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OF THE MOST EMINENT PERSONS OF ALL AGES, COUNTRIES,

CONDITIONS, AND PROFESSIONS,

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PRINTED FOR JOHN STOCKDALE; LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN; LACKINGTON,
ALLEN, AND CO.; JOHN AND ARTHUR ARCH; EDWARD JEFFERY; B. CROSBY

AND CO.; AND WILLIAM LOWE.

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1813.

GENERAL BIOGRAPHY.

PEA

PEA

tion of his future fortunes. For soon after the book had been presented, Dr. Bentley, the master of Trinity-college, being on a visit to Lord Parker, His Lordship expressed his approbation of Mr. Pearce's performance, and his hope that, ship in his college, the Doctor would secure his as the editor was then election. This Dr. Bentley engaged to do, upon candidate for a fellowreceiving a promise that, if he made Mr. Pearce a Fellow, His Lordship would unmake him again, him to a living; and Mr. Pearce was elected as soon as it should be in his power to present accordingly. Immediately afterwards he waited on Lord Parker, who received him in a very obliging manner, putting into his hands a purse of fifty guineas; and from that time, whenever he renewed his visits to His Lordship, he always met with a kind reception.

PEARCE, ZACHARY, a learned and worthy prelate of the Church of England in the 18th century, was born in London, in the year 1690. He was the son of a distiller in HighHolborn, who, having acquired a competent fortune, retired to an estate which he had purchased at Little-Ealing, in Middlesex. Zachary received the first part of his education in a private school at Great-Ealing; whence, in the year 1704, he was removed to Westminsterschool, then under the government of Dr. Busby. In this seminary he spent six years, during which he so distinguished himself by his merit, that he was elected one of the King'sscholars. In 1710, when he was in his twentieth year, he was elected to Trinity-college, in the University of Cambridge. To this long continuance of his classical studies, the reason for which does not appear, he was, perhaps, indebted for the philological reputation which he afterwards so deservedly acquired. Mr. Pearce prosecuted his academic studies with great diligence and success, and was admitted to his degrees in arts at the statuteable periods. During the first years of his residence at Cambridge, he occasionally amused himself with the lighter species of composition, and sent specimens of his talent in this line, some of which discover humour and gaiety, and are referred to towards the end of this article, to the "Guardian and Spectator." In the year 1716, he published, from the University press, An edition of Cicero de Oratore," in 8vo., with notes and emendations; which, at the desire of a friend, he dedicated to Lord Chief Justice Parker, and by so doing laid the founda

VOL. VIII.

deacon's orders; and in the following year he In the year 1717, Mr. Pearce entered into was ordained priest. It had always been his intention to devote himself to the clerical profession; but, as he himself informs us, he years of age; and, as he thought, had taken "delayed to do it, till he was twenty-seven time to prepare himself, and to attain to so be sufficient to answer all the good purposes for much knowledge of that sacred office as should which it is designed." In the year 17185-Lord Mr. Pearce was invited to live with his LordParker having been appointed Lord Chancellor, ship, in the capacity of domestic chaplain; which invitation he gratefully accepted, and retained that post three years. In 1719, he was presented to the rectory of Stapleford-Abbots, in Essex; to which preferment the Lord Chan

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