Elements of Geometry: Containing the Principal Propositions in the First Six, and the Eleventh and Twelfth Books of Euclid. With Notes, Critical and Explanatory
Johnson, 1803 - 279 σελίδες
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Elements of Geometry: Containing the Principal Propositions in the First Six ...
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ABCD alſo be equal alſo equal altitude angle ABC baſe becauſe biſect BOOK centre chord circle circle ABC circumference common Conft conſequently contained definition demonſtration deſcribe diagonal diameter difference diſtance divided double draw drawn equiangular equimultiples EUCLID fall fame fide figure firſt four given given right line greater half interſects join the points leſs Let ABC magnitudes mean meet muſt parallel parallelogram perpendicular plane polygon priſm PROBLEM produced Prop proportional propoſition proved reaſon rectangle rectangle of AC remaining angle right angles right line ſame ſame manner ſame multiple ſection ſegment ſhewn ſide ſide AC ſince ſolid ſquare ſquares of ac ſtand ſum taken tangent THEOREM theſe thing third triangle triangle ABC twice VIII whence whole
Σελίδα 156 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.
Σελίδα 61 - Iff a straight line be divided into any two parts, four times the rectangle contained by the whole line, and one of the parts, together with the square of the other part, is equal to the square of the straight line which is made up of the whole and that part.
Σελίδα 199 - Lemma, if from the greater of two unequal magnitudes there be taken more than its half, and from the remainder more than its half, and so on, there shall at length remain a magnitude less than the least of the proposed magnitudes.
Σελίδα 18 - To draw a straight line perpendicular to a given straight line of an unlimited length, from a given point without it. LET ab be the given straight line, which may be produced to any length both ways, and let c be a point without it. It is required to draw a straight line perpendicular to ab from the point c.
Σελίδα 231 - A plane rectilineal angle is the inclination of two straight lines to one another, which meet together, but are not in the same straight line.
Σελίδα 5 - AXIOM is a self-evident truth ; such as, — 1. Things which are equal to the same thing, are equal to each other. 2. If equals be added to equals, the sums will be equal. 3. If equals be taken from equals, the remainders will be equal. 4. If equals be added to unequals, the sums will be unequal. 5. If equals be taken from unequals, the remainders will be unequal.
Σελίδα 125 - If any number of magnitudes be equimultiples of as many others, each of each, what multiple soever any one of the first is of its part, the same multiple is the sum of all the first of the sum of all the rest.
Σελίδα 135 - F is greater than E; and if equal, equal; and if less, less. But F is any multiple whatever of C, and D and E are any equimultiples whatever of A and B; [Construction.