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survey was to know the value of every benefice in the ELIZA county, the number of the parishioners, who were the incumbents, how they lived, and were qualified. And here those who were commissionated for this inquiry commonly made a very disadvantageous report of the conformists. The design of this Northamptonshire survey was to make a precedent for other counties; that by being thus furnished with information, they might give in a general list to the parliament of all the clergy in England that opposed their project. The other business transacted in the assembly above-mentioned, was a resolution to send one or two of every classis with credentials to London, to attend the parliament. And here they were to join the brethren of other districts; to offer a conference for disputation, if it was thought proper; and to manage any other business at discretion. This Northamptonshire survey was approved by the party in other places, and practised in most counties in England.
To add something concerning the methods of censure in the classes. For the purpose; if a layman fell into a fault, one of the elders was to admonish him; if the party proved obstinate, the elder must take two or three with him the second time. If he continued unreclaimed after this last reprimand, they barred him the communion. If the perverseness of the party was such as to intrude upon the communion, it was then resolved he should be refused upon pretence of an order in the rubric. And thus they found out a method to maintain their own discipline, and covered themselves at the same time with the authority of the common prayer. The classes and committees in the country were The country under the direction of the general assembly at London. At the direction this grand meeting Cartwright, Edgerton, or Travers, were of the assembly at Loncommonly moderators. Whatever was done here was don. reckoned authentic; this was the last resort, and the overruling authority. Hither the brethren in the country sent their queries, and applied for advice.
This account of the Puritans' proccedings is taken from Id. book 3. depositions in the courts of the High Commission and Starchamber; and here the deponents were generally persons present at the assemblies.
About this time, Sir Thomas Bromely, lord chancellor
GIFT. Ap. Cant.
ww departed this life. And now the queen offered the seal to archbishop Whitgift: but this prelate excusing himself upon the score of his age, and the business of his function, recommended his friend, Sir Christopher Hatton. The motion being approved, this gentleman had the seal, and other marks of that office, delivered to him at Whitgift's house, at Croydon.
A inal. p. 741
To proceed: John Low, John Adams, and Richard Tipdale, were tried and found guilty of high treason, for being 604. made priests by the authority of the bishop of Rome: for this they were hanged, drawn, and quartered, at Tyburn. But this should have been placed to October the last year.
June 20, 1587.
To take a survey of the affairs of the Church in Scotland: this summer a general assembly was convened by the king's proclamation: the design was to settle the points of difference between his majesty and the Church. But the ministers proving too stiff and pretending, the meeting failed of success: for the chancellor and justice-clerk coming to the assembly, and requiring satisfaction in the king's name for the misbehaviour of James Gibson and John Cooper, ministers, and that Montgomery, bishop of Glasgow, might be received without any form of submission, The assembly their answer was, "That if the Church's petitions were bargh refuse granted in the next parliament, they would endeavour to bring things to such a temper as might be best consistent with the honour of the ministry, might satisfy the offence of the godly, and the conscience of their brethren, against whom his majesty had taken offence. And as for Mr. Robert Montgomery, they would dispense with some ceremonies used in admitting excommunicates, provided the king was willing to remit somewhat of the satisfaction craved of the other two brethren." This peremptory answer disgusted Spotswood's the king so far, that he refused treating with them any further at that time.
The assem- The assembly continued sitting until the parliament met. bly petition At the opening the session they sent Mr. David Lindesay, the parliament against Mr. Robert Pont, and some other commissioners, to the
the prelates. parliament house and here, in the name of the Church,
they desired that the prelates then present might not be suffered to sit; their reasons were, because they had no
authority from the Church, and most of them executed no function in it. Against this motion, Mr. Edward Bruce, abbot of Kinloss, rose up, and addressing the king, made a long discourse to prove the right they had to sit in parliament and vote for the Church. He complained the ministers had in a most illegal and disorderly manner thrown them out of their business in the Church, and now they were trying to carry on their encroachment, and deprive them of their privilege in the state. This usage the prelates hoped his majesty would not suffer, but rather punish the presumption of the petitioners. Mr. Robert Pont being somewhat too warm in his reply, the king stopped the contest, and ordered them to present their petitions to the lords of the articles. But here the assembly committee found no satisfaction as to this particular.
Some time before the courtiers had concerted a project July 29, for conveying the remainder of the Church-lands to the 1587. crown. The colour was, the augmentation of the royal revenues, and putting the king in a condition of supporting his dignity, without burthening the subject with taxes. To this purpose a bill was read, and passed into an act. Archbishop Spotswood blames the Churchmen for their cowardice and perfidiousness on this occasion; for deserting the interests of religion, and not crushing the design at the beginning. The preamble of the statute bears somewhat hard upon the munificence of former princes, and insinuates them James 6. lavish and short in their conduct. As for the bishops, cap. 29. Spotswood makes something of an excuse for them: the Presbyterians had handled them so roughly, that they were in a manner forced to apply to the protection of the great men, and resign themselves wholly to the pleasure of the Spotswood, court. And as for the assembly men, they were so eager Libell. p. 58. to ruin the prelates, so over-heated with passion and revenge, that they were not aware of the snare, but suffered themselves to be imposed on by those persons who lay at catch for the Church-lands. These crafty men persuaded the Presbyterians that the only way to gain their point upon their adversaries, and finish the ruin of episcopacy, Idem. was to alienate their patrimony; for when the bulk of the prelates' estates was once vested in the crown, nobody would
WHIT accept the function, and by consequence the order must Abp. Cant. sink. And here not only the prelates, but the whole Church, received a terrible blow. It is true, to stop the clamour of the Presbyterian ministers, and bring them to an acquiescence, they were promised the whole tithes should be settled on them, and disposed of at their pleasure. But the rich laity, after they had gained the lands, broke in even upon this branch of the Church's revenue: for the lords of the new erections, as they call them, seized the tithes, impove rished the ministers, set the tithes at a higher rate, and harassed the poor farmers that were to pay them to a great degree of rigour.
The Scotch annexation
To mention some part of the body of the act, and show the reader what a sweep it made from the Church into the Exchequer.
"Our said sovereign lord, and his said three estates of parliament, be the force of this presente act, have united, anChurch lands nexed, and incorporate, and unitis, annexis, and incorporatis, to the crown. to the crown of this realme, to remaine therewith as an
act for conveying the
nexed, and as it were propertie thereof, in all time cumming, and with our said soveraine lord, and his successours for ever; all and sindrie landes, lordshippes, barronies, castles, towres, fortalices, mansions, manour places, milnes, multures, woodes, schawes, parkes, fischinges, tounes, villages, burrowes in regalitie, and barronie, annual rentes, tennentes, reversiones, customes great and small, few farmes, tenentes, tennendries, and service of free tennentes. And all and sindrie utheris commodities, profits and emoluments quhat sumever, alswel to burgh, as to land, (except, as hereafter sall be excepted in this presente acte) quhilkis at the day and dait of thir presentis, viz. the 29th day of Julie, the zeir of God, 1587 zeirs, perteinis to quhat sumever archbishoppe, bishoppe, abbot, prior, prioresse, and quhat sumever uther prelate, either ecclesiastical or beneficed person, of quhat sumever estaite, degree, high or lawe, and at the day and dait of thir presentes perteinis to quhat sumever abbay, convent, cloister, quhat sumever ordour of friers or nunnes, monkes or channones, howsumever they be named, and to quhat sumever colledge kirk, founded for chantorie
and singing; or to quhat sumever prebendarie or chaplanarie ELIZAquhairever they be, or be situate within this realme and dominion thereof. And sik like, all and sindrie commoun landes, bruiked be chapters of cathedral kirkes, and chantrie colleges as commoun: and quhari of the saidis chaptours have bene in possession before in commountrie, to be in all times hereafter taken, halden, and repute, as it were the propertie James 6. and patrimony of the crown."
This annexation act was not passed without several provisos and reservations. For instance: the prelates' houses or castles where they resided, the tithes of parishes, the glebes, parsonage and vicarage houses, lands granted to colleges and schools, and the endowment belonging to hospitals, are all foreprized and excepted, and left to the old proprietors, pursuant to the use of the first settlement.
But then all Church lands already disposed of by the king, and erected into temporal lordships and baronies; all such grants and dispositions prior to the date of this act, are confirmed to the respective owners.
parl. 11. cap. 29.
The advantage of this act to the crown was strongly re- Spotswood's presented, to make way for the royal assent. But soon after the bill was touched by the sceptre, the king found The king himself abused for a great many estates which had been ing the act of wrested from the Church before, were confirmed by this act; and why. and as for the rest which were now vested in the crown, they were quickly granted away to the courtiers. These gentlemen took care to solicit for one another that the lands being thus divided amongst a great many, the recovery of them might be more impracticable. Thus when the king came to maturity of judgment, he found his youth had been surprised; that those who contrived the statute, had been playing their own game: and thus he saw plainly what some Ibid. et people meant by reformation. As for himself, he got little p. 60. or nothing, excepting the character of impoverishing the Church, bringing a change upon the constitution, and maiming the first estate of the kingdom. It was upon this recollection that the king calls this statute of annexation Bariλikov a vile act, and advised his son prince Henry to repeal it, if book 2.p. 43. he did not find it done to his hand.
The ministers likewise, who either stood neuter or pro