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this controversy; and to express our tion and improvement of the female hopes, that the various efforts made mind. The subjects are, female in favour of the interests of huma. dress, and the importance of some nity, will ultimately prove fuccess. attention in the ladies to intellecful, in abolishing a practice incon• tual acquisitions; female literary fiitent with the genuine fpirit of the characters and talents, and the dii. British conititution, and disgrace- ferent representationsthat have been ful to the improvement and libe given of them; marriage, and col. rality of the age.

lateral topics; female politeneis, In the next place we hall take gentleness, and ineekness. Theie notice of fuch miscellaneous pubii- dialogues are interspersed with a. cations as are intended to alliit in musing anecdotes and observations the formation apd improveinent of from different authors; and are tol. young minds. In this class we may lowed by an hiitorical etiay on the place Williams's on Letters on Edu- ancient Amazons. We recommend cation ;" Birch's “ Coolilist; or this little volume on account of the Thoughts upon several Subjects," valuable and instrutive featinents &c.; Dialogues concerning the conveyed in it, which are clothed Ladies ;" and " Moral and Senti- in neat and perfpicuous language. mental Efays, on miscellaneous The “ Voral and Sentimental Ef. Subjects, written in Retirement,” fay's, on miicellaneous Subiects," &c. Williams's " Letters on Edu- &c. are likewile deícrving our at. cation," contain such kind of in- tention, on account of the many formation as may be found useful just sentiments to be met with in and agreeable to young minds. He them, and the spirit with which has made frequent use of the thoughts they expose the levities and vices of of Bacon, Milton, Locke, Harris, the fathionable world. and others, who have written on the fame subject. His treatite, how- The Novels and Romances of the ever, would have been inore accept- year have been exceedingly numeable if it had not been loaded with rous. But as it would be inconiitsuch a number of quotations from ent with our plan to enter into their the classics ; in many inttances they rcfpective merits, we mall mention will be thought unneceflary, in on the titles only ot such as have fallen thers oitentatious and pedaotic. under our eye. There are, " The Birch's “ Confilia” appear to have History of Sir Henry Clarendon ;” been published from the best of io. 6 The Conqueits of the Heart, by tives, that of engaging the hearts a Lady ; " The Nabob;" • The of the young to the love of virtue Aerostatic Sr:;" Anna, or Me. and religion. On this account the moirs of a Welch Heiress;" - Con. author is deserving of commenda- stance;" “ Moreton Abbey;" tion; and his labours, if they are “The Quaker,” and “ The Gamenot diftinguihed by any marks of sters.” The following are spoken novelty or literary excellence, may, of, by thole who have read ihem, neverthcleis, prove an useful pre- in terms ot approbation : Walwyn's servative against the vices and tol" Love in a Cottage," Poiier's lies of the age. In the “ Dialogues “ Favourites of Felicity," " The concerning the Ladies,” we have a Vale of Glendour, or Mercirs of varietv of fubicüts difcufied, with a Emily Westbrook," " odern peculiar reference to the informa. Times ;” and more particularly io,

“ The

6 The Adventures of lix Princesses lasting honour to his abilities as an of Babylon;" “ Maria,” “The historian, and critic in his art. The History of the hon. Edward Morti. Sketch, as he inodestly calls it, mer;" " Interesting Memoirs, by a which he hath given of the Life of Lady;" “ Eleonora, from the Sor- Handel, is drawn with the same exrows of Werter ;” and “ Euge- cellence, as his Account of the Comnius.”

memoration; and the anecdotes We shall conclude our article of which he hath mentioned of him, Domestic Literature with a brief will be found interesting and enternotice of Dr. Burney's “ Account taining. of the musical Performances in Westininster Abbey, and at the Pan- . In looking back upon the domestic theon, May the 26th, 27th, 29th, productions of the year 1785, we and June the 30th and 5th, 1784, find our articles not near so numera in Commemoration of Handel." ous as in fome former years ; par. When it was understood that our ticularly under the heads of biblie author was engaged to record the cal and polite Literature, pure Mahistory of that grand musical epo- thematics, History, Biography, and cha, the expectations of the public Antiquities. We are not consciwere raised to the higheit pitch. His ous, however, of having omitted enthusiastic love of mutic, his pro- any publication, entitled to a place feilional knowledre, his elegant in our annual Catalogue. Should taite, and general learning, pointed we be mistaken, we thall chearfully him out as the fitteft person to un- embrace a future occasion of paydertake that talk. And his execu- ing our attention to any work of mition of it is such, as abundantly rit which we may have overlooked. gratifies thole expectations, and docs

FOREIGN

FOREIGN LITERATURE

Of the Year 1785.

T HE seven Catholic Epistles Each tree and plant has its name

1 of the Apostles have been written in each of the European published in Russia, after the MSS. languages, and likewise in every diafound at Moscow by professor Mat- lect spoken throughout the Ruffian thæi, with various readings, re- empire; a method extremely useful marks, and Greek scholia, never be to the students of botany. " Anfore printed, together with the Vul. ecdotes of Peter the Great," colgate Latin version of a MS. care- lected by Jacques de Staehling, fully examined. It is printed by hare been publifhed at Leipfic, Hartknoch, at Riga. The same au. many of which are curious, and dethor has published the Gospel ac- fcriptive of the fingular and impecording to St. Luke, in Greek and tuous character of that remarkable Latin; Paul's Epitiles to the Ro- man. That, for instance, which inmans, Titus, Philemon; the first forms us, that the emperor being at and second Epistle to the Corin- church at Dantzick, and finding his thians; the Epistles to the Hebrews head cold, took off the perriwig of and Colossians, each in Greek and the burgomaster that sat beside him, Latin. It is now above four years and put it on his own head. As fince professor Matthæi began to also that of madame Borstein, whom publish his edition of the New Tef- he himself tapped for the dropsy. tament, according to the Moscow M. Nicholas Fuss read before the MSS. which perhaps he holds in Royal Academicians of Petersburg tuo much veneration. The learned the “ Eulogy" of his great master in theology will find many remark- Euler, which contains an abitract able deviations in his opinions and of his life and works. The labours decisions on various parts of the of Euler are immense, and well Scriptures. M. Jaenisch has given known. He went from his native a " Treatise on the Cure of the country, Swisserland, to Petersburg, Cancer," at Petersburg, M. Æpinus whence he was invited by the late has printed a description of his new king of Prussia ; and who (as we invented microscopes. The “Opuf- think very much to his disgrace) cula Analytica' of the great Euier, would scarcely permit Euler to leave were published at Petersburg, in Berlin, when he had once more a 1783, after his death. M. Pallas desire to return to Peteriburg. The has published Tom. I. pars I.'of his famous M. Turgot, comptroller6. Flora Russica,” under the au- general of France, at the solicitafpices of the empress, at whose ex- tion of the marquis of Condorcet, pence the work is undertaken, and prevailed on the French monarch to who gives all the copies away, present fix thousand livres to Euler,

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in reward for the benefit his dis author is acquainted with the mane

coveries had done to society i to ners of the remote aves in which KATU which the empress of Russia, when his supposed personages lived, as

she heard of it, added eight thou well as the power he has over the
sand more. Euler had thirteen imagination and the heart.
children, five of which only arrived M. Schmidts has published his
at puberty ; three of them were third and fourth volumes of the
fons, each famous for his learning " German History," which is to be
and abilities : and the grandchild- continued. It is already supposed
ren of Euler were thirty-fix, all a work so well authenticated, that'

living at the time of his death. the emperor, in his late contest panely

with the king of Prussia, quoted the In Sweden a tract has been pub- authority of this historian. CBS linhed. Called : Trangrums Ac,

lished, called “ Trangrums Acten,” We gave an account last year of Tout which fignifies the refuse of her. M. de Rivarol's - Prize Memoir on

rings after the oil has been extract the Universality of the French Laned. The making of this oil is a guage. ” The author of it took branch of commerce extreinely lu- every possible ineans to make him. crative to Sweden, and it had been self and his memuir known. M. pretended that the refuse of the Schwab, profeffor of Stuttgard, and herrings, after the oil was made, a more modest man, between whom being cait into the fea, injured both and M. de Rivarols the prize was the fishery and navigation. The divided, has likewise published his king accordingly issued an ediet, Meinoir, and from the extracts we: prohibiting this refuse to be thrown have seen, he appears to be a much into the sea. But this being de- berier philosopher

structive to the interests of the ma- M. Gocze has given “ A Histo button nufacturers, they obtained leave to rical Essay on Worins, found ia

make experiments, by, which they the Intestines of animals,” in me betont have proved, that, initead of being which are numerous, excellent, and

injurious, this refuse, by being cast new obiervations. The author's pa.

into the sea, was remarkably be- tience has been unconquerable ; he juis neficial to the fishery, and no im- has examined a vait' number of bis pediment to navigation,

animals and animalcula, with the ring Peter Frederic Suhm has written help of the microscope, and his ds. To the History of Denmark, from 804 account of the folium, or tape worm,

to 941, in which many interesting is written with great care." Pest facts are to be found relative to the M. Dobrizhoffer has printed

Russians, Germans, French, Eng. three vols, of his “ History of the lifh, Irish, and Scotch. The au. Abbiponions," a warlike nation of thor has therein given many well. Paraguay, in which, though the

established facts, hitherto unknown, author has not that extended and EB of the invasions the Normans made philosophic mind so much to be

on those kingdoms, and which will defired in all writers, yet many be of the utmost consequence to very curious particulars may be future historians. M. Suhm has found, as well relative to the na

likewise written a novel, or ro- tives as the Jesuits, to whom the Frisk mance, called “ Afsol”, (printed at author is a friend. Their ferries

Copenhagen) which is in great re- ments in that country, the good pute, and thews how perfectly the they have done, and be falsehood

1785

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of supposing they ever aspired at culture, commerce, industry, the empire there, are infined on. The police, education, navigation, fiwork is altogether very curious. nances, and administration of justice :. The second volume of the “ Ara- in this country, which deserves to bic, Perlian, and Turkish Dictio. be better known and better cultinary,” by Meniniki, has been pub. vated. lished at Vienna by careful editors. M. Pfeffel, the historian, has

A very learned work, in the form printed, at Strasburg, “ Commens of a lexicon on ancient medals, has tarii de Limite Galliæ," a learned been composed by M. Rasche, to work, and tending to establish the which M. Heyne has written an ex- peace of nations, by determining cellent preface; the firit voluine, their boundaries, from A to C, is printed at Leiplic. The “ Scriptores Ecclefiaftici de :“A Continuation of a'Voyage to Musica Sacra," by Martin Gerbert, Ceylon," by M. Wolf, is pub. is a precious collection, made with lithed at Berlin, which chiefly re. incredible labour from the MSS. lates to the life of the author, fur- ditpersed through Italy, France and ther accounts of Jaffanapatnam, new Germany, and will give the curious obfervations on elephants, white vait information on the state of ants, a fpecies of termites, which ecclefiaftical inusic during the midsome of the inhabitants eat, the dle ages. god Pew of the Malabars, the Ca “ Logarithmic Tables for the Life chou, the Malabar slaves, in the of Mathenaticians,” by M. Vagar, service of the Dutch, &c.

printed at Vienna, have been calM. Jacquin has printed at Vienna culated with so much care, that a “ Memoirs on the Natural History ducat is offered for every fault dif. of Birds," chiefly extracted from covered in them capable of prohis father's papers, and containing ducing an error. If they are as observations on many of the Ame- correct as they are said to be, the rican birds, and others found live, work is almost invaluable. It is ing in the Imperial menagery at also published at a cheap price, that Schoenbrun.

poor students may be able to pur. .“ Opuscula Academica" of the chase it. , learned Heyne have appeared at Got. - The first part of a History of tingen. Theauthorhad held the pro- the Life and Government of Fre. feflor's chair 20 years in the year deric II. late King of Prussia," has 1782, he therefore resolved to pub- lately appeared at Leiplic, containTith his Programa, which form a kind ing the fix first years of his reign, of annals of the universities; the first the materials of which are well ar. volume only is printed at prefent, ranged. and many critical remarks are found M. Bock has ended his “ Natu. in it by the professor on his own ral History of Pruffia," by a fifth performances and labours.

volume, which treats of insects and - M. Reichenbach has begun to worms. write and print “ Menoirs on Swe. At Hanover M. Fischer has dith Pomerania." They are to be printed a first volume of his “ Hife continued. The author poflefles a tory on the Commerce, Naviga. philosophic spirit, as we are in- . tion, Filheries, Inventions, Arts, formed, and his researches are &c. of Germany." The wellchietly concerning population, agri: , founded reputation of the author

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