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surface there is an average of 10 feety building the public edifices at Washin depth of ferruginous clay, resting ington, which were destroyed by fire on alternate horizontal strata of sand in 1814. The building of jails for and gravel, in which are found de. Alexandria county and Washington tached parcels of bog iron ore. county,—the purchase of a C. H. for

The following statement of expen- Washington county,--the erection of ditures, (by the United States) in a United States' Penitentiary, and a Washington, to January 1st, 1830, variety of other items, not chargable includes the entire expenses of re-Ito the sales of city lots.

Prior to 1816.
Purchase of ground for public purposes,

38,697.92 Purchase of stone quarries,

30,225.31 Surveying and marking boundaries;

67,469.76 Opening and improving streets,

33,646.82 Bridges over Rock, Tiber and James' Creeks, 15,041.99 Building wharfs,

9,130.17 Building sheds for workmen,

4,681.23 Digging canal from James to Tiber creek,

5,670.61 Interest on loans, commissions, &c.

165,533.93 Salaries, &c.

119,906.65

490,004.39 Capitol, &c. Prior to burning in August, 1814,

788,071.28 From 1814 to January 1, 1830,

1,704,250.27 Temporary Committee rooms,

2,771.96 Enclosing the square,

71,602.57 Alterations in the Capitol,

5,507.84 Graduating and improving the square,

20,716.99 Allegorical clock,

2,000.00 Furnishing committee rooms in centre building, 3,579.30

2,596,500.21 President's House, &c. Prior to burning in August, 1814,

333,207.04 From 1814 to January 1, 1830,

300,072.37 Alterations,

1,945.63 Covering the roof,

5,405.32 Erecting walls and gates,

5,887.73 Graduating and improving the square,

19,009.51

665,527.60 Offices Prior to burning in August, 1814,

93,013.82 From 1814 to January, 1830,

268,850.68

361,865.50 Contingencies between 1814 and 1820,

15,673.02 Engine Houses, Engines, &c.

12,917.37 Paved footways,

9,064.04 Purchase of part of the City Hall, for Court, &c. 10,000.00 Purchase of square 249, for water,

1,246.94 Jail of Washington County,

4,746.20 Jail of Alexandria County,

11,186.03 Penitentiary of the District,

76,127.23

140,960.83 Total,

$4,254,858.53

WASHINGTON COUNTY is bounded States and foreign powers; and cor: N. W. and N. by Montgomery Co. responds officially with the public Md., -N. E. by Prince George's Co. Ministers of the United States at Fo: Md., -S. E. by the Eastern branch of reign Courts, and with the Ministers

tomac, and s. W. by the main of Foreign Powers resident in the stream of Potomac. În form it ap- United States.—He performs, also proaches a parallelogram, 8 ms. in the main duties of what, in other Go: length from s. E. to N. W.; mean vernments, is called the Home Debreadth 54 ms.; area 42 sq. ms. or partment.--Salary, $6,000. 42-100ths of the whole district, ex The office of Secretary of the tending in lat. from 38° 51', to 38° Treasury was created by act of the 58' nearly, and in long. from 0° 6'6" 2d of September, 1789. He superinE. to 00 03' W. the Capital The tends all the fiscal concerns of the surface of this Co. is very finely di- Government, and, upon his own reversified by hill and dále. Rock sponsibility, recommends to Congress creek enters near the northern angle, measures for improving the condition and meandering in a general direc- of the revenue, He holds his office tion from N. to s., enters Potomac at the will of the President; is, by between the city of Washington and usage, a member of the Cabinet; and, Georgetown. The slope of the whole ex-officio, one of the Commissioners county is indeed from N. to S., and of the Sinking Fund.--Salary, $6,5 the descent very rapid. The soil 000. generally thin, though some favora Accounts of the government are fible exceptions exist. Exclusive of nally settled at the Treasury DepartW. C. and Georgetown, it contained ment: for which purpose it is divided in 1830 a population of 2,994. The into the office of the Secretary, (who, entire population of the two cities superintends the whole, but who is and the county, was in 1830, 30,262. not therefore, absolute, with respect ta

The Civil List of the United the power of adjusting claims or of States, though relating rather to the paying money;) into two Comptrolwhole Union, than particularly to the lers

, five Auditors, a Register, and a District of Columbia, is a matter of Treasurer. such general interest, that we will in The First Comptroller examines sert it here:

all accounts settled by the First and CIVIL LIST,

Fifth Auditors, and certifies the balShewing the nature and extent of the ances arising thereon to the Register,

duties of each officer of the Gene-countersigns all warrants drawn by ral Government of the U.- Siates, the Seceretary of the Treasury, if and their salaries with the num-warranted by law; reports to the Seber of clerks employed in each de- cretary the official forms to be used partment, and the aggregate in the different offices for collecting amount of their salaries. the public revenue; and the manner

The Department of State was cre- and form of keeping and stating the ated by the act of 15th September, accounts of the several persons em1798. ^ Previously to that period, hy ployed therein. He superintends the act of 27th July, 1789, it was denomi- preservation of the public accounts nated the Department of Foreign At- subject to his revision, and provides fairs. The Secrtary, is ex-officio, a for the regular payment of all moCommissioner of the Sinking Fund, neys which may be collected. --Salaand, by usage, a member of the Ca- ry, 83,500. binet. He conducts the negotiation, The Second Comptroller examines of all treaties between the United all accounts settled by the Second,

He exa

Third, and Fourth Auditors, certifies his decision upon them.--Salary, the balances to the Secretary of the $3,000. Department in which the expenditure The Fourth Auditor receives all has been incurred; countersigns all aceounts accruing in the Navy Derequisitions drawn by the Secretaries partment, or relative to it, of the War and Navy Departments, mines the accounts, certifies the balwarranted by law; reports to the Se- ances, and transmits the accounts with cretaries the official forms to be used the vouchers and certificate, to the in the different offices for distributing Second Comptroller, for his decision the public money in those Depart. upon them.--Salary, $3,000. ments, and the manner and form of The Fifth Auditor receives all ackeeping and stating the accounts of counts accruing in, or relative to the the persons employed therein. It is Department of State, the General Post also his duty to superintend the pre- Office, and those arising out of Indian servation of the public accounts sub-Trade, examines them, certifies the ject to his revision.-Salary, $3,000. balances, and transmits the accounts

The First Auditor receives all ac- with the vouchers and certificate, to counts accruing in the Treasury De- the First Comptroller for his decision partment, and in relation to the reve- upon them. To the Fifth Auditor, nue and the civil list; and, after exa- also, has been assigned the duties of mination certifies the balance, and Commissioner of the Revenue, which transmits the accounts, with the vouch-are considerable, embracing a superers and certificates, to the First Comp- intendence of the light house estabtroller, for his decision thereon.-Sal- lishment, and a correspondence with, ary, $3,000.

and superintendence over, the collec The Second Auditor receives and tors of the direct tax and internal resettles all accounts for the pay and venue.-Salary, $3,000. clothing of the Army, subsistence of To this office has been assigned by offeers, bounties, and premiums, Me the President also, the duty of agent dical and Hospital Department, and of the Treasury, under the act of 15th National Armories, arming and equip- May, 1820, for conducting all suits at ping the militia, Ordnance Depart. law, in which the United States are ment, Indian Department, Purchas- concerned. ing Department, the contingent ex- The Treasurer receives and keeps penses of the War Department, and the money of the United States, and all store accounts growing out of the disburses the same upon warrants foregoing. Heexamines the accounts, drawn by the Secretary of the Treacertifies the balances, and transmits sury, countersigned by the proper the accounts with the vouchers and Comptroller and Auditor, and recordcertificates, to the Second Comptrol-ed by the Register.—Salary, $3,000. ler, for his decision upon them.-Sal- The Register of the Treasury ary, $3,000.

keeps all accounts of the receipts and The Third Auditor receives all ac- expenditures of the public money, counts relative to the subsistence of and of all debts due to or from the the Army, the Quartermaster's De. United States; he keeps the District partinent, and generally all accounts Tonnage Accounts of the United of the War Department, other than States; he receives from the Compthose referred to the Second Auditor. trollers the accounts which have been He examines the accounts, certifies finally adjusted, and, with their vouchthe balances, and transmits the ac- ers and certificates, preserves them; counts, with the vouchers and certifi- he records all warrants for the receipt cates to the Second Comptroller for or payment of moneys at the Treasu, ry, certifies the same thereon, and, ed in the discharge of his duties by transmits to the Secretary of the two Assistants. He has the sole apTreasury copies of the certificates of pointment of all Postmasters throughbalances of accounts adjusted. By out the United States; the making of an act of the 10th February, 1820, it all contracts for carrying the mails; is made the duty of the Register of and, in short, the control, according the Treasury, to prepare statistical to law, for every thing relating to the accounts of the commerce of the Unit-institution. Since the commencement ed States, to be laid before Congress. of President Jackson's administra• -Salary, $3,000.

tion, he is a member of the cabinet. ---:-- The War Department was created Salary, $6,000. by act of 7th August, 1789. The Board of Commissioners for the Secretary of War, at first, had the su. Navy.This Board was established perintendence of Naval Affairs. On by act of 7th of February, 1815. It the 30th of April, 1798, however, a consists of three Captains of the Naseparation took place, and a Navy vy, in rank not below that of a Post Department was established. The Captain. The Board is by law, atSecretary of War superintends every tached to the office of the Secretary branch of the military department; of the Navy, and under his superin: and is, by usage, a member of the tendence; discharges all the ministecabinet. He holds his office at the rial duties of that office relative to will of the President. Attached to the procurement of naval stores and the War Department, and under the materials, and the construction, armaimmediate direction of the Secretary, ment, equipment and employment of ate an Engineer Office, an Ordnance vessels of war, as well as other matOffice, an Office for the Commissary ters connected with the Naval EstabGeneral of Subsistence, a Paymas- lishment of the United States." ter General's Office, a Surgeon Gene. The number of Clerks employed ral's Office, a Bounty Land Office, in the State Department, including and a Pension Bureau. All these those in the patent office, with three offices, together with the Head-Quar- messengers, are 20— whose joint salaters of the Commanding General, ries amount to 822,000. (Major General Macomb,) and the In the Treasury Department there Adjutant-General's and Quartermas- are employed ten clerks with one ter General's' Offices are located at messenger.-Their joint salaries are Washington.-Sa ary, $6,000. $13,750.

The office of Secretary of the Na- In the First Comptroller's Office vy was created by act of the 30th of there are employed fifteen clerks with April, 1798. He issues all orders to one messenger—whose joint salaries the Navy of the United States, and amount to $18,450. superintends the concerns of the Na- In the Second Comptroller's there val Establishment generally. A are employed eight clerks, with one Board of Navy Commissioners was messenger-their joint salaries ainstituted by act of 7th February, mount to $10,300. 1815, to aid him in the discharge of In the First Auditor's Office there his duties. The Secretary of the are employed eleven clerks, with one Navy is, by usage, a member of the messenger-whose salaries amount cabinet, and holds his office at the will to $13,000. of the President.-Salary, $6,000. In the Second Auditor's Office there

General Post Office. This De-are employed fourteen clerks—whose partment is under the superintendence joint salaries amount to $16,350. of a Post Master General, who is aid-1" In the Third Auditor's Office there

are employed sixteen clerks, with one In the Ordnance Department there messenger—whose joint salaries a- are employed three clerks-whose mount to $20,600.

salaries amount to $2,950. In the Fourth Auditor's Office there In the Surgeon General's Office, are employed fifteen clerks—whose there are employed one clerk with a joint salaries amount to $17,050. salary of $1,150.

In the Fifth Auditor's Office there In the Quartermaster General's are employed twelve clerks—whose Office there are employed two clerks joint salaries amount to $14,400. their joint salaries being $2,150.

In the Treasurer's Office there are In the Navy Department there are employed five clerks—whose joint employed seven clerks, whose salaries salaries amount to $6,050.

amount to $9,400, In the Register's Office there are There are three Navy Commisemployed twenty clerks, with two sioners, whose joint salaries amount messengers, whose joint salaries a- to $10,500. The Secretary's salary mount to $23,500.

is $2,000. In this office are employCommissioner General of the Land ed six clerks—their joint salaries Office, with a salary $3,000.—In this amounting to $6,750—also a Draftsoffice there are employed eighteen man, whose salary is $1,000, and a clerks, with one messenger-their Messenger at $700. joint salaries being $20,150.

There are two Navy Constructors, In the War Department, there are whose salaries amount to $5,300, and employed fifteen clerks, with one a Naval Storekeeper-at $1,700 per messenger whose joint salaries are annuin. $19,850.

Besides the General Postmaster In the Adjutant General's Office there are tivo Assistant Postmaster are employed two clerks—their joint Generals, whose salaries amount to salaries being $2,950.

$5,000—and in the General Post OfIn the Paymaster General's Office fice there are employed forty-four there are employed three clerks and clerks and one messenger-whose one messenger—their joint salaries salaries amount to 40,200. being $4,600.

Addenda to the Gazelieer of Virginia and District of Columbia.

CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF VA. By an act of Assembly, 1833, the counties and towns of this state were divided into 21 Congressional Districts, in the manner following, to wit: District 1st-Contains the counties of Norfolk, Princess Anne, Nanse

mond, borough of Norfolk, Elizabeth City, and Ise of

Wight. 2d-Is composed of Sussex, Southampton, Surry, Prince

George, Greensville and the town of Petershurg. 3d-Is composed of Powhatan, Amelia, Chesterfield, Goochland

and Nottoway. 4th-Is composed of Brunswick, Lunenburg, Mecklenburg and

Dinwiddie. 5th—Is composed of Prince Edward, Charlotte, Buckingham

and Cumberland. 6th-Is composed of Campbell, Halifax, and Pittsylvania. 7th-Is composed of Franklin, Bedford, Patrick and Henry.

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