particularly, to examine a fuperior knowledge of the coun. the bottoms of such hips as have try will afford; thus deitroying his been some time covered with copper, army in detail. To these politions is deserving of attention. What he are added directions for securing our fays relating to his own pretensions dock-yards against the consequences and disappointments in the service, of a bombardment; and for pre- is an additional proof of an evil ferving our warlike stores against which calls loudly for remedy; that such a probable event.
the etiquette cf office, or powerful Soon after the publication of this connections, should more frequent. ingenious and well-written pam. ly lead to promotion, than long phlet, appeared “ An Apiwer to a faithful services and substantial hort Eflay on the Modes of De- merit.
The commercial regulations with tures of Ireland,” were written with Ireland, which were brought for- a view to expose the commercial a. wards in the English and Irith par. larms which had seized our English liaments, gave occation for much merchants on the introduction of political discuition, and called forth the Irith propofitions; and to thew, the abilities of inany well-informed that the apprehenfions which were and respectable writers. From lord entertained of Irish rivalship, were, Sheiheid's pen the public received to the last degree, groundless and “ Observations on the Manutac- chimerical. Our author exainings tures, Trade, and present State of also, with an accurate eye, the Ireland.” The great cominercial o tacts and arguments fet out by knowledge of the noble lord, the lord Sheffield” in his Observations ; industry and judgment with which and in the most important particu. he conducts his enquiries, and the lar's differs essentially from his lordindependent spirit he arows in deli. Mhip. The affertions and concluvering his own sentiments, render fons in these Letters have been conthere Observations deserving of the troverted in a “ Reply to Sir Luo dispasionate attention of both king- cius O'Brien, Bart.” &c. by Mr. doms. His lordship, in severe and Gibbons, an eminent iron manupointed language, condem 13 the facturer of Brillod. Our present aupropofitions which had been brought thor writes with much liberality forwards by administration. Lord and information; and is a warm ad. Mountmorres, in his “ linparrial vocate for an union between Great Reficétions upon the Question for Britain and Ireland, as the only exequalizing the Duties upon the pedient to consolidate the interests Trade between Great Britain and of both. Ireland,” is a strenuous advocate Among the great variety of pubfor the community of commercial lications on this subject, the “Reprivileges between the two coun- port of the Lords of the Committee tries ; and though not partial to mi- of Council, appointed for the Conniiiry, he is a friend to their pliend, fideration of all Matters relating to as favourable to such a principle. Trade and foreign Plantations,” The ingenious dean of Gloucciter will be found to contain much cuhath likewise interested himself in rious and important information. this qucition. His “ Reflections on The author of " The proposed Sy. the prcicnt Matters in Difpute be- ftem of Trade with Ireland extween Great Britain and Ireland,” plained,” &c. reasons judiciously appear to have originated in the and coolly on the advantages to both fame goodness of intention and pub- kingdoms to be derived from a free lic virtue, to which his former pro- and liberal intercourse. On the ductions are to be ascribed. Hc ap- fame side of the queflion appeared, pears, on the whole, to be a zealous " A Short View of the Proposals friend to the propositions; and he lately made for å final Adjustment," warmiy contends for the free and &c. “ The Arrangements with Ireunlimited cxercise of trade and na- land contidered;" and Williams's vigation by the Irish, as what must “ Loose Thoughts on the very necessarily be attenied with advan important Situation of Ireland." In tages highly bencficial to England. opposition to these we may rank
Sir Lucius O'Brien's “ Letters "The commercial Regulations with concerning the Trade and Manufac- Ireland explained and confidered in