Which is the product? Application and use of Multiplication by Federat Money and whole numbers. Note. The application of this rule, by examples, which are of daily occurrence, necessarily involves dollars and cents, therefore it was thought best, that it should consist of Federal Money and whole numbers promiscuously. How is the multiplicand to be written down in Federal Money?. Ans. As in whole numbers. If the cents are less than ten; where must a cypher be put in writing them downı? Ans. In the dimes' place or between the dollars and cents. How multiply? Ans. As in whole numbers. How many places do you relain in the product, for dimes, cents, and mills? Ans, As many as are in the Multiplicand. EXAMPLES. What will 20 yards of cloth come to at I dollat per yard? What will 20 yards, at 2 dollars per yard? What will 12 yards, at 12 cents per yard? What will 20 yards of tape come to at 5 mills per yard? What will 20 yards of tape come to în cents, at 3 mills per yard? • What will 20 yards come to at 12 cents and 5 mills per yard? How many cents is 9d? Ans. 124. How many fourpence Half penny pieces in a dollar? Ans. 16. How many four pence half penny pieces in half a dollar, or 50 cents? How many nine penny pieces in half a dollar or - 50 cents? What will 8 yards of tape come to, at 9 pence per yard? What will 16 yards of tape come to at 9 pence per yard? What will 24 yards come to, at 9 pence per yard? What will 4 yards come to at 44 pence or 9 pence per yard? What will 2 yards come to at 41 pence or 9 pence per yard? * What will 6 bushels of apples come to at 20 cents a bushel? What will 40 marbles come to at 21 cents, or % Cents and 5 mills a marble? What will 15 oranges come to, in cents at 2 dimes per orange? What will 20 oranges come to in cents, at 5 dimes per orange? What will 4 quarters tuition come to in dollars, at 1 eagle per quarter?' What will 3 quarters tuition come to in dollars at I eagle and 5 dollars per quarter? When any number, or thing is divided into 3. equal parts, what is one of those parts called. Ans. Three. When any thing or number is divided into four equal parts; what is one called? Ans. 1. When any thing, or number is divided into 10 equal parts; how is one of those parts expressed? Ans. To When any, thing, or number is divided into 12, 16, 20, or 50 equal parts; what is one of these parts? Ans. The to, zd, and it . In the above sum what are 3 of these parts? Ans. 1, 16, 25, and a What would eight of the above parts be called? Ans. 16, and If you travel 10 miles in one hour; how far can you travel in 10 hours? If rum is a dollar a gallon, how much will two barrels come to?" How many hogsheads make I tun? What will one tun of wine come to at 20 dollars per hogshead? 'If 1 pound of sugar cost 4 cents, what will 1 quarter come to? If one hundred weight of hay cost 50 cents; what will one ton cost? If one pair of shoes cost 30 cents, what will one dozen pair cost? If one quire of paper cost 25 cents, what will one ream cost? What will 5 score, or 100lbs. of pork come to al 5 cents per lb.? How many quarts make a peck? Ans. 8. When an apple, or any thing, or any number is divided into eight equal parts; what is one of these parts called? Ans. One eighth, as . When a peck, or any thing is divided into eight equal parts, you have said, one of those parts was called an eighth, now when a peck is thus divided, what else can you call one of those parts, besides one eighth? - Ans.One quart. Why? Ans. Because 8 quarts, or the parts, which I said that a peck was divided into equally, make a whole peck. If of a yard of broadcloth cost 5 dollars, what will one yard cost? What will 2 yards cost? If you travel a mile in 4 an hour, how many miles can you travel in one day and night? If you travel 2 mile in of an hour, how far can you travel in an hour? How far in 10 hours? If the stage fare for 20 miles is 2 dollars, what would it be for 80 miles? If one yard of cloth cost 12 cents and 5 mills; what will 3 yards cost? If one orange cost 6 cents, what will 100 cost? You buy a hogshead of molasses for 10 dollars. 50 cents, what will 3 hogsheads come to! What will 8 yards of broadcloth come to at I dola and 50 cts. per yd? Suppose one in your class consisting of 4 boys, buy a Virgil for 1 dollar and 25 cents, how much money would it take for all your class, to buy one apiece? If 20 cents is the price of a Mental and Practie cal Arithmetic; how much money will it take to furnish a class of ten with it? You buy 50 marbles for 3 cents apiece, and sell 40 of them for 4 cents àpiece; how niany have you got left, and did you sell the 40 for more than you gave for the 50, or not; and if you did for how much more? To multiply by 10, 100, or 1000 the easiest way: what is the rule? Ans. Put as many cyphers to the right of the multiplicand, as there are cyphers in the multiplier. For example: Multiply 24 by 10. Multiply 24 by 1000. What is multiplication, a short way of perforniiug? Ans. Several additions. How many times must the multiplicand be added to itself to do the sum by Addition? Ans. As many times as there are units in the multiplier. What do you mean by units in the multiplier, suppose for instance, that your multiplier is 100, how many units are there in it? Ans. 100. Suppose rour multiplicand is 100, and your multiplier 99, how many times would you have to add 100 to itself to get the same answer as in multipli. eation? Ans. 99. What does this prove? Ans. That multiplication is a short way of performing several additions. |