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A COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS TO EXERCISE THE
RITE down nine Hundred Millions, seven Hundred sixty Thousand, and Twenty-one
2. What must 20s pay towards a Tax, when 32 61 6s 8d. is assessed at 411 165 2d. ? Ans 2s 6d 2 qrs.73326
3. If the of 6 he 3, what will the! of u be ? Anis. 73. 4. I demand the sum of 1748 added to itself? Ans, 3496.
5. I demand the product of 76 multiplied by itself? Ans. 5776.
6. I demandl the difference between 14676 and the fourth of itself ? Ans. 1:00,
7. I demand the Quotient of the square of 476 divided by the half of its root? Ans. 952.
8. There is, in 3 baga, the sum of 14687 viz. in the first bag 451l. in the second 5811. I demand what is in the third bag? Ins. 4261.
9 What Number is that which being multiplied by 13, the product will be 221? Ans. 17.
10 Two Persons, A, and B, owe several Debts; the losser debt, being that of A, is 21731 the difference is 3711. what is the debt of B? Ans, 25441.
11 A Captain and 60 Sailors took a prize worth 1360! of which the Captain had } for his share, and the rest was equally divided among the Sailors ; what was each man's part ? An. the captain had 27:21 and ench Sailor had 6l 16s.
12 An ancient Lady being demanded how old she was ; to avoid a direct answer, said, I have 9 children, and there are three years between the birth of each of them ; the eldest was born when I was i9 years old, which is now exactly the age of the youngest : how old was the Laily? Ans. 62 years old.
13 What number is that from which if you take 341 the remainder will be 726? Ans. 1067.
14 What number is that which being added to 168; makes the sum to be 706 ? Answer 538.
15 What number is ihat which being divided by 19, the quotient will be 72 ? Answer 1368.
16 A Broker bought for his Principal, in the year 1720, 4001 Capital Stock in the South Sea, at 650 per cent. and sold it again when it was worth but 130 per cent. how much was lost in the whole ? Ans. 20801.
17 The sum of two numbers is 4139, their difference is 948 ; what is the lesser number? Ans. 3191. 18 A Gentleman went to Sea at 17
age ; 8 years after that he had a son born, who lived 46 years, and died before his Father; after whom the Father lived twice 20 years and then died also ; I demand the age of the Father when he died ? Ans. 111 years.
19 Three Gardeners, A, B, and C, having bought a piece of Ground, find the profits of it amount to 120l per
Now the sum of money which they laid down was in such proportion, that as often as A paid 51 B paid 71 and as often as B paid 41 C paid 61. I demand how much each mau must have per annum of the gain? B A B А
1. d. 7
Ans. A. 26 13
120 20 A, B, and C, freight a ship with wine, viz. A lays out 13427 B 11781. C 6301. the whole 212 tuns, are sold at 321 per tin; what shall each man receive :
B 2537 5150
C 1356 lo 0 21 B, C, and D made up a Stock of 10001 whereof B. put in 4091 C 1981 and they improved it to. 19641. 1 demand what was the Stock of D, and what was each man's share of the whole gain ? Ans. D's stock was 393 o B's share was 303 5
771 17 22 A, B, and C, freight a ship for the Caparies, worth 36961 whereof A puts in 3691 B 8971 but by reasou of
a storm, one third of the goods were cast over-board ; I demand each man's share of the loss ? A's loss was 1231 B's 2991 and C's 8101.
23 A and B traded together, and gained 1001 A put in 6401 B put in so much that he must receive 60l of the gain ; I demand how much B put in ? Ans. 9601.
24 What is the value of 27 dozen, and 10lb of Candles, at 5d per 1b. Ans. 61 195 2d.
25 Bought 23 qrs. 2 bushels of wheat, at 4s 6d per bushel ; what is the worth of it? Ans. 501 175.
26 If a man earns 2s cd 2qrs. per day, how much is that for 19 weeks, Sundays excepted? Ans. 14! 9s 9d.
27 A, B, and C, traded together, the first laid in I know not low much, B put in 20 pieces of Cloth, and C
put 5001 and they have gained 10001 whereof A ought to have 3501. and B 4001 I demand C's share, how much the first man laid in, and what the 20 pieces of cloth were worth? Ans. C's share was 2501 A laid in 700i and Bs Cloth was worth 3001.
28 A Merchant buys up 6 bags of Canterbury lops, No. 1 of which weighed 3 C 3 qrs. 20lb. No. 2, 3C Sqr's. 261b No. 3, 3C qrs. 241b. No. 4, 3C 3 qrs. only, No. 5, 2C zqrs 221b. No. 6, 2C qrs 261b besides 5 pockets, 3 of which weighed 70lb each, and the other two 62 lb 1 each, how inany Cwt. has he to pay carriage for? Answer 23C oqrs. 2431b.
29 How many ducats must I deliver at Venice, to receive at London 1781 2s the Exchange being at 4s 4d per Ducat? Ans. 822 Ducats.
30 A Traveller would change 500 French Crowns at 45 60
per crown, into sterling money, but he must pay a halfpenny per crown, for change ; low much must be receive ? Ans. 1141 9s 2d.
31 When a Factor taketh 17 per cent for his commission, what must he have for 7431 17s 3d ? Ans. 71 8s 9d lqr.
32 Two Merchants in company gained 1001. A laid in so much that for his share of the gain he must have 601. B laid in 720 Ducats at 68:8d per Ducat; I demand how much A laid in, and what the Ducats were worth ? Ans. A laid in 360l. and the Ducats were worth 2401.
33 There were two Merchants who traded in Company; the first laid in the sum of 6401 and took of
the gain. I demand how much the second Merchant laid in ? Answer 5641.
34 What number is that which being multiplied by 15, the product will be * ? Answ. 26
35 I demand the of 20 shillings? Ans. 12s. 6d.
36 What Fraction is that, to which if you add s, the sum will be ? Ans. 433.
37 What number is that to which if you add 7ş, the whole will be 191? Ans. I.
38 What number is that from which if you take }, the remainder will be ? Ans. 28.
39 What number is that from which if you take 13, the remainder will be 5 ş? Ans. 1944:
40 What number is that, which being divided by 1, the quotient will be 21 ? Ans. 153
41 What number is that which if multiplied by ž, produceth 1 ? Aus. .
42 What number is that, from which if you take ţ of itself, the remainder will be 12 ? Ans. 20.
43 What part of 25 is of an unit? Ans.
44. Whai number is that, to which if you add its own Ž, the whole shall be 20 ? Ans. 12.
45 What number is that, which maketh 9 to be the į of it? Ans. 13,
46 lf a cannon may be dischiarged at twice with cib of powder, how many tim s will 7C 3qrs 17lb discharge the same piece? Ans. 995 times.
47 If z of a ship be worth 37401. what is the whole worth ? Ans. 99731 6s 8d.
48 A young man received 2101. which was of his elder brother's portion ; now three times the elder brother's portion was half of the Father's estate; I demand how much the estate was ? Ans. 18901.
49 A Factor bought a certain quanti'y of broad cloth, and Drugget, which together cost him 811. the quantity of broad cloth that he bought was 50 yards, and 18s per yard, and for every 5 yards of broad cloth be liad 9 yards of drugget; I deinand how many yards of drugget he had, and how much the drugget cost him per yard ? Ans. 90 yards of Drugget. at 8s per yard.
50 A certain Usurer leut out 90l for 12 months, and rebeived principal and interest 957 8s. I demand at what rate per cent he received interest? Aus. nil per cent.
51 Two men depart both from one place, the one 'goes
north and the other south ; the one goes 7 miles a day, - and the other 11 miles a day; how far are they distant the 12th day after their departure ? Answer 216 miles.
52 A merchant bought 8 Tuns of Wine, which having received damage, he sold for 4001 and 12 per cent. loss ; I demand how much it cost him per tun, and how he sold it per Gallon, to lose after the said rate ? Ans.
Sold at 6l 3s 11d 2grs. per Gallon. 53 Two Men depart both from one place, and both go the same road ; the one travels 12 miles every day, the other 17 miles every day; how far are they distant the 10th day after their departure ? Answer 50 miles.
54 If a Gentleman hath an estate of 1000l per annum, how much may he spend one day with another, to lay up threescore Guineas at the Year's end ? Answer 21 lls 40
55 76lb of Cinnamon cost 401 10s 8d. and i Cwt. of Nutmegs 59). 14s. 8d. I demand the price of 3 oz. oue with another? Ans, 28.
56 A Grocer delivered 170 3qrs 10lb of Tobacco in the Roll, to be cut and dried, and when it came home, it held out 16C uqrs i41b. I demand how much was lost in every lb ? and also supposing it cost in the roll 8d, per Ib. and the cutting idi per lb. I demand what it now stands him in ? Answer
Lost per lb. loz. 8dr. 1999.
It stands him in 871 5s 3d iqr. . 57 If Tallow be sold for 4d per Ib. what is the value of 3 Tubs, each 3C Iqr lolb Gross, Tare per Tub 25lb ? Answer 171 9s.
58 Ship'd from Spain 10 Tuns of Wine, at 10l sterling per hhd. paid custoin at the Port of London 1s. per Galjon; the charges for Lighterage, Cartage, and Porterage, amounted to 3! afterwards by the misfortune of a Pipe staving, containing 26 Gallons, I lost 59 Gallons ; the next day 28 Gallons more run out, and the remainder of the Pipe not being saleable, I thre it away. The Market Price not running high, I sold the rest for 17! per hid. I demand how much I gained or lost by the Sale of the said Wine ? Answer, gained 1151
59 Ship’s company took a prize of 3001 which is to be divided among them as parties, according only to