taining 47 yards, at 6 dollars a yard ; and 25 barrels of flour at 7 dollars a barrel. What did he give for the whole ? 14. A merchant bought a hogshead of wine, at the rate of 2 dollars a gallon ; what did it co.ne to ? pt. qt. gal. p. or b. 4 gills (gl.) make 1 pint marked 2 pints I quart 4 quarts I gallon 31: gallons 1 barrel or half hhd. bb). 63 gallons 1 hogshead hhd. 2 hogsheads 1 pipe or butt 2 pipes 1 tun T. By this measure brandy, spirits, perry, cider, mead, vinegar, and oil are measured. 15. At 3 dollars a gallon, what will 2 pipes of wine cost? 16. At 4 cents a gill, what will 1 pint of brandy cost ? + 17. At 5 cents a gill what will 1 quart of wine cost ? What will 1 gallon cost ? Note. Since 100 cents make 1 dollar, it will be easy to tell how many dollars there are in any number of cents. 18. At 8 cents a quart, what will i hhd. of molasses come to ? 19. How many pints are there in 87 quarts ? 20. How many gills are there in 174 pints? 21. How many quarts are there in 1 hhd. of wine ? 22. How many quarts are there in 4 hhds. of brandy? 23. lIow many pints are there in one hhd. of molasses ? 24. How many pints are there in 1 pipe ! 25. How many gills are there in 1 hhì ? 26. How many gills are there in 1 T. ? 27. How many quarts in 8 gals. 2 quarts ? 28. How many pints in 4 gals. 3 qts. 1 pint ? 29. How many gallons in 3 hhds. 42 gals. ? 30. How many quarts in 1 p. 1 hhd. ? 31. How many pints in 1 hhd. 35 gals. 3 qts. I pt. ? 32. How many gills in 3 hhds. 27 gals. 1 qt. 1 pt. 3 gis. ? 33. A man having 1 T. of wine, retailed it at 5 cents a gill, how much did it come to ? 34. A man bought a quarter of beef, weighing 237 pounds, at 7 cents a pound. How much did it cost ? 35. How many are 3 times 784 ? 36. How many are 5 times 1,328 ? 37. How many are nine times 87,436 ? 38. Multiply 2,487 by 8. 39. Multiply 820,438 by 7. 40. Multiply 13,052,068 ky 5. IV. 1. What will 18 oxen cost at 57 dollars apiec Note. Find first what 6 oxen will cost, and 18 oxo cost 3 times as much. Perform the following exampl similar manner. 2. What would 14 chests of tea cost, at 87 dollars a 3. A merchant bought 84 pieces of linen, at 16 apiece ; how much did it come to ? 4. A merchant bought 15 hogsheads of wine, at 9 lars a hogshead. How much did the whole amount to 5. A merchant sold 20 hhds. of brandy at 2 dollars lon. How much did each hogshead amount to ? much did the whole amount to ? 6. What would 28 bales of cotton come to, at 75 dol bale ? months 1 day & Whours, }1 year 1 year 1 or 365 days and 6 hours y 12 calendar months 7. If a man can earn eight dollars in a week, how m can he earn in a year ? 8. If the expenses of a man's family are 32 dollars a we what will they amount to in a year ? What in 2 years ? 9. How many hour:s are there in a week ? 10. How many minutes are there in a day? 11. How many minutes are there in a week ? 12. How many hours are there in 2 mo. 3 d.? 13. If a man can travel 7 miles in an hour, how far ( he travel in 8 days, when the days are 9 hours long ? 14. If a ship sail 11 miles in an hour, how far would sail at that rate in one day, or 24 hours ? 15. If a ship sail 8 miles in an hour, how far would sail at that rate in 18 days ? 22. 16. Suppose a cistern has a cock which conveys 37 gallons into it in an half hour, how much would run into it in 1 d. 8 h. 17. If a man can earn 18 dollars in a calendar month, how much would he earn in 7 y. 8 mo. ? 18. In one year how many minutes ? 19. In two ý. 3 mo. 18 d. how many days / 20. A cannon ball at its first discharge, flies at the rate of about 9 miles in a minute; how far would it fly at that rate in 24 hours ? How far in 15 days ? 21. Multiply 87 by 14|32. Multiply 21,378 by 36 321 15 33. 825 42 23. 463 16 34. 164 45 24, 275 18 35. 1,163 48 25. 144 21 36. 9,876 49 26. 2,107 40,073 54 27. 381 25 38. 3,502 56 28. 1,234 127 63 29. 3,002 28|40. 308 72 30. 4,381 1,437 81 31. 11,962 35 42. What would 17 loads of hay come to at 26 dollars a load ? Note. First find the price of 16 loads, and then add the price of I load. Perform the following examples in a similar 24 37. 32 41. manner. 43. What would 17 oxen cost, at 87 dollars apiece ? 44. What would 87 pounds of tobacco cost, at 23 cents a pound ? 45. What would 28 pounds of sugar cost, at 13 cents a pound? 46. What would 59 bushels of potatoes cost, at 38 cents a bushel ? 47. What costs 1 hhd. of molasses at 37 cents a gallon ? 48. Multiply 19 by 17|52. Multiply 206 by 38 49. 37 1953. 314 47 50. 106 23 54. 203 58 51. 141 34 55. 715 67 V. 1. What cost 5 pounds of beef at 10 cents a pound ! 2. What will 12 barrels of flour come to, at 10 dollars a barrel ? Note. Observe that when you multiply by 10, i by annexing a zero to the right of the number; and it is done by annexing two zeros, &c.; and find th why. 3. What would a hogshead of wine come to, at a pint ? 4. If 10 men can do a piece of work in 7 days, h days will it take 1 man to do it ? 5. What would an ox, weighing 873 pounds, co 10 cents a pound ? 6. If 100 men were to receive 8 dollars apiece, he dollars would they all receive ? 7. If 27 men were to receive 100 dollars apiece, h dollars would they all receive ? rate that 7 36 FEDERAL MONEY. 10 mills (m.) make 1 cent marked c. 10 cents 1 dime d. 10 diines 1 dollar dol. 10 dollars 1 eagle 8. In 3 dimes how many cents ? 9. In 5 dollars how many dimes? How many 10. In 17 dollars how many cents ? 11. In 83 cents how many mills ? 12. In 753 dols. how many cents ? 13. In 1 dol. how many mills ? 14. In 84 dols. how many mills ? 15. In 7 dols. and 53 cents, how many cents ? 16. In 183 dols. and 14 cents, how many cents ? 17. In 283 dols. 43 cents and 8 mills, how many i 18. In 8246 dols. 2 d. 5 c. 6 m. how many mills ? It is usual to write dollars and cents in the followii ner: 43 dols. 5. d. 7 c. and 4 mills, is written $ The character $ written before shows that it is fede ney. The figures at the left of the point (.) are s dollars, the first figure at the right of che point is si dimes, the next so many cents, and the third so man It may be observed that wien dollars stand alon are changed to dimes by annexing one zero to the rig cause that multiplies them by 10. They are char cents, by annexing two zeros, because that multiplie by 100. They are changed to mills by annexing three zeros, because that multiplies them by 1,000. Thus 43 dollars are 430 dimes, 4,300 cents, or 43,000 mills. 5 dimes are 50 cents, or 500 mills. 7 cents are 70 mills. The above example then may be read 43 dols. 57 cents and 4 mills; or 435 dimes, 7 cents, and 4 mills; or 4,357 cents and 4 mills ; or 43,574 mills. When there are dollars, dimes, and cents, the figures on the left of the point may be read dollars, and those on the right, cents; or they may be all read together as cents. When the number of cents exceeds 100, they are changed to dollars by putting a point between the second and third figures from the right. If there are mills in the number, all the figures may be read together as mills. Any number of mills are changed to dollars by putting a point between the third and fourth figure from the right; the figures at the left will be dollars, and thosc at the right, dimes, cents, and mills. Since any sum which has cents or mills in it, may be considered as so many cents or mills, it is evident that any operation, as addition, multiplication, &c. may be performed upon it in the same manner ås upon simple numbers. If the sum consists of dollars and a number of cents less than ten, there must be a zero between the dollars and the cents in the place of dimes. Thus 7 dols. and 5 cents must be written $7.05. 19. What will 10 yards of cloth cost at $4.53 a yard ! 22. What will 1,000 yards of cloth cost at $0.35 a yard ? 23. Multiply 5 by 10/32. Multiply 90 by 100 24. 47 10/33. 4 1,000 25. 30 10/34. 73 1,000 26. 124 10/35. 80 1,000 27. 387 10/36. 132 1,000 28. 450 800 1,000 29. 13,008 1038. 1,643 1,000 30. hay 100 39. 725 10,000 31. 38 100 40. 76,438 10,000 VI. 1. What cost 75 lb. of tobacco at 20 cents a pound? 2. What cost 30 cords of wood at $6,75 a cord ? 3. If 400 men receive 135 dollars apiece, how many dollars will they all receive ? 10 37. |