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known, we have the height h of the column wc. The point b is stationary. Hence the indications of the air-thermometer are
researches of M. Regnault, the air-thermometer sensibly agrees tube at 0° Centigrade is from the formula p=vd formerly with the mercurial thermometer as far as 260° Centigrade, or
500° Fahrenheit; but beyond this point the mercury expands giren; consequently, at lo Centigrade tliis volume, by a pre- more rapidly than the air. p'
Density of Gases. The specific weight or density of a gas ceding problem, is (1 + kit), at the pressure H, which was is the ratio of the weight of a certain volume of the gas to that
of the same volume of air, the gas and the air being both at the pressure when it was hermetically sealed. Therefore at the same temperature and pressure ; and in the use of the Centi. p'(1 + kt)
grade thermometer, this temperature and pressure are 0° Centi. the pressure , it is
; (1.), by the law of Mar-grade and 29.922 inches, which we shall call the standard tempehD
raiure and pressure. According to this definition, the density of iotte
. Again, according to the formula P =vd, the volume a gas is found by determining the weight of a certain volume of of the air which remains in the reservoir is represented by the gas at the standard temperature and pressure; next, the
weight of the same volume of air at the standard temperature at the temperature (° Centigrade and at the pressure and pressure; and then by dividing the former weight by the
latter. In determining the density of gases, a glass vessel or u'—. At the same pressure, but at to, this volume is there- globe, whose capacity is about that of two imperiul gallons, is P'
employed, having a stop-cock at the neck or aperture, which fore (1 + a t); and at the pressure h, it becomes can be screwed to an air-pump. This globe is weighed first
when empty, that is, when a vacuum has been made in it; (5' – P) (1 + at) (H' – u)
second, when full of air ; and third, when full of the gas But the volumes repre. whose density is to be found. The air and the gas are dried
by the same process as that followed in the experiments made sented by the formule (1.) and (2.) are the volume of the with the apparatus represented in fig. 181. By sub ricting the reservoir and the tube at the pressure h; they are therefore weight of the globe when empty from its weights respertively equal. Whence, by suppressing the common denominator, we when full of air and full of the given gas, we have the weighis have the equation
of the same volume of the air and of the gas.
In the case f'(! + kt) = (1-P) (1 + ar) (u — "); (3.) where the experiment has been made at the standard tempefrom which may be deduced the value of a.
rature and pressure, it is sufficient to divide the weight of the By experiments and calculations of this kind, M. Regnault gas by the weight of the air, and the quotient will be the found that from 0 to 100° Centigrade, and for barometric density required. The process of finding the density of a gas pressures between 11.8 inches and 69.1 inches, the co-efficients in general requires numerous corrections, in order to refer it of expansion for certain gases were as follows :
to ihe standard temperature and pressure, as well as to reduce
the temperature of the glass vessel to 0 Centigrade. These TABLE OF THE CO-EFFICIENTS OF EXPANSION FOR corrections are effected by means of the formulæ which we have GASES.
given in this lesson for the solution of problems of this description, but most of these may be avoided by the following
method : Air
M. Regnault has applied to the preceding process some
modifications, which dispense with part of the corrections. Fur Sulphurous acid
this purpose, the globe, which is employed to weigh the given Hydrochloric acid
gas, is hung on the one scale of a balance, and it is brought Cyanogen
into equilibrium with another globe of the same volume herCarbonic Acid ...
globes expanding equally under the same degree of tempera. These numbers show that the co-efficients of the expansion iure, always displace the same quantity of air, whence the of gases difer only by quantities which are extremely small
. variations in the temperature and pressure of the atmosphere 2. Regnault has proved, also, that at the same temperature the have no influence on their weights. Now, when the first glübe is Expansion of any gas is greater in proportion to the increase of successively filled with the air and with the gas whose density pressure ; and that the co-efficients of the expansion of two is required, it is placed in a zinc ve-sel, and surrounded with gases differ more when they are subjected to greater pressures. ice. By this means it is brought to the standard temperature; The Air Thermometer. --This thermometer, as its name indi- and by shutting the stop-cock when the gas introduced into it cates, is founded on the principle of the expansion of air. is at the same temperature, the corrections for temperature are When it is intended to measure small variations of temperature, avoided. Lastly, the two gases can be easily brought to the the same form is given to it as that employed by Gay-Lussac standard pressure by referring the pressure under which the in order to measure the co-efficient of the expansion of the gases experiment is made to the law that the weights are propor(83. 183); that is, it is composed of a glass buib, to which is tional to the pressures. cemented a long capillary tube or stem. The bulb is filled In the case of gases which act upon brass, as chlorine for with air perfectly dry; and there is introduced into the stem, a example, a brass stop.cock cannot be employed. It is then small quantity of sulphuric acid, coloured red, to serve as an necessary to employ a glass bottle with a ground stopper, and index: the instrument is then graduated by comparing its in- to introduce the gas by a bent tube which reaches to the bola dications with those of a mercurial thermometer. The ex
tom; the boitle being held upright or inverted, according as tremity of the stem of this thermomecer must be allowed to the gas introduced into it is heavier or lighter than the air. emain open ; otherwise, the contraction or expansion of When all the air is expelled froin the boule, the tube is rethe air above the index would take place at the same tiine as moved, and it is closed by the stopper. If the bottle be then ibat of the air in the bulb, and the index would remain weighed full of gas, the weight oblained will include the weighs
of the bottle, plus the weight of the gas, minus the weight of
Melting Points. the air displaced, according to principles formerly explained. Sulphur
111° Cent, or 231°•8 Fahr. Now, the weight of the bottle is easily determined ; and if it Tin
442-4 be gauged by finding the volume of water which it contains, Bismuth
507-2 its volume will thus be found, and consequently the weight of
335 the air which it displaces. If, then, we subtract the weight Antimony
842 of the bottle itself from the weight obtained by weighing it
Latent Caloric.-When the temperature remains constant only remains to divide the weight of the gas by the weight of during the period of fusion, while a body passes from the solid the same volume of air, care being taken to make the necess to the liquid state, whatever may be the intensity of the fire, sary corrections for temperature and pressure in order to refer it is evident that in order to change its state, the body absorbs them to the same capacity, and the standard temperature and a considerable quantity of heat, of which the sole effect is to pressure. The following table shows the density of some keep it in the liquid state. This quantity of heat, which does gases which have been thus determined at the standard tem- not act on the thermometer, and which is combined in some perature and pressure above mentioned :
way with the particles of the body, is denominated latent
caloric, or the caloric of fusion. The following experiment will TABLE OF THE DENSITY OF GASES,
give a clear idea of what is to be understood by latent caloric: That of air being taken as unity.
if we mix a pound of water at 04 Centigrade with a pound of Gases.
water at 79° Centigrade, we shall have immediately two Densities.
pounds of water at 390.5 Centigrade, that is, at the mean Air
temperature of the two quantities mixed; this result was to be
0.0692 Protocarburetted Hydrogen
expected, because they are of the same nature, and of an 0:5590
equal quantity. Ammonia
But if we mix a pound of water at 79° Cen
0.5967 Carbonic Oxide
tigrade with an equal weight of pounded ice at O' Centigrade, 0.9674
the ice will instantly melt, and we shall have two pounds of Nitrogen
0.9714 Deutoxide of Nitrogen
water at 09 Centigrade. Thus we see that, without changing 1.0390
its temperature, and solely to effect its fusion, one pound of Oxygen
ice absorbs the quantity of heat necessary to raise one pound Hydrosulphuric Acid
1.1912 Chlorohydric Acid
of water from the freezing point to 790 Centigrade, or 1640.4
1.2540 Protoxide of Nitrogen
Fahrenheit. This quantity of heat, therefore, represents the
1.5270 Carbonic Acid
caloric of fusion, or the latent caloric of ice. Each body has
its own particular quantity of latent caloric, which may be 1.8600
determined by calculation. Sulphurous Acid
Solution.- A body is said to be dissolved, or put into a state Hydriodic Acid...
of solution, when it is liquified by the effect of the mutual at
traction of its particles and those of a liquid. Thus, gum CHANGE OF STATE IN BODIES.
arabic, sugar, and the greater number of salts, are soluble in
water. During solution, as well as during fusion, a greater or The Laws of Fusion. Of the various phenomena which are less quantity of heat is absorbed. This is the reason why the presented by bodies under the influence of caloric, we have solution of a salt, in general, occasions a lowering of temperam only hitherto considered those of expansion. Now, if we first ture. Yet it happens that in certain solutions the temperaturn our attention to solid bodies, it is evident that this ex- ture does not vary, and in others that it even rises. This will pansion has a limit. For, in proportion as a solid body be understood by observing how these two simultaneous and absorbs a greater quantity of caloric, the repulsive force of its contrary effects are produced. The first is the passage from particles is increased; and a period may arrive when the the solid to the liquid state, an effect which produces a lowermolecular attraction is insufficient to preserve the body in the ing of temperature; the second is the combination of the dissolid state. A new phenomenon then takes place; viz. that of solved body and the liquid. Now, every chemical combination fusion (melting), or the passage of a body from the solid to the takes place with the development of heat; consequently, acliquid state. Yet a great number of substances, as paper, wood, cording as one of these effects predominates over the other, or wool, and certain salts, do not melt under the action of an ele- as one is equal to the other, so is cold or heat the result, or the vated temperature, but are decomposed. Of all the simple temperature remains constant. bodies, one only has not hitherto been fused by the action of
Solidification.--Solidification, or congelation, is the passage the most intense sources of heat, and this is carbon.
from the liquid state to the solid. This phenomenon takes The following are the two general laws of fusion to which place according to the following laws, which are the converse bodies are subjected, as discovered by experiment. 1. Every of those of fusion, and are proved by experiment: 1. Solidifi
: body enters into a state of fusion at a certain temperature, cation is produced in every body at a fixed temperature, which which is invariable for each individual substance. 2. What is exactly that of fusion. 2. From the moment when solidifever may be the intensity of the source of heat at the moment cation commences until it be completed, the temperature of when fusion commences, the temperature ceases to rise, and the liquid remains constant. This seeond law is the conseremains constant until the fusion be completed. The following quence of the fact that the latent caloric absorbed during fusion table exhibits the temperatures at which fusion commences in is set free at the moment of solidification. Many liquids, as different substances :
alcohol and ether, are not solidifiable by the greatest lowering
of temperature to which they have been exposed. In general, TABLE OF THE MELTING POINTS OF BODIES.
bodies which pass slowly from the liquid to the solid state Melting Points.
assume determinate geometrical forms called crystals ; such Mercury
40o Cent. or 40. Fahr. as those of the tetrahedron, the cube, the prism, and the rhomIce
bohedron. If the body which solidifies be in a state of fusion, Tallow
its crystallisation is said to take place by the dry method ; but Phosphorus
if the body be held in solution in a liquid, its crystallisation Potassium
is said to take place by the humid method. It is by allowing 57
131.6 Margaric Acid
the liquids which hold salts in solution to evaporate slowly, Stearin
that salts are made to crystallise. Snow, ice newly formed, White wax
and salts, exhibit fine examples of crystallisation.
shall take the first opportunity to bring under the notice of our 90
students the subject of crystallisation, Alloy (1 lead, 1 tin,
The Formation of Ice.--Distilled water becomes solid at the 94 4 bismuth)
temperature of 00 Centigrade, and is then called ice; but the
OV - 0
0 + E
congelation takes place but slowly, because that the frozen From this tabular view you may learn how to resolve the
Resolution of Contracted Forms,-Specimen.
By consulting the table, you will find that the double
Values of Double Vowels and Diphthongs.
E + ou
a + w
0 + y
0+ EL tion, this stopper was forcibly thrown to a great distance, and
ε into η, as φιλε-ω, Ιιους, fut. φιλησω
o into 0), »
μισθο-ω, I hire, μισθω-σω will be instantly frozen ; and this remarkable phenomenon will
å into m, „ Typă-w, I honour, » τιμη- σω be observed, that the remaining part of the liquid will suddenly
ă into ā, દૉ-o, I allow,
ceded by E, l, or
αλοάω, , I strike, thresh, αλod-σω By John R. BEARD, D.D.
ακροά-ομαι, I hear,
The following take n instead of a :
εγγυη-σω characteristic either a, e, or o, and blend those vowels with Boă-tu,
I shout like an ox,
χρά - ομαι, I use,
χρη: σομαι characteristic vowel followed by the modal vowel. The v
Observe that lovw, I wash, forms from the simpler verb
the other parts are
I must now lay before you an example of the way in which
uncontracted result, showing that the latter is equivalent to the former.
form, and then the contracted form. The uncontracted form,
to take an instance from the table, is Tipaw, the contracted Vowel Contractions.
Tiuw: the uncontracted form is appended to the common stem
in parentheses thus, tuu(a-w); the contracted form stands
immediately after the second parenthesis. This, then, is the
way in which I advise you to repeat every part, in order to
commit the whole to memory; namely,
Τιμαω, τιμώ; τιμαεις, τιμάς; τιμαει, τιμά, τιμαετον, τιμάτων και
τιμαετον, τιμάτων; τιμαομεν, τιμώμεν; τιμαετε, τιμάτε;
Τιμαομαι, τιμώμαι και τιμαεσθω, τιμασθω; μισθοεσθων, μισθουpo et 01 = OL ot el = 01 (ov in σθων; φιλεομενος, φιλουμενος και εφιλεομεθον, εφιλουμεθον και
the infinitive). ετιμαεσθε, ετιμάσθε και εφιλεοντο, εφιλούντο, etc.)
PARADIGMS OF CONTRACTED VERBS.
τιμ(α-εις)ας φιλ (ε-εις)είς μισθο-εις οίς τιμ(α-ει
φιλε-ειλεί μσθίο-ξι οι Du. τιμ(α-εά-τον φιλ(ε-εεί-τον μισθο-ε)ού τον
τιμία ελά-τον φιλε ε)εί-τον μισθο-ελού-τον P. τιμ(a-o)ω μεν φιλε ο)ού-μεν μισθ(0-0)ού-μεν
τιμία-ε)α-τε φιλ (ε-εεί-τε μισθ(ο ε)ου-τε τιμα-ου)-σι φιλε-ουρού-σι μισθο-ουρούσι
MIDDLE VOICE.-PRESENT TENSE.
Indicative Mood. Sing. τιμ(α-ο)ώ-μαι φιλ(ε-οού-μαι μισθίο- οδού-μαι τιμα-μα φιλ(ε-ην
μισθίο-ηλοί τιμία-ελα-ται φιλίε-ε)εί-ται μισθ(ο-ε)ού-ται Du. τιμία-ο)ω-μεθον φιλε ο)ου-μεθον μισθίο ο)ου-μεθον
τιμ(α-ενα-σθον φιλίε-ε)ει-σθον μισθο-ε)ου στον
τιμ(α-ε)α-σθον φιλε-ε)εί-σθον μισθίο-ε)ού-σθον ΡΙ. τιμ(α-ο)ω-μεθα φιλίε-ο)ου-μεθα μισθο-ο)ου-μεθα
τιμ(α-ε)ά-σθε φιλ(ε-ε)εί-σθε μισθο-ε)ού-σθε τιμ(α· οω-νται φιλ(ε-0)ούνται μισθο-ο)ού νται
Subjunctive. Sing. τιμία-ω)ώ-μαι φιλ(ε-ω)ώ-μαι μισθίο-ωω-μαι τιμία-μία φιλ(ε
μισθο-poi τιμ(α-η)ά-ται φιλ(ε-ηλή-ται
μισθο-η)ω-ται Du. τιμ(α-ωω-μεθον φιλίε-ω)ω-μεθον μισθο-ω)ω-μεθον
τιμ(α-ηλα-σθον φιλ(ε-η) ή-σθον μισθίο-η)ω στον τιμία-η)ά-σθον φιλ(ε-η)ή-σθον
μισθο-η)ώ στον ΡΙ. τιμία-ωω-μεθα φιλ(ε-ω)ω-μεθα μισθ(ο-ω)ω-μεθα
τιμα-η)α-σθε φιλ(ε-η)ή-σθε μισθο-ηλώ-στε τιμα-ω)ώνται φιλ(ε-ω)ώ-νται μισθο-ω)ώνται
τιμ (α-μς)ας φιλ(ε- ης Ους μισθο-ης)οίς
τιμα ηα τον φιλ(ε-η ή τον μισθ(ο-η)ω-τον PI. τιμ(α-ωω-μεν φιλε ωω-μεν μισθ(ο-ω ιω-μεν
τιμία-η)α-τε φιλε-η) η-τε μισθ(οη ω-τε
τιμία-ε)α-τω φιλε-ε)ει-τω μισθο-ε)ου- τω Dμ. τιμία ελά-τον φιλε ε)ει- τον μισθο-εού- τον τιμα εια των
φιλε-ε)ει-των μισθ(ο εου-των Ρι.
τιμα-ε)α-τε φιλ ε-ε)είτε μισθο ευου-τε
τιμία-ε)α-τωσαν φιλ(ε-ε)ει-τωσαν μισθο-ε)αυ-τωσαν Οι τιμ(α-ο)ω-ντων οι φιλ(ε- ο)ου -ντων οι μισθο-ο)ου: ντων
τιμα-ου ω-σα φιλε-ουουσα μισθο-ουρού-σα
τιμία- ον, ών φιλ (ε-ον)ούν μισθο-ονούν Gen. τιμα-οω-ντος φιλ(ε-οού-ντος μισθο-ο)ού ντος τιμία-ου)ω-σης φιλ(ε-ουλου-σης μισθο-ου)ου-σης
Indicative Mood. Sing. ετιμ(α-ον)ων εφιλ(εον)ουν εμισθο-ονουν ετιμ (α-ες ας εφιλ(ε-ες)εις εμισθ(ο-ες)ους
εφιλε εει εμισθο-ελου Du. ετιμία-ε)-τον εφιλίε-εεί-τον εμισθο-ελού-τον
ετιμ(α-ε)ατην εφιλ (ε-ε)ει-την εμισθο-εου-την ΡΙ. ετιμία-ο)ώ-μεν εφιλίε-ο)ούμεν εμισθο- ο)ού-μεν
ετιμία-ελάτε εφιλίε-ε)εί τε εμισθο-ε)ου-τε
τιμ(α-οις ως φιλ(ε-οις οίς μισθ(ο-οις)οίς
τιμα οι) φιλ(ε-οι)οί μισθο οιοι Dυ. τιμ(α-οι-τον φιλίε-οι)οί-τον μισθίο-οι)οί-τον
τιμία-οι)ω-την φιλ(ε-οι)οι-την μισθίο-οι)οι-την ΡΙ. τιμ(α-οι)ωμεν φιλε οι)οι·μεν μισθιο-οι)οί-μεν
τιμία-οι)ω-τε φιλ(ε οι)οί-τε μισθο- οι)οί-τε
τιμ(α-οι)ν-ης φιλ(ε-οι)οι-ης μισθίο-οι)οι -ης
τιμ(α-οι)εν-η φιλ(ε-οι)οι-η μισθο-οι)οι - η Du. τιμ(α-οιφ-ητον φιλε οι)οι-ητον μισθίο-οι)οιητον
τιμία οιω-ητην φιλ(ε- οι)οι-ητην μισθίο-οι)οι-ητην ΡΙ. τιμ(α-οι)ω-ημεν φιλ(ε-οι)οι- ημεν μισθο-οι)οι-ημεν
τιμία-οι)φ-ήτε φιλ(ε-οι)οι-ητε μισθο-οι)οι-ητε τιμία-οι)ώ εν φιλ(ε-οι)οϊ-εν μισθο οι)οί-εν
τιμία-ε)α-σθω φιλ(ε-ε)ει-σθω μισθο-ε)ου-σθω Dμ. τιμ(α-ε)ά-σθον φιλε , Ιεί-σθον μισθο-ε)ού-σθον τιμία- ε)α-σθων φιλ(ε-ε)ει-σθων
μισθίο-ε)ου-σθων ΡΙ. τιμία-ε)α σθε φιλε-ε)εί- σθε μισθο-ε)ού-σθε
τιμία-ε)α-σθωσαν φιλ(ε-ε)ει-σθωσαν μισθίο- ε)ου-σθωσαν Or τιμ(α-ε)α-σθων or φιλ(ε-ε)ει-σθων or μισθίο-ε)ου -σθων
Infinitive. τιμία-εγά-σθαι φιλ(ε-ε)εϊ-σθαι
Participle. Non. τιμ(α-ο)ω-μενος φιλ(ε-ο)ου-μενος μισθο-ο)ου-μενος
τιμία-ο)ωμενη φιλ(ε-οου-μενη μισθ(ο-ο)ου-μενη
τιμία-ο)ω-μενον φιλ(ε-ο)ου-μενον μισθ(ο· ο)ου-μενον Gen. τιμ(α-ο)ω-μενου φιλ(ε-ο)ου-μενοι μισθίο-ο)ου-μενου
τιμία-ο)ω: μενης φιλ(ε-ο)ου-μενης μισθίο-ο)ου-μενης
Indicatire Mood. Sing. ετιμία-οω-μην εφιλ(ε-ο)ου- μην εμισθο-οου μην ετιμία-ου) εφιλε ου)ου
εμισθο-ουλου ετιμία-ε)α το εφιλ(ε-εεί-το
εμισθο-ελού-το Du. ετιμία-ο)ω-μεθον εφιλε-ο)ου-μεθον εμισθο-ο)ου-μεθον
ετιμία-ε)-σθον εφιλ(ε-εεί-σθον εμισθο-ε)ού-σθον ετιμ(α-ε)α-σθην εφιλ(ε-ε)ει-στην
εμισθο-ελου-στην ΡΙ. ετιμία-ο)ω: μεθα εφιλ(ε-ο)ου-μεθα
εμισθο-ο)ου-μεθα ετιμία-ε)α-σθε εφιλ(ε-εεί-σθε εμισθο ε)ού-σθε ετιμία-ο)ω-ντο εφιλ(ε-ο)ού-ντο εμισθο ο)ού-ντο
αποχρη (abbreviated from αποχρη), it is sufficient, inf. αποχρών,
Impf. απεχρη5 χραω, χρώ, 1 give an oracle, χρυς, χρή, inf. Sing. τιμία-οι)ω-μην φιλίε- οι)οι-μην μισθίο-οι)οι-μην χρύν.
τιμία-οι)ώ ο φιλ(ε-οι)οί-ο μισθίο-οι)οϊ-ο R specting the use of the Attic forms of the Opta ive in nv,
τιμία-οι)ω-το φιλ(ε-οι)οί-το μισθ(ο οι)οί-το observe that in the singular of the verbs in ew and ow the form Dυ. τιμ(a-οι)ω-μεθον φιλ(ε-οι)οι-μεθον μισθο-οι)οι-μεθον οιων is preferable to the ordinary form, and in the verbs in
τιμία-οι)ώ-σθον φιλ(ε-οι)οί-σθον μισθο-οι)οι-σθον aw is almost exclusively to be employed; but in the dual and
τιμία-οι)ο- στην φιλ(ε-οι)οι-στην μισθο οι)οι-σθην the plural the ordinary form in all three kinds of verbs is more ΡΙ. τιμ(α οι)ω-μεθα φιλ(ε-οι)οι μεθα μισθ(ο- οι)οι μεθα usual. The third person plural has regularly the shorter
τιμ(α-οι)φ-σθε φιλίε-οι)οί-σθε μισθίο- οι)οι σθε form. .
State what is the part, and what the English, of the words in
πεφιλημαι μεμισθωμαι Ετιμησα; μισθωθην και τιμηθησομαι; φιλητέος; τετιμηκα; πεφωράμαι
τιμητέος; τιμώμι; φιλοιων και φιλοξεν; τιμώμην, τιμώμεθα ; Pluperfect.
τιμω; τιμήεν; φιλοΐτον; μισθοίτε και τιμώμεθα; ετιμων: ετιμα; Sing. ετετιμημην επεφιλημην εμεμισθωμην
εφιλει ; εμισθου; ετιμάτο; εφιλείτο; μισθούτο; ετιμώμεν; επεφωράμην
εφιλείτε; εμισθουτε; ετιμάσθε ; εφιλείσθε , εμισθ, ύσθε , τιμών και Future.
τιμώσα; φιλουντος και μισθουσης και τιμ υμενη; φιλουμένου και μισ
θούσθαι; μισθοί; φιλώμαι ; φιλουμαι; φιλο; φιλούνται;
φιλήται και φιλείσθαι.
Give the contracted form for these
Τιμαεις; φιλεω και τιμαομεν και τιμαετε και τιμαε ; φιλεομεν ; Sing. τετιμησομαι πεφιλησομαι μεμισθωσομαι τιμιoυσι ; εφιλεον; εμισθοε ; ετιμαεσθον και ετιμαοντο; εφιλεομην; πεφωράσομαι
εμισθοετο; εφιλεεσθε και μισθοομενος και τιμαοιμι ; τιμαοιεν και φιλεοι
μεν, μισθοοι; μισθοοιμι; τιμαοιμην; τιμαοιτο; μισθοοιντο; PASSIVE VOICE.
τιμαοιημεν; φιλεoιην ; φιλεοιημεν ; μισθοοιητον και μισθοοιητε; Aorist,
Write out in full, according to the paradigms, the following εφωράθην
verbs, first in an uncontracted form, and then in a contracted Future.
form, and then again in the two forms combined : Sing. τιμηθησομαι φιληθησομαι μισθωθησομαι
φοβεω, I frighten, φοβησω, πεφοβηκα, πεφοβημαι. φωράθησομαι
χωρεω, I yield, χωρησω, κεχωρηκα, κεχωρημαι. Verbal Adjectives.
ποιεω, I make, ποιησω, πεποιηκα, πεποιημαι. τιμη-τεος, τεα, τεον, φωρά-τεος, τεα, τεον και φιλη-τεος, τεα,
αγαπαω, Ιιοιε, αγαπησω, ηγαπηκα, ηγαπημαι. τεον και μισθω-τεος, τεα, τεον.
νικαω, Iconquer, νικησω, νενικηκα, νενικημαι.
δηλοω, I shou», δηλωσω, δεδηλωκα, δεδηλωμαι. REMARKS ON THE CONTRACTED Verbs.
χρυσοω, Igild, χρυσωσω, κεχρυσωκα, κεχρυσωμαι. The verbs in Ew with monosyllabic stems, as thew, I sail,
In order that you may not blindly copy, I give a specimen PVw, I breathe, bew, I run, etc., admit only the contraction of another arrangement, which I advise you to follow, as well in el (made up of eel or ee), and in all the other forms remain as that which precedes :
Active,- Present Tense, Indicative Mood.
χρυσο, gild Conj. πλεω, πλερς, πλεη, πλεωμεν, πλεητε, πλεωσι.
ώμεν εομεν ούμεν ουμεν ούμεν 2 ατον είτον
ούτον Pres. Ιnd. πλεομαι, πλες, πλείται, πλεομεθον, πλεισθον, etc.
Pl. 1 αομεν
ούμεν Inf. πλείσθαι, Ρart. πλεομενος, Impf. επλεομην.
Observe that the first person dual is nothing else than a re.
rules : petition of the first person plural ; accordingly in the area ALE , QEL, an, ay, become n and y, instead of a and ą; as, Law,
paradigm it is altogether omitted. ζω, I live, ζής, ή, ήτον, ήτε, inf. ξήν, imperat. ζή, imperf. εζων, ης, ή, ήτον, ηταν, ήτε : also, πεινα-ω, πεινώ, I am λιμηgry, inf. πεινήν, etc.; διψα-ω, διψώ, I am thirsty, inf. διψήν. Further, Il n'est pas d'alliance, ni de société plus belle, plus douce et άω, ενώ, I scratch, inf. κνήν; σμαω, σμώ, I wash, inf. σμήν; | plus heureuse qu'un bon mariage. C'est une joie de voir deux vous, this, I rub, int
. Çiv; Xpáopian, zeamai, use, need, "xoz, époux vivre unis et en paix ; mais aussi rien de plus amer et de Χρήται, inf. χρήσθαι : 20 αποχρωμαι, Υwate, int αποχρήσθαι; | Ι άοσμreux que quand de leu se acchite-hor
Dr. 1 αομεν