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has produced this disgraceful effect; but that it has not a similar operation on all, is abundantly evinced by such examples as those of a Judd, and a White *, and of many whose munificence now flows in other channels, not less copious or useful.
* The founder of St. John's College in Oxford, and a Lord Mayor of London. He was a meinber of the Merchant Taylors Company, and allotted thirty-seven fellowships in te college to their very ancient and capital Ichool, founded and nobly supported at their expence, UNAIDED BY ANY ENDOWMENT. I hope it will not be disagreeable if I add the following anecdote from Mr. Warton, of the favourite ichool and college of Sir Thomas White.
“ RICHARD MULCASTER, from King's College, in Cambridge, was removed to a ftudenthip of Christchurch in Oxford, about the year 1555, and soon afterwards, on account of his distinguished accomplishments in philology, was appointed first matter of Merchant Taylors Ichool in London. Merchant Taylors school was then just founded as a profeminary for St. John's College, in a house called THE MANOR Of the Rose, IN Sr. LAURENCE POUNTNLY, BY Tye COMPANY OF MERCHANT TAYLORS. St. John's College had been then established about seven years, which. Mulcafter soon filled with excellent scholars till the year 1586. In the Latin plays acted before queen Elizabeth, and James the Firit, at Oxford, the students of this college u ere dittinguished. This was in consequence of their being educated under MULCASTER.” Sir Thomas White gave one of his fellowships to Tunbridge-School,
Charitable foundations, unthought of in many other countries, and such as reflect honour on human nature, are continually raised and supported by the citizens of London. Thus are we able to trace much of the national learning and the national beneficence, those eminent qualities which have added an unrivalled brilliancy to the British character, to the same fertile source.
Yes, Gentlemen; an impartial review will justify the assertion, that learning in England is more indebted for those nurseries of it, the grammar schools established in almost every town * in the
* Two of the greatest grammar-schools in the capital of the British empire are severally supported by the Merchant Taylors and the Mercers Companies. The Charterhouse was also founded by a citizen; and I believe it would be easy to enumerate a very confiderable number of FREE
GRAMMAR SCHOOLS founded and fupported in this country by CITIZENS ;
a truth most honourable to the
CHA: Many of the other City Companies have Free Schools in the country, and from ail these together bave chiefly originated the offiCIATING clergy, and much of that light which has so remarkably enlightened the MIDDLE RANKS of this illustrious nation.
I beg leave to remark. that a FREE school (fchola libera) does not always fignify, as it is
kingdom, and consequently for the nobielt productions of learning, to city cor
commonly supposed, a school in which children of any description are to be taught cost;” but a LIBERAL or genteel school, in
opposition to inferior schools, where only mechanical or low qualifications are taught. By “ FREE" says the learned Mr. Bryant, speaking of the word in its antient fignification, " is fignified any
thing genteel or liberal: also any thing elegant " and graceful.”
Such, indeed, are the schools in which is chiefly to be sought a LIBERAL EDUCATION, or that kind of improvement which is recommended in this book, and which Plato describes in the following passage translated by Mr. Harris. Socrates denies noc the usefuiness of education in the practice of lucrative and mechanical arts; but he asserts, that the more comprehensive kind of it, which he calls LIBERAL, tends to effect more generous and more valuable purposes.
Ηδύς , έσικας δεδιότι τους συλλόυς μη δοκης ΑΧΡΗ. ΣΤΑ ΜΑΘΗΜΑΤΑ προςατειν” Το δ' έσιν ου πάνυ φαυλον, αλλα χαλεπόν τις ευσαι, ότι εν τούτοις τοις μαθημασιν έκασ τους ΟΡΓΑΝΟΝ ΤΙ ΨΥΧΗΣ ΕΚΚΑΘΑ:ΡΕΤΑΙ, ΚΑΙ 'ΑΝΑΖΩΠΥΡΕΙΤΑΙ, ΑΠΟΛΛΥΜΕΝΟΝ ΚΑΙ ΤΥΦΛΟΥΜΕΝΟΝ ΥΠΟ ΤΩΝ ΑΛΛΩΝ ΕΠΙΤΗΔΕΥΜΑΤΩΝ, ΚΡΕΙΤΤΟΝ ΟΝ ΣΩΘΗΝΑΙ ΜΥΡΙΩΝ ΟΜΜΑΤΩΝ: ΜΟΝΩ ΓΑΡ ΑΥΓΩ ΑΛΗΘΕΙΑ ΟΡΑΤΑΙ. pleasant, says he, in your seeming to fear the multitude, left you should be thought to enjoin certain sciences that are
'Tis indeed no contemptible matter, though a dificult one, to believe, that through these particular sciences the SOUL RAS AN ORGAN
porations, and to individual citizens, than to others, who, from their hereditary rank and power, might have monopolized the enviable privilege of calling forth genius, and of diffusing, by well-established foundations, the polish and the light of learning throughout an enpire.
From you, then, who appear to inherit the sentiments, with the trust reposed in your predeceffors, every attempt to improve the modes of education, originating from a place which you have ever patronized with peculiar partiality, will for that reason be sure to find a favourable reception,
PURIFIED AND ENLIGHTENED, WHICH IS DESTROYED AND BLINDED BY STUDIES OF OTHER KINDS; AN ORGAN BETTER WORTH SAVING THAN A THOUSAND EYES ; IN AS MUCH AS TRUTH BECOMES VISIBLE THROUGH THIS ALONE.
Plato de Repub. I TELLECTUAL GOOD (says the liberal writer from whom the above translation is taken), is the good of that part which is most excellent within us; it is a good accommodated to all places and times, which NEITHER DEPENDS ON THE WILL OF OTHERS, nor on the affluence of external fortune; it is a good which decays not with decaying appetites, but often rises in vigour when thole are