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hours' work. Each candidate in turn examined the first class of the children in the Bible and the Church Catechism, whilst the others were working at the written questions. If some plan of this kind were generally pursued, our schools would soon be provided with superior teachers. The middle orders of society have obtained much benefit from the proprietary schools, because their masters are obliged to submit previously to a due examination. The like good results would probably follow from electing national schoolmasters in the same manner. Misfortune would not then be considered a qualification for the teacher's office ; nor would the man, who has failed in every thing else, be allowed, out of a mistaken charity, to earn his bread by dabbling with the intellect of youth.
R. S. J.
CHURCH SOCIETIES. SIR,- I wish to draw your attention again to the important subject of Church Societies. I feel extremely anxious that the five-society plan should be introduced, without loss of time, into every parish. It is excellently calculated to meet our various national wants, and well suited to engage individual members of the Church to cooperate in supplying them. It would create a fresh bond of union between pastor and people, and tend very materially to the general in vigoration of our parochial system, and the extensive development of its many and great blessings. The present deranged state of society is to be attributed to our defection from Church principles, and the consequent relaxation of Church discipline. To those principles and that discipline we must return, and the sooner we do so, on every account, must certainly the better; the better for ourselves as individuals, for the Church in gene. ral, and for the country at large. It is the only legitimate way of upholding the cause of truth at home, and of maintaining and propa. gating the truth abroad. The work in which the Church is engaged requires the contributions of each and all of her children ; and by the plan recommended, each and all, according to their rank and circumstances, could contribute. It becomes us to follow the example of the Israelites in the wilderness : every one with bis heart stirred up and his spirit made willing, should bring his offering unto the Lord, and perform his proper work for the service of the tabernacle. (See Exod. XXXV.)
ON REGENERATION. SIR,_One of your correspondents of late having attempted to shew that the controversy respecting Regeneration, is, in the main, one about mere words; the disputants all the time meaning much the same thing; it may be worth while to state, that I have met with a remarkable instance in confirmation of this being indeed the case. If you will turn to a note in Mr. Faber's Second Edition of his work on Justification, (note from p. 59 to 62,) you will see that a formal controversy he once held with Dr. Bethell, Bishop of Bangor, was a mere dispute about terms; that is, that when they differed respecting Regeneration, they each attached a very different meaning to the term : the one, Dr. B., ineaning thereby "a federative change of relative condition ;" the other, "a moral change of disposition."
It is impossible to deny that sometimes, especially in the case of adults, Regeneration, in the sense of a moral change, is not always simultaneous with Baptism ; whereof we have a noted and unanswerable instance in the case of those persons mentioned in Acts x. 47, who, we are told, were to receive baptism on this very ground, viz. that they had pr viously received the first grace of the Holy Spirit. When these persons were baptized with water, “ faith (no doubt) was confirmed, grace increased, by virtue of prayer unto God," as our Twenty-seventh Article speaks most truly ; and Regeneration, in the sense of “a federative change of relative condition,” actually conferred by the very act of baptism, as by an instrument. It is plain that our Church holds these doctrines; for it is clear, that if she did not admit that the grace of God, producing such good works as are the fruits of genuine faith, might precede the reception of baptism, she could never talk of faith being confirmed, and grace increased, by its reception ; for if grace were always first implanted in the soul by baptism, it could never be said with any propriety of speech, to be INCREASED thereby. When a thing is imparted for the first time, it is never said to be increased.
SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. The Standing Committee have recom- his office as an episcopal referee, and mended, respecting the Commentary the Bishop of Salisbury has been noon the Bible, that, with the approba- minated in his room. tion of the Abp. of Canterbury, and The Society have agreed to present with the concurrence of the Rev. J. an address to her Majesty, and a petiLonsdale and the Rev. W. H. Hale, tion to both houses of parliament, on all further proceedings of the Society the subject of Church Extension. on this matter should cease, and that An admirable report has been transthe editors should be allowed to pub- mitted to us of the Salisbury District lish their work as they shall think fit. Committee, from which it appears that This report is to be taken into consi- the Society is meeting with increased, deration on the 5th of May.
support. The sale of books has much. The Bishop of London has resigned exceeded that of any former year.
SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL. Extract from a Speech of the BISHOP Am I again asked what is the Church? of London, at the Meeting held at the The ploughman at his daily toil; the Mansion House, April 8:
workman who plies the shuttle; the "What is the Church? There is artificer in his useful avocation; the. hardly a mistake more injurious to tradesman in his shop; the merchant the interests of Christian chạrity, one in his counting-house; the scholar in which has more effectually impeded his study; the lawyer in the courts of the progress of the gospel, and pre- justice ; the senator in the hall of legisvented that gospel from having free lation; the monarch on the throne; course and being glorified, as it will be these, as well as the clergymen in the glorified where it has free course, than walls of the material building which is that erroneous notion which certainly consecrated to the honour of God; has prevailed, I would almost say these constitute the Church. The universally, but very generally, and I Church, my lord, as defined by our fear still too widely prevails,-that the own Articles, is, 'the whole congregaChurch is the Clergy. The Church! tion of faithful men, in which the pure word of God is preached, and the sa- throughout the earth. But then, my craments duly administered.' You, lord, if this be the case, what is the therefore, are the Church, as well as practical inference which we should we who address you in this language draw from it? There is one body which of exhortation, and it is upon you that we, at least, this day are satisfied is we make the call, while we admit it to right, and that body is the Church. be binding upon ourselves ; and, there Let us act through that one, body on fore, it is because it is the Church's this corrupting mass. Let the unity duty, that it is the duty of every mem- of Christ's Church redress the divisions ber of the Church; for the Church is of a disunited people; then shall God's so constituted under its Divine Head, work be done by us, even to the ends that not one of its members can suffer of the earth, and it shall return in but the whole body feels; nay, the blessings upon our head. And this is great Head himself feels in the re- the true claim of this Society, that, in motest and meanest member of his a degree in which no other can be, it body; not the meanest member of the is the Church's organ for this work; body can make an exertion in faith that, from antiquity of origin, and and love, but the blessed effects of it practical identity of being, it is, as is are felt, to the benefit of the whole, no other, the right arm of the Church. which groweth by that which every It is the Church's missionary arm, joint supplieth, to the increase of itself then, which we call upon you to in love."
strengthen. It is for you to settle From the Speech of Archdeacon whether our colonies shall or shall not WILBERFORCE: “ This it is which be outposts of the faith-daughter shortens our arm, that we are in reli- Churches of our own." gion a divided people. It is not that Upwards of 10001. were contributed any one party which has any weight at the Mansion House, and about in this country dare stand up and say, 5001. have since been sent into the we will not spread Christ's truth; it is office. It is in contemplation to form that, when that point is conceded, no parochial or ward Sub-Committees to one knows in what way we can begin solicit support in the city. A general the work together. We allow the City Committee has already been set common duty, but we have no prin on foot; and an office taken at No. 8, ciple of practical cooperation. It is Cornhill, where a Clerk is daily in this religious division which prevents attendance to give information, and our multiplying Churches at home; it receive Subscriptions. is this which prevents our becoming William Leigh, Esq. has recently the very heart of Christendom; the given the munificent donation of 20001. sender forth of light throughout the for the purpose of building a Church earth: a glory which God seems to and Parsonage-house in South Aushave designed for England, when he tralia, and has appropriated 400 acres made England what it is. This it is of land, as an endowment. which withers her mighty arm, that This is independent of two acres of we have too long forgotten that it was land in the town of Adelaide, now the Saviour's promise, . By this shall producing 1501. a-year, which he has all men know that ye are my disciples, inade over to the Society. because ye have love one to another. The receipts during the first quarter Never yet has God's work been done of 1840, amounted to 88511. 4s. 5d. prosperously by divided hearts ; never The anniversary will be held in St. yet, except in the unity of the Spirit, Paul's cathedral, on May 7, at 3 P.M. has the bond of peace been spread The sermon by the Bp. of Chichester.
NATIONAL SOCIETY. Ar a meeting of this Society, at the field, Lincoln, and Salisbury; the Central School, Westminster, on April 1, Revs. H. H. Norris, H. H. Milman, present the Abps. of Canterbury and J. Jennings, J. Sinclair, T. D. Acland, York; the Bps. of London, Winches- esq. M.P., W. Davis, G. F. Mathison, ter, Bangor, Chester, Hereford, Lich- Joshua Watson, and S. F. Wood, esqs. After the ordinary business had been the Society's proceedings during the transacted, 47 grants towards building past year will be read. schools were made (since the 36 voted The meeting of the Society of Selast month), and thanks were returned cretaries, including the Office-bearers to the University of Oxford, for their of Diocesan and District Boards, will liberal donation of 5001.
take place on May 28, at 11 A. m.; The Annual Meeting of the Society the object being to advance the cause of will take place at the Central School, educational improvement throughout Westminster, on May 27, at 12 o'clock, the country, by friendly discussion and when the children attending the school interchange of local information. will be examined, and the Report of
ADDITIONAL CURATES FUND SOCIETY. In July, 1839, it was stated that this which had been kept back from an Society was pledged for the ensuing idea that the Society's income was year to the payment of within 1001. of pre-engaged, the Committee have lost its annual income, that income being no time in appropriating. 67001. and the grants 66001. With The total number of parishes and two exceptions, all the grants are still districts aided by the Society amounts in force, and renewable, should the to 112, and their aggregate population cases deserve it, at Easter; and con- to 1,956,000. sequently none of the income so ap The Committee have also been propriated has again become at the enabled to take steps towards the disposal of the Committee. Neverthe- encouragement of endowments. Seveless, by means of an increase in their ral applications having been made for annual subscriptions, and of the inte- grants in aid of endowment, and feelrest arising from their funded property, ing the importance of securing a prothe Society has lately been enabled to vision of this permanent character, make further annual grants to the they have laid down fixed rules upon extent of 10001. This sum, reserving the subject, and have offered the fola portion to meet urgent applications, lowing sums, viz. :
To St. Botolph, Colchester £400 to meet £800 raised by the Parish.
Ashby-de-la-Zouch. .. 500
Coates, Parish Whittlesey 500 an Endowment of £60 per annum. Compared with the extent of spi- augmented by the pious contributions ritual destitution which still remains of the members of the Church. unrelieved, the progress made is inconsiderable ; and few can be more alive to the fact than the Committee,
At a meeting of the Committee on before whose notice the exigencies of
March 3, 1840, the Bishop of Lonpopulous districts have been brought in
don in the chair, painful detail. But they have thought
Resolved-1. That this Society are it wiser, only to make such grants as prepared to grant, by way of endowthey have the present means of pay ment, a sum not exceeding one-third ing, and always to confine them to of the amount raised for the same cases in which the certain and im purpose by local contributions, promediate employment of a curate is vided that the sum granted by this guaranteed. And so long as the pro Society shall in no case exceed 5001. vision for a large number of the mi 2. That this Society, before paying nisters of the Church is allowed to over any grant by way of endowment, remain dependent on private charity require that the local contributions alone, the Committee will continue to shall be actually raised or secured, and dispense, on these principles, the fund that the governors of the bounty of entrusted to their charge; and they do Queen Anne shall, in each case, be not doubt that it will be gradually the trustees of the endowment fund.
CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. The colonization of New Zealand is present moment. This Society first attracting particular notice at the established a Mission there in 1809,
which has since been much extended, volume in their hands, and exerted and was visited by the Bishop of their endeavours each to surpass the Australia at the close of the last year; other in returning proper answers to and that distinguished Prelate has ex- the questions put to them concerning pressed himself most favourably of what they had been reading." the progress of the Mission and of the With regard to the Missionaries and character of the Missionaries. The Catechists, the Bishop writes : Bishop says :
“I must offer a very sincere and “It is in my power, effectually to willing testimony to their maintaining contradict the assertions of the adver- a conversation such as becomes the sary and the scoffer, who have some. Gospel of Christ, and the relation in times gone the length of affirming, which they stand to it, as the professed that the attempt to Christianize the guides and instructors of those who people of this nation has been a failure: are, by their agency, to be retrieved that nothing has been done."
from the service of sin. They appear Again his lordship proceeds : to be drawn together by a spirit of
“ At every station which I person- harmony, which is, I hope, the sincere ally visited, the converts were so nu effusion of their hearts, prompted by merous, as to bear a very visible and that spirit, of which love, gentleness, considerable proportion to the entire and goodness, are among the most depopulation. In most of the native lightful fruits. It is upon the contivillages, called Pas, in which the Mis nuance of this spirit among themselves sionaries have a footing, there is a that I raise my principal expectations building, containing one room, supe- of their continued success among the rior in fabric and dimensions to the natives." native residences, which appears to be The Bishop adds :set apart as their place for assembling “I am happy in thinking, that, by for religious worship, or to read the my late visit to the Mission, a foundaScriptures, or to receive the exhorta- tion of regard and confidence has been tious of the Missionaries. In these laid between the members of it and buildings generally, but sometimes in myself, which, through the Divine the open air, the Christian classes were blessing, may tend much to facilitate assembled before me. The grey any future proceedings connected with haired man, and the aged woman, its extension. Upon any subject, contook their places, to read, and to un cerning which the Society may be dergo examination, among their de- anxious to consult me, I shall always scendants of the second and third be prepared to offer the most candid generations. The chief and the slave opinion, and to give the best advice in stood side by side, with the same holy my power."
NEW ZEALAND CHURCH SOCIETY. Tuis Society was originally formed to land, by obtaining the appointment of aid the colonists in New Zealand, in a Bishop or Bishops, and providing, in building a Church and establishing an compliance with the practice of the Infant School, in which the children primitive Church, that each Bishop be of the colonists and natives might be accompanied by three or more Clergyeducated together. It is now directing men, who shall reside together in one its attention to the support and en- spot, which may form as it were the dowment of a complete and efficient centre of religion and education for Church Establishment for New Zea- that part of the country.
PASTORAL AID SOCIETY. Ata meeting of the Committee holden annum. Grants have been made to 0:1 April 2, seven additional grants provide 91 clergymen and 6 lay assiswere voted. 188 clergymen and 32 tants, in addition, at a cost of 8,1301. Jay assistants are now supported by the as soon as the appointments shall be Scciety, at a charge of 16,5941. per coinpleted by the incumbents.