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ground it. This latter text has in reality nothing to do with literal sisters, but forbids the marriage of any wife in addition to the first, so as “to vex.her;" i. e. by doing it without her consent at the time, or vexing her afterwards,—the marriage, in short, of a rival woman, yuvaika dvrilmov, as the LXX. express it. Not, however, but that it may also be considered (as Hammond considers it) as a prohibition of any polygamy to mankind in general, a laying down of the general law, from which the Jews and the patriarchs appear to have been exempted by a special permission; if not, where is polygamy prohibited at all in express words?

Dr. Adam Clarke is quite mistaken in saying that the LXX. understand Lev. xviii. 18 as he does : they translate literally, and (together with our own and the other versions) must be explained by the Hebrew idiom, in which the terms brother and sister belong as properly to any fellows, even to the fellow-curtains of a tent, as to the children of common parents. See, however, the whole question admirably handled, and settled with overwhelming evidence, in Dr. Hammond's “ Resolution of Six Quæres."

Beyond the correction of these leading mistakes, I will only observe that the primitive and universal Church of Christ having stigmatised such cohabitations as scandalous and incestuous, and that on the strength of the scripture prohibition,omnipotent though we presumptuously boast our parliament to be,-no act of parliament will clear the incestuous in the day of judgment, or give the “unclean person" "any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.” Because of "these abominations” even the earthly Canaan “ vomited out her inhabitants," “spued out” even the uninstructed heathen ;--and shall the heavenly Canaan better bear to be “ defiled ?" " They committed all these things, and therefore I ABHORRED them,” is God's declaration : " Defile not ye yourselves in any of these things," is God's command : and therefore, whatever parliament may decide, incest will still be " abomination" in the sight of God, and the abominable," defended in vain by parliament, still “have their part in the lake that burneth with fire and brimstone, which is the second death."


ON SAINTS'-DAY SERVICES. Mr. Editor,—Can any of your clerical readers point out the rule to be observed in the case stated below? Suppose, as frequently happens, that a saint's day falls on a Sunday. The saint's day has a collect, epistle, and gospel, and appointed lessons, as well as the Sunday. The epistles and gospels and lessons for both, of course, cannot be read: which, therefore, takes precedence—the saint's day or the Sunday ? I can find no directions in the Prayer Book, and the clergy in my neighbourhood observe no fixed rule ; some giving the saint's day precedence, some the Sunday. My own custom has been to give the Sunday precedence, because many of the saint's day lessons are taken from the Apocrypha; but I always read both the collects. Very possibly I am wrong, but I wish to do right if I knew how. Now, if there is no actual rule in the Prayer Book to guide us in this case, there may be some aricient custom of the Church, which may have almost the force of a rule. Is there any such rule or custom ? I ask for authority, not for individual opinion; and if any of your readers will direct me to any authority in the case above stated, I shall be much obliged.

T. M.


SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. The Standing Committee have given 10001. to be placed at the disposal of notice that at the General Meeting on the Bishop of Australia for the purOctober 6, it will be proposed to grant poses of the Society in his Diocese.

SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL. The Society have received from Lower with large classes, who were young Canada (July 22d) a very interesting people belonging to our own estate, document from the Bishop of Mon- who had been born, bred, and schooled treal, being the journal of his Lordship's on the property, and who now came visitation of the districts of Montreal, forward willingly and cheerfully to Three Rivers, and St. Francis; by assist their minister in forwarding which it appears that he held thirty the great and important work of eight confirmations, at which more religious instruction. Indeed, withthan 1100 young persons were con out their assistance, and that of four firmed, held one ordination, and con young men from the college, it would secrated several new churches.

be impossible for me to give due and Extract of a letter from the Rev. T. proper attention to so large a school as Watts, Chaplain on the Codrington we now have, the names on the list being Estate, dated May 23d, 1840 :

about 200.” “I witnessed on Sunday last a cir The Bishop of Jamaica is extremely cumstance which struck me forcibly, anxious to introduce into his Diocese and which will be as gratifying for the graduates from the Universities, and has Society to hear as it is for me to com requested those gentlemen who are demunicate. On looking round the sirous of becoming candidates for the Sunday School, which contained on Curacies which he has to offer, to make that day 119 adults, all from the immediate application to him. The neighbouring estates (except two from stipend is about 400l. per ann. our own) I reckoned nine teachers

NATIONAL SOCIETY. The Meetings of the National Society mittee of Council upon the subject of this month were attended by the Abp. Inspection had come to a satisfactory of Canterbury; the Bps. of London, termination, and that their Lordships Durham, Bangor, Lincoln, Llandaff, had agreed to lay the following MiChichester, Gloucester and Bristol, nute before Parliament: Lichfield, Salisbury, and Norwich; “1. That before any person is rethe Lords Kenyon, Sandon, M.P.; commended to the Queen in council, the Dean of Chichester; the Revs. to inspect Schools receiving aid from H. H. Norris, T. T. Walmsley, H. H. the public, the promoters of which Milman, John Jennings, J. Sinclair; state themselves to be in connexion T. D. Acland, M.P.; W. Cotton, W. with the National Society or the Davis, G. F. Mathison, R. Twining, Church of England, the Abps. of S. F. Wood, and Joshua Watson, Canterbury and York be consulted Esqrs.

by the Committee of Privy Council, On the 15th inst. his Grace the each with regard to his own province; President informed the Committee and that they be at liberty to suggest that his negociations with the Com- any person or persons for the office

of Inspector, and that no person be which the School is situate, for his appointed without their concurrence. information.

*2. That the Inspectors of such “4. That the grants of money be in Schools shall be appointed during proportion to the number of children pleasure ; and that it shall be in the educated, and the amount of money power of each Archbishop at all times, raised by private contribution, with with regard to his own province, to the power of making exceptions in withdraw bis concurrence in such ap certain cases, the grounds of which pointment, whereupon the authority will be stated in the annual returns to of the Inspector shall cease, and a Parliament. fresh appointment take place.

« 5. That a Minute embracing these “3. That the instructions to the points be laid before Parliament." Inspectors, with regard to religious When the above Minute had been instruction, shall be framed by the read, the Committee of the National Archbishops, and form part of the Society unanimously agreed upon the general instructions to the Inspectors following Resolution :of such Schools; and the general in- “That the best thanks of the Comstructions shall be communicated to mittee be conveyed to his Grace the the Archbishops before they are finally President, for the trouble he has taken sanctioned.

in conducting the negociations with the "That each Inspector shall, at the Committee of Council, and for consame time that he presents any report cluding an arrangement by which the relating to the said Schools to the National Society is enabled to resume Committee of the Privy Council, its recommendation of cases for aid transmit a duplicate thereof to the out of the sums voted by Parliament Archbishop, and shall also send a for education. copy to the Bishop of the Diocese in

CHURCH BUILDING SOCIETY. A Special Meeting of the Committee building the Chapel at Newcastle, was held June 29th. - Present, the Emlyn, Carmarthenshire:-building a Bp. of Bangor (in the chair); the Bps. Church at Sheepscar, Yorkshire : of Exeter, Ripon, Norwich, Ely, and building a Chapel at Cwmumman, Llandaff; Lord Kenyon; the Dean of Llandilofawr, Carmarthenshire; at Chichester; the Revs. Dr. Shepherd, Luton, Chatham, Kent; at Woodsetts, J. Jennings, T. Bowdler, J. Lonsdale, Yorkshire :-enlarging the Church at aud B. Harrison ; Sir T. D. Acland, Fulham, Middlesex; at Church Oakley, Bart. M.P.; W. Cotton, N. Connop, Southampton; at Tweedmouth, Berjun., Joshua Watson, W. Davis, W. wick-on-Tweed erecting galleries in Gladstone, J. W. Bowden, and A. Hatherop Church, Gloucestershire; at Powell, Esqrs.

Penllech, Carnarvonshire :- building Among other business transacted, a Tower and new roofing the Church Grants were voted towards rebuilding at Asmanhaugh, Norfolk :-building a the Church at Rawcliffe, Snaith, York- Gallery in the Church at Llansamlet, shire; at Romford, Essex; at Robes- Glamorganshire, and repeuing the ton Wathan, Pembrokeshire : -re- Church at Horley, Oxfordshire.

ADDITIONAL CURATES FUND SOCIETY. This Society is in very great need of 30 fresh incumbents have applied for support. Its funds are all appro- its assistance; and only four have priated. Since our statement in April, been enabled to receive it.

PASTORAL AID SOCIETY. The income for the year ending supported at a charge of 17,1841. per March 31, 1840, was 16,1771. 6s. 10d. annum. 27 grants, amounting to 14711. being an increase of 56531. 28. 5d. on have been made towards the building, the preceding year. At a meeting of purchase, and fitting up of Chapels

the Committee on May 8, twelve ad- and school-rooins, to be licensed for •ditional grants were voted. 196 cler- public worship.

gymen and 36 lay assistants are now

LONDON DIOCESAN EDUCATION BOARD. The first Annual Meeting was held on districts the distributors of the public July 16, the Bishop of London in the grant are to have the power of grantchair. His Lordship spoke at some ing money on a different principle, but length on the objects of the Board, every such exception, with the reaand the importance of carrying them sons of it, is to be stated in an annual out efficiently; and after stating that return to Parliament. I think we one main purpose which they contem have as much security as we could plated was an efficient inspection of reasonably demand, and therefore we schools, and thanking the Judges and may look to get our proportion of others who had kindly undertaken the the public grant made by Parliament. office, the Bishop proceeded :

The Inspectors are to make their rea “I would here allude to a circum port not only to the Privy Council, but stance which I trust will be hailed by to the Bishop of each diocese, and to the Clergy as an omen of a better un the Archbishops. Let the Clergy now derstanding between the Church and bestir themselves to raise subscriptions Government of the country upon for the erection of schools, for the the subject of education. The Church greater the subscriptions the more have at length concurred with the extensively will they partake of the Committee of Privy Council in a plan Parliamentary bounty." of inspection of those schools that A very able Report was then read shall receive any portion of the Go- by the Secretary, the Rev. J. S. Boone, vernment money. "That plan has been upon whom, in the course of the prosubmitted to the Bishops of the Church, ceedings, the Bishop passed a high and acquiesced in by the National Society, well-merited eulogium, which was and I trust will be readily accepted by warmly responded to by the meeting. the Clergy at large. The terms will We extract some of the most important be embodied in a Minute of Council, parts, and hope on a future occasion to and laid before Parliament. Those give the substance of the Inspector's terms relate principally to the subject Report, and of the valuable remarks on of Inspectors. The Inspectors, who Sunday Schools. may visit schools in connexion with “It had long been matter of regret, the Church receiving any part of the that the Clergy, as well as other perGovernment grant, are not in any sons interested in the advancement of case to be appointed without the Arch- popular education in connexion with bishops being previously consulted, the Established Church, enjoyed few they (the Abps.) having the power of or no means and opportunities of murecommending such Inspectors them tually receiving and imparting informselves, and of objecting to them if re- ation on the subject;-of comparing commended by the Committee of Privy their several plans, the working of Council; and the Archbishops, if they them, and the results, the methods have reason to disapprove of any In- adopted and the books used :—that spector appointed, can withdraw their they had no facilities for becoming sanction of the appointment. This, I conversant with the most recent imthink, is as much as can be expected provements or experiments :-in short, by the Church. The instructions to that they were unacquainted not be given to the Inspectors are to be merely with the general process of drawn up by the Archbishops and the instruction pervading the Diocese, but Privy Council; the portion respecting even with the system followed in the religion exclusively by the Archbishops. neighbouring parishes. It was thought, Grants will be made to schools in con therefore, that much good might acnexion with the Church in proportion crue from establishing some regular to the number of scholars and the organization, in some fixed spot to amount of subscriptions; with a re which intelligence might converge, servation, however, in favour of cases and from which it might issue; where of poor districts, where the amount of periodical meetings might be held; subscriptions may be quite inadequate where each might have easy access to to the wants of the poor. In those the knowledge possessed by others;

and where a person might be in attendance to afford any explanations which should be expedient :-in other words, by establishing a central board in the Metropolis, having branches in the rural portions of the Diocese. The construction of this machinery has already given a fresh impulse to the exertions in the cause of education, both in London itself and in the metropolitan counties; but the results cannot fail to become more and more apparent, in proportion as the forma tion and locality of the Board shall become better known, and its aims and proceedings more generally understood. An ample schedule of queries, relating to the numerical and financial parts of educational statistics—as, for instance, the amount of schools, and the funds by which they are supported-has been sent round to the Clergy of the several parishes or districts. The number of copies circulated amounts to about 850; the number of returns to between 700 and 750. Probably it will be always an impracticable attempt thoroughly to collect, by the mere circulation of printed queries, however carefully devised, the extent of education as compared with the population of a parish or district, and the obstacles which impede its extension and efficiency. The work, which is one of extreme importance, as bearing upon the physical, the intellectual, and the moral condition of the people,-their habits, their tastes, their standard of comfort, and the value which they set both upon religion and upon knowledge, seems to require a special and personal investigation for its proper and adequate performance. But if district visitors, or paid agents of visiting societies, could, under the sanction of the Clergy, connect themselves with this Board, by gathering such information, and forwarding it as to a common centre, an example might be set by the Metropolitan Diocese which the whole kingdom would follow; the actual state of things might be ascertained on the one side, the possible and the desirable on the other; a strong light might be thrown on the social economy of the country at large; and a vast benefit might be eventually effected. 242 schools have been al

ready received into union with the Central Board in London; fresh notifications, in which the printed forms are filled up, arrive from day to day; and in the great majority of answers from the incumbents of the various parishes, a willingness to enter into such a relation has been expressed, although a formal union may not yet have taken place, in consequence of some local and temporary impediment. With regard to the important business of inspection, the whole matter has been of the Bishop's express appointment; and the Inspectors are to be considered as reporting to the Bishop through the Board.

“His Lordship has nominated as Inspectors five of the Judges of the land, with five other laymen, and eleven clergymen. Several meetings of the Inspectors were held, that they might proceed upon their office after due deliberation, and with a competent knowledge of each other's views; and an Inspector's Paper was drawn up, in order to give a specific direction to the inquiries, and to secure uniformity in the manner of the returns. No ina considerable portion of the Christmas vacation was devoted by the learned Judges and their colleagues to this interesting task. The method employed was, for a clergyman and a layman to visit a school together, the consent of the managers having, in every instance, been previously obtained. Remarks were inserted in the spaces left for them upon the paper ; and when all the schools, at the time open to inspection, had been examined, the Inspectors collated their several opinions, and put forth the joint Report which appears in the Appendix.

“In Essex a Branch Board has been established for the county; and Local Boards, or District Committees, are likely to be formed in each of its rural deaneries. The funds of the Essex Board already amount to 12621.; and in addition to the five objects which the Central Board has been hitherto enabled to pursue, it proposes to devote immediate attention to middle schools, and to assist in the erection and maintenance of schools in poor districts.

“ The Board has placed itself in

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