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ral order, which renders it extremely awkward and heavy. " This influence is but too naturally connected with the extenBoth are corrected as the passage now follows :

sive limits of our empire, and with the broad and great scale upon

which its operations are conducted. It is of the most pernicious “Fear of censure from contemporaries will seldom have much kind; and at all times has been pointed to as the fertile source effect upon men in situations of unlimited authority; they will too of all our miseries. It has been substituted in the room of wisoften flatter themselves, that the saine power which enables them dom, of activity, of exertion and of success. And it has been to commit the crime will secure them from reproach. Their con- truly said of it," that it has grown with our growth, and strengthsciences excepted, the dread of posthumous infamy therefore being ened with our strength.” Unhappily, however, for this country, the only restraint upon the passions of such persons, it is lament, it has not decayed with our decay, nor diminished with our deable that this last defence (feeble enough at best) should in any crease. It bears no sympathy nor connection with our falling degree be impaired, and impaired it must be, if not totally de- state ; but, notwithstanding the mad impolicy of a ministry which stroyed, when, in a man like Hume, no less eminent for the has contracted the limits of the empire, this corrupt influence is integrity and beuevolence of his heart than for the depth and still found to exist in all its strength, and has supported that soundness of his understanding, tyrants can hope to find an apolo- ministry for a length of years against all the consequences of a gist for even their foulest murders.'

mischievous system and a desolated empire. It is the duty of

Parliament to provide for the future, and to take care that in no 2. In the same work Mr. Fox says:

time this secret and dark system shall be revived to contaminate

the fair and honourable fabric of our government." " Thus, while without the shadow of a crime, Mr. Locke lost a situation attended with some emolument, and great convenience,

4. In his motion for a Reform in Parliament, on the 7th of was the university deprived of, or rather thus, from the base prin- May, 1783, Mr. Pitt observes :ciples of servility, did she cast away, the man the having produced whom is now her chiefest glory; and thus 10 those who are not

“ It is unnecessary for me to say, that the county members in determined to be blind, did the true nature of absolute power dis- general are almost necessarily taken from that class and descripcover itself, against which the aiddling station is not more secure

tion of gentlemen the least liable to the seduction of corrupt than the most exalted. Tyranny, when glutted with the blood of influence, the most deeply interested in the liberty and prosperity the great, and the plunder of the rich, will condescend to hunt of the country, and consequently the most likely to pursue such humbler game, and make a peaceable and innocent fellow of a col- | measures as appear to them the most salutary.” lege the object of its persecution. In this instance, one would Now it will at once be evident that, according to this rule, almost imagine there was some instinctive sagacity in the govern- | the second portion of this paragraph ought to be placed first; ment of that time, which pointed out to shem, even before he | for it is because they are most deeply interested in the had made himself known to the world, the man who was destined | prosperity of the cou to be the most successful adversary of superstition and tyranny."

ry, that they are least liable to the

seduction of corrupt influence. The sentence ought therefore In the second sentence of this passage, there is an error

to have been thus arranged : precisely similar to that which exists in the second sentence of

“ It is unnecessary for me to say, that the county members in the last. In the third there is another. Both are corrected general are almost necessarily taken from that class and dein the following passage, as well as a slight error toward the scription of gentlemen, the most deeply interested in the liberty end of the first :

and prosperity of the country, the least liable to the seduction

of corrupt influence, and consequently the most likely to pursue "Thus, while, without the shadow of a crime, Mr. Locke lost a

such measures as appeared to them the most salutary to their situation attended with some emolument, and great convenience, country.' was the university deprived of, or rather thus, from the base principles of servility, did she cast away the man, the having 5. On an occasion of a very different nature from those on produced whom is now her chiefest glory; and thus, to those which the last-mentioned speeches were delivered-on the who are not determined to be blind, was discovered the true nature impeachment of Lord Melville, Mr, Pitt says :-of absolute power, against which the middling station is not more secure than the most exalted. When glutted with the “What do we propose to put in the place of a criminal infor. blood of the great, and the plunder of the rich, iyranny will con- mation? An impeachment;--that very mode of proceeding for descend to hunt humbler game, and make a peaceable and inno which the honourable gentlemen on the opposite side argued so cent fellow of a college the object of its persecution.

In this strenuously at first;-that mode which they have contended to be instance, one would almost imagine there was some instinctive best calculated to answer the ends of public justice; that mode sagacity in the government of that time, which, even before he which they have said to be most cousistent with parliamentary had made himself known to the world, pointed out the man who usage, most agreeable to the dignity of the house, and most was destined to be the most successful adversary of superstition consonant to the principles of the constitutivn: on these funda

mental broad grounds, they have been loud in their preference of

an impeachment.” 3. In Mr. Pitt's motion for a Reform in Parliament, on the Here a similar derangement exists. The parliamentary 7th of May, 1782, is the following passage :

forms or means ought to be expressed before the ends of public " But it is the duty of Parliament to provide for the future, and justice, thus :to take care that in no time this secret and dark system shall "What do we propose to put in the place of a criminal infor. be revived, to contaminate the fair and honourable fabric of our mation ? An impeachment;-that very mode of proceeding for government. This influence is of the most pernicious kind; which the honourable gentlemen on the opposite side argued so and at all times has been pointed to as the fertile source of ají strenuously at first ;-that mode which they have said to be most our miseries. It has been substituted in the room of wisdom, of consonant to the principles of the constitution, most consistent activity, of exertion and of success. It is but 100 naturally con- with parliamentary usage, and most agreeable to the dignity of nected with the extensive limits of our empire, and with the the house ;-that mode which they have contended to be ihe best broad and great scale upon which its operations are conducted. It calculated to answer the ends of public justice: on these fundahas been truly said of this corrupt influence, “ that it has grown mental broad grounds, they have been loud in their preference of with our growth, and strengthened with our strength." Unhap- an impeachment.” pily, however, for this country, it has not decayed with our decay, bor diminished with our decrease. It bears no sympathy nor con.

6. In the following passage of the same speech, a similar error nection with our falling state ; but, notwithstanding the mad exists :impolicy of a ministry which has contracted the limits of the “He still admits it as the most constitutional, the best cal. empire, this corrupt influence is still found to exist in all its culated to promote the great ends of public justice, the most conStreugth, and has supported that ministry for a length of years, sistent with the dignity of this, and the privileges of the other against all the consequences of a mischievous system, and a deso- house, as well as the best mode for the accused, who will then be

tried by his peers.” Now, although, in innumerable points of view, the charac- The sentence ought to be arranged thus:ter of this great statesman is to be revered ; and although he " He still admits it as the most constitutional, the most con. was considered to be the only man who ever perfectly spoke sistent with the dignity of this, and the privileges of the other the English language, yet, in this passage, premises and con- house, and the best calculated to promote the great ends of public elusionis, causes and effects are utterly confounded. It should justice,

as well as the best mode for the accused, who will then be be arranged thus :

tried by his peers.”

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people?"

7. In his speech on Catholic Emancipation, Mr. Grattan of suffering and of shame, where, unmoved by the hostile array of says :-

artillery and armed men collected together, to secure, or to insult, " Will the constitution be endangered by procuring for it the or to disturb him, he dies with a solemn declaration of his innocordial and steady support of four millions of people? Will the cence, and utters his last breath in a prayer for the liberty of his church be endangered by the exercise of charity, moderation,

country.and all those virtues which command the respect, and conciliate There are here some trivial violations of the rule. The the affections of mankind? Is the tree in danger of falling be- shame in this case precedes the suffering and should be excause it has a root, or is the capital less secure because it rests on pressed before it, and the disturbance precedes the insult. a basis?”

Both ought to be arranged thus :Here the arrangement of these three sentences ought to

"No Seraph Mercy unbars his dungeon, and leads him forth to have been completely reversed. After the question put in the light and life, but the minister of death hurries him to the scene first sentence, those in the last appear quite insignificant. of shame and of suffering, where, unmoved by the hostile array of They do not even serve the purpose of illustration. Whereas, artillery and armed men collected together, to secure, or to disif first introduced, they serve to call the mind strongly to the turb, or to insult him, he dies with a solemn declaration of his object; thus :

innocence, and utters his last breath in a prayer for the liberty of " Is the tree in danger of falling because it has a root, or is

his country.” the capital less secure because it rests upon a base? Will the

11. In the eloquent introduction to his Vindiciæ Gallicæ, church be endangered by the exercise of charity, mod on, and all those virtues which con mand the respect, and conciliate the Sir James Mackintosh thus speaks of Mr. Burke :atfections of mankind ? Will the constitution be endangered by “ It was not likely that, at his age, he should abandon, to the preuring for it the cordial and steady support of four millions of inrasion of audacious novelties, opinions which he had received

80 carly, and maintained so long; which had been fortified by the

applause of the great, and the assent of the wise; which he had 8. In the same speech Mr. Grattan says:

dictated to so many illustrious pupils, and supported against so "I have thus shown, sir, that there is no moral nor political many distinguished opponents." incompatibility between the two religions, that there is nothing in 114 pri ilegen for which the Catholic- pet.tion incon«istent either cause, ought to have preceded the applause of the great, as

Here, according to the rule, the assent of the wise, as the with the original principle, the present character, or the perma. the effect; and, on the same principle, his supporting his Lert duration of the British constitution; that, with regard to the act sal state of Ireland, no danger is to be apprehended from com- opinions against distinguished opponents, ought to have prepriance with their wishes either to the civil or ecclesiastical esta. ceded his dictating them to illustrious pupils, thus :vestment of that country; and I shall have little difficulty in “ It was not likely that, at his age, he should abandon, to the *!!*isip bat, in the present state of Europe, it is of the highest invasion of audacious uavelties, opinions which he had receired so importance to the safety of the empire."

early, and maintained so long; which had been fortified by the Now this is almost the reverse of natural order. The first ssent of the wise, and the applause of the great; which he had proposition is more general, referring to the British constitu- 1 supported against so many distinguished opponents, and dictated tion; the second more particular, referring to the state of

10 so many illustrious pupils." Irland; and the last again more general, referring to the safety 12. In another place he says : of the empire. They ought to be arranged thus :

“The glimpses of benevolence, which irradiate this gloom of “I have thus shown, sir, that there is no moral nor political invective, arise only from generous illusion, from misguided and incompatibility between the two religions; that with regard to the misplaced compassion ;-his eloquence is not at leisure to deplore actuaintate Ireland, no danger is to be apprehended from com- the fate of beggared artisans, and famished peasants, the victims plance with their wishes either to the civil or ecclesiastical esta. of suspended industry and languishing commerce.” blishment of that country; that there is nothing in the privilegea for which the Catholics petition inconsistent either with the

Here misplaced compassion, as the cause, ought to have original principle, ide present character, or the permanent dura preceded generous illusion, as the effect, and the fate of tion of the British constitution; and I shall have little difficulty in tamished peasants ought to have been mentioned before that showing that, in the present state of Europe, it is of the highest of beggared artisans, consistently with his own subsequent importance to the safery of the empire."

expression, " suspended industry and languishing commerce;"

thus:9. In a parrage of extraordinary eloquence, Mr. Curran thus defends Mr. Hamilton Rowan for having professed uni. “The glimpses of benevolence, which irradiate this gloom of verwal emancipation :

invective, arise only from misguided and misplaced compassion, "No matter in what language his doom may have been pro- the face of famished peasants, and beggared artisans, the victims

from generous illusion ;-his eloquence is not at leisure to deplore nounced ; -- o matter what complexion, incompatible with free.

of suspended industry and languishing commerce." don, an Indian or an African sus may have burnt upon burn; 20 matter in what disastrous battle bis liber:y may have been euren 13. In another place he says :dow11;- no inalter with what solemuities he may base been devoted up in the Altar of Slavery; the first flouent be suches the

“He might deplore the sanguinary excesses-be might deride red most of Britain, the Altar and the Gidilik tarike in the Revolution, but it was hard to have supposed that he should have

the visionary policy that seemed to him to tarnish the lustre of the i Lin soul walks abroad in her own linjesty, bus toly, weils exhausted against it, every epithet of contumely and opprobrium beyond the measure of his chains, that turnt tron around him; that language can furnish to indignation ; that the rage of bis vnd he stands redeemed, regenerated, and dweuthralied, by the declamation should not for one moment have been suspended; irretatible genius of universal emancipation.”

that his heart should not betray one faint glow of triumph, at the The following arrangement is more natural ;

splendid and glorious delivery of so great a people." ** No macier what complexion incompatible with freedom, an This ought to have been arranged as follows:11 dias or an African sun may have burnt upon him;--Do matter and wine ob-userous battle his liberty may bave been cloven down; sanguinary excesses that seemed to him to tarnish the lustre of

He might deride the visionary policy he might deplore the moment with what sulemuities he may have been devoted the Revolution, but it was hard to have supposed that his heart up is the Altar of Slavery ;-no matter u what language his doom should not betray one faint glow of triumph, at the splendid and Bu 110 0,1 of Britain, the Altar and the Gou siuk together in the glorious delivery of so great a people; that the rage of his decla.

matiou should 'not for one moment have been suspended; and Gust; his body swells beyond the measure of his chains, that burch srom ar un's hum; his soul walks abroad in her own majesty, contumely and opprobrium that language can furnish to indig

that he should even have exhausted against it, every epithet of aud we stiliaus sedeerded, regenerated, and disenthralled, by the

nation." mitoisuude genius of univerzal emancipation." 20. In his speech for Mr. Orr, Mr. Curran says:

The passages which have now been given will sufficiently

illustrate the principle enunciated. Doteraph Moray unbars his dungeon, and leads him forth to It may be remarked, that Grattan and Curran, though far lyub uus soth; but the minister of death hurries him to the scene inferior in debate, appear to be incomparably more eloquent

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more truly Demosthenean composers, than either Fox or Pitt, " Thou stick'st a dagger in me; I shall never see my gold
They frequently, however, in common with Burke, display again : four score ducats at a sitting! four score ducats !"
great want of taste, and, in this respect, rank after Mackin- Now, in this admirable passage, it would at first sight ap-
tosh, who if he does not reach them in the very highest efforts pear that the order of cause and effect was entirely reversed;
of oratory, is always more classical, more exquisitely polished, for it seems as if he should first mention his loss, in the last
more perfect.

words of the passage; then the impossibility of his ever seeing Some of the finest passages of our best authors might have the ducats again; and lastly the pain which this occasioned, been selected, and it might have been shown that they have alluded to in the first exclamation. This would appear to be all violated this rule, and that they may be greatly improved the natural order. But a moment's consideration will show, by the adoption of it.

that however correct this may be in physical description, it Some passages from the best Latin, Greek, Italian, Spanish, would be utterly inapplicable in the impassioned acts of the French, and German authors might also have been chosen, mind. In short, this is no description of the event to which and it were easy to show that the rule is equally applicable to his exclamation has a reference, but a description of Shylock's every language.

feelings and the reflections which result from them, and that 14. Meanwhile, we proceed to explain some apparent, but which was a cause in the former case cannot be a calise in the not real, exceptions to the principle. These occur more fre- latter, as will clearly appear. Thus the loss of fourscore ducats quently in the works of Sterne than any other English author; at a sitting, cannot, strictly speaking, be a cause why he should and they are those which in reality chiefly give the peculiar

never see his gold again, and still less why Tubal should stick character to his works.

a dagger in him. The real order of cause and effect is the

very reverse of this : Tubal excited in him a painful sensation; “The poor Franciscan made no reply: a hectic of a moment this, as a cause, leads him to reflect that he shall never see passed across his cheek, but could not tarry-Nature seemed his gold again ; and this again, as a cause, leads him to the to have done with her resentments in him; he showed none- physical origin of his misfortunes, which here only comes in but letting his staff fall within his arm, he pressed both his as an effect of a certain train of ideas or acts of the mind. hands with resignation upon his breast, and retired."

17. The very same observations apply to the following pasNow here Nature's having done with her resentments in sage in the saine dialogue :-him, is the cause of that which is previously mentioned, viz.

"Out upon her! thou torturest me, Tubal! it was my ruby; his making no reply, etc. This then would, at first sight, I had it of Leah when I was a bachelor."

to be a deviation from the and as the passage is ex- Thus these passages are strictly conformable to the rule quisitely beautiful, one would be inclined to say that the rule which has been given, which, far from fettering genius, bends is inapplicable. But all this is by no means the case. These with every inflexion of thought, and produces the most magiwords, as expressing causes and effects, are to be considered cal yet strictly natural effects. In conclusion, wherever there not with relation to the wind of the poor Franciscan, but with are errors in composition, they arise from ignorance or neglect relation to the mind of Yorick. That which is an effect in the of this principle; and wherever there are striking beauties, former is a cause in the latter ; it is in consequence of the they arise, however unintentionally, from its adoption. Franciscan's making no reply, that Yorick concludes that Nature has done with her resentments in him ; the want of reply then is the cause; Yorick's conclusion is the effect; and the passage is perfectly consistent with the rule,

LESSONS IN GREEK.-No. XL. 15. This is equally illustrated by the following fine passage of the same author :

By JOHN R, BEARD, D.D.
"Come, honesty !--said I-seeing it was impracticable to

STRENGTHENED Srems-continued.
pass between him and the gate-art thou for coming in or
going out

3. Verbs whose pure stem is in the Present and Imperfet The ass twisted his head round to look up the street.

strengthened by the insertion of av, less often aiv, before the Well-replied l-we'll wait a minute for iny driver,

terminations.
He curned his head thoughtful about, and looked wistfully
the opposite way.

(a) ăv or atv is introduced without any other change.
I understand thee perfectly, answered I-if thou takest a All verbs of this kind form their tenses from a triple stem ;
wrong step in this affair, he will cudgel thee to death-well! namely, the Present and Imperfect from the strengthened
a minute is but a minute, and if it saves a fellow-creature a stem, the Second Aorist from the pure stem, the Future and
drubbing, it shall not be set down as ill spent.

Perfect from a third stem which arises from the pure stem and He was eating the stem of an artichoke as this discourse | an added ε, which in the inflexion passes into 9. The a in went on, and, in the little peevish contentions of nature the termination ayw is short. betwixt hunger and unsavouriness, had dropt it out of his mouth half a dozen times and picked it up again.-God help 1. arodavoual, I feel, a. pod-ouny, acobeobac; pf. yohne ani, thee, Jaek! said I, thou hast a bitter breakfast on't-and

f, αισθησομαι. many a bitter day's labour and many a bitter blow, I fear, 2. åpapravo, I miss the mark, fail, sin, a. 2. aprov, f. for its wages—’tis all bitterness to thee, whatever lite is to others."

αμαρτησομαι, pf. ήμαρτηκα, pf. p. ήμαρτημαι, a. p. Here, in the third paragraph, may be discovered the cause

ήμαρτηθην, . of the action mentioned in the second ; in the fifth, that of the 3. anextavoual, I am hateful, a. atuxdounv, inf. ans xderbar, action in the fourth; and in the end of the sixth, that of the f, απεχθησομαι, pf. απηχθημαι (I am hated). action mentioned at its commencement. Here, therefore, it 4. avšavw fiind avśw), I increase, f. avnou), 2. 1. nužnoa (pf. might be concluded that cause and effect were reversed and the rule violated. But it is the mind of Yorick, not that of

ηυξηκα), pf. p. ηυξημαι, f. p, αυξησομαι, a. 2 ηυξηθην. the ass, which we are to consider, and it will appear that 5. Blacravw, I sprout, a. 2. plastov, f. BAcorn, pf. whatever hare hitherto seemed to be effects, now appear to be

εβλαστηκα and βεβλαστηκα. . causes; that the actions of the ass are the causes from which 6. dapdavw, commonly as a compound, karaòapdavw, I sleep, the effects, viz. Yorick's conclusions, arise.

The passage,

a. 2, κατεδαρθον, f. καταδαρθησομαι, pf. καταδεδαρθηκα. therefore, accords to the rule as well as many other similarly 7. Algdavo, I slip, I slide, a. 2. Whiodov, f. odio now, pf. constructed ones of Sterne, whose writings in some measure derive their peculiarity from this very circumstance.

Yet

ωλισθηκα. . they contain innumerable violations of the principle.

8. οσφραινομαι, I ameli, a. 2. ωσφρομην, f. οσφρησομαι. 16. But there appear, at first sight, to be still more striking 9. oploravw, I am liable, I owe, a. 2. wpdov, f. 99/1ow, pf. exceptions to this rule. Thus, in the fine dialogue between woArka, pf. mid. or pass, woanuar. Mark the double Słıylock and Tubal, the former exclaims :-

strengthening in yok and av,

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(5) αν ο added together with the insertion of the nasal νδefore the | τους Ελλησιν απηχθοντο. Φιλιππος αυτος απεφαινετο δια characteristic consonant of the pure stem.

χρυσιου μαλλον, η δια των όπλων ηυξηκεναι την ιδιας βασιλειαν. Thus in λανθανω, pure stem λαθ-, between α and θ ν 18

Οι στρατιωται βραχυν χρονον κατεδαρθον. Ως ωσφροντο introduced, forming λανθ-, το which αν is added, forming ταχιστα των καμηλων οι ιπποι, οπισω ανεστρεφον. Μη θιγώς λανθαν-, The short vowel in the pure stem passes in the του κυνος, αγε δευρο, ένα πυθη της λυγρας αγγελιας. θεον tenses (except the Second Aorist) into the corresponding long επιορκών μη δοκει λεληθεναι. Αρχης τετυχηκως ισθι ταυτης one; mavdavw is an exception. The v before a p sound and a ačios. Καλον μηδεν εις φιλους αμαρτειν. Μακάριος οστις k sound undergoes the usual changes.

ετυχε γενναιου φιλου. Μαθε φερειν την συμφοραν. Ουδεις πω 10. θιγγανω (pure stem θιγ), I touch, a. 2, εθιγον, f. θιξομαι.

ξενον εξαπατησας αθανατους ελαθεν. Απ' εσθλων εσθλα μαθηση. 11. λαγχανω, I obtain by lot, a. 2. ελαχον, f. ληξομαι, pf. ειληχα, Και κακος πολλακις τιμης και δοξης ελαχεν. Παρα των θεων pf. m, or p. ειληγμαι, a. p. εληχθην.

πολλα παρειληφαμεν δωρα. Ου λεληθεν όστις αδικα εργα 12. λαμβανω, I take, a. 2. ελάβον, imper. λαβε, f. ληψομαι, pf. (πραττει, Ει θεον ανηρ τις ελπεται λαθειν, αμαρτανει. Δις

ειληφα, pf. m. or p. ειλημμαι, a. m. ελαβομην, a. p. εξαμαρτείν ταυτον ουκ ανδρος σοφου. Εξ αγαθης χθονος εβλαστε ειληφθην.

καλα ανθεμα, εκ δ' ορθων φρενων βουλευματ' εσθλα. Της 13. λανθανω, I le concealed, a. 2. ελαθον, f. λησω, pf. λεληθα και ευεργεσιας ουπoτε επιλησομαι.

(I am concealed); mid, επιλανθανομαι, I forget, a, επελαθο-
μην, f. επιλησομαι, pf. επιλελησμαι.

ENGLISH-GREEK.
14. πυνθανομαι, I ask, inquire, learn, a. επυθομην, pf. πεπυσμαι,
πεπυσαι, etc.. f. πευσομαι.

The king is aware of the plot against him. The general 15. μανθανω, I learn, a. εαάθον, f. μαθησομαι, pf. μεμαθηκα : will not be aware of the plot against him. Who (τίς) has not

erred (sinned)? They err. They erred. They will err. I the a, contrary to the rule, remains short.

erred. Wise men do not err (it is not of wise men to err) 16. ruyxavw, I hit the mark, I get, obtain (with gen.), it twice in the same thing. The wicked man is hateful to the happens, a. 2. ετύχον, f. τευξομαι, pf. τετυχηκα (ΤΥΧΕ). good. Philip increased his dominion by gold more than by

arms. Being wicked you will not lie hidden at last. They VOCABULARY.

are willing to make (take) unjust gain. My brothers in

learning (simply the participle) have a learning mind. The Εξαμαρτανω, I fail, sin (the εξ | Καμηλος, ου, ο and “, a good will obtain good things. The men fell asleep. I slept a strengthens the meaning). camel.

short time. Touching the dog (that is, if thou touchest), thou Καταδαρθανω, I sleep, fall Xovorov (dimin. of xpvoos), art bitten. I have obtained noble friends. They will obtain asleep.

To, gold.

noble friends. Bear misfortune, I learn to bear misfortune, Αναστρεφω, I turn round Ανθεμον, το, bloom, hower. I have learned good things from good men.

I have received (trans, and intrans.). Βουλευμα, ατος, τo, a counsel, many gifts from God. He lay hid doing a wicked deed (that A7€, come! come then! (im- determination.

is, he did a wicked deed and was not found out). You will per, of αγω, I lead).

Χθων, ονος, η, the earth. not at last lie hid doing (if you do) wicked deeds. They Ελπομαι (poet. of ελπιζω), I Γενναιος, α, ον, of noble race, hope to lie hid being wicked (that is, they are wicked and hope (ελπις).

noble, brave.

hope not to be discovered). Beautiful flowers are blowing.
Δοκέω, I am of opinion, I Ιδιος, α, ον, one's own. The good soil (xowy) bears tine trees. They forget the benefit.
think, I seem,
Λυγρος, α, ον, sad.

I will never forget the benefits of God.
Επαρκεω (with dat.), Ιhelp. Βραχυς, εια, υ, short.
Eπιορκεω, I forg wear myself, | Προσηκων, ηκουσα, ηκον, gen. 4. Verbs whose pure stem is, in the Present and Imperfect,
I swear falsely (with acc.) ηκοντος, seemly, suitable.

strengthened by the addition of the tuo consonants ok, or the Αγγελια, ας, ή, message. Δευρο, hither.

syllable lok. Επιβουλη, ης, ή, a plot. Οπισω, behind. Ευεργεσια, ας, ή, a beneft. IIw, enclitic, in some way. Ex are appended when the characteristic of the stem is a Συμφορα, ας, ή, an, event, e8- [ Ως, as ; ώς ταχιστα, as quickly vowel, and ισκ when it is a consonant. Most of the verbs pecially misfortune.

as possible, as soon as. whose pure stem ends in a vowel, form the Future, etc., after

the analogy of pure verbs, as εύρισκω, f. ευρησω (ΕΥΡΕ). REMARKS.

Some of these verbs, however, take in the Present and Im

perfect a reduplication, which consists in the repetition of the Ava redovs, through the end, that is, at last, or finally, in the first consonant of the stem with the vowel .. long runt. Supiga xov-, thou wilt obtain God as an ally.

1, αλ-ισκ-ομαι (α), Ian taken, captured (used of a city), impf. Etaprūv, by helping; you must often add a conjunction, an

ήλισκομην; ('ΑΛΟ) f. άλωσομαι, aor. 2. ηλων and εάλων adverb, or a preposition, in order to give the force of participles.

(μι) (I was taken), pf. ηλωκα and εάλωκα (I have been "Ως, τake ταχιστα together with ώς, as ως ταχιστα.

taken); the active is formed by aipɛiv, to take, overcome. Εξαπατησας, the participle in connexion with ελαθεν; the 2, ανάλισκω, I spend, waste, impf. ανηλισκον (ΑΝΑΛΟ), f. TW softens the statement, scarcely any one,

ανάλωσω, a. ανηλωσα and ανάλωσα, κατηναλωσα, pf. Ει θεον, etc. θεον is governed in the accusative by λαθειν, ,

ανηλωκα and ανάλωκα, pf. m, or p. ανηλωμαι and ανάλωthough we say, lie hid to. What part of the verb is λησειν ? τευξη ? απηχθοντα | 3, αρεσκω, I please, f. αρεσω, 2. ηρεσα, pf. m, or p. ηρεσμαι, 3. Ρ.

μαι, a. ανηλωθην and ανάλωθην. ηυξηκέναι : ωσφρoντo ? θιγ9ς ? ετυχε ? ελαθε ? ελαχε ? παρειληθαμεν : λεληθε ? λαθειν ? επιλησομαι ? Explain how each is ηρεσθην. formed, and what rule or rermark the formation of each ex-4. γηρασκω (or γηραω), I grow old, f. γηρασομαι, a. 1, εγηράσα, emplifies.

inf. γηράσαι, pf. γεγηρακα (I am old) Exercises.-GREEK-ENGLISH.

5. γιγνωσκω, Ilearn, I know (ΓΝΟ), f. γνωσομαι, a. 2. εγνων

(μι), pf. εγνωκα, pf. m, or p. εγνωσμαι, a. p. εγνωθην. Λησειν δια τελους μη δοκειτω ο πονηρος. Κερδος πονηρον 6. διδράσκω, I run away (only in compounds, as αποδ-, εκδ», μη λαθειν βουλου ποτε. Δικαια δρασας συμμαχου τευξη θεον. διαδ-), f. δρασομαι, pf. δεδράκα, a. 2. εδράν (μι). Γραμματα μαθειν δει και μαθοντα νούν εχειν. Λαβε προνοιαν | 7, ευρισκω, I find, a. 2. εύρον, imper. εύρε ('ΕΥΡΕ), f. ευρησω, του προςηκοντος βιου. Ξενoις επαρκών των ισων τευξη ποτε. pf. εύρηκα ; mid, I procure, a. ευρομην, pf. m. Or p, εύρημαι, ο βασιλευς της προς εαυτον επιβουλης ουκ φσθετο. Οι Περσαι 4. p. ευρεθην,

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8. ηβασκω, I grow to maturity, f. ήβησω, a. 1. ήβησα, pf.
ηβηκα (ήβαω, I am young, but ανηβαω, I become young

EXERCISES.-Greek-ENGLISH,
again, rejuvenesco).
9, θνησκω, commonly αποθνησκω, I die (ΘΑΝ), a. 2. απεθανον,

Ολιγους ευρησεις ανδρας έταιρους πιστους εν χαλεποις πραγf. αποθανούμαι, pf. τεθνηκα (not αποτεθνηκα), fut. 3. μασιν. Πασιν ανθρωπους μορσιμον εστιν αποθανείν, Πενθού

μεν τους τεθνηκοτας. Ηδεως των παλαιων πραξεων μεμνηνται τεθνηξω (I shall be dead).

οι ανθρωποι. Ουκ αν ευρoις ανθρωπον παντα ολβιωτατον. 10. θρώσκω, I spring, leap, a. 2. εθορον, f. θορούμαι, pf. τεθορα.

Η καλως ζην, η καλως τεθνηκεναι, ο ευγενης βουλεται. Ει δεινα 11, ιλασκομαι, I propitiate, f. ελάσομαι, a. ιλάσαμην, a. Ρ. δι' υμετεραν κακοτητα πεπονθατε, μη τι θεοις τουτων μοιραν

ελασθην. 12. μιμνησκω (with gen.), I remember (MNA), f. μνησω, a. 1. επαναφέρετε. Τα αλλα και πολεμος και μεταβολη τυχης ανα

λωσεν, ή τεχνη δε σωζεται. Παντ εστιν εξευρείν, εαν μη τον pivnsa; mid. I reinind myself, think, make mention, pf.

πονον φευγη τις. Ει τις γηρασας ζην ευχεται, αξιος εστι m. μεμνημαι (Lat. memini), I am reminded, I call to mind,

γηρασκειν πολλας εις ετών δεκαδας. Μεμνησο ότι θνητος subj. μεμνωμαι, ή, ήται, imper. μεμνησο, Plpf. εμεμνημην, υπαρχεις. Μεμνο (μεμνιο) αει α υπ' αλλων ευ επαθες. Τυχε opt. μεμνημην, το, ήτο, or μεμνωμην, ώο, φτο; fut. 3.

τεχνην ευρηκας, ου τεχνη τυχην. Ουκ εστι βιον εύρειν αλυπον μεμνησομαι, I shall be reminded, a. εμνήσθην, I am re- | ουδενι. Αυχαριστος οστις ευ παθων αμνημονεί. Δικαιον ευ minded, f. μνησθησομαι, I shall remember.

πραττοντα μεμνήσθαι των ατυχων.
13. πασχω (formed from παθσκω), 1 receive an impression (Lat.
patior), I suffer, undergo, a. 2. επάθον (ΠΕΝΘ), f. πεισο-

ENGLISH-GREEK.
μαι, pf. πεπονθα.
14. πιπισκω, I drink, f. πίσω, a. 1. επίσα.

I have found no companion faithful in difficulties. Thou 15. Alapaorw, I sell (the fut, and aor. in ordinary speech are wilt find few faithful friends. He has found a faithful com

expressed by αποδωσομαι And απεδoμην), pf. πεπράκα, panion in misfortune. It is fated for thee to die. I bewall pf. m, or p. πεπράμαι, inf. πεπράσθαι, α. επράθην, f. 3. my deceased father. They will bewall the deceased general. πεπρασομαι (in the sense of the simple unused f. πρα- I gladly call to mind the great men of old (παλαι). I found

no man very happy in all respects. I wish to live honourably θησομαι).

or to die honourably. He has suffered dreadful things through 16. στερισκω (and στερεω), I deprive, rob, f. στερησω, a. 1: his baseness. Through thy fellow thou will sufer much.

εστερησα; mid. and pa83. στερισκομαι, στερούμαι, f. War wastes men's substance. It is possible to discover many στερησομαι, pf. εστερημαι, a. εστερηθην.

things, but not all. He has discovered many things. I hope 17. τιτρώσκω, I wound, f. τρωσω, a. 1. ετρωσα, pf. m. Or p. to discover many things. Having grown old he prays to live,

and is foolish. He will grow old for many decades of years. τετρωμαι, 8. ετρωθην, f. τρωθησομαι and τρωσομαι.

Remember that thou art my son. Even the wise have not 18. paorw, I am of opinion, 1 give an opinion, affirm (the discovered a life devoid of grief. He has received a benefit

indicative and imperative are very rare), impf. epaorov, and forgotten it (in Greek, having received a benefit, he has f. φησω, a. 1, εφησα.

forgotten it). Being in good circumstances myself (αυτος ευ 19, χάσκω, I open the mouth (XAN), a. 2. εχάνον, f. χανουμαι, πραττων) I will remember the unfortunate. That man has

received many benefits from me, yet he reviles me. pf. κεχηνα, I stand open. Observe that didaorw, I teach, retains the k sound in f. didažu, 5. Verbs whose pure stem is strengthened by a reduplication at the 2. 1, εδιδαξα, pf. δεδιδαχα, a. p. εδιδαχθην.

beginning. VOCABULARY.

This reduplication consists in the repetition of the first

consonant of the stem in union with the connecting vowel i. Εξευρισκω, I find out, discover. } Μοιρα, ας, ή, fate, Iot.

Only in a few verbs does the reduplication remain in the I fare well, receive Aeras, avoc, , the number formation of the tenses. To this class belonga favour,

ten, a decade, or period of Επαναφερω (Lat. refero), I ten years.

. bring back, refer to some

γιγνομαι (instead of γιγενομαι), I become (ΓΕΝ), 8. εγενο» Αλυπος, without grief, thing. griefluss.

μην (ΓΕΝΕ-), pf. γεγενημαι, I have become, or γεγονα Αμνημονεω (with gen.), I have Μορσιμος, ον, determined by

with a present meaning, as I am (but γεγονως χρονος,
noi in mind, I do not re-
fate, fated.

time past), f. γενησομαι.
member, I forget.
Ευγενης, ες, of good race,

πιπτω (instead of πιπετω), I fall, imper. πιπτε (ΠΕΤ-), f.
Πενθεω, 1 bewaii,
well born, noble.

πεσούμαι, a. 2. επεσον, pf. πεπτωκα. REMARKS, ETC.

Here also belong several of the fourth class, as γιγνωσκω. Τους τεθνηκοτας, literally, those having died, that is, the

6. Verbs whose pure stem receives an ε in the Present and dead, the departed.

Imperfect,
Παντα, accus. in every respect.
M1 th, not at all, in no way.

1. γαμεω, I marry (used of the man), pf. γεγαμηκα ; but f. Avalwoey; the aor, indicates the repetition ; the force may

γαμώ, a. 1. εγημα, mid. γαμουμαι, I am narried (of the "A υπ' αλλων ευ επαθες, literally, the things which you have

woman, in Lat. aubo, a. εγημαμην, pf. pass. γεγαμημαι, stell experienced from others, that is, the benefits you have received

(Lat, in matrimonium duco»), a. εγαμηθην, etc.

2. δοκεω, I appear (in Lat, videor), I think, f. δοξω, a. 1, εδοξα, Ουκ εστι, etc., take the Greek thus, ουκ εστι ουδενι (it is not pf. p. δεδογμαι (Lat. visus sum), a. p. εδoχθην, possible for any one) εύρειν βιον αλυπον.

3. ξυρεω, I shear, cut the hair, mid. ξυρομαι, a. εξυραμην, but
Whence come the following forms? In what mood, voice,
and person are they each: Write down their several signifi- 4. wbtw, I push, impf. ewbovv, f. wow and wonow, a. 1. ewoa and

pf. εξυρημαι.
cations apart from the connected terms; namely, μεμνήσθαι;
εύουν και ευρηκας; μεμνησω; γηρασας και αναλωσεν; πεπονθατε;

ωσα, pf. εωκα, mid. f, ωσομαι, a. εωσαμην, pf, εωσμαι, a. p αποθανειν; πενθούμενη τεθνηκεναι και επαθες και αμνημονει.

εωσθην.

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be given by usually.

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