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had detached two thousand men, who, crossing | ried to execution with every circumstance of inthe Etterick still higher up than his main body, dignity that revenge for his apostacy could invent, assaulted the rear of Montrose's right wing. At and hanged upon a gibbet thirty feet high, with this moment the marquis himself arrived, and be the book of bis exploits appended to his neck. held his army dispersed, for the first time, in He bore this reverse of fortune with laudable irretrievable rout. He had thrown himself upon greatness of mind, expressing only a just scorn at a horse the instant he heard the firing, and, fol. the wanton cruelty and insulis of his enemies. In lowed by such of his disordered cavalry as had excuse for the conduct of the Scots on this occagathered upon the alarm, he gallopped from Sel- sion, it must be remembered that the bloody balkirk across the Ecterick, and made a bold and tle of Kilsyth was still fresh in their minds, desperate attempt to retrieve the fortune of the where six thousand brave, but unpractised solday. But all was in vain ; and after cutting his diers, while fighting for the religion and liberties way, almost singly, through a body of Lesly's of their country, fell before the disciplined troops troopers, the gallant Montrose graced by his ex- of Montrose. The execution took place at Edinample the retreat of the fugitives. That retreat burgh, May 21, 1650. he continued up Yarrow, and over Minchmoor;
LORD BREADAlbane's estate. nor did he stop till he arrived at Traquair, sixteen miles from the field of battle. Upou Philiphaugh Lord Breadalbane's estate, which supports a he lost, in one defeat, the fruit of six splendid vic- population of 13,587 persons, commences two lories; nor was he again able to make headin Scot- miles east of Tay-bridge, in the county of Perth, land against the covenanted cause. At the court and extends westward ninety-nine miles and a of the esiled monarch, Charles II. Montrose of- half to Easdale, in Argyleshire, varying in breadth fered to his acceptance a splendid plan of victory from three to twelve and sixteen miles, and inand conquest; pressed for his permission to enter terre ed only by the property of three or four Scotland; and there, collecting the remains of the proprietors, who possess one side of a valley or royalists, to claim the crown for his master with glen, while Lord Breadalbane has the other; so the sword in his havd. Montrose arrived in the ihat, varying his direction a little to the right or Orkneys with six hundred Germans, was furnished left, he can travel nearly one hundred miles from with some recruits from those islands, and was east to west, on his own property. joined by several royalists as he traversed the wilds of Caithness and Sutherland. But, advancing
CRAIG-BURNETT HOUSE. into Ross-shire, he was surprised, and totally de- The sequestered situation of Craig - Burnett feated by colonel Strachan, an officer of the Scot- House is not dreary ; and although it is quite retish parliament, who had distinguished himself in mote from the great road, in consequence of hethe civil wars, and afterwards became a decided ing environed by many gentlemen's seats, and the Cromwellian. Montrose, after a fruitless resist-hills chequered with cottages, it possesses, noiance, at length fled from the field of defeat, and withstanding the wildness of the scenery, a very concealed himself in the grounds of Macleod of lively aspeci. This noble mansion lies at the foot Assint, to whose fidelity he entrusted his life, of the green hills of Campsie, which not merely and by whom he was delivered up to Lesly, his rise to defend it from the rude blasts, but quite mos! bitter enemy. He was tried for treason encircle the extensive domain : and the narrow against the estates of the kingdom; and in de strath or vale is richly embellished by wood spite of the commission of Charles for his pro- lands. A singular superstitious tradition attend. ceedings, he was condemned to die. He was car- ed the building of the old mansion of Craig-Bor. det. The grandfather of the present possessor of the Highlands obtained from the summits of had proposed to erect his house on the banks of these mountains are wild and magnificent. CoFinglen "Midway, between Glenmill and Baillie, vered with clouds, or skirted with mists, their where was said to be an opening which led under- summits are often scarcely distinguishable from ground 10 Keirhill, an artificial mound or sepul- the vapours which envelope them; while their ehral tumulus. It was this ancient mound the bleak and barren aspect, and the deep rocky chanLord of Craig-Burnett had fixed upon; when the nels with which they are furrowed, testify the progress of the building, as soon as commenced, violence of the tempests which have swept over was interrupted by the little fairy elves, who, in- them. Towards the pointed summits of this substigated by their wicked propensity to mischief, lime range there is little vegetative mould; but issued from their subterraneous abode, and de- lower down we meet with a thin covering of molished in the night what bad been built during stunted heath, inhabited only by birds of prey, or the day; with this unequal warfare with the by the white hare and ptarmigan. Still further inhabitants of the nether world nothing was seen, down is the region of the mountain deer and but frequently a warning voice was heard to re- muir fowl, producing more luxuriant heath, inpeat:
termixed with nourishing pasture, and supporting “ Burry, big your house in a bog,
numerous flocks of sheep. Towards the base of And you'll never want a fau cog."
the highest mountains there are many romantic
glens, watered by mountain streams, or diversified The laird listened to the admonition, and built by winding lakes, and in some places beautifully the old castle of Craig-Burnett (part of the gate wooded, and capable of producing various kinds is now remaining,) as low in the bog as possible, of grain. Many of these glens contain a crowded which was finished without further molestation population, and an unexpected number of flocks from his invisible counsellors.
and herds, and the principal riches of the county. The appellation of “ Burry,” it is said, was giren to the s- family, from having a bur:
TERRITORY OP THE MACKAYS. in their throat. The fairies, however, whispered Part of two large parishes on the estare of further admonitions into his ear, and advised him, Sutherland, including Strathnaver, from which whenever he set out on a journey, on no consi- the family derives its secondary title, is situated deration to turn back, or ill-luck would ever in lord Reay's country, or, as it is called in the after pursue him. It chanced soon that, crossing Gaelic, the territory of the Mackays. The ranks ni burr, a short distance from home, his horse of the Sutherland 'regiment of 1793 bore evitripped, and lie was plunged into the water. In dence to the propriety of this appellation, as vain his servant requested the laird to return and there were one hundred and four William Mackays, change his clothes; but so entirely did he con- and serenteen in one company, Captain Sackville sider himself under the influence of the fairies. Sutherland's. be would not consent, but waited patiently until his man returned with a change of raiment, which he put on, and proceeded on his journey.
The following is an account of the large ship HIGHLAND SCENERY.
built hy King James IV. of Scotland, and describ
ed by his historian with the greatest exactness. On the line of the Grampians there are many “'The king of Scotland rigged a great ship, mnountains of considerable altitude, such as Ben-called the Great Michael, which was the largest, lomond, Benlawuss, Scichallain, &c. The views and of superior strength to any that had ever sail
THE GREAT MICUAEL.
WHITE AND BROWN CATHER THUN.
beggars and strangers, who are so numerous, while one hundred feet at bottom, reckoning quite to the the uative beggars are so few, the people would ditch ; which seems, indeed, to be greatly filed ensily support their own poor without any assist- up by the tumbling down of the stoves. The vast ance whatever.
labour that it must have cost to amass so consiTravelling three years ago through a high and derable a quantity, surpasses all description. A disiant glen, I saw (says Colonel Stewart;) a poor simple earthen breast-work surrounds the ditch, man with a wife and four children, resting them- and beyond this, at the distance of about fifty selves by the road side. Perceiving by their yards on the two sides, but seventy on each end, appearance that they were not of that country, I there is another double entrenchmert of the same enquired whence they came. The man answered sort running round the slope of the hill. The infrom West Lothian. Iexpressed my surprise how termediate space served probably as a camp for he could leave so fine and fertile a country and the troops, a part of which only could be concome to these wild glens. “In that fine country,”tained in the interior part, from its smallness. answered the man, " they give me the cheek of the The entrance is by a single gate on the east end; door, and hound the constables after me; in this but opposite to it there are two leading through poor country, as you, sir, call it, they give me and the outer entrenchment, between which a circle my little ones the fire side, with a share of what projects, no doubt for containing some men postthey have.
ed there, as an additional security to that quarter. The whole is in the form of an oval. It is in
length 436 feet by 200 in breadth. In the space The White and the Brown Cather Thun are within the innermost ra.n part is a prætoriun, of two very remarkable British posts in Strathmore, a rectangular form. about five miles westward from Brechin, situated The Brown Cather Thun is so called from the on two contiguous hiils, which form the eastern colour of its rampart, which is overgrown with extremity of a small range, which run parallel to heath. It approaches in its form to a circle, and the Grampian mountains, on the south side of the it is not so high as the last described. It is forWest Water, which falls into the North Esk, at tified with five slight entrenchments, of which the church of Stickatro. These posts stand at that in the centre may probably have served as a the distance of about a mile from each other, and prætorium. The next to it is the strongest, and are both very remarkable, particularly the first, has no fewer than seven gates. Those without it on account of the hugeness of its ram part of stone. have likewise several openings, for the sortée of These works are clearly not Roman, and are sup- the garrison. posed to have been Pictish, from the Picts inhabiting this region; but of their construction, neither history nor tradition gives us any infor- Of all animals in the Highlands the dog is permation.
haps the most pacious. Not long ago, while a The White Cather 'Thun, (so called on account young man, an acquaintance of the coachman's, of the light colour of the stones, of which its was walking, as he hand often done, in Lord Fife's rampart is composed) is about one hundred yards stables at Bamff, a Highland cur, that generally of perpendicular height above the level of Strath-was about the stables, gave the young man do more. The most wonderful circumstance about trouble. However, having taken an opportunity, it is the astonishing dimensions of the rampart, when the servants were not observing, to put a composed entirely of very large loose stones, being bridle, &c. into his pocket, the dog began to bark at least twenty-five feet at the top, aud upward:s of at the young man, and when he came to the stable
DOG AND THIEF.
door would not suffer him to pass, but actually strong 'argument, and not easily refuted. After bit his leg to prevent him. As the servants had some hesitation his offer of mediation was accep!never seen the dog do so before, and the same ed, and the feud amicably and finally settled. The young man had been often with them, chey could other instance happened about the same time, iu not conceive what could be the reason for the a contest between the Macdonalds of Glenco, ani dog's conduct. However, when they saw the end the Breadalbane men. The former being on their of a valuable bridle peeping out of the young return from a foray, in the low country, attempted man's pocket, they were able to account for it, to pass through Breadalbane without giving due and upon the young man giving the servants the notice, or pay the accustomed compliment to the bridle, &c. the dog left the middle of the stable Earl, who had a short time previously been raised door, where he for some time had stood, and al- to that rank. A number of his lordship's followlowed him to go out.
ers, and a great many others who were assembled One of the servants of the Viscount of Arbuth- at the castle of Finlarig, to celebrate the marriage not, at Hatton, in the parish of Mary Kirk, one of a daughter of the family, enraged at this insult, of his lordship's estates, went out one morning, instantly rushed to arms, and following the Macand found a man that they knew, and that lived a donalds with more ardour than prudence, attacked few miles distant, lying on the road a few yards them on the top of a hill, north from the village from the stable, with a number of bridles, girths, of Killin, where they had taken post to defend &c. &c. near him, and the house dog, which was their cattle. The assailants were driven back of the Highland breed, lying also at his ease, with great loss, principally caused by the arrows holding the seat of the man's breeches in his of the Lochaber men. It is said that nineteen mouth. The man confessed his crime, and told young gentlemen of the name of Campbell, imthem that the dog had struggled with him and mediate descendants of the family, fell on that held him in that situation for five hours; but that day. Colonel Menzies of Culdares, who had been immediately after the servant appeared the dog an active partizan under the Marquis of Argyle, let go his hold.
and the covenanters in the civil wars, and whose prudent advice of attacking in flank the hot head
ed youth despised, had pine arrow wounds in his Among the last instances of bowmen in the legs and thighs. Highlands were two which occurred in the reign The yew was the common material of the bows of Charles II. After a long and protracted feud of the Highlanders. between the lairds of Mackintosh and Lochiel,
who drew, commencing in a claim of the former, to lands held by the latter, Mackintosh, to enforce bis
And almost joined the horns of the tough yew." claim, raised his clan, and, assisted by the Macphersons, marched to Lochaber with 1500 men.
DUMBARTON CASTLE. He was met by Lochiel with 1200 men, of whom The castle of Dumbarton lies at a small dis300 were Macgregors. About 300 were armed tance from the town, on the point of land formed with bows. When preparing to engage, the Earl by the junction of the Clyde and Leven ;-it is of Breadalbane, who was nearly related to both situated on the top of a rock, which presents a chiefs, came in sight with 500 men, and sent them picturesque object : the rock divides about the notice that if either of them refused to agree to the middle, and forms two summits: the sides are terms which he had to propose, he would throw craggy, and the buildings upon it, though not of his force into the opposite scale. This was a themselves beautiful, have a good effect, and, as
LATE USE OF BOWS AND ARROWS.
Mr. Gilpin observes,“ serve to give it an air of
POWER OF THE DUKES OF ATILOL. consequence.” The fortress is entered by a gate at the bottom ; and within the rampart, which de
The family of Athol possessed great power and fends the entrance, is the guard house, and lodgings many superiorities in Perthshire ; and when they for the officers; from hence the ascent is by a held their courts of regality at Logierait, their long flight of stone steps to the part where the followers, to the number of nearly a hundred genrock divides: here is a strong battery, barracks tlemen, many of them of great landed
property, for the garrison, and a reservoir always filled with assembled to assist in council, and as jurymen, water : above these, on the lower summit, are on such trials as it was necessary to conduct on several batteries, which command a most exten- this principle. And as these gentlemen were acsive range. According to Pennant, the Britons, companied by many of their own followers and in very early times, made this rock a fortress, it dependents, this great chief appeared like a sobeing usual for them, after the departure of the vereign with his parliament and army. Indeed, Romans, to retire to the tops of craggy inaccessi- the whole was no bad emblem of a king and parble mountains, to forests, and to rocks on the sides liament, only changing a chief and his clan, io a of rivers, or the shores of the sea. Boëthius, king and his nobles. The hall in which the feuhowever, asserts, that it was possessed by the Ca- dal Parliament assembled (a noble chamber, of ledonians long before the Britons, and that it re- better portions than the British House of Comsisted all the efforts of Agricola to reduce it. The mons) has been pulled down, and one of the most venerable Bede informs us, that it was the strong-conspicuous vestiges of the almost regal influence est fortification in the kingdom in his time, and of this powerful family has thus been destroyed, deemed almost impregnable; it was reduced by and along with it many of the recollections of the famine in the year 756, by Egbert, King of Nor- power and dignity to which it owed its foundation thumberland, and taken by escalade in the year
obliterated. 1551. The rock seems to have been anciently a volcano : the sides are composed of rude basaltic columns, of which huge masses have been broken
Sir Johu Carmichael accompanied the Scottish off, and fallen to the bottom, by the injuries of auxiliaries sent to the assistance of Charles VI. of time. Many parts of the rock are strongly mag- France, against the English. . At the battle of netic, causing the compass to vary at a consider-Bauge, in Anjou, 1422, he eminently signalized able distance: indeed, this circumstance was long his valour, by dismounting the Duke of Clarence, since noticed by Buchannan, (Scot. Hist. lib. xx. the English general, which decided the victory lect. 28,) but was never accurately examined, in favour of the French and Scots. In the action until Professor Anderson, of Glasgow, ascertained he broke his spear, in remembrance of which the powers of each part, and marked the variation piece of service his successors bear for their crest of the poles. The Scots thistle, a rare plant, is a dexter hand holding a broken spear. found here in great abundance. As the castle of Dumbarton commands the navigation of the Clyde,
MARE WHISKEY. and is the key of the western Highlands, the for- A Highlander expressing his ideas about future tifications are generally kept in repair. It is happiness, said he expected" plenty of whiskey," garrisoned by a governor, lieutenant-governor, a and being asked what farther he expected, replied fort-major, subaltern officers, and a company of " mare whiskey." Being again urred what be invalids. The government is said to be worth expected in addition to tħis, he said " mare wbis £700 per annum.
FAMILY OF CARMICHAEL.