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Selden's, 406.-The rise of the controversy between the Remonstrants and the

Contra-Remonstrants, 406.-The conference at the Hague, 407.-Barnevelt

and Grotius imprisoned, 407.-Conjectures upon the reasons why king James

fell in with the Contra-Remonstrants, 408.-Four English divines sent by the

king to the synod of Dort, 408.-The king's instructions to these divines, 409.

-The oath taken by the members at their admission into the synod, 410.

-Mr. Balcanquel, a Scotchman, sent to the synod by the king, 411.-

Selden's recantation for writing his "History of Tithes," 411.-Dr. Hall's

return to England on the score of ill health, 412.-Bishop Carleton's pro-

testation in the synod in behalf of episcopacy, 413.-The Dutch divines' excuse for

living without episcopacy, 413.-The breaking up of the synod at Dort, 414.-

Some queries upon the authority of this meeting, 415.—The Bohemians refuse to

acknowledge the emperor Ferdinand II., 416.—They proffer the crown to the

elector Palatine, who accepts it, 417.-Archbishop Abbot's letter to secretary

Nanton in behalf of the elector, 418.-King James refuses to own his son-in-law

king of Bohemia, 419.-The king censured for treating a match between his son

prince Charles, and the infauta of Spain, 420.-The king declares his dislike of

the elector's accepting the crown of Bohemia, and why, 420.-Archbishop

Abbot's misfortune at Bramzil-park, 421.—The king's letter to several bishops,

judges, &c., to examine the case, 422.-Their answer to his majesty, 422.-The

archbishop procures a dispensation from the king for preventing exceptions to his

character, 423.—An apology written for archbishop Abbot, 424.-Dr. Laud made

bishop of St. David's, 426.—Recusants discharged out of prison upon sufficient

security, 426.-The lord-keeper Williams' letter to the judges, 427.—Another

letter of the lord-keeper's to the judges to justify the government, 427.—The

king's letter to the archbishop of Canterbury, 428.-His majesty's directions to

the pulpits, 429.-The lord-keeper Williams' letter to the bishop of London for

explaining these directions, 431.-Paræus's doctrine of resistance solemnly con-

demned by the university of Oxford, 434.-The king's care that the English Re-

formation should not receive any prejudice by the Spanish match, 438.—His

majesty's directions for the English service in the prince's family at Madrid, 440.

-A brief account of Antonius de Dominis, bishop of Spalato, 441.-He is recon-

ciled to the Church of Rome, 442.-He is disappointed, and ventures upon

incautious freedoms, 442.-He is imprisoned, dies in confinement, and his corpse

is burnt for a heretic, 443.-The prince of Wales caressed at the court of Madrid,

but continues steady in his religion, 443.-An expostulatory letter sent to the

king, 444.-The articles of marriage sworn by both the kings, 445.-The prince

arrives in England, 445.-The marriage treaty breaks off, and why, 445.—The

parliament engage to support the king and prince in the war for recovering the

palatinate, 446.-The accident at Blackfriars, 447.-Nine questions put to

Fisher, the Jesuit, 447.-Dr. White replies to the Jesuit's answer, 448.-Moun-

tague's answer to the gagger, 449.-This performance censured by the Puritans,

449.-Mountague applies to the king for protection, and succeeds, 449.-His book,

entitled, "Appello Cæsarem," licensed, 450.-The Anti-Calvinian divines en-

couraged in this reign, 450.—The king's death and character, 451.-Benefactions

to the university of Oxford in this reign, 453.



WHITGIFT, at his first coming to the see, had instructions ELIZA-
from the queen to hold a strait rein, to press the discipline BETH.
of his Church, and recover his province to uniformity. This 581.
method agreed with the archbishop's sentiment, and was Whitgift
probably suggested by himself: for he insisted strongly presses
upon the clergy's subscribing the three articles afterwards to three
required by the canons, passed in 1603: that is, the queen's Can. 36.
ecclesiastical supremacy, the unexceptionableness of the
Common Prayer and Ordinal, and that the Nine-and-Thirty
Articles are altogether agreeable to the Word of God.


WHIT of the old blemishes even here, he resolves to refine upon Abp. Cant. Cartwright's scheme, and produce something more perfect


Hist. of
lib. 7.

He forms separate


June 4.

from his own invention. His model was drawn in a book entitled, "A Treatise of Reformation," and printed the last year at Middleborough. And having sent as many copies into England as he thought necessary, followed his blow, and came over soon after.

At this time the Dutch had a numerous congregation at Norwich; many of these people inclining to Anabaptism, were the more disposed to entertain any new resembling opinions. Brown made his first essay upon three Dutchmen, and being of a positive imperious temper, took care to pick out the most flexible and resigning. And after having made some progress amongst them, and raised himself a character for zeal and sanctity, he began to tamper further, and advance to the English: and here he took in the assistance of one Richard Harrison, a country school-master. Being thus reinforced and flushed with success, he played his project at length, formed Churches out of both nations, but mostly of the English: and now he instructed his audience, that the Church of England was no true Church; that there was little of Christ's institution in the public ministrations, and that all good Christians were obliged to separate from those impure assemblies; that their next step was to join him and his disciples; that here was nothing but what was pure and unexceptionable, evidently inspired by the Spirit of God, and refined from all alloy and profanation.

These discourses prevailed on the audience, and precept was brought up to practice and now his disciples, called Brownists, formed a new society, and made a total defection from the Church; for the men of this thorough reformation refused to join any congregation in any public office of worship. This was the first gathering of Churches, the first schism in form, which appeared in England. To justify these opposite congregations, Brown scattered his books in most parts of the kingdom; but the government was far from conniving at these liberties; for Elias Thacker and John Copping were indicted this summer upon the statute of 23 Eliz. cap. 2, for dispersing these pamphlets, brought


in guilty of felony, and executed at Bury St. Edmund's. ELIZAThe crime they were charged with was stirring up sedition, and defaming the Common Prayer.



As for Brown, the author, he was more gently dealt with than either of these criminals, or many others perverted by him. Being convented before Freake, bishop of Norwich, and other ecclesiastical commissioners, he not only maintained his schism, but misbehaved himself to the court, upon which he was committed to the custody of the sheriff of Norwich. But the lord treasurer Bur- 582. leigh being his near relation, procured his enlargement. This nobleman, who endeavoured his recovery, ordered him to come to London, and Whitgift being now at Lambeth, he was referred to him for better instruction. This prelate, by the dexterity of his management, and He is brought off the force of his reasoning, brought him at last to a tolera- his error, ble compliance with the Church of England. Being dis- relapses, and missed by the archbishop, the treasurer sent him to his father in the country, with directions for gentle usage. But here, instead of disengaging himself from the remaining scruples, his heterodoxies revived, he relapsed to his former condition, and proved utterly incorrigible; upon which the old gentleman discharged him the family. At last, after a great deal of ramble and suffering for his obstinacy, he recovered himself so far as to take a benefice with cure of souls in Northamptonshire. It was Lindsell, bishop of Peterborough's discipline which brought him to this recollection. The bishop being informed that Brown lived at Northampton, and was busy in promoting his sect, sent him a citation to come before him; he refused to appear: upon which contemptuous omission he was excommunicated. Brown being deeply affected with the solemnity of this censure, made his submission, moved for absolution, and received it; and from this time continued in the communion of the Church. He lived and died at last in Northampton Heylin, gaol, but not upon the score of nonconformity, but breach Presbyt. of the peace and thus the concluding his history at once, Scriptor. has carried me much beyond the time; for Brown lived to Eccles. Anglic. the year 1630. But though Brown conformed himself, he Præfat. was very unhappy in other respects; for it was not in his



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