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District 8th-Is composed of York, Mathews, James City, Gloucester,
Warwick, Accomac, Northampton and the City of Wil
liamsburg 9th-Is composed of Essex, Caroline, King and Queen, King
William and Middlesex, 10th-Is composed of Westmoreland, Richmond, Lancaster, Nor
thumberland, King George, Stafford and Prince William. 11th-Is composed of Henrico, Charles City, Hanover, City of
Richmond and New Kent. 12th-Is composed of Albemarle, Nelson, Fluvanna, Louisa and
Amherst. 13th-Is composed of Spottsylvania, Culpeper, Rappa hannock,
Madison and Orange. 14th-Is composed of Loudoun, Fauquier and Fairfax. 15th-- Is composed of Morgan, Jefferson, Berkley, Hampshire and
Frederick 16th-Is composed of Rockingham, Shenandoah, Page, Hardy, Pen
dleton and Bath. 17th-- Is composed of Rockbridge, Augusta, Alleghany, Botetourt,
Montgomery and Floyd. 18th-Is composed of Wythe, Washington, Grayson, Scott, Lee,
Smyth, Tazewell and Russell. 191h-Is.composed of Fayette, Nicholas, Greenbrier, Monroe, Giles,
Logan, Kanawha and Cabell. 20th-Is composed of Harrison, Lewis, Wood, Mason, Jackson,
Randolph and Pocahontas. 21st-Is composed of Monongalia, Preston, Tyler, Ohio and
By act of Assembly, 1833, this state was divided into twenty-three Electoral Districts-to provide for the appointment of Electors to choose a President and Vice-President of the United States, and are as follows, viz: District I'stNorfolk, Princess Anne, Nansemond, the borough of Nor
folk, Elizabeth City and the Isle of Wight, shall form one
district. 2-The counties of Sussex, Southampton, Surry, Prince George,
Greensville, and the town of Petersburg, shall form another
district. 3d-The counties of Powhatan, Amelia, Chesterfield, Goochland
and Nottoway, shall form another district. 4th--The counties of Brunswick, Lunenburg, Mecklenburg and
Dinwiddie, shall form another district. 5th-The counties of Prince Edward, Charlotte, Buckingham,
Cumberland and Fluvanna, shall form another district. 6th-The counties of Halifax, Campbell and Bedford, shall form
another district. 7th--The counties of Pittsylvania, Franklin, Henry and Patrick,
shall form another district.
District 8th–The counties of York, Mathews, James City, Gloucester,
Warwick, Accomack and Northampton, shall form another
district. 9th--The counties of King & Queen, King William, Essex, Ca.
roline and Middlesex, shall form another district. 10th The counties of Westmoreland, Richmond, Lancaster, Nor
thumberland, King George, Stafford and Prince William,
shall form another district. 11th-The counties of Henrico, Charles City, Hanover, New Kent,
and the City of Richmond, shall form another district. 12th- The counties of Albemarle, Nelson, Louisa and Amherst,
shall form another district. 13th—The counties of Spottsylvania, Culpeper, Rappa hannock,
Madison and Orange, shall form another district. 14th— The counties of Fauquier, Loudoun and Fairfax, shall form
another district. 15th— The counties of Jefferson, Berkley, Morgan and Hampshire
shall form another district. 16th—The counties of Frederick, Shenandoah and Page, shall form
another district. 17th-The counties of Hardy, Preston, Randolph, Pendleton and
Rockingham, shall form another district. 18th—The counties of Augusta, Rockbridge, Bath and Alleghany,
shall form another distriet. 19th--The counties of Greenbrier, Nicholas, Pocahontas, Fayette
and Monroe, shall form another strict. 20th-The counties of Botetourt, Giles, Montgomery, Grayson,
Floyd and Wythe, shall form another district. 21st—The counties of Washington, Tazewell, Russell, Scott, Lee
and Smyth, shall form another district. 22dThe counties of Kanawha, Mason, Cabell, Logan, Lewis,
Harrison and Jackson, shall form another district. 23dThe counties of Brooke, Ohio, Tyler, Monongalia and Wood,
shall form another district. 2. Be it further enacted, That the elections for president and vice-president of the United States shall be held and conducted in all respects, according to the provisions of the said act to provide for the appointment of elec. tors to choose a president and vice-president of the United States, passed at the last session of the general assembly: Provided only, That the voters in said elections shall each vote for twenty-three electors, which number shall be composed of one person from each electoral districts, as arranged by this act.
3. Be it further enacted, That if the executive of this commonwealth shall fail to appoint commissioners to conduct the election of electors of president and vice-president within any county or corporation of this commonwealth, or if no one of the said commissioners so appointed, should attend at the time and place prescribed by law, then it shall and may be lawful for any two justices of the peace of the county within which the election is to be holden, to conduct the said election, and to make returns thereof in the same manner as if they had been regularly appointed and commissioned for that purpose by the executive of this commonwealth: Provided, however, that the said justices of the peace shall take the oath prescribed by
law for commissioners appointed by the executive for conducting such election, before they shall be authorized to perform the duties prescribed by this
VIRGINIA ELECTION LAWS.
“The election of delegates, and of the eight senators for one of the four elasses of senatorial districts, in the room of those who will he annually displaced, shall be held in the several counties, cities, towns and boroughs on their respective court days in the month of April of every future year.
2. No elector shall vote more than once for any senator in the same district, at any one election.
3. Every white male citizen of this commonwealth resident therein, aged twenty-one years and upwards (other than such as have refused to give as. surance of fidelity to the commonwealth) being possessed, or whose tenant for years, at will or at sufferance is possessed of twenty-five acres of land, with a house, the superficial content of the fouudation whereof is twelve feet square, or equal to that quantity, and a plantation thereon;.or fifty acres of unimproved land; or a lot or part of a lot of land in a city or town established by act of general assembly, with a house thereon of the like superficial content or quantity, having in such land an estate of freehold at the least, and (unless the title shall have come to him by descent, devise, marriage or marriage settlement) having been so possessed six months, shall be qualified to vote for delegates to serve in general assembly, for the county, city, town, borough or election districi respectively, in which the land lieth. If the fifty acres of land, being one entire parcel, lie in several counties, the holder shall vote in that county wherein the greater part of the land lieth only; and if the twenty-five acres of land, being one entire parcel lie in seve eral counties, the holder shall vote in that county wherein the house standeth only. In right of land held by parceners, joint tenants, or tenants in common, qualified to exercise the right of suffrage according to the former constitution and laws, but one vote shall be given by all the holders capable of voting, who may be present, and agree to vote for the same candidate or candidates, unless the quantity of land, in case partition had been made thereof, be sufficient to entitle every holder present to vote separately ; or unless some one or more of the holders may lawfully vote in right of another estate or estates in the same county ; in which case, the others may vote, if holding solely, they might have voted.
4. Every white male citizen of the commonwealth, resident therein, aged twenty-one years and upwards, being qualified to exercise the right of suffrage, according to the fourteenth section of the third article of the constitution, shall be qualified to vote for members of the general assembly, in the manner therein prescribed. If the land in the said constitution mentioned and referred to, being one entire parcel, lie in several counties, and be insufficient in value to entitle the person interested therein to vote in all the said counties, such person, whether he be possessed of an estate of freehold or leasehold; whether he be tenant in common, joint tenant or parcener, shall vote in that county wherein the greater part of the land lieth only, and any citizen claiming the right to vote, in consequence of being entitled to a reversion, or vested remainder in fee, expectant on an estate for life or
lives, in land, which, being one entire parcel, may happen to lie in several counties, and be insufficient in value to entitle such citizen to vote in all the said counties, shall vote in that county wherein the greater part of the land lieth only. In case of two or more tenants in common, joint tenants or par. ceners, in possession, reversion or remainder, having an interest in land, the value whereof shall be insufficient to entitle them all to vote, and who, not being qualified to exercise the right of suffrage, according to the former constitution and laws, have had that right conferred upon them by the present constitution, their vote or votes shall in such case be given in manner following, that is to say: if the value of land be sufficient to entitle them to one vote only, the same shall be given by all the said tenants in common, joint tenants or parceners, capable of voting, who may be present, and agree to vote for the same candidate or candidates. If the value of the land be sufficient to entitle them to more than one vote, the votes to which they are entitled, shall be given by all the said tenants in common, joint tenants or par. ceners, capable of voting, who may be present, and agree as to the candidate or candidates io whom the said votes shall be given. No one of any number of such tenants in common, joint tenants or parceners, shall give more than one vote at the same election ; nor shall any greater number of votes be given by such tenants in common, joint tentants or parceners, than the value of the undivided land held by them may entitle them to give, according to the constitution. When a vote or votes shall have been given as aforesaid, by such tenants in common, joint tenants or parceners, the whole of the said tenants in common, joint tenants and parceners, not having been present, and not having agreed to the said vote or votes, if he or they, who were absent at the giving of the said vote or votes, should afterwards appear at the said election, before the taking of the votes is at an end, and to the officer conducting the said election, object to the said votes as given the same shall be stricken from the poll. When an election shall be held at differ. ent places in the same county, and such tenants in common, joint tenants or parceners, entitled to only one vote, shall be polled at different places, and for a different candidate or candidates, their votes shall be stricken from the poll. When an election shall be held at different places in the same county, and such tenants in common, joint tenants or parceners, entitled to give more votes than one, shall give their votes at different places, and in opposition to each other, the said voles shall be stricken from the poll, if it shall appear that all the said tenants in common, joint tenants or parceners, did not agree, before such votes were polled, to whom they should be given. In case of two or more of such tenants in common, joint tenants or paree. ners in possession, reversion or remainder, having interest in land, the value whereof shall be insufficient to entitle them all to vote, if some one or more of them may lawfully vote in right of another estate or estates in the same county, the others may vote in the same manner as if he or they, holding such other estate or estates in the same county, had no interest whatever in the undivded land belonging to the said tenants in common, joint tenants or parceners.
5. If any person shall vote a second time at any election for members of general assembly; or if any person shall claim and exercise the right of suffrage, in consequence of having paid a part of the revenue of the commonwealth, with which he may have been, by his own procurement, falsely as. sessed; each and every such person shall, for his offence, forfeit and pay to the commonwealth, for the benefit of the literary fund, the sum of thirty-three
dollars thirty-three cents, recoverable by motion in the superior or inferior court of law held for the county, city, town or borough, in which the offence is committed, in the name and on behalf of the president and directors of the literary fund, provided ten days notice shall have been given of such motion.
6. Every elector going 10, abiding at, and returning from, an election, shall be privileged from arrest one day for every twenty miles he shall ne. cessarily travel, exclusive of the day of election; and any process against such elector, executed during such privilege, shall be void.
7. And it shall be the duty of the sheriff or other officer conducting such election, not to enter on the poll the vote of any person who may offer to vote, unless he believes such person to be qualified to vote, or unless such person shall take an oath, which the said sheriff or other officer conducting said election, is hereby anuhorised to administer, or make solemn affirmation before the said sheriff or other officer conducting the said election, in this form: “I, A. B. do swear, (or do solemnly afirm, as the case may be,) that I do in my conscience believe myself to be duly qualified to vote for å delegate or delegates for the county, city, town, borough, or election district of
or for a senator for the district of which the county, city, town, borough, or tlection district of is a part, io serve in the general as, sembly of this commonwealth : So help me God." Of which oath or affirmation, a note shall be made in the poll book opposite, and referring to the name of the person swearing or affirming. The making such oath or afa firmation, or any other oath or affirination by this act required, falsely, shall be perjury.
8. In the case of an election of a delegate or delegates for a county, city, town, or borough, the candidate or candidatrs appearing to have the greatest number of votes, shall be considered elected; or when the greatest number .. of votes for several candidates, if it be an election of a delegate or delegates for a county, city, town or borough, shall be equal to one another, the she riff or other officer who conducted the election at the court house, may and shall declare which of the candidates he will elect, notivithstanding his vote. as an elector may have been previously entered on the poll.
9. The officers conducting elections at the court-house of each county:. city, town, or borough, within the senatorial districts of this commonwealth. shall meet at the times and places herein above directed, and from the said polls of their respective counties, cities, towns. and boroughs, shali certify as the senator elected, the man who shall have the greatest nunber of votes in the whole district; and if the greatest number of votes for several persons to be a senator be equal to one another, and the votes of the returning offi. cers be equal also, it shall be decided by a lot taken by such returning offi. cers at their said meeting; a copy of which certificate shall be forth with set up by them at the front door of the court-house of the county, city, town, or borough, at which their said meeting may be held, informing the public of the name of the senator elected in manner aforesaid; and another copy thereof shall be by them delivered to the clerk of the said county, city, town, or borough, to be by him safely kept and preserved in his office; and the said clerk shall suffer any candidate or elector, at any time, to take a copy thereof.
10. No elector shall be admitted to a poll a second time at one and the same election, although at the first time he shall not have voted for as many candidates as by law he might have voted for. If the electors, who appear, be so numerous, that they cannot all be polled before sun-setting, or if by rain or rise of water courses, many of the electors may have been hindered