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Watt. It might, indeed, have been expected that a grateful “Such was the dawn of that practical philosophy which now
country would have wreathed spontaneous honours round that in rich effulgence illuminates the arts of Britain.
living head, which had rendered it the most powerful among “What honours and rewards were bestowed on the man who
the nations, which had supplied it with the sinews of war, and first shed these rays of awakening light on a world lying in
had multiplied, in a degree scarcely calculable, the sources of darkness ? For demonstrating the true constitution of our
its national wealth :

solar system—the daily rotation of the earth on its axis, and

its annual revolution round the central sun-the rugged
" But nations, slowly wise and meanly just,
To buried merit raise the tardy buet."

mountainous structure of our moon and the satellites of Jupiter,

besides many other equally important truths which your time Let us rejoice, however, that this strange neglect of such sur- will not permit me to recount, Galileo was vilified as an impassing excellence and usefulness no longer exists. From his poster and a heretic, hunted from one Italian principality Most Gracious Majesty to the working mechanic, every man to another, finally apprehended as a culprit, compelled to 13 ready to recognise the merits of James Watt, and to contri- kueel before a conclave of ignorant cardinals, and condemned bute in his sphere towards their celebration.”

to perpetual imprisonment. Such was the fate of the greatest Thanks were then voted to the Lord Provost for his conduct philosopher, the most elegant writer and accomplished gentle. in the chair, and to the gentlemen who signed the requisition man, whi his country has produced. for calling this meeting.

" In 1642, the year in which death relieved Galileo from his In the list of the gentlemen who were appointed as members priestly persecutors, Providence called another mind into of the committee on this occasion, viz. 24th Nov., 1824, we being, which was ordained to confirm beyond dispute, and to find our own name mentioned (a fact which we had entirely extend to universal nature, the primary deductions of the forgotten until we wrote this sentence) among the names of Florentine. This was Isaac Newton; a man, by the consent the Honourable the Lord Provost of Glasgow, the Provosts of of all nations, placed at the head of his species—the noblest Paisley and Dumbarton, ihe members of Parliament for these representative of human reason. In his presence, Satraps and towns and the counties to which they belong, the principal and Sultans, Emperors and Autocrats, hide their diminished heads. professors of the University of Glasgow, the chief men of the As Galileo had been the source of emulation among his concity of Glasgow, the great cotton and sugar lords of the western temporaries, so Newton became the philosophic sun, round metropolis of Scotland, bankers, merchants, and lawyers, men which a hundred scientific satellites in the various kingdoms worth hundreds of thousands of pounds, and whose names of Europe revolved, and from which they borrowed their will long be held in remembrance in that city, which is one illumination. The conclusion of the seventeenth century conof the most intelligent and opulent cities of the British empire, stitutes therefore the second splendid era of true science, as its and which is every day rising into greater importance by its commencement had been the first. But dazzled by the blaze wealth, population, and commerce.

of Newton's discoveries, mankind seemed to lose for a season In concluding this short memoir of Mr. Watt, we cannot the faculty of making spontaneous researches into the differbut give an abstract of the eloquent lecture soon afterwards ent regions of nature. Accordingly, a period of quiescence, (20th Dec., 1824) delivered by Dr. Ure, the talented professor nearly equal to the former, now intervenes, during which of chemistry, in the hall of the Andersonian University, in aid science is seen to repose on her laurels. of the funds subscribed by the previous meeting, which " But too mighty and general an impulsion had been given to amounted, at the close, to upwards oł £1000. This lecture pro-human reason, for it to subside into apathy and inaction. And duced from the mechanics of Glasgow, who assembled in that soon a third and most magnificent era commenced; for a new room, and which held only about five hundred persons, the world, abounding with productions, powers, and privileges, sum of £54. With these, and

other sums afterwards collected, incalculably extensive and beneficial, began to be explored a Fery handsome bronze statue of James Watt was erected to and conquered by science. This was the invisible and intanhis memory in Georges-square, Glasgow. The following is the gible world of elastic Auids ; but not on that account either a abstract of the Doctor's lecture :

shadowy or unsubstantial realm. Now the wild spirits of the "The intellect of nations as well as of individuals has its alchemists were tamed; the incoercible vapours were taught periods of exertion and repose, of splendour and obscuration: docility and restraint. Here actual scenes burst upon our thus the history of literature and of the fine arts is concentrated view, more marvellous than any pictured in the pages of oriental round two epochs in ancient Greece, one in ancient Rome, and

The first Arabian alchemists believed that the two or at most three in modern Europe.

elements were under the dominion of intelligent spirits, who "The progress of science displays corresponding alternations might be brought into subjection to human power; and the of activity and quiescence ; for illustrations of this truth we fantastic tales of fairies and genii, narrated with such

a luxuneed hardly refer to the ancient world. Its poets, orators, riance of fancy in the Thousand and One Nights, formed the historians, and artists, indeed, have created such models as creed of those mystical adepts. But modern science disdains modern genius vainly strives to rival or even to imitate : but to cherish such chimeras. It perceives, and solemnly acknowits philosophers discover on most occasions so little skill in ledges, one creative and superintending mind, which has scientific research so little tact in interrogating nature, that formed every part of the material system in truth, harmony, they can be regarded merely as rude cultivators of that garden and beneficence ; and which has conferred on man the glorious of knowledge which was destined in after ages to furnish privilege of searching out the principles of elemental change, perennial stores of fruit

to delight the senses of man, and so as to direct them at his will, and with a surer aim than invigorate the frame of society.

superstition ever could dare to suppose her supernatural phan. "Little more than two centuries has elapsed since the human toms possessed. mand began on right principles to examine the system of the

“ Aladdin's fabled lamp, which enabled its bearer to explore determine, by well-devised experiments, the mutual actions of the hidden treasures of the earth, to wander unhurt plaid deduce results capable of enlarging the empire of man over spoil

, is more than realised by Sir H. Davy's wondrous inven. el chis Maker, to subdue the earth, in order to enjoy the aerostatic machine, by whose buoyancy man may rise to elevae out Galileo then appeared the noble Florentine. He consti- glided against the current, and the breeze, is far surpassed by eles ehe focus round which the first bright rays of practical our actual steam-ship, the modern leviathan, which,

instinct elence were converged, and from which they became diffused with fire, marches over the mountain wave, and bids defiance

to the storm. "By investigating the laws of motion, he laid the foundatior.

“It is ascertained that the WORK NOW PERFORMED by the of practical mechanics, and applied his valuable deductions STEAM-ENGINE of Wart in Great Britain, is equivalent to the puents. He also suggested the first ideas concerning the pres- require relays

in order to continue the work, and therefore at least double the number would be required in the course of


sure and equilibrium of the atmosphere.


twelve hours, forming the amazing aggregate of ONE MILLION, “Milton's boldfiction of chariots moving by vital impulse is equal to the labour of FIVE MILLIONS OF MEN.

realised in the locomotive engine"The volume or bulk of the great pyramid of Egypt is equal to nearly 5,333,333 cubic yards, and the weight of one cubic

Chariots winged, harness'd at hand,

Celestial equipage-and now came forth yard of its material being about two tons, its whole weight is

Spontaneous, for within the spirit lived.' 10,666,666 tons. The centre of gravity of the pyramid stands fifty-four yards above its base, and taking twelve yards as the The time is not far distant when chariots winged with fire average depth of the quarries from which the stones were shall be seen tlying over metallic pavements through all the raised, we have for the total altitude of that centre sixty-six populous districts of the empire, transporting travellers and yards, which multiplied by 10,666,666, give about 704 millions merchandize with amazing smoothness and velocity.. of tons, elevated one yard high.

I "From these marvellous effects shall we remount to causes ? "Now the British steam-engines represent a power of 500,000 shall we trace the early development of this master-mind, this horses; THESE MACHINES moving for twenty-four HOT RS, can true philosopher, this tutelary genius of Britain, who has done raise 3,420 MILLIONS OF Tons one yard high, taking Watt's for the earih what Newton did for the Heavens--teaching estimate of 32,000 lbs. one foot high in a minute, for a single us to explore its regions of land, water, and air, and to apply borse power, consequently they could raise 704 millions of tons, their productions to the uses of life." Here Dr. Ure gave an being the equivalent weight of THE PYRAMID, in less than account of Mr. Watt's early education, which was by no means

neglected either on his own part or that of his very respectable “M. Dupin, three years ago, astonished the institute of France, parents. At twenty-one years of age, he commenced busiby showing that the British engines could raise all the stones

ness as a mathematical instrument maker in Glasgow, where of the pyramid from the quarries into their respective places by he found congenial minds and zealous patrons in the celebrateil cighteen hours' work, but he must have greatly underrated the men who then adorned our university. At that time, mathepower of the steam-engines, even allowing for their rapid matics, the foundation of all the exact sciences, flourished increase since that time. Herodotus tells us, that the great here, for Robert Simpson was the teacher, a name which pyramid employed in its building the whole available popula- awakens many mingled emotions. Then Adam Smith, tion of Egypt for twenty years ; Cheops, the king, was so previously trained to habits of accurate thinking by the study detested for imposing this grinding labour on his subjects, of geometry and astronomy, shed the kindred glories of literawhich totally impoverished the country, that they suffered ture and science around him; and Black was ardently opening neither his own bones nor those of his posterity to repose in his auspicious career. of discovery. When will such a triumthis absurd mausoleum. Now mark the difference between virate again appear to cherish the nascent genius of another ancient and moderu industry-between that of slaves and that Watt! The Professor, after detailing minutely the various of freemen. All the labour of Watt's engines is employed in improvements of Mr. Watt upon the steam-engine, and the productive operations, nourishing the people, and enriching experiments he made in their prosecution, read some extracts the plate to a degree which it is not easy to imagine or com- from Mr. Watt's parent, which clearly showed that all the pute.

later varieties of the steam-engine were anticipated and des"At the period when James Watt rendered his engine appli- cribed minutely by that philosopher; he then concluded cable to every purpose of art, he made a present to his

nearly as follows:

country of a power more economical, more disposable, more stupen- “Nothing could be happier than the moral constitution of Mr. dous, and more essential, than all the other powers previously Watt's mind. Ardent in research, yet patient of disappointapplied to manufactures.

ment; bold in his general views, gentle but firm in carrying "He has enabled us to descend to prodigious depths in the them into effect, bland in the intercourse of social life, yet not earth, formerly inaccessible; and has created there provinces without the raciness of genius, which gave an original zest to of subterraneanı wealth, infinitely more important and valuable all he said, and rendered every casual companion his friend than all our colonies in East and Western Ind; provinces and admirer. There was but one thing which his soul seemed which the chances of war can never wrest from us, and which to loathe, and which called forth its laient artillery of sarcasm, require no mighty military array to secure. And all this has and that was illiterate presumption. been done with a little fuel, which he himself supplies, a little "In the summer of 1805, I had the honour of spending two water, a cylinder, a piston, and a few.levers. How truly did days with him at his villa of Heathfield, near Soho, on my Bacon declare, “knowledge is power!" The knowledge of the return from a scientitic tour through England. Many doubts laws of nature, arms our feeble hands with her mosi gigantic and difficulties had occurred to me, some of which I ventured forces! How many populous and Nourishing cities and towns to state to Mr. Watt. Then the spring of knowledge flowed have been created by the genius of Watt! What were Bir- forth in a most refreshing stream, and wherever it turned mingham, Manchester, Nottingham, Leeds, Preston, Glasgow, flowers and fruits came up spontaneously. To every topic he and many others, before his engine gave them vitality ? and gave singular interest, by the originality and justness of his what would become of them were it to disappear? What, in views. His intellectual alembic had sublimed from every this case, would feed our multiplied population, what would subject its purer essence, and left the grosser parts behind, pay the interest of our national debt, where would be the pre- Hence his memory, though vastly capacious and retentive, eminence of Britain? Deprived of the boundless resources never betrayed the recollection of any thing dull or common. furnished by Watt, no Nelson could have been sent forth to place. Its compartments were all distinctly defined, and each sweep the ocean, for the meteor tag of England would, but for was replenished with its peculiar store of intellectual wealth. his vestal fire, long ere now have ceased to burn; and the three Intense study is apt to engender grave and even recluse habits

, hundred millions expended in the Peninsular war was the as is seen in the biography of Newton, and many other illusproduce of the alchemy of Watt.

trious philosophers. It may be doubted, therefore, if ever But what new phenomenon do we behold! Mark that there existed so happily framed a mind as that of James Watt; mighty vessel issuing from the port! She bears her gallant which, deep and powerful like the ocean, could, in society, prow ihrough the opposing billows. She braves alike " the assume the sparkling vivacity and innocent playfulness of the Lattle and the breeze." in vain does the rage of man try to crystal rill. This is the perfection of philosophy. Thus know, Rind her triumphunt course; in vain do the elements resist leige becomes truly amiable; and pursued in the spirit of

sr. See, she marshals the English fleet; she plants the Watt, it is calculated to render us dear to our friends, valua le war ships in their station, while their sails are furled to our country, and humble in the sight of God. Mr. Wart's alm. She manquvres them so as to battle and sur- piety was rational, steady, and unobtrusive. His benevolence se tem. They are conquered, but fight is no longer discovered itself in every circumstance of his life, for he sought

The gruids of Waut arresis them, as it by an irresis- to do good to the extent of his power, being a perfect stranger pill

. Then wars shall ceabe, because resistance shall to envy and every malignant feeling. Ånd after a lile so peles,

eminently useful,' he surrendered his soul, in the utnost *---t.le fraud sball fall,

tranquillity, to that Supreme Intelligence which had, sur Abd waste.f9u'!) ince der golden scale,'

eighty-four years, made bim its peculiar care."

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flexions, but also in compounds, before an aspirated vowel :


Instoad of

vorite By JOHN R. BEARD, D.D.

απ' ου



εφημερoς (επι and ήμερα, α λαν)

επυφανω εφυφαινω (επι and υφαινω, I reare) Tas variations in letters which have come under our notice τετυπιά

τετυφα (τυπτω, I strike). are not arbitrary, but these, with others, depend chiefly on ουκ οσιως ουχ οσιως (όσιος, Moly) euphonic laws, or laws which regard to easy and pleasing δεκημερος δεχημερος (δεκα, ten, and ήμερα) sound imposes. These laws are in a measure common to all

αντ' ών

ανθ' ών (αντι, instead of) cultivated languages, but were specially observed by the


ειλογα (perf. of λεγω, I speak) Greeks, whose sense of hearing, as well as the other senses, was acute and refined. Of such laws or observances we have τετρι3-ά τετριφα (τριβω, I rub). already spoken, in giving the uncontracted and contracted vowel equivalents. The consonants also, in coming together, Nevertheless the Greeks say ovčarç (sis, one), not ovdris ; and undergo changes according to determinate rules ; and, as we | λεγ' ετεραν, not λεχ' ετεραν, also τριβ' ούτως, not τριφ' ούτως. are on the point of handling the verbs whose characteristic is a consonant, we will here say a few words respecting the

These changes take place also in crasis, that is, where two

permuration of consonants-meaning, by that term, the changes vowels are mixed into one, as Od repa from ra irepa. If the to which consonants are liable in their varying relations one

tenues it or kt precede, both must be converted into aspirates, to another.

as έφθημερας instead of έπτη μερος (froιη επτα, seren, and Here I must draw your attention to what has been said Muepa, day). respecting the consonants. You know that they are divided A t sound (1, 0, 0) before another t sound passes into o into liquids

, namely, 1, 1, v, p; and mutes, namely, #, k, 7; (so in the Latin claustrum, an inclosure, prison, from claudo, 1 3,3,0; 9, , 0; and that by the union ofo with these the shut), but in the Perfect and Pluperfect active is dropped ouble consonants ψ, ξ, and ζ, are produced: thus

before *; as
ψ is equal to πσ, βσ, or φσ

επειθ-θην from πειθω, I persuade, becomes επεισβην
κσ, γσ, ΟΥ χσ

ηρειδ-θην ερειδω, I pron,

You know, also, that the nine mutes are divided in three πεπειθ- κα πειθω, I persuade,
ways, namely, 1. the organ chiefly employed in pronouncing
them, as, 1. palatals (pronounced by the palate), , *, x ; 2.

N before another liquid passes into the same liquid, as linguals (pronounced by the tongue), 7, 8, , called also denials ; and, 3. labials (pronounced by the lips), π, β, φ. Α

συν-λογιζω, I reason, becomes συλλογιζω second classification arises from considering what may be εν-μενο,

I remain in,

εμμενω termed the predominant sound; thus, in k, y, x, you have a k συν-μετρια, proportion, συμμετρια (our symmetry) sound; in 7, 0, 0, a t sound; and in 7, 8, 9, a p sound. Com

συν-ριπτω, Ithrou with,

συρριπτω. pare in each of the sets the three consonants together, and you will obserre differences which have been made the basis of a The same is seen in the Latin illino (in and lino), immineo (in third division into tenues (or slender), F, 7, #; mediæ (or and maneo). width), y, è, ; and aspiratze (or aspirate), x, 0, $.

An exception is found in the preposition av before p, as The following, then, are the facts which regard the use and Evpittw, I throw in ; yet in Latin irruo, not inruo. interchange of the consonants :

p sound (, B, 9) before i passes into y 4. p sound (7, 13, 9) or a k sound (x, y, x) before a t sound 17,1, 9 must be of the same kind with the t sound: that is,

k sound (x and x)


but y remains une Despre a tenuis , as -, you can place only a tenuis, as - or x; t sound (1, 0, 0)

( changed aze a media, as 8, you can place only a media, as B or y; before an aspirata, as 0, you can place only an aspirata, as o ory:

1. psoun 1, τετρι3-μαι from τα , ,

τετριμαι 135, you have ar an å «T; Bi and yo ; ¢1 or xo: with this


λειπω, I leare, λελειμμαι compare the Latin scriptum, written, from scribo, I write;

γεγραφ-μαι 3)
γραφω, I write,

γέγραμμαι Team, r'd, from rego,' I rule ; coctuin, cooked, from coquo, I 2. k sound, πεπλεκ-μαι πλεκω, Init,

πεπλεγμαι λελεγμαι λεγω, I say, λελεγμαι correct for.n.

βεβρεχ-μαι και βρεχω, I ret, βε βρεγμαι 3

π, 45 τριβ-ω, Iύ, τετριβ-ται, τετριπται 3. t soul, ηνυτ-μαι avutw, 1 finish, ηνυσμαι
π, as γραφ-ω, Iurite, γεγραφ-ται, γεγραπται

ερημει -μαι και ερειω, I sunport, ερηρεισμαι
I speak, λελεγ-ται, λελεκται

πεπειθομαι και πειθι», I prsual, πεπεισμαι
ε, as βρεχω, I tert, βεβρεχ-ται, β: βρεκται

κεκομι-μαι και κομιζω, I carry, κεκομισμαι,
β, as κυπτω, I bend, κυπ-δα, κυβια

3, 45 γραφω, I write, γραφ-την, γραβδην N before a p sound (A, B, 0, y ) passer into y

7, 25 πλειω, Ιισeare, πλεκ-δην, πλεγε ην X

k (κ, γ, χ, ξ)

Υ 7, 45 βρεχω, Ιιcet, βρες την, βρεγην

(1, 1, 9; remains unchanged; as, 3

9, 25 πεμπω, Iseni, επεμπ-θην, επεμφθην
$, τριβω, I rub,


becomes εμπειρια, a perience
ετριβθην, ετριφθην
Χ 25 πλεκω, I reaις, ετλεκ-θην, επλεχθην


εμβαλλω, Icast into χ, as λεγω, Ιετη, ελεγ-θην, ελεγθην.


εμφρων, sensible, rational εν-ψυχος

εμψυχος, αnimated rensins undierel before ö and 0, as


συγκαλεω, I call together wiat sienic, namais, *, *, ?, pass into the corresponding The times, siled by some hard, by others sharp, and by

συν-γιγνωσκω και συγγιγνωσκω, Ιλήσω μί prata, brz rata, , , not only in derivations and in: |


OvYXpovos, being at the same lime συν-ξεω

ανγκω, sino0th.

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Compare the Latin imbuo and imprimo. Nevertheless we find But in the passive or middle inflexions beginning with of συντεινω, I stretch, συνδεω, I oind with, and συνθεω, I run the verbs just mentioned θαπτω and τρεφω, the aspirates with.

remain; as The enclitics, or those words which receive a particle at the εθρεφ-θην, θρεφ-θηναι, θρεφ-θησεσθαι, τεθραφ-θαι, end, form an exception, as ονπερ (ον and περ), τονγε (τον and ye).

εθαφ-θην, θαφθεις, θαφ-θησομαι, τεθαφ·θαι.

The two flexional terminations of the imperative First Aorist P sound (7,ß, ) unites with o to formy

passive would both begin with an aspirate, as Ondı, but the K (x, y, x)

latter aspirate is changed into its tenuis, as Ontı, e.g. Bovlevo т (1, 0, 0) before o disappears; as

Onti; nevertheless the termination O. appears in the Second

Aorist passive, as tpuß-ndı. 1. P sound, delt-ow from doutw, I leave, becomes λειψω

Finally; the liquid p is doubled, 1. with the augment, as τριβ-σω Tpißw, I rub,


Eppeov; 2. in compounds when the p is preceded by a short

vowel, as apprktos, unbroken, indestructible, Babuppovs, flowing γραφ-σω 2 paow, I write,

deep; but evpwotos (from ev and pwvvvue, I strengthen), very 2. K sound, ther-OW TERU, I trist,


strong, with only one p, since ev is long.
λεγ-σω λεγω, I say,

βρεχ-σω και
Bpexw, I wet,

3. T sound, avut-IW
avutw, I finish,

FRENCH READINGS.-No. XVII. ερειδ-σω xperồw, I support, EPELOW

7610.06 TELOW, I persuade,
ελπιδ-σω ελπιζω, I hope,

ελπισω, ,

COURAGE ET GRANDEUR DANS L'INFORTUNE. Compare 04, 07-05, the voice; xepviy, xspvi-ßos, consecrated

SECTION V. water; νιψ, νιφ-ος, που και κοραξ, κορακ-ος, α raven ; αιξ, αιγος,

Quand il eut revêtuo ses habits de fête, ainsi qu'il le dé. a goat; uwivk, ywvux-os, not cloven.footed ; yeAws, yelwt-os, sirait, il demeura' en prières jusqu'à midi. Alors il mangea? laughter; launas, dantao-os, a torch; opvis, opri0-os, a bird; un morceau de pain et but un verre de vin. Puis la feελπις, ελπιδ-ος, hope.

nêtre de son appartement à Whitehall s'étant ouverte, e il Compare, also, in the Latin, duxi from duco, rexi from rego, put apercevoir au milieu des soldats de Cromwell l'appaand coci from coquo. As an exception, in the preposition ex reil de son supplice. Il le vit sans crainte. Comme on the « before o remains, as Erow'w, I save.

était au trente de janvier, et que le roi sentit que la saison N vanishes before e, and if v is connected with a t sound était rigoureuse, il dit à Herbert: both sounds vanish before o ; but the short vowel before the Il fait« froid, ils croiraient que je tremble de peur ; o is lengthened, that is to say, e into el, o into ov, and à, i, , donnez-moi mon manteau. into a, i, ū; as

Herbert lui jeta son manteau sur les épaules. Le roi

marcha ensuite d'un pas ferme à l'échafaud tendu de noir. δαιμον-σι becomes δαιμοσι οδοντ-σι becomes εδούσι

Il considéra d'un oil calme les instruments 10 du supplice et τυφθεντ-σι Tupoliol έλμινθισι ελμισι parut s'étonner que l'échafaud ne fût pas plus élevé. Il σπεδ-σω

δεικνυντ-σι δεικνύσι adressa la parole'i à quelques-uns de ceux qui l'approτυψαντ-σι τυψάσι Ξενοφωντ-σι, Ξενοφωσι chaient de plus près, leur déclarant de nouveau qu'il!? The following are exceptions :—ev, as EVOHELPW, I sou in;

n'avait point à se reprocher d'avoir commencé la guerre Talıv, as malivorios, thickly shaded; some inflexions and contre le parlement anglais ; mais il avoua 13 ce qui depuis derivations in oal and ois, as nepavoal from pairw, I show, and long-temps affligeait son âme. Il dit que le ciel le punisa few substantives in uvc and vvs. The v in our in compounds sait justement d'avoir consenti à l'arrêt de mort iniquement before o and a following vowel passes into o, as ovoowki; but prononcé contre son noble ministre le comte de Strafford. if after v a o with a consonant or a { follows, then the v dis- Il répéta qu'il pardonnait à tous ses ennemis. L'évêque appears, as συν-στημα, συστημα και συν-ζυγια, συζυγια.

Juxon lui adressant des consolations : An exception to the extension of ę into a before v and a t --Oui, dit le roi, 15 je vais quitter une couronne périssable sound appears in the adjectives which end in eis, cooa, wv, the pour une couronne qu'aucun trouble n'accompagnera. dative plural masculine and neuter of which is coi instead Sans doute, reprit l'évêque,16 vous échangez une cou, of evoi.

ronne temporelle contre une couronne immortelle. Oh quel Two immediately following syllables of a word cannot in favorable, quel heureux échange! certain cases begin with aspirates, but the first aspirate passes Quand le roi eut lui-même ôté son habit, il passa! into the kindred tenuis. This fact is exemplied in

autour du cou de l'évêque son collier de Saint-Georges en 1. The Verbal Reduplication, as

ne lui disant que ces mots : instead of φε φιληκα from φιλεω, Ιιove, we have πε-φιληκα

--Souvenez-vous. ҳ-ҳўка xew, I pour,

Alors posant sa tête sur le billot, il éleva ses mains 18 comme

κεχυκα θε-θύκα Oww, I sacrifice,

pour donner lui-même le signal. D'un seul coup l'un de

τεθυκα θι-θημι ses deux bourreaux, qui étaient des hommes masqués

, lui (stem Oe), 1 place, τιθημι

trancha la tête ; l'autre la saisit toute sanglante et la montra 2. In the Aorist and First Future passive of the two verbs au peuple. Overv, to sacrifice, and Tidevai, to place, as

Ainsi perit le roi Charles premier d'Angleterre dans la ETV-Onv, tv-Oncopar, etc-One, te-Onoopar, instead of cou-Onv, etc. quarante-neuvième année de son âge.19 La mort également

3. In some words whose root begins with the aspirate and courageuse 20 et résignée du malheureux roi de France, ends with an aspirate, e.g.

Louis seize, devait faire, à la fin du siècle suivant, le ter

rible pendant de la sienne. ΘΡΙΧ: θριξ, τριχος, λαϊr, but the dative plural is θριξιν AAX: Taxus, swift, comparative Oattwy

COLLOQUIAL EXERCISE. ΘΑΦ: θαπτω, Ioury, aor. 2. pass. εταφην

1. Que fit le roi après avoir

4. Comment contempla - t. il ΘΡΕΦ: τρεφω, I nourish, fut. θρεψω, aor. εθρεψα.

revêtu ses habits de fête ?

l'appareil de son supplice? 2. Que fit-il ensuite ?

5. Quel mois de l'année était. Here belongs also the verb exw, I have, instead of éxw, fut. 3. Quevit-il quand la fenêtre de

ce? ifw; aor. xoxov instead of coexov,

son appartement fut ouverte? 6. Faisait-il froid alors?


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7. Que demanda-t-ilà Herbert? Juxon qui lui adressait des 10. Quelle était l'habitude du | 15. Ce nom plut-il à Frédéric ?

meunier? consolations?

16. De quelle loi l'auteur parlo. 8. Que fit Herbert ?

t-il ici ? 9. Comment marcha -t-il à 16. Que lui répondit le prélat ? (11. Que faisait-il à l'égard du


17. Quelle soif tourmente les
l'échafaud ?
17. Que fit le roi lorsqu'il eut

12. Le moulin était-il acha. meuniers et les rois ?
10. De quel wil regarda -t-il ôté son habit ?

landé ? 18. Que fit Charles après avoir

18. Pourquoi le roi fut-il le l'échafaud ?

13. Comment le nommait-on ?

moins sage?
11. Que fit-il alors ?
posé sa tête sur le billot ?

14. Qu'allaient faire à Sans. | 19. Qu'avait-on fait ?
12. Que déclara-t-il de nouveau ? 19. Quel âge avait Charles I. ?
13. Quel aveu fit-il ?

20. Quelle mort devait ressem- Souci les jeunes gens du voi. | 20. Que fallait-il faire si on
14. Que répéta-t-il ?
bler à la sienne ?

n'obtenait pas le moulin ?

sinage ? 15. Que dit Charles à l'évêque

NOTES AND REFERENCES.-a. écarts, vagaries.-6. de n'en NOTES AND REFERENCES.—a. from revêtir ; L. part ii, p. point avoir, the lack of one.-c. L. S. 87, R. 5.-d. from convenir; 104.—b. from boire ; L. part ii., p. 80.-c. L. S. 44, R. 1, 2.-d. L. part ii., p. 84.-e. L. part ii., § 26, R. (5).--. courir, hunt.L. 8. 32, R. 5.-6. arrêt de mort, death-warrant.-f. L. S. 31, R. g. L. part ii., § 127, R. (5).-h. aile, sweep.--. from falloir ; L. 2.-9. pendant, counterpart.

part ii., p. 92.


Des bâtiments royaux l'ordinaire intendant

Fit venir a le meunier,' et d'un ton important:

-Il nous fautb ton moulin;a que veux-tu qu'on t'en donne?

---Rien du tout; car j'entends 3 ne le vendre à personne.
L'HOMME est dans ses écarts," un étrange problème.? Il vous faut, est fort bon .... mon moulin est à moi,
Qui de nous en tout temps? est fidèle à soi-même ?

Tout aussi bien, au moins, que la Prusse est d au roi.
Le commun caractère est de : n'en point avoir ;'

-Allons, ton dernier mot, bon homme, et prends y garde.
Le matin incrédule, on est dévot le soir,

- Faut-il vous parler clair ?-Oui.—C'est que je le garde ::
Tel s'élève et s'abaisse au gré de l'atmosphère

Voilà mon dernier mot. Ce refus effronté
Le liquide métalbalancé sous le verre.

Avec un grando scandale au prince est raconté,
L'homme est bien variable ; et ces malheureux rois,” Il mande' auprès de lui le7 meunier indocile;
Dont on dit tant de mal, ont de bon quelquefois. Presse, flatte, promet; ce fut peine inutile,
J'en conviendraid sans peine, et ferai mieux encore; Sans-Souci s'obstinait.-Entendez la raison,
J'en citerai pour preuve un trait qui les honore ;

Sire, je ne peux pas vous vendre ma maison :
Il est de ce héros, de Frédéric secoud,

Mon vieux père y mourut,' mon fils y vient de naître ;
Qui tout roi qu'il était, fut un penseur profond.

C'est mon Potsdam, à moi. Je suis tranchant peut-être ;
Il voulait se construire un agréable asile,

Ne l'êtes-vous jamais ? Tenez, mille 10 ducats,
Où loin d'une étiquette arrogante et futile,

Au bout de vos discours, ne me tenteraient pas,
Il pût, non végéter, boire et courir les cerfs,

Il faut vous en passer," je l'ai dit, je persiste.
Mais des faibles humains méditer les travers.

Les rois, malaisément, souffrent qu'on leur résiste,
Sur le riant coteau par le prince choisi,

Frédéric un moment par l'humeur emporté ;
S'élevait le moulin du meunier Sans-Souci.

- Vraiment, de ton moulin" c'est bien être entêté ;
Le vendeur de farine avait pour habitude,

Je suis bon de vouloir t'engager à le vendre !
D'y vivre ! au jour le jour, exempt d'inquiétude; Sais-tu que sans payer je pourrais bien le prendre ?
Et de quelque côté que vints souffler le vent,

Je suis le maître.- Vous ! . . . . de prendre mon moulin ?
Il y tournait son aile, et s'endormait content.

Oui,12 si nous n'avions pas des juges à Berlin.
Fort bien achalandé, grâce à son caractère,12

Le monarque, à ce mot, revient de son caprice.13
Le moulin prit le nom 13 de son propriétaire ;

Charmé que sous son règne on crût à la justice,
Et des hameaux voisins, les filles, les garçons

Il rit, et se tournant vers quelques courtisans;
Allaient à Sans-Souci pour 14 danser aux chansons. - Ma foi, Messieurs, je crois qu'il faut changer nos plans.
Sans-souci .... ce doux nom d'un agréable augure Voisin, garde ton bien, j'aime fort ta réplique,
Devait plaire aux amis des dogmes d'Epicure.

Qu'aurait-on fait de mieux dans une république ?
Frédéric le trouva 15 conforme à ses projets,

Le plus sûr est pourtant de ne pas s'y fier ; 15
Et du nom d'un moulin honora son palais.

Ce même Frédéric, juste enviers un meunier,
Hélas ! est-ce une loi sur notre pauvre terre

Se permit maintes fois telle autre fantaisie ; 16
Que toujours le deux voisins auront entre eux la guerre ; Témoin ce certain jour qu'il prit la Silésie;
Que la soif d'envahir17 et d'étendre ses droits
Tourmentera toujours les meuniers et les rois ?

Qu'à peine sur le trône, avide de lauriers,

Epris du vain renom qui séduit les guerriers,
En cette occasion, le roi fut le moins sage ;

Il mit l’Europe 17 eni feu. Ce sont là jeux de Prince ;
Il lorgna 18 du voisin le modeste héritage.

On respecte un moulin, on vole une province,
On avait fait des plans,19 fort beaux sur le papier,
où le chétif enclos se perdait tout entier,
Il fallaiti sans cela 20 renoncer à la vue,

Rétrécir les jardins et masquer l'avenue.

1. Que fit l'intendant des bâti- 8. Que dit Sans-Souci au mo.


narque ?
2. Que dit-il au meunier d'un

9. Pourquoi ne voulait-il pas
1. Par quelle réflexion lo mor-
5. Que dit-il des rois ?
ton important ?

vendre sa maison ?
ceau commence-t-il ?
6. Que va-t-il citer pour preuve

3. Que lui répondit Sans-Sou. | 10. Qu'ajouta-t-il à l'égard du
2. Quelle question l'auteur
de son argument ?
ci ?

prix ?
7. De qui ce trait est-il ? 4. Qu'ajouta l'intendant ?
3 Que dit-il du caractère hu-
8. Que voulait se construire le 5. Quel fut le dernier mot du

porté par l'humeur ?
roi ?

meunier ? 4. Comment compare-t-il le

9. Qu'y avait-il sur le coteau 6. Rapporta-t-on ce refus au caractère humain avec le vif- choisi par le prince ?

roi ? argent du thermometre?

7. Que fit Frédéric alors ?

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fait-il ensuite?

11. Que lui dit Frédéric em

main ?

12. Quel fut la réponse de notre

ami Sans-Souci?
13. Quel effet ces paroles eurent

elles sur le monarque ?

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