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inches long, which he had found would together burn for four Coset ko-sai Things

and-twenty hours. Having marked the inches on them there. Sire


Formerly Sir, now fore, he ordered that they should be lighted in succession, and

each three inches that were consumed he considered as record. Resi rhi-zee Rendered

ing the flight of an hour. But finding that the candles burned Soma 80-mah Burden

away more quickly at one time than at another, on account of náh-20 Tom

the rushing violence of the winds, which sometimes would 1 ffure bef-fáh-rai To scoff

blow night and day without intermission through the doors of- fái-20 Offended

and windows, the numerous chinks in the walls, or the slender Suffice 86f-fee-thai

Soft, flexible, supple covering of the tents, he bethought him how he might preSoffoco 861-fo-ko I suffocate

vent this inconvenience; and having c ntriveil artfully and Suffuso 8901-16 )-7) Wetted

wisely, he ordered that a lanthorn should be fairly fashioned Corallo ko-ra11-lo Coral

of wood and born, for white horn, when scraped ihin, allows Vitello rce-tel-lo Calf

the light to pass through even like gl188. The candle, there Carillo kah-víl-lo I annoy, quibble

fore, being placed in the lanthorn thus wonderfully construcud, Salollo sah-tól-lo Satistic , satiated,

as we huve said, of wood and horn, was both protected from Tired

the wind and slione during the night as luminously without as Catullo kah-tól-lo Catullus

within." This is a simple record, but contains a great fact Conammo tchai-náhm-mo We supped

and a wiso principle. Alfred loved literature for its own sake; Dil vinna dez-lei-mah Dilemma (logical)

he surked the flower for the honey, and on account of his haso Enima ai-ním-mah Enigma

ing united a virtuous disposition with a well disciplined mind, Somnomno som-mon-mo

posterity remembers him as a wise, aminble, and exemplary

A blow with the fist king. Of the Einperor Julian it is also recorded, that he spent Affumig ahf-lo im-mo I smoke (meat)

much of his time in the acqui-ition of knowledge. We are far Inganno in-gáhn.no Deceit

from justifying all the devils of this valorous warrior ani disa Antenne an-tan-nah Yard (of a ship)

tingnished monareh, but it is sufficient for present purposes ai-rin-nee The Furies

to say, that during his campaigns he was accustomed to spend Ironne ah-run-nai Aaron

many hurs in literaty pursuits, and that he has given to posAlunno ah-lóon-no Alumnus, pupil

terity several learned Greek works, as the result of his perstCaparra kah-páhr-rah

verance in mental cultivation. Atterro aht-térr-ro I knock down

Other noble and wealthy literati might be named, such as Butirro boo-tírr-ro Butter

Dem critus, Anaxagoras, Charlemagne, James I. of Scotland, Ricorro ree-kórt-ro I recur

Elizabeth, Alphons), Peter the Great, and John Napier. We Azzurro ah-sizóor-ro Azure

have made this briet' reference to these men of wealth, as illus4bbasso ahb-bahs-so Low

trative of the sentiment, that intellectual pursuit is not incom. Ossesso Us-ses-so

Demoniac, bored, patible with the possession of wealth, and as showing that dunned

inental excellence is independent of social position. In conAfisse alıf-fis-so Affixed

sidering the case of the wealthy, it is but just to remeinber, Indosso in-dôs-so

About, upon one's that they have allurements and temptations to which pror self

stu lents are not exposed, and it redounds greatly to their CONCI950 con-koos-so Mort d, shaken,con- honour, and proves their magnanimity, inasmuch as they have trite

risun superior to all dissipating influences, and resisted the force of the most powerful temptations, that they might increase

in knowledge, and cultivate an acqurintance with the sages, SKETCHES FOR YOUNG THINKERS. philosophers, poets, and historians, whose works survive their

wriers and form the text-books of admiring successors, (Conline front page 18.) 11. Intellectual excellence is opposed to proud, pedantie

, Money brings pleasure; so do fame, power, and position; but possesses, the more does he see his own ignorance. This color

and undue self-satisfaction. The more knowledge a mall the pleasure of these is not to be compared with the retined, not be better exemplified than in the memorable words of Sir so wise man despises money, or denies that it brings a certain others may regard me, but to myself I appear as a little child amount of pleasure with it. The world, in an important sense, who has been amusing himself in gathering a few pebbles oa things," and he is a happy man who understands its real value, beiore me." This is humility; it is a philosopher speaking as and has a heart to appropriate it to honourable purposes. We a child, and in that hour he appears as great, if not greater avoid equally the extreme of avarice, and that of affecting con- than in any other hour of his Tng and laborivus life. True tempt for money. The intellectual man, in his poverty, has a source of enjoyment unknown to the unleitered Dives whorolla greatness looks more at what remains to be done, than at what

is already accomplished. Learning tends to sinplify, and not in luxury and wealth. The two however, are by no means to bewilder and confounů. Two or three examplo may here

Biography has embalmed the memory of be inserted as illustrations, inany ?who have had this world's wealth in abundance, and Wesley preachid at Lincoln ; his text was Luke x. 42. One

In June, 1790, the Rev. John have added the riches of a well cultivated and powerful intel; thing is necufial." lect. Alfred the Great was a royal student, and has ext.ibited from the chapel, a lady caclained, in a tone of great surprising an example worthy of tlie imitation of all his kingly succes. sors. Although the son of a nonarch, and possessor of all the present day? Why the poorest might have understud! devoted himself to literature with a zeal but rarely surpassed. " In this, madam, he displayed his greatness; that will the lle was pre-eminently an economist of time, as the following poorest can understand lim, the most learned are editic and interesting quotation will abundanily testily:

cannot be offended." The following is of the same class and " Having made his chaplains procure the necessary quantity equally striking :--The late Dr. C. Evans, of Bristol, having of wax, he ordered six candles to be prepared, each of twelve once to travel from home, wrote to a poor congregation to say

| This is the plural of cosa, thing, pronouncel ko-sah, one of that he should have occasion to stay a niglit in their village, those exceptional sords where the s must be pronounced with a and that if it were agreea'le to thim he would give them a

The poor people hesitated for some time, but at sharp, hissing sound, though it is placed between two vowele. sermon. This exception should be imprinted on the reader's memory, be length permitted him to preach. After sermon he found them cause, as is obvious from its meaning, the word is of the most in a far happier mood than when he first cane among them,

and could not forbear inquiring into the reason of all this, frequent occurrence.

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“Why, sir, to tell you the truth," said one of them, “knowing nihil sumis tuis?") "Simonides takest thou nothing out of that you were a very learned man, and that you were a teacher thy riches"'? to which question the poet thus curtly replied : of young ininisters, we were much afraid we should not ("Mecum mea sunt cuncta") "With myself are all my things." understand you; but you have been quite as plain as any Plunderers attack the ship, carry off the booty, and leave the minister we ever hear." " Ay, ay," the Doctor replied, “ you hapless voyagers to console each other under their several entirely misunderstood the nature of learning, my friend : its misfortunes. Simonides had nothing, and lost nothing, and design is to make things so plain that they cannot be mis- omitted not the opportunity of sending a moral home to every

understood.' The next is somewhat different, but contains a understanding. Mind is more precious than money. Let this 1.5.07 Cie severe and humiliating rebuke. Let all whom it may concern one sentence be believed and acted upon, and in myriads of for tant ponder the principle contained in it, and beware of the error instances the grasp of the miser will relax, and scatter bless

which is so justly exposed :-Some persons in the Rev. Mr. ings with a bounteous hand. He who has a mind, has a treasure
Romaine's congregation, thinking his style of preaching too more priceless than gold, more adorning than a diadem, more
plain and comuion, had requested him to exhibit a little more enduring than the stars of the firmament! That mind was
learning in the pulpit ; accordingly, on a certain occasion he not bestowed for no purpose. Its history-for minds have
read his text in Hebrew. “Now," said he, “I suppose histories—is recorded, and we believe that one day that mind
scarcely one in the congregation understands that." He then will have the power of taking the most minute retrospect of
read it in Greek, and added : “Perliaps there may be one or itself, and will either rise to ineffable glory, or be covered
two that understand me now! I will next read it in Latin." with everlasting shame and confusion ! Opportunity and
He did so, and said: "Possibly a few more may comprehend exertion, advantages and performances, will be con pared; the
me, but the number is still very limited,” lle last of all balance will be struck by an unerring hand, and the irrever-
repeated the text in English: “There,” he continued, “now sible judgment pronounced by the voice of Eternal Truth, in
you all understand it; which do you think is best! I hope accents more sweet than the songs of morning, or in tones
always so to preach as that the meanest person in the congre- more terrible than the thunders of midnight! Thrice happy
gration may compréhend me." These, out of an abundance of the man who has multiplied his talents, and is ready to sur-
similar examples, are presented as containing the true principle render an account of his stewardship.
of the use of learning. The neost learned man is the most

*(To be continued.)
unpretending Solomon has well said : "Seest thou a man
wise in his own eyes : There is more hope of a fool than of
him.” Such a man deems himself above learning, or probably
imagines that “wisdom was born with him," and that 13

dignifics wisdom rather than himself being dignified by what
little he does possess. There is more hope of instructing a

By JOAN R. BEARD, D.D. man who is conscious of his own ignorance, than of training I Next take up words in wc, (gen. woc); and in wg and w (gen. him who is “wise in his own eyes." All pedantry is supremely pos=ovs). The terminating o belongs to the stem, And, first, contemptible. It leads the unlearned to false conclusions. ws (g. wos), e.g., o, y ows, a jackal, and ó rows, a hero. It raises expectation, and then leaves it unfulfilled. Simplicity always attends and recommends true learning. We need not

Singular. Plural.
further elaborate this division; it contains one practical lesson, s. N. θως


ήρων - ες
which, if well studied and carried out in actual life, will prove G. θω-ος

-WY vow-os

ήρω· ων
eminently useful to the learner.



ήρω - ow.ol III. That intellectual excellence is independent of social



ήρω-α & ηρω ηρω ας & ήρως position, is a strong proof of the Creator's benevolence. He


Ow-es has not bestowed wealth and its concomitant influence upon D. N.A.V. Ow-E G.KD. w-ovy


how-ES 1100) - C

ήρω· οιν all, but he has given to the great majority of men minds capable of indefinite expansion and the highest cultivation. I also give specimens of nouns in ws and w, (gen. ooc=ous). This thought no doubt led the poet to write,

These are all feminine. The ending ws, in ordinary speech, is “A mind is a balance for thousands a-rear."

preserved only in the substantive aiows, modesty, sense of every description, but this is merely an accident, in the logical Here follow the forms of raiows, modesty, respect, and in xw, Some men by their birth inherit riches and grendeur of shame; the dual and plural are formed according to the termi

pation os of the second declension : thus aidoi, nxov, k. 7. A. sense of that term. It does not necessarily imply that they

cco. are either the wisest, best, or happiest of men. Hence Watts wisely says,

Singular. Plural. Singular. Plural. Milo, forbear to call him blest

Ν. αιδώς


Who only boasts a large estate."
G. (αιδο-ος) αιδούς arowy (ηχο-ος)ηχούς

ηχων D. (arão-i)audot αιδοις (ηχο-) ηχοι

ήχοις The Scotch poet, Allan Ramsay, also ingeniously remarks, in A. (aroo a varði ardovc (nyo anxo

nous his beautiful Scotch pastoral the “Gentle Shepherd,"

V. (awo-żjardoi
αιδοι ( (uxo inxoi

XOC “He that has just enough can soundly sleep,

Dual, N.A.V. arów; G.D. arcowy

1χω notv
The o'ercome only fashes folk to keep."

Large estates bring annoyance, vexation, and anxiety along
with them. The lahouring man is too prone to imagine that Auws, ó, a slave.

'Iotopioyougos, ov, ó, an his-
they are sure to brilig unalloyed happiness, and to shield their llatpws, ó, an uncle on the Lorian.
owners from many, if not from “all the ills that flesh is heir father's side.

K7 TOS, ou, ó, a garden,
to.” There is an old proverb which truly says, "He who has ropyw, jj, the Gorgon. Ilpoow Tov, ou, to, a face, coun.
little to lose, is safer than the rich ;” and Phædrus has well Kiew, , the Muse Clio.

prored this in his fable, “The two Mules and the Robbers," Epatw, 11, Erato, one of the Avanpos, a, ov, sad.
which the youthful reader will do well to ponder. The Creator Muses.

Avpiros, n, ov, lyric. has bestowed the greater, if he has withheld the less, and in this 11410w, vi, power of persuasion. BAEAw, I see. distribution of mind he has given one of the most convincing EveOtw, ~, good condition. IlpoobleTW, I look at. proofs of his loving-kindness and beneficence. The poor man Deßaç, to (only with the nom. Vevow, I lie, dec ve. may carry all his possessions about with him, but if he has a and acc.), reverence. IIpoceipi, I am present, I am well-stored mind he has a spring of thought and feeling which Avolas, ov, ó, Lysias.

near, at, belong to. will supply him with refined enjoyment under all circumstances. Simonides, in the Shipwreck, has supplied a good

EXERCISES.-GREEK-ENGLISH, illustration of this. He took no property with him; his fellow voyagers brought their possessions to the vessel, and one more "Ομηρος αδει πολλους ήρωας (or ήρως). Την των ηρωων inquisitive than the rest inquired : (** Simonide, tu ex opibus apeti Oavpasojev. oi opwes Biov duaypov ayovoiv. 'O rou

Ow-a θως

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re. .

σελα οιν

πατρωος κηπος καλος εστιν. Ορεγου, ω παι, της αιδους. Αιδως | passed into o: e.g., το γενος, Latin, genus, race; το κλεος, αγαθοις ανδρασιν έπεται. Λυσιαν επι τη πειθοί και χαριτι | fame, glory. θαυμαζομεν. Το αιδοι προσεστι το σεβας. Μη προσβλεπε το Sin.

κλεος Γοργούς προσωπον. Ω Ηχοι, ψευδεις πολλακις τους ανθρωπους.

G. (γενε-ος) γένους (κλεε-ος) κλεους

D. (γενε-i) Παντες ορεγονται ενεστους. Πρεπει παιδι και νεανια αιδώ

YEVEL (κλεε-i) κλεει

Plur. Ν.Α.V. (γενε-α) εχειν. Κλειω και Ερατω Μουσαι εισιν.


κλεά Την μεν Κλειω θερα


G. (γενε -ων) γενών (κλεε-ων) κλεών πευουσιν οι ιστοριοσραφοι, την δε Ερατω οι λυρικοι ποιηται.


Dual Ν.Α.Υ. (γενε ε) γενη (κλεε-ε) κλεη

G. & D. (γενέ-οιν) γενόιν κλιε-ον) κλεούν Homer sings (of) the hero Achilles. The hero Achilles is

VOCABULARY. sung by Honier. The bravery of the hero is wonderful. We Avtoç. to, a flower.

Γη, γης, ή, the earth. admire the bravery of heroes. Slaves have (say, to the slaves is) | Elios, to, a form. a sad life. The uncle has (say, to the uncle is) a fine garden. Da TOC, To, warmth.

Ζημια, ας, ή, disgrace, punishAll rejoice at their (the) good condition. Admire, O youth, Yuxoc, to, cold.

Χαλκος, ου, ο,

brass. with (mera and gen.) modesty the deeds of good men. By | Κερδος, τo, gain, in the plurel. | θνητος, η, ον, mortal, deadly. (dat.) the echo we are often deceived.

Κλεος, τo, fame, glory; in the | Πονηρος, α, ον, wicked. Nouns in , aoc, are declined as follows. Only a few plural, honourable deeds. Ασφαλης, ες, rm, neuters belong to this head. The terminating σ belongs to Μηκος, τo, length.

Koivu (Lat. cerno) I separate, the stenm : το σελας, α sun-bean και το κρεας, flesh,

Υψος, τo, height.

decide, judge. Ψευδος, τo, a lie.

Αλλα, but. S. Ν. Α.Υ. σελας


Εαρ, εαρος, τo, the spring. G. σελα-ος

(κρεα-ος) κρέως D. σελα. and σελα (κρεα-ι)


EXERCISES.--GREEK-ENGLISH. . Ν. Α.V. σελα-α and σελά (κρεα-α) κρέα

"Η γη καλοις ανθεσίν θαλλει. G. σελα-ων (κρεα-ων κρεών

Μη απεχου ψυχους και D. σελα-σι

θαλπους. (κρεα-σι)

Το καλον ου μηκει χρονου κρινομεν αλλα αρετη. D. Ν. Α.Ι". σέλα


Ουκ ασφαλες παν υψος εν θνητο γενει(sc. εστιν). Μη ψευή η G.D.

(κρεα- οιν) κρεων λεγε. Απέχου πονηρων κερδων. Κερδη πονηρα ζημιαν αει After σελας decline το δεπας, « gloss σοδί1; after κρεας

φερει. Κατοπτρον ειδους χαλκος, οινος δε νού (sc, εστιν). Οι decline το γηρας, old age, and το γερας, 4 μresent. With these ανθρωποι κλεους ορεγονται. Οι ανδρες κλεει χαιρoυσιν. Οι two last may be connected two nouns whose stem ends in T, ανδρειοι κλεων ορεγονται. θαυμαζομεν τα των ανδρων κλεα. namely to repas, a prodigy, and to kepas, a horn, since after dropping the 7 they may be contracted in the same manner ;

ENGLISH GREEK. κερας follows κρεας throughout, but with the contracted forms It has also regular forms with r : thus kepas, kepatos, and wicked gins. Good men desire honourable deeds. Do not,

Keep from (abstain) nicked gains. Good men keep from κερως; κερατι and κερα, &c. και τερας, however, has the two o young man, keep from heat and cold, but from wicked men. forms only in the plural, the contracted are the more common, Punishment follows a (the) lie. We admire the Greeks on thus τερά, τερών.

account of their (the) honourable deeds. We avoid wicked VOCABULARY.

gains. The soldiers rejoice in honourable deeds (dat). Ανδρεια, ας, ή, bravery. Σαλπιγξ, ιγγος, ή, a trumper. Διατροφη, ης, ή, nourishment. Δυσκολος, ον, dissatisfied, Our next class of words ends in 11, 16, 1, !'

Of these we Ευεξια (ευ and εχω) ας, ή, well grumbling, harl.

take first those words in is, is, namely ö Kis: g. -es, the corn being, weal. Πεμπω, I send.

eccril, ή συς, (Lat. sus.) α', ο θες, α fish. Ελαφος, ου, ή, a stag. Προτρεπω, I turn towards, S, Ν. κίς


ιχθυς Προβατον, ου, τo, a sheep. exhort, encourage.

κι- ος

συ- 0ς

ιχθυ- ος θεμέλιον, ου, τo, a foundation. Σημαινω, I give a sign (σημα,

D. Φαρμακον, (whence pharmacy), a sign), I signify.

συν συ, τo, medicine, means of 1 Υπαρχω, Ιexist.


சப் healing.

Ρ. Ν.





ιχθυ-ας Οι θεοι τοις ανθρωποις τερα πεμπουσιν. Των εν γηρα κακων

φαρμακον ο θανατος εστιν.
Τα γερα τους στρατιωτας εις
D. Ν. Α.Υ.

ιχθυε ανδρειαν προτρεπει. Εξ αιγων και προβατων γαλα και κρεα προς

G. D, κι-ον


ιχθυ-οιν διατροφην υπαρχει. Κερασι και σαλπιγξιν οι στρατιωται

VOCABULARY. σημαινουσιν. Ποικιλων κρεών γευομεθα. Καλου γηρως θεμελιον εν παισιν εστιν ή του σωματος ευεξια.

Λί ελαφοι κερα

Βοτρυς, υος, o, a bunch of | Βατραχος, ου, , a frog.

grapes. εχουσ.ν. Δυσκολος ο εν γηρα βιος (sc, εστιν).

Συρος, ου, o, a Syrian.

Μυς, μυος, o, a mouse, (Lat. | Αγκιςτρον, ου, τo, a hook. ENGLISH-GREEK.


Αγριος, α, ον, wild.

Νεκυς, νoς, o, a dead body, | Ισος, η, ον, equal.
Prodigies are sent by (oro with 8.) the gods to men. corpse.
Soldiers are delighted with horns and trumpets. We taste Eraxus, vos, ó, an ear of corn.

Αγρενω, I catch.

Ανακυπτω, I emerge. milk and aesh. bath puts an end to (απολυει) the evils of Παγις, ιδος, ή, a trap.

Βασιλευω, (g.) I am king, I old age. The king sends presents to the soldiers. Presents | Αμπελος, ου, o, a vine.

reign. encourage soldiers. Soldiers are encouraged by (dat.) presents.


Οι ιχθυες εκ του ποταμου ανακυπτουσιν. We pursue our task in the third declension, and offer models

Οι θηρευται τας ot moins in oς, ε. εος, contracted into oυς. The substantives | αγριας συας αγρευουσιν. Παντες ισοι νεκυες: Ψυχων δε θεως of this class are exclusively neuter, and the terminating σ βασίλευει. Η αμπελος φερει βοτρύς. Η γη φερει σταχυς και belongs to the stem. In the nominative, the stem-vowel a has' Borpus. Τοις μυσι μαχη ποτε ήν προς τους βατραχους. Οι



εχθυ-1 ιχθυν



κι-ων κι-σι κι -ας κι-ες Κι·ε

συ-ες συνων συ-σι σας συ-ές συ-ε

ιχθυ-ες, ιχθύς

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μυες παγισιν αγνευοται. Οι Συροι σεβονται τους ιχθύς ως θεους.

Page 8, col. 2, vol. III.-LATIN-ENGLISH.
Αγκιστρoις ενεδρευομεν τους ιχθύς. .

An effeminate education unstrings the nerves of both body and

mind; too much sleep is useful to neither mind nor body; the ENGLISH-GREEK.

winds bring now rain, now sunshine; he who blends the useful We catch fish with hooks. Fish are caught with hooks. our life, and always declares that io-morrow things will be better;

with the agreeable is approved by all; credulous hope nourishes The hunter lies in wait for wild boars. The bunches of grapes Viriathus had carried on war against the Romans for fourteen and ears of corn are beautiful. The vine bears grapes. The years; placability and clemency are more praiseworthy than anger; frogs had (to the frogs there was) once a battle with (against) a great part of our men were wounded or slain ; Gaul takes special the mice. We look on corpses. The earth bears many vines. pleasure in beasts of burden, and procures them at a great cost; God reigns over fishes and frogs.

The husband and the father shouted out; the Senate and the Roman people sanctioned the peace; the Senate and C. Fabricius surrendered the deserter to Pyrrhus; let religion and fidelity be

preferred to friendship; Conon lived (vixit) very much in Cyprus, A KEY TO THE EXERCISES IN THE Iphicrates in l'brace, Timotheus at Lesbos, Chares at Sigeum; nor LATIN LESSONS.

has either (aut) Brutus or (aut) Cassius now for the first time judged the safety and the liberty of their country the most sacred

law. By John R. BEAND, D.D.

Page 8, col. 2, vol. III.-ENGLISH-LATIN. (Continued from page 387, Vol. III.)

Magna telorum vis vulnera dabunt; rex cum aliquibus duciPage 383, col. 2, vol. II.-LATIN-ENGLISH.

bus capti sunt; divitiis et paupertate et morte omnes morentur ;

jus et injuria sunt dissimilia; caetera turba fugerunt; alii urbem, Æsop, a famous writer, was hump-backed; the Scythians, war- alii rus petebant; corporis nervi franguntur molli educatione ; crelike men, were terrible; the Phoenicians were very skilful sailors; dulâ spe alitur 'nostra vita; civitatis juvenes bellum parant; Greece was the country of many illustrious men; the conscious- jumenta magno parantur impenso; senatus Populi Romani pacem ness of a well-spent life (vitae) is pleasant; the Greek language is comprobabit ; religio et fides amicitiae antepositae sunt; religio more difficult than the Roman ; the goose, the sheep, and the ass,

et fides anteponendae sunt omnibus; Brutus et Cassius salutem seem to be very senseless beasts; every animal is mortal; we are reipublicae sanctissimam legem judicabunt; reipublicae salus friends (insert a comma after amici], you are enemies; how great is sanctissima est legum omnium. your imbecility! grammar and music were formerly united; pity and perfidy are beloved in him; three thousand two hundred of the

Page 18, col. 2, vol. III.-LATIN-ENGLISH. Samnites were cut to pieces; folly, rashness, injustice, and intemperance, are to be avoided; peace and concord, useful to the No evil is more oppressive and troublesome than envy; what conquered, are honourable to the conquerors; the captives became embossed plate, what rich coverlets, what paintings do you think the soldiers' booty; riches are incitements to evil; the wall and there are in his house ? the question is, whether one duty is greater the gate were struck with lightning ; Cneius and Publius Scipio than another; is there any human being of whom you have a better were two thunderbolts belonging to the Roman dominion ; Brutus opinion ? they spoke to the people, each on his own behalf, with the and Cassius were Caesar's murderers ; Vespasian, when (appointed) greatest authority they severally possessed; the mind of man is Quaestor, received by lot as his province Crete and Cyrenae ; ignorant of coming fate; the ancient Germans were not lovers of Pompey, deserted by his soldiers, proceeded to Egypt; philosophy letters, but they could endure thirst, cold, and labour ; Africa feeds is the guide of life, the explorer of virtue, the banisher of vice'; herds of wild asses; Alexander the Great had not control over what shall I say of memory, the treasury of all things ?

his anger; the ancient Romans were very desirous of glory; in

summer the days are longer than in winter ; nothing is more divine Page 383, col. 2, vol. II.-ENGLISH-Latin.

than mercy; the moon is nearer the earth than the sun; as the Qui Caesaris fuerunt interfectores ? Brutus et Cassius ; thesaurus and external beauty; how (quanto) preferable (put a note of excla.

mind is more noble than the body, so virtue is preferable to strength animi est memoria ; vitae dux est religio; nonne expultrix viti mation after potior) is an honourable death to a base life ! how orum est religio ? religionis philosophia medicina est animarum ; benignissimae sunt religio et philosophia : , qui imperii Romani the effect) that one of the two consuls should be chosen from the

few philosophers are with you! the tribunes put forward a law (to fuerunt fulmina ? duces, imperii Romani fulmina, ad bellum pro: people ; we are very numerous ; Themistocles sent to the king by repente sunt mortui; murus et limen et navis de coelo tacta sunt; you ? (how many are there of you ?) we are few (there are only a Solon et Aristides ; caduca sunt divitiae et honores; vir’mulierque night the most

faithful servant he had : we have come hither to do

thee honour; Hasdrubal was the son of Giscon; how many are vos amici, nos inimici sumus ; clarus scriptor fuit Æsopus ?

few of us); Callisthenes was the most earnest among those who

refused (the recusants); Themistocles inflicted on the house of Æsop's Fables.

Xerxes more evils than any other Greek; he is the elder of the THE ASS AND THE HORSE.

Neros; I am Deiphobé, the daughter of Glaucus ; the king's

friends are few; Thales was the wisest of the seven (sages of An ass called a horse happy because he fed so abundantly, while Greece); the state of the Treviri was by far the most powerful of not even sufficient straw was supplied to him after the severest all Gaul in cavalry ; to what degree of madness have you gone? labours. But a war having arisen, the horse is driven to battle, a good friend in a trial lessens the trial one-half; can anything be and being surrounded by foes, at length, after incredible struggles, more absurd than to seek the means of living the more, the less sinks or the ground pierced with many wounds. The ass behold the remains of life? I give you the same advice as (I give) myself; ing all these things, said: "What a dolt I was to estimate happi- of their benefits some are of that kind that they extend to all the ness by the condition of the present hour!”

citizens, some that they affect individuals ; you have an abundance

of wealth; terror and fraud abound; you have preserved me rather THE HUSBANDMAN AND HIS Sons.

from love than honour; he pretended to be in haste on account of

business; all of them received a military honour on account of their
When a husbandman, advanced in life, felt that his decease was valour; that one day on which I returned to my native land, was
at hand, he called together his sons, whom, as is usual, he knew to me as good as an immortality.
to disagree sometimes, and ordered a bundle of twigs to be brought.
The twigs being produced, be bade his sons break the bundle.

Page 18, col. 2, vol. III.--ENGLISH LATIN.
When they were unable to do so, he gave a twig to each one, and
they being easily broken, he taught his sons how strong a thing is

Regis mulier pulchra est; regis mulier est pulchrior quam ducis concord and how weak discord.

mulier; uter est sapientior ? sapientissimus mortalium est Socra.

tes; quid panis est tibi ? eo dementiae est progressus ut omnes eum THE WOMAN AND THE MAID-SERVANT.

predicent stultum; belli causâ venerunt milites; ducis honori

praemium cuique militum est datum; librorum abunde mihi est; A widor woman, who gained her living by weaving, was hic unus liber librorum omnium mihi est instar. accustomed to call up her servants to their work by night as soon as she heard the first cock-crow. But they, worn out by their

Æsop's Fables. daily toil, resolved to kill the cock. This being done, they began

THE TORTOISE AND THE EAGLE. to be in a worse condition than before ; for their mistress, igno. rant (incerta) of the time, now often called her slaves even in the A tortoise earnestly entreated an eagle to teach her to fly. The early part of the night.

eagle attempted to show her that she asked a thing contrary to he

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nature ; nevertheless she persisted, and begged the eagle to be good the gods has been read by me; a bloody battle was fought at Zama; enough to make her a bird. In consequence, the eagle took her in from the battle a messenger came to thes; the severities of the his talons, and, carrying her alost, let her down (demisit so that she nobles against the people, and of the people against the nobles

, might be borne through the air. Then the tortoise fell on a rock, were shocking; examine that book which ireats of the mind; the and being dashed to pieces, perished. This fable shows that many first oration delivered by Cicero against Catiiine, is beautiful and persons being blinded by their own desires, refuse the counsels effectise; I see that the contest (certamen) differs in regard to us; of those who are wiser (than they), and so are hurried to ruin by aid has been given me against my enemies; Aristotle sets many their folly.

ibings in confusion in his third book on philosophy; thy letter,

touching thy dignity, was rery ac pravle to me; this thing Tue NIONTINOALE AND THE HAWK.

occasioned Caesar great disculty in taking coursel; I will leave A hawk being hungry seized a nightingale. When the latter this charge respecting the statues; the hope of reruinisighome has became aware that death was nigh, she had recourse to prayers, bien taken away; Cesar was at the gates holding spreme potter; begging the hawk not to destroy her without a reason, for that she Sophocles made iragedies to extreme old age; I will do that which was unable to satisfy his very hungry appetite, and advised him to in regard to rigour is more moderate, and more us. iul in regard to catch some birds of larger size. To whom the hawk replied: "I the comraon safety; he was accused before the same judges; də should be mad if I were to let go the prey I have, and instead of a sou, a learned critic, find no fault in the great Homer? in Homer's certainty fly about in search of uncertainties."

writings, Nestor speaks of his own exiellencies; Caesar halted

near the town, and pitched his camp alogs de the wails; when The OLD MAN AND DEATH,

Caesar was slain, the republie seemed to be in the hands of the

Brutii and of Cassius; the Tarquinian territory, which lay between An old man had been cutting wood in a forest. Taving made the city and the Tiber, being consecrated to Mars, became afterup his bundle of sticks he began to return home. He walked some wards the Campus Martius ; within the walls of my own house plans distance on his way, when feeling worn out with the load and the have been laid for my destruction; darkness arose between three journey, he laid his faggots down, and after reflecting on the evils and four o'clock; the Tuscans sent colonies orer the Apennines; of his age and destitution, calls aloud for Death to come and set the wife of Vitellius was fierce beyond what is usual with women; him free from all these his troubles. Then Death, having heard Caesar's soldiers made an attack on the cohorts in the direction di his prayers, suddenly stands before him, and asks what he wants. the mountain; piety is justice toward the gods; death was often But now sorry for what he had asked, the old man answered : “O before his eyes; the root is a remedy for serpents' stings; let us nothing at all, except that I wish for some one who will help me to feel toward a friend as we feel toward ourselves ; on the next day, put this load on my shoulders.”

about the same hour, the king moved his forces into the same place;

the soldiers marched about fifteen days; it was enclused by tast Page 38, col. 1, vol. III.-LATIN-ENGL181.

woods all round; the blood is diffused through the veins into ail

parts of the body; the soldiers were placed up and down the $12. lle had one chaplet on his head, another round his neck; shore; the confiagration held on for two nights; arrucd men were Crassus smiled once in his life ; Pausanias took many Persian silently (per silentium) conducted down thither'; that which was noblemen, and among them some relations of the king's; among naturally proper or the laws permitted, in no way gave pleasure to the good qualities of Epaminondas it is related that he' danced Clodius ; Phalaris is a witness, whose cruelty, which exceeded that well, he spoke till night, and even during night, lights

being of others, is notorious ; philosophy is nothing else than the study brought; I put off serious things till to-morrow; ihe number of of wisdom ; let not my father think that it was through me these the enemy increases every day; the whole of Gaul is divided into nuptials did not take place; Adrumetum is distant from Zima : three

parts ; it is in my mind; it occurs to me; he kept the legions space of ton (Roman) miles; on the side of the Sequani and the in arms; wisdom is often under a mean coat; 'the image of myself

, Helvetii, Gaul (Gallia) borders on the river Rhine; we have wrung greater than the reality, will go down to the shades; he enslaved the sword out of the hands of Catiline; I have bought a house The captives; they went under the walls; he was taught the art of from Crassus; from your gesture I know what your reply is. war under his instructor, llannibal; they quitted the city at the coming of the Romans; at these words they fell at the feet of

Page 33, col. 2, vol. II.--ENGLISH-LATIN. Marcellus; cranes sleep with their head under their wing (alam condito); the consul, dashing the spurs into his borse, rides up to

Plures horas locutus est Caesar; totum diein sol lucet; in A nglia the cohorts under the enemy's walls; there shone an image of the est; in Angliam it; flagitia tua coram emnibuy sunt populis; ex sun above the tent of Darius; they burned the houses and them- Italiâ venerunt hae legiones; proelium ad urbem commissum selves in them; he reposed on the greens ward; the Tiber over- sanguineum erat; librum de legibus scripsi; de repabii & librum Howed its banks; they spoke of his vileness during supper; no one scripsit Cicero ; apud Aristotelem vera lego multa ; rus re ieunui of those who had been sent on such a business returned'; I will nulla nobis est spes; heri ad deciman horam scripsi; maxim is wrile to you on that matter ; it moves before and behind; behind est meus erga te umor; apud Homerum sunt nonnulla quae cu pae me was Egina, before, Negara ; he ordered him to enter before, sunt obnoxia ; (reprehensione digna sunt) ad fontem c 1. slitit dus; not behind; if fortune wills it, you who are now a rhetorician, prope muram casira ponet Caesar; pinis malis est cíviras; inter will become a consul; the enemics sent ambassadors to Caesar stabulum et domum fons est; canis est extra stabulum; a tersum concerning peace; robbers rise by night in order to cut throats; he murum milites impeturn faliunt; oud te ero circiter meriwina; moves the camp at the fourth watch ; Darius led an army from per me tibi licet ire; in capite habeo coronam ; qu : die sapentior Asia into Europe ; he snatched the colony out of the enemy's melior que fig;, sub doctore meo multa didici; subter terram hands; while corn was so scarce and dear, of a sudden there came cunt animae ?' in relum ascendunt animac; de nequitia ejus so great a cheapness of provisions; I waited from day to day; man colloquitur civitas; literas and te mi:tam ; ad ine nisit inater pune consists of a mind, and of a perishable and infirm body; our ances. cium ; inter hos libros nullus est tivi destinatus; preus prae se tors (majores) left to us the republic very much enlarged, it being agit pastor ; haec statua est de aere, illa de arge' to. very small in their time ; bad men estimate friendships and enmities not from their intrinsic worth but their advantage; Her

Page 72, col. 1, vol. III.--LATIN-ENGLISI. cales drove a herd before him; I cannot see the sun on account of the multitude of weapons ; Caesar led out his forces in front of the Caecina admonished the soldiers of the occasion and the necescamp; this is not only not for me but rather against me ; Cato sity; Atticus never wearied of a business which he had undertaken; fested gratitude in acknowledgment of his deserts; the Helvetii

, of their duly; a wicked man will some time remeniver his crimes considering their numbers and their warlike glory, thought their with grief; it is the part of folly to di-cern the faults of others and territories confined; they would have acted more conveniently if to forget its own; it my influence had prevailed with you, there those things which they lay before you respecting me, they had would truly have been no reason why we should regret it; adversity rather said before me while I wa present; he orders ihe others, reminded ihem of their religious obligations; I pity unliappy men: together with their guards, to go into the temple of Concord; he I am weary of life; God never rep?ts of his first design; Finture himself wrote with great care and diligence; he here carried on needs much exercise ; let boys remember modesty; good mera many things without Alcibiades ; Pompey obtained the highest remember past time with pleasure ; a true friend never forgets bie had swollen as high as the breast ; the ancients, so far as words are at the Lake Regillus come into your mind ? it is with the trouble concerned, discoursed concerning the republic;' what spot over the to call to mind the diligence of our ancestore ; you forget nothing whole sea has during these years had so strong a guard? we know but injuries; you will remind me of that; I call to mind your tears; that this man's theits and crimes have been very great and very remind Tereniia of the will ; Conon was skuled in military affairs i disgraceful not only in Sicily, but in Achaia, Asia, Cilicia, Pam- Cato was skilful in government and wise in the lawr ; n mind con: phylia, in a word, before the eyes of the whole world; here are the scious of rectitude laughs at the falsehoods of rumour; he is remaining legions from Italy; the entire book on the existence of ignorant of astrology; these men are ignorant of the arts; l'orapey

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