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ABCD according added alternately angle BAC antecedent applied base Book called centre circle circle ABC circumference common measure compounded consequent construction contained continued proportion corresponding course cube definition described diameter divided double drawn duplicate equal equiangular equimultiples Euclid excess extremes fact fall figure follows four fourth further geometrical given gives greater greatest Hence hypothesis impossible joined least less magnitudes mean proportional measures meet method multiple multitude namely necessary parallel parallelogram pass plane possible prime proof Prop proposition proved ratio reason rectangle rectilineal reference remaining respectively right angles segment sides similar Similarly Simson square straight line suppose taken taking Theon third touch triangle triangle ABC unit whole
Σελίδα 34 - EQUAL straight lines in a circle are equally distant from the centre ; and those which are equally distant from the centre, are equal to one another.
Σελίδα 37 - THE straight line drawn at right angles to the diameter of a circle, from the extremity of...
Σελίδα 234 - Prove that similar triangles are to one another in the duplicate ratio of their homologous sides.
Σελίδα 64 - From this it is manifest that if one angle of a triangle be equal to the other two it is a right angle, because the angle adjacent to it is equal to the same two ; (i.
Σελίδα 209 - IN a right-angled triangle, if a perpendicular be drawn from the right angle to the base, the triangles on each side of it are similar to the whole triangle, and to one another.
Σελίδα 90 - EF at right angles (9. 1.) to AB, AC ; DF, EF produced meet one another : for, if they do not meet, they are parallel, wherefore AB, AC, which are at right angles to them, are parallel ; which is absurd : let them meet in F, and join FA ; also, if the point F be not in BC, join BF, CF : then, because AD is equal to DB, and DF common, and at right angles to AB, the base AF is equal (4.
Σελίδα 80 - In a given circle to place a straight line, equal to a given straight line which is not greater than the diameter of the circle. Let ABC be the given circle, and D the given straight line, not greater than the diameter of the circle.
Σελίδα 212 - ... be parallel to the remaining side of the triangle. Let DE be drawn parallel to BC, one of the sides of the triangle ABC : BD is to DA, as CE to EA. Join BE, CD ; Then the triangle BDE is equal to the triangle CDE*, * «.i.
Σελίδα 95 - In the same manner, it may be demonstrated that the straight lines EC, ED, are each of them equal to EA or EB ; therefore the four straight lines EA, EB, EC, ED, are equal to one another ; and the circle described from the centre E, at the distance of one of them, shall pass through the extremities of the other three, and be described about the square ABCD.