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hath also for their further maintenance and sustentation, JAMES I. given unto them a capacity and ability to receive and take from his majesty, or any of his loving subjects, any lands, tenements, hereditaments, gifts, benefits and profits whatsoever, not exceeding in the whole the yearly value of three thousand pounds, as in and by the said letters-patent doth more at large appear."
From hence the reader may perceive it was founded for a defence of the established Church: it was to afford divines leisure and other conveniences to spend their time wholly in controversy, and maintain the reformation against Papists and Dissenters.
The names of the provost and fellows settled by the king are as follow:
Matthew Sutcliffe, dean of Exeter, provost.
1. John Overall, dean of St. Paul's.
2. Thomas Morton, dean of Winchester.
16. William Hellier, archdeacon of Barnstable.
17. John White, fellow of Manchester-college.
There was likewise a provision made for two historians, who were to transmit the affairs of Church and State to posterity: those appointed by the king were
William Cambden, Clarenceux.
John Haywood, doctor of law.
A. D. 1610.
Next to the king, Dr. Sutcliffe, the provost, went furthest CROFT, in the foundation, having conveyed farms to the value of three hundred pounds per annum upon this college. This foundation, though strongly countenanced at first, miscarried afterward, and came to nothing. The conjectures upon the causes of this misfortune are too long to mention.
Archbishop Bancroft offered a significant project to the parliament for furnishing the clergy with a competent maintenance. The heads of the scheme are as follow:
"1. That all predial tithes of benefices with cure may be
scheme for paid in kind hereafter, &c. furnishing a
"2. That personal tithes may be urged upon oath, being tenance for confessed to be due by law.
"3. That as oblations are due by law to parsons and vicars that have cure of souls, they may accordingly be paid unto them, as heretofore hath been accustomed, viz., at marriages, burials, and upon solemn feast-days, as Christmas-day, Easter-day, Whitsun-day, Allhallows-day, and at the times of receiving the holy communion, &c.
"4. That all abbey-lands now exempted may pay tithes in kind to the parsons and vicars in whose parishes they lie. 5. That all lands altered within these sixty years past from tillage may pay tithe according to the value they formerly paid.
"6. That all parks and warrens made within these sixty years last past may pay tithes either according to their former value when they were in tillage, or according to some reasonable rate by the acre.
"7. That parks disparked within these sixty years may pay tithes in kind.
"8. That the occupiers of lands of such parishes that have been within these sixty years past utterly depopulated, and do now pay no tithes at all, may hereafter pay all their tithes in kind to the next poor parsons adjoining.
"9. That small benefices near adjoining may be so united, as they may be holden by one man.
"10. That parsons and vicars may have right and freedom of common with the rest of the parishioners.
"11. That the ancient ecclesiastical constitution in Eng- JAMES I. land, for paying of tithe-lambs and wool, may be renewed
and established.-Lindewood de Decimis. § Quoniam.
"13. That ministers in cities and towns incorporate, and other great towns, may have their tithes according to the rents of houses after the rate of London.
14. That the landlords of such houses in every city incorporate, and great towns, may be chargeable with such payments to their ministers, and not their under-tenants.
"15. That parsons and vicars may have tithe-wood duly paid unto them according to the constitution of John Stratford, Archbishop of Canterbury.-Lindewood de Verborum Significatione.
"16. That an order may be taken for the settling of glebe-lands, which are by strong hand detained from divers parsons and vicars, by some commissions for survey upon oaths; and that it may be provided, that no patron or lord of any manor, in any parish, may hereafter have the glebe in farm.
"17. That in chapels of ease the cure may be maintained hereafter by them that have ease thereby, without diminishing the parson's or vicar's tithes.
"18. That it may be lawful hereafter for any well-disposed man or woman to give, purchase, or lay tenements, rents, lands, or annuities in fee, unto the glebe of the Church, notwithstanding the statute of Mortmain.
"19. That all lay-patrons, when they present any minister to an ecclesiastical living, may take the like oath against simony that ministers do; or else that they may forfeit their patronage for ever to the king, when it shall be proved that they have committed simony upon any such presentation.
"20. That it may be held simony to sell advowsons as well as presentations; or that all advowsons to be made. hereafter may be utterly void.
"21. That the tithes of oade, hops, roots, coals, and other minerals, and likewise of lime-kilns and brick-kilns,
BAN may be truly paid to the parson or vicar that hath cure of
CROFT, Abp. Cant.
"22. That it may be lawful for spiritual persons to purchase and take leases for lives, or years, as other of his majesty's subjects may do, notwithstanding any statutes made to the contrary.
"23. That all lands that have been either won from the sea, or otherwise drained and recovered from surrounding, may be laid to some parishes adjoining; and that the owners or occupiers, and all others that have any benefit of such lands, may pay their tithes in kind to the parsons or vicars of those parishes whereunto the said lands are laid.
"24. That a subsidy may be granted for the redeeming of impropriations, and that the same redeemed may be of the bishop's patronage in whose diocese they lie.
"25. That if the last motion may not now be entertained, then there may be a free passage given to the law yet force (as it is supposed), that all impropriations may be declared void, and become presentatives, which have no endowment for vicars.
"26. That where there are vicarages endowed which do belong to impropriations, but yet are no competent living for a sufficient minister, bishops may have authority in their diocese where such vicarages are, to allot some further por tions for their better maintenance out of the said impropriations.
"27. That some order may be set down for the repairing of chancels of churches impropriate, which are every where in wonderful decay.
"28. That mortuaries may be restored."
Whether Bancroft's project ended here or not, I am upcertain; but the subject is continued upon a break with these initial letters,
"The L. S."
"A second means for raising sufficient maintenance, may be done by severing unto divers churches such vicarages or The purpose. parsonages as are united into one; as, for example, at
Bampton, in the county of Oxford, there are three perpetual JAMES I. vicars canonically instituted and inducted to serve the cure in that parochial church, every one of the said vicars having maintenance sufficient according to one of the values aforesaid. At Watsdon, in the county of Buckingham, there be two, if not three parsons canonically instituted and inducted to serve the cure of that one parish church, every of them also having sufficient maintenance as aforesaid. At in the county of Devon, as I have been credibly informed, is the like; and it may be that there are in many other places the like.
"Now, then, it seemeth there be eight or nine ministers, every of them enjoying competency of maintenance, ap- 699. pointed to serve these three cures, that six of those livings, as they shall happen to fall void, might serve six other parochial churches near adjoining and wanting maintenance.
"That out of the glebe or demesne lands belonging to any church appropried, all manner of tithes be paid to the vicar of the same church appropried, by the owner, proprietary, or farmer of the same appropriation. That the tenth of the tenth of all corn, hay, wood, wool, lamb, &c., arising within the places titheable of any church appropried, be likewise paid in their proper kind to the vicar of the same church appropried.
"That it may be lawful for any lord of a manor, leaving sufficient commons belonging to the said manor (the vicarage of the parish church wherein the same manor lieth having no glebe-land, or not having glebe-land to the number of twenty acres), to endow the same vicarage or parsonage with twenty acres of waste, or with so many acres as shall make up the acres already belonging to the vicarage to the number of twenty acres, and no more.
"That all novalia arising within any parish wherein there is a perpetual vicar endowed, whether the same novalia be of hops, oade, iron, mine, coals, turf, peat, &c., shall from thenceforth only be payable to the vicars of the same parochial church, and not to any owner, farmer, or proprietor of the impropriation.
"Whereas, unto the parsons whose churches are not appropried, and unto vicars whose churches are appropried, for