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Nantes, atrocities of Carrier at, 323

Orléans, High Court established at, 162 ; the prisoners
Naples conquered by the French, 417 ; Joseph Bonaparte brought to Versailles, and massacred, 207

made king, 471; Murat succeeds him, 479; the Bour. Duc d', a deputy to the States-General, 5; suspected
bons restored, 541; revolution, 556; repressed, 558

by the court, 24, 63; is sent to England, 75; grossly
Napoleon, Emperor, recognized by many European powers, insulted by the royalists, 161; accused of the death of

459; his coronation, 465; aggrandisement of his family, the Princesse de Lamballe, 204 ; becomes a member of
465; battles of Austerlitz and Trafalgar, 468, 469; his the National Convention, and takes the name of Philippe
personal character, 471; the Spanish war, 475; his Egalité, 215; votes for the death of the king, 249;
divorce, 485; his Austrian marriage, 487; birth of his is suspected by the Convention, 246, 268 ; his trial and
son, 491; system of administration, 491; war with execution, 310
Russia, 493; the German campaign, 500; is obliged to Louis Philippe, Duc d', his enigmatical letter, 519;
retreat into France, 505; professes a willingness for peace, generosity of Charles X. to him, 567; the discontented
506; his distrust of the National Guards, 507; the cam- gather round him, 567 ; appointed Lieutenant-General
paign of 1814, 507; his abdication, 510; attempts of the kingdom, 591; opens the Chamber of Deputies,
suicide, 510; residence in Elba, 515; the Hundred Days, 595; formally accepts the crown, 598.-See Louis
516; battle of Waterloo, 525; exile to St. Helena, 530 ; Philippe.
his death, 558; removal of his remains to France, 632; Ferdinand, Duc d', (son of Louis Philippe,) serves in
considerations on his character, 461; and on the right Algeria, 624; his marriage, 626; his death, 633
of the Allies to imprison him, 531

Duchesse d', attempt to procure the regency for the,
II., abdication of Napoleon in favour of, 525

640
title taken by Louis Bonaparte at Strassburg, 623 party, pretended existence of an, in the time of the
Narbonne appointed Minister of War, 159; dismissed, 162 Directory, 395; real existence after the Restoration,
National Assembly, name taken by the Commons, 13; the 567

oath of the Tennis Court, 14; refuses to separate, at the family, restoration of the property of the, 567
king's order, 19; votes the inviolability of the persons Ouvrard, a secret agent of Fouché to the British Govern.
of the deputies, 19; joined by the clergy and nobility at ment, 487; inquiry into the transactions of the Villele
the king's command, 20; removes to Paris, and is styled ministry with him, 565
the Constituent Assembly.—See Constituent Assembly.

Convention, its assembling, 215; decrees the Pache, Minister of War, 254 ; becomes Mayor of Paris, 255
abolition of royalty, 215; trial of the king, 242; quarrels Paine, Thomas, draws up the prospectus of “ Le Répub-
of the Girondins and Jacobins, 257; intimidated by the licain,” 137; a member of the National Convention,
Commune of Paris, 262; fall of the Gironde, 269, 279; 216 ; joins the Jacobin Club, 217 ; votes for the banish-
trial of the queen, 307; trial of the Girondins, 308; ment of the king, 249; is imprisoned, 331 ; released,
revolt of the sections, 379; the Convention dissolves 357
itself, and is succeeded by the Directory, 381

Palais Royal, meetings at the, 20; the resort of the dis-
Guard, formation of, throughout France, 45; the affected in the time of Charles X., 567
staff disbanded, 181; reorganized, 365

Palm, a bookseller, murder of, 472
of Paris disliked by the people, 60; their Panis, one of the Septembriseurs, 206; is amnestied, 549
march to Versailles, 67; their insubordination, 124 ; Pantheon, Club of the, 383 ; closed by the Directory, 384
staft dismissed, 181 ; skirmish with the Federates, 187; Paoli, accomplishes à counter-revolution in Corsica, 283 ;
reorganized as the armed sections, 214; distrusted by his opinion of Bonaparte, 408,
Napoleon, 507; disbanded by Charles X., 575; re- Paris, armed sections of, defeated by Bonaparte, 380
established, 590; join in the Revolution of 1848 ; 640

Convention of, 528 ; doubts as to one of its provisions,
Naufragés de Calais, case of the, 429

538
Navarino, battle of, 576

the Council-General of the Commune of, seizes on
Necker, his speech to the States-General, 4; his temporizing power, 49,196 ; Robespierre, its chief director, 196; con.

measures, 17; resigns, and is recalled, 19; is dismissed, trols the Assembly, 197; its proceedings, 214, 271
and leaves France, 25; returns, 49; his financial plans, general domiciliary visit in, 198; massacre of many
88; again retires, 109; his interview with Bonaparte, of the prisoners then made, 199
444

improvements in, under Napoleon, 470; the improve-
Neerwinden, battle of, 263

ments carried on by the Bourbons, 551
Nelson destroys the French fleet at Aboukir, 414; his death murders in the prisons of, 200, 202
at Trafalgar, 469

treaty of, 512
Nemours, Duc de, chosen King of Belgium, but declines, Juigné, Archbishop, of, attacked in the streets, 19,

604 ; serves in Algiers, 624; dotation to, refused, 625, 20; joins the National Assembly, 20
631 ; quits France, 640

Comte de, his birth, 629 ; abdication of Louis Phi.
Netherlands, kingdom of, established, 510; broken up, 600 lippe in his favour, 640, 62
Neutrals, rights of, sacrificed, 475

Parisian militia, La Fayette 'appointed commander, 39 ;
Newspapers. - See Journals.

becomes the National Guard, 60.-See National Guard.
Ney, Marshal, employed to pacify Switzerland, 448; is de Parliaments, provincial, of France, suppressed, 79

feated by Bernadotte, 504; advises Napoleon to abdicate, Parthenopean Republic, the, 417
510; joins him during the Hundred Days, 518; main- Patriotic gifts, 58
tains his ground at Quatre Bras, 524 ; his trial and Peace, overtures for, from Bonaparte, 432, 466, 506
execution, 539

Peerage, the hereditary, abolished in France, 607
Nice, Comtat of, conquered and annexed to France, 223 Pensions, scandalous mode of granting, in France, 86
Nile, battle of the, 414

Pères de la Foi, a name taken by the Jesuits, 567
Nobles in the States-General refuse to join the Commons, 7; | Périer, Casimir, a leader of the opposition, 554; bis conduct

are commanded to do so by the king, 20; renounce their in the Revolution of July, 587 ; named minister by
feudal rights, 55

Charles X., 589; appointed President of the Chamber
Noblesse, haute, emigration of the, 42

of Deputies, 597; becomes President of the Council,
the old, Bonaparte's opinion of them, 466

604 ; his law against tumultuous assemblages, 605;
Noyades, the, 323

tenders his resignation, his death, 612

Pétion appointed Mayor of Paris, 158 ; demands the depo-
Oath, civic, imposed, 81; refused by many of the clergy, 111; sition of the king, 187; the first President of the

to the Constitution of the Year III., 395; its strictness National Convention, 215; is proscribed, 284; his
tempered, 433

death, 312
of the Tennis Court, 14

Peyronnet becomes Minister of Justice, 559; resigns, 576 ;
Oficers, scandalous conduct of some, at Nancy, 107

reappointed, 583; arrested, 600; trial and imprison-
Ogé, a mulatto of St. Domingo, execution of, 159

ment, 602; released, 625
Oldenburg, duchy of, a cause of dispute between the Emperor Philippe Égalité, name taken by the Duc d' Orleans, 215
Alexander and Napoleon, 489

Pichegru invades Holland, 362; appointed Commandant
Ordonnances, the, of Charles X., the immediate cause of the of Paris, 364 ; his intrigues with Condé, 388; is de-
Revolution of 1830, 586

ported, 402; returns to France, 455 ; his death, 456

Pilnitz, conferences of, 146

Rapinat, a merciless plunderer in Switzerland, 417
Pinel, death of, 50

Rastadt, conferences at, 407 ; murder of the French nego
Pitt, William, complains of the conduct of the French in the tiators, 418

Low Countries, 254; war between England and France, Reaction against the Terrorists, 365 ; fresh attempts put
255; is declared an enemy of the human race by the down by the Directory, 384
Convention, 292 ; disposed to peace, 380 ; resigns office, Reason, idolatry of, 314

440 ; becomes Premier again, 455 ; his death, 472 “ Red Book," the, its scandalous revelations, 86
Plaine, the, a party in the National Convention, 219

Reding, Major, murder of, 201
Poland, kingdom of, established, 541 ; attempted revolution Reform banquets, the, 637; 638; the Parisian bang net pro-
in, 601

hibited by the ministry, 639; consequences, 640
Police, General Ministry of, appointed, 384 ; its activity, Regicides, the, banished from France, 542; the law agaiust

384; made a main instrument of governing, by Fouché, them modified, 549, 603
434

Reichenbach, treaty of, 503
Polignac, Duchesse de, a favourite of the queen, 25; her flight, Reign of_Terror, the, 296; horrible excesses, 340 ; fall of
42

the Terrorists, 350
Princes Armand and Jules, concerned in the con- Religion, the Christian, formally renounced in France, 316 ;
-spiracy of Georges Cadoudal, 455 ; pardoned, 461

re-established, 441
Prince Jules, objects to the oath to the Charter, Religious congregations, the, their real character, 543
,536; wish of Charles X. to make him minister, 580 ;

houses opened by the Constituent Assembly, 85
opposition of Martignac and others, 581 ; his appoint-

troubles, 91 ; outrages at Nîmes and elsewhere,
ment, 582; the ordonnances, 584; his trial and im- 92
prisonment, 602; released, 625

worship, discussious on maintaining, 91
Poniatowski, Princo, death of, 505

Representatives of the people sent to control the operations
Pope Gregory XVI., evils of his government, 610; Austrian of the generals, 233, 299, 321, 342
and French interference, 611

Republic, French, the question discussed, 136; determined
- Pius VI., his states overrun by the French, 403 ; on by the National Convention, 215
carried a prisoner to France, 410; his death, 411 Republican marriages, the, 323

Pius VII. concludes a concordat with Bonaparte, 441; Restoration.—See Bourbons.
performs the ceremony of his coronation, 465; dethroned Revolution of 1789, meeting of the States-General, 1 ; cap.
by him, 485; his resolute conduct, 489; imprisoned at ture of the Bastille, 35; oath to the Constitution, 104;
Fontainbleau, 493 ; set at liberty, 500; allowed to leave storming of the Tuileries, 193; September massacres, 199;
France, 507

the National Convention, 214; trial of the king, 242;
Portugal invaded by the French, 442; attempted partition Reign of Terror, 296 ; the Committee of Public Safety,

of, 475; flight of the royal family, 476 ; revolution in, 301; the Directory, 382 ; the Consulate, 429; the
564 ; naval expedition of the French to, 605

Empire, 460 ; restoration of the Bourbons, 511; the
Praslin, Duc de, murders his wife, and commits suicide, 638 Hundred Days, 516 ; return of Louis XVIII., 527
Presburg, peace of, 468

of 1830, 586 ; flight of Charles X., 592; Duc
Press, restrictions on the, at the beginning of the Revolution, d'Orleans proclaimed king, 598; trial of the ex-

59; under the Directory, 384 ; under the Consulate, ministers, 602.-See Louis Philippe.
433 ; under the Empire, 487; under the Restoration,

of 1848, 639; the reform banquets, 639; ab-
559, 565, 573, 578; under Louis Philippe, 616, 620, 633 dication of Louis Philippe, 640; the Provisional Go.
Printers, unemployed, commence the Revolution of 1830, vernment, 641
586

Revolutionary army, the, established by the Convention,
Prisoners, military, rescued by the populace, 23

301; disbanded, 329
Prisons, the, of Paris, during the reign of terror, 329

Government, the, its vigorous proceedings,
Pritchard, an English consul, arrest of, 635

304
Proscription of the Comte d'Artois and others, 29; their

tribunal, its appointment, 163 ; executions,
flight, 29; under the Bourbons, 532; many of the pro-

198 ; a fresh tribunal appointed, 258 ; its proceedings,
scribed allowed to return, 550

340 ; number of its victims, 343 ; remodelled, 356
Protestants restored to their civil rights, 80; attempted per-

women, society of, 303
secution of, after the second restoration, 533

Rewbell, a Conventionalist, becomes one of the Directory,
Provence, Comte de. -See Monsieur.

382; proposes the invasion of Switzerland, 411; retires,
Provisional Government of 1814, their acts, 510; of 1815, 418

526 ; of 1830, 590 ; of 1848, its members and acts, 641 Rhine, Confederation of the, formed, 471
Prussia overrun by the French, 473

Richelieu, Duc de, becomes minister to Louis XVIII., 534;
King Frederick William II. of, invades France, his reluctance to agree to the terms of the Allies, 537;
retreats, 213; treats with the Republic, 363 ; makes a opposes the vengeful spirit of the Chamber, 541 ; pro-

cures the withdrawal of the allied troops, 547; resigns
Frederick William III., his insincere character, office, 549; his pension, 549; his second administra-
472; his losses, 474 ; joins the Allies, 501 ; promises a tion, 553 ; resigns, 558; his death, 560
constitution to his people, 540; his gains at the peace, Robespierre, Maximilien, his early life and character, 120;
541

bis proposition to the States-General, 7; his reply to
Public debt, measures for reducing to order, 297

the insidious proposal of the Archishop of Aix, 11; a
Safety, Committee of, 268, 301 ; its authority sup-

member of the Breton Club, 45; wishes to attach
ported by Robespierre, 304

the clergy to the Revolution, 94 ; argues against the
Puisaye, the head of the Chouans, his views, 362 ; heads the punishment of death, 126 ; increase of his influence,
expedition to Quiberon, 375

138; his Address to the French, 142; argues against
Pyramids, battle of the, 414

war, 160; appointed public accuser, 163 ; his hatred

to La Fayette, 174; proposes a National Convention,
Quadruple Alliance, the treaty of, its objects, 618

195 ; accused of aspiring to the Dictatorship, 218;
Quatrebras, battle of, 524

his reply to the charge, 218, 227; urges the death
Quiberon expedition, the, its utter failure, 375; groundless- of the king, 240; his attack on Vergniaud, 268 ; his

ness of the charge sometimes made against the English simple mode of life, 296 ; opposes atheism, 319; his
ministry regarding it, 376; unwise proceeding regard- power not so great as usually supposed, 334 ; attempt
ing it at the Restoration, 513

to assassinate him, 337; presides at the Fête of the
Quinette delivered to the Austrians by Dumouriez, 266 ; Supreme Being, 338 ; brings forward a new law for

released, 383; one of the Commission of Government the Revolutionary Tribunal, 339; his weakness, 340 ;
in 1815, 526

indirect attack on him in the Convention, 343; saves
Quosdanowich defeated by Bonaparte, 390

many of the Girondins, 345; defends the system of

terror, 346; denounced in the Convention, 347; at-
Rabaud St. Etienne, a Protestant deputy, 80; his propo- tempts suicide, 348; is executed, 349; numerous execu-
sition in the States-General, 7; is executed, 313

tions of his partisans, 349; his papers, 357
Railways to be constructed by the State, in France, 633

the younger, executed, 349

peace, 369

Rochambean appointed to command the army of the North, | Slave Trade, treaties for the suppression of the, 541, 616;
160; his dislike to the service, 169; resigns, 170

right of search, 635
Roederer, his account of the transactions of the 10th August, Smith, Sir Sidney, at Acre, 415; his negotiations with the
194

French in Egypt, 437
Roland appointed Minister of the Interior, 165; his letter Smolensk, capture of, 494

to the king, 172; dismissed, 172; reappointed, 194 ; Society in Paris, under the Directory, 358 ; after the Resto-
his letter on the September massacres, 203; resigns ration, 535
office, 254 ; flees from Paris, 278; commits suicide, 310 Soldiers, private, their miserable condition under the French

Madame, her character, 165; is arrested, 278; exe- monarchy, 23 ; join with the people, 23, 25; fire on the
cuted, 310

foreign troops, 26
Roman Republic established, 410

Sombreuil, M., Clovernor of the Hôtel des Invalides, 33;
Rome occupied by the French, 410

imprisoned in the Abbaye, 202
king of, title given to Napoleon's son, 491

Mlle., saves her father's life by drinking human
Rossignol, his atrocities in La Vendée, 342; 371

blood, 202
Rousseau, apotheosis of, 354

Soult, Marshal, fights the useless battle of Toulouse, and
Roustan, the Mamlook, 499

then joins the Bourbons, 512; becomes Minister of
Royal sitting of June 23, 1789, 18

War, 514; made a peer, 575; a minister under Louis
tombs at St. Denis destroyed, 317

Philippe, 601; retires, 637
Royalists, their proceedings on the restoration of the Bour. Spain, war declared against, 271; French successes, 341;
bons, 511

peace, 376; joins France in war against England,
Royalty abolished in France, 215

469; overrun by the French, 477; rising of the people,
Russia joins the third coalition against France, 467: inva- 479; assisted by England, 479; the French expelled,

sion of, by the French, 494 ; their disastrous retreat, 514 ; return of Ferdinand VII., 507; revolution, 552;
496

the French expedition, 561

Spanish marriages, coolness between England and France
Sacrilege, severe law against, 568

concerning the. 637
St. André, Commissary with the French fleet, 342

Staël, Madame de, her Reflections on the French Revolution,
St. Antoine, armed petitioners from the Faubourg, 176

358; her intrigues, 397, 400; disliked by Bonaparte,
St. Bernard, passage of the, 435

447 ; exiled, 454
St. Cyr, Marshal, Minister of War under the Bourbons, 534 Stapz attempts the life of Napoleon, 483
St. Denis, destruction of the royal tombs at. 317

State, Council of, under the Consulate, 450 ; under the
St. Domingo, breaking out of the insurrection in, 159 ; use- Empire, 460; under the Bourbons, 533

less expeditions to, 443, 451; its independence recog- States-General, meeting of the, 1 ; dissensions, 6; take the
nized, 572

name of the National Assembly, 13.–See National
St. Helena, Napoleon exiled to, 530; his death there, 538; Assembly.
removal of his remains, 632

Stoffet, a Vendean chief, his murder of Marigny, 342 ; cap-
St. Huruge, at Versailles, 39, 57

tured and executed, 394
St. Juan de Ulloa, capture of, 630

Strassburg, attempt of Louis Bonaparte at, 623
St. Just, his memorable report on the state of the Govern. Suicide, uncommon among the victims of the Revolution,

ment, 304 ; his administration in Alsace, 325; is exe- 343; of Romme and other deputies, 37; attempted by
cuted, 349

Robespierre, 348; attempted by Napoleon, 510
St. Ouen, declaration of, 512

Sultan, the, declares war against France, 415 ; supported by
St. Simon, his doctrines, 608; his followers, 609; prosecu- the four great Powers against Mehemet Ali, 631
tions against them, 613

Supreme Being, Festival of the, 332
Saintes, Bishop of, murdered, 200

Suworrow defeats Macdonald at the Trebia, 419; defeats
Salt, atrocious laws regarding the smuggling of, 332

and kills Joubert at Novi, 421; his retreat through
Sans-culotte, introduction of the term, 165

Switzerland, 422
Sans-culottism, its absurdities, 317

Sweden stripped of Finnland, 475; revolution in, 486 ;
Santerre assists at the capture of the Bastille, 34; his con- Bernadotte chosen Crown Prince, 489

duct on the 20th June, 176 ; bribed by the court, 187 ; Swiss Guards.-See Guards, Swiss.
his conduct on occasion of the massacres, 208 ; com- Switzerland invaded by the French, 412; campaign of
mands at the execution of the king, 253 ; serves in La 1799, 422; new constitution established, 448 ; its in.
Vendée, 342

dependence recognized by the Allies, 541; expulsion of
Sardinia, King of, driven from Piedmont, 417

political refugees, 622
Sauce, the Procureur of Varennes, 132; the king seized at
his house, 133

Tahiti, the protectorate of, 635
Savary, his mission to Spain, 477: made Minister of Police, Talavera, battle of, 491
488

Talleyrand, bishop of Autun, early life of, 77 ; styled Abbé,
Saxony, Elector of, made king, 474

114; sent on a mission to England, 169; his return to
Secret Societies, in Germany, 551; in France, 559; laws France, 358, 397; his flattery of Bonaparte, 408; becomes
against, 617

Minister of Foreign Affairs, 429; is secularized, 447;
Segur, Maréchal de, his explanation about his pensions, 87 correspondence with Lord Hawkesbury, 462; nego-
Senate, the, under the Consulate, 431 ; under the Empire, tiates with the Bourbons, 507; is the head of the

460; replaced by the Chamber of Peers at the Restora- Provisional Government of 1814, 509; his flattery of
tion, 512

the Bourbons, 512; his enmity to Murat, 515; ex-
September, Laws of, their odious character, 620

cepted from the amnesty by Napoleon, 519; becomes
massacres, 199

minister to Louis XVIII., 531 ; his difficulties with
Septembriseurs, the, paid for their murders, 202; many the Allies, 533; resigns, 534; joins the party of the
deported under the Consulate, 439

Palais Royal, 567 ; his advice to the Duc d'Orleans, 592;
Septennial Act, the, 563

ambassador to England, 621; his death, 629
Sergent, one of the Septembriseurs, 206

Tallien, his conduct during the September massacres, 199,
Servan becomes Minister of War, 165; proposes the forma 202 ; his proceedings at Bordeaux, 323; denounces
tion of a camp near Paris, 171 ; dismissed, 172

Robespierre, 347 ; aspires to a dictatorship, 380; fails,
Sicard, the Abbé, his remarkable escape from death, 200

381; reappears at the Restoration, 515
Sièyes, the Abbé, a deputy to the States-General, 8; pro- Target, a deputy to the States-General, 7; declines the office

poses the name of National Assembly, 13; declines a of advocate to Louis XVI., 246
seat in the Directory, 382; accepts it, 418; becomes Telegraph, invention of the, 164
one of the Consuls, 428; retires, 430 ; becomes a senator Temple, imprisonment of the royal family in, the, 195, 234

and is pensioned, 432 ; banished at the Restoration, 542 Tennis Court, oath of the, 14
Sillery, one of the Gironde, executed, 309

Terror, reign of, 296
Simon, gaoler of the Dauphin, 307 ; is executed, 371 Terrorists, their atrocities, 340; their fall, 350
Simplon, road over the, constructed, 448

Teste, Charles, his plan of a socialist constitution, 616
Slavery abolished in the French colonies, 358

M., trial of, 638

Théophilanthropes, the, 394

tion of " The Country is in danger," 181; wishes to save
Théot, Catherine, a fanatic, 343

the life of the king, 249; is obliged as President of the
Thermidorians, the, destroy Robespierre, 349

National Convention to pronounce sentence against
Thibaudeau, a Conventionalist, banished from France, 532 him, 249; his reply to Robespierre, 268 ; his views on
Thierry, the king's valet, carries to him a letter from the government, 272; is executed, 309
Girondins, 183; is murdered, 201

Vermond, Abbé de, said to reveal the intentions of the
Thiers, M., a journalist, 582, 586 ; his conduct during the court, 25

Revolution of July, 591 ; a minister, 613; resigns. 623 ; Verona, congress of, 561
reappointed, 631; proposes the fortification of Paris, Versailles, meeting of the States-General at, 1; events of the
632; retires, 634

5th October, 68; restored by Louis Philippe, 626
Thouret, a leading member of the Constituent Assembly, Vesoul, catastrophe at, 52
78; executed, 343

Veto, discussion on the, 58
Three Days of July, the, 587

Victoire, Madame, (aunt of Louis XVI.,) quits France, 112
Thuriot de la Rosière, his endeavour to procure the peaceable Victoria, Queen of England, her visits to Louis Philippe,

surrender of the Bastille, 33 ; proposes the dismissal of 634, 636
the staff of the National Guards, 181

Vienna captured by the French, 482; peace, 483; congress
Tilsit, peace of, 474

of, 515
Tithes abolished, 56 ; other provision for the clergy, 77 Villele, M. de, becomes minister, 559; unwilling to interfere
Toulon surrendered to the English, 300; recovered, 321

in Spain, 560 ; carries the Septennial Act, 563 ; quarrel
Toulouse, battle of, 511

with Chateaubriand, 564; remodels his cabinet, 565;
Toussaint l'Ouverture, death of, 443

obliged to resign, 576
Trafalgar, battle of, 469

Vincennes, attack on the prison of, 114 ; murder of the Duc
Trèves, Elector of, shelters the emigrants, 112 ; promises to d'Enghien there, 456; the ex-ministers of Charles X.
expel them, 162

imprisoned there before trial, 600
Tribunat, the, 430 ; abolished, 474

Vittoria, battle of, 503
Trogoff betrays the Toulon fleet into the hands of the Voltaire, remains of, removed to the Pantheon, 126, 141

English, 302
Troops assembled to threaten Paris, 11, 23; retire precipi. Wagram, battle of, 483
tately on the capture of the Bastille, 37

Walcheren expedition, the, 483
Troppau, congress at, 556

War discussion on the right to declare, 8, 96; decreed against
Tuileries, life of the court at the, 99 ; visit of the mob to Austria, by the Legislative Assembly, 168; against

the, 176; stormed by the mob on the 10th August, Great Britain by the National Convention, 254; against
193; the first sitting of the National Convention opened Spain, 271
there, 215; permanently held there, 272 ; becomes the War contributions and indemnities levied on France by the
residence of the First Consul, 435

Allies, 637
Turenne, outrage offered to his remains, 317

Warsaw, Grand Duchy of, 474 ; capture of the city of, 606
Turin, emigrant nobles assemble there, 75, 86

Waterloo, battle of, 525
Turkey, difference between France and the Four Great Wellesley, Sir Arthur, defeats Junot at Vimeiro, 479
Powers on the affairs of, 631

Wellington, his successes in Spain, 486, 491, 503 ; enters
Twelve, Commission of the, appointed, 273; insurrection France, 507 ; defeats Napoleon at Waterloo, 525; ques-
against them, 276 ; they are suppressed, 278

tion of the capitulation of Paris, 539; made mediator
Twenty-one, Committee of, 241

between France and her creditors, 546
Twenty-four, Committee of, 236

Westermann directs the attack on the Tuileries, 193; his
Tyrol, the, conquered by the French, 486

proceedings in the west of France, 289; executed, 331

Westphalia, kingdom of, established, 475
Ulm, surrender Mack's army at, 468

Whitworth, Lord, the English ambassador, insulting lan-
United States, disputes with England about the Orders in guage of Bonaparte to, 453
Council, 476; claims on France, 617

Workmen, unemployed, of Paris, tumultuary meetings of,

64; in the Revolutions of 1830 and 1848, 586, 639
Valazé, one of the Girondins, suicide of, 309

Works of Art carried off by the French, reclaimed by the
Valmy, indecisive battle of, 213

Allies, 534
Varennes, the royal family arrested at, 132

Wurmser defeated by Bonaparte, 390 ; surrenders at
Venaissin, the, annexed to France, 95, 146

Mantua, 403
Venice seized by the French, 404 ; given to the Austrians,

410; ceded to the French, 468 ; again ceded to Austria, York, duke of, his campaign in the Netherlands, 302; its
541

unfortunate result, 363; his expedition to the Helder,
Verdets, the, their origin, 94

421
Verdun, captured by the Prussians, 210
Vergniaud, one the Girondins, 154 ; proposes the declara- Zurich, battle of, 422

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