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STATE TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION.
The State association for the year 1887 was held in the capitol building, Salem, July 6, 7 and 8.
This meeting was attended by 325 teachers, representing the counties of Benton, Baker, Clackamas, Clatsop, Columbia, Coos, Douglas, Jackson, Josephine, Lane, Linn, Marion, Multnomah, Polk, C'matilla, Union, Wasco, Washington and Yamhill counties. Most of the teachers in our colleges, universities and academies were present, taking an active and able part in the general work, but more especially in the State college and university department.
THE DEPARTMENT OF SUPERINTENDENCE
Was largely attended, most of the county superintendents in the State being present. During the three days' meeting the following topics were quite thoroughly discussed:
Difficulties in Ungraded Schools. School Apparatus, What is Needed; Use and Abuse of. Examinations in Rural Schools. How to Make School Visits Profitable. Needed School Legislation. Qualifications of Teachers. Duties of Directors. Revocation of Licenses. How to conduct Local Institutes. County Institutes, Organization and Management of. Location of School Houses. Division of School Districts. Wages of Teachers. School Organization. Course of Study and Grade in County Schools. Graduation in Public Schools. Qualifications of County Superintendents. Teachers' Reports to County Superintendents. Clerks' Reports, What Should They Contain? Uniformity in Daily Programmes. Mode of Conducting Teachers' Examinations. TÍow to Secure Efficient Superintendence of Schools. Dismissal of Teachers, How and Why. Educational Hindrance. County Normals, Advantages of; How Should They be Conducted? Care of School Property.
The State teachers' association for 1888 convened in the legislative hall, capitol building, Salem, July 5, and continued in session July 6 and 7.
This meeting was attended by three hundred and fort teachers from Benton, Clackamas, Clatsop, Columbia, Douglas Grant, Jackson, Josephine, Lane, Linn, Marion, Morrow, Mult nomah, Polk, Union, Umatilla, Wasco, Washington and Yamhil counties. Many of the leading teachers from our universities and colleges were in attendance, and, in addition to these, leading educators from the States were present. Prominent among thes was Hon. John M. Bloss, city superintendent public schools, Topeka Kansas, formerly Superintendent of Public Instruction, State o Indiana. Mr. Bloss gave an interesting lecture before the associa tion on Friday evening, July 6, on the following subject: “Qu Civilization Dependent on Christianity and Science its Handmaid The
COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT Was largely attended. The following questions were discussed : 1. Co-education of the sexes.
Should the length of a college session be nine months or ten months?
3. Should colleges have their courses of study adjusted to those of the public schools?
4. Should college diplomas be in the Latin language or in the English?
5. How far should studies be optional?
THE DEPARTMENT OF SUPERINTENDENCE
Was in session two days, many of the county superintendents being present.
THE DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC
Was organized, the following questions being placed for discussion:
1. Best methods of teaching vocal music in public schools.
Children's voices—methods of training,
The institutes for the several judicial districts have been held in coinpliance with the law. These meetings have been held for the most part at the county seats, and have been largely attended by
tizens and teachers. Generally the services of the best teachers, cturers and instructors in each district were secured. Home talent so is found ready and abundant to do good service.
These meetings are now obligatory by law, and this important uty should not be neglected or avoided by the county superinwent. There is no doubt that these conventions are of great enefit to teachers, as all active, thorough-going teachers concede his. While this is true, the institutes are not accomplishing all bat is expected. The time allotted for the work is generally too bort, and, for the annual institute, the time set apart for the session hould not be less than five days.
In some instances the instructors have hardly time to present the utlines of their topics. . Again, time is often frittered away in the iscussion of questions of minor importance. Again, time is someimes wasted by the extended discussion of special hobbies. The ime should be largely devoted to the presentation of the most upprored and latest methods of instruction.
The county superintendents report thirty-five annual institutes hed within the two years covered by this report. This is far below the mark of good, earnest school work. Since this feature is now compulsory, fifty-eight institutes ought to have been held in the beveral counties during the past two years. I have attended twentyAllt of these meetings in person, devoting the average time of two dla vs to each institute. In traveling to and from the several counties where these meetings were held, I have traveled seven thousand three hundred miles. If institutes were annually held in every county in the State, it is manifestly impracticable for the Superintendent of Public Instruction to attend all of them, unless he did sa at the expense of other official duties equally as important. Presented herewith is a scheme of interstate work prepared for the Us of county superintendents and others.
1: is expected that the next series of annual reports from county superintendents will show that the law, in this particular, has been fully observed in each and every county in the State.
SUGGESTIONS FOR THE USE OF SUPERINTENDEN
AND INSTITUTE CONDUCTORS.
DAILY PROGRAMME OF A NORMAL INSTITUTE FOR SIX DA
General Discussion by the entire Institute, 9 to 10 o'clock.
General Discussion by the Institute, 1 to 2 o'clock.
Evening exercises may consist of Lectures and General Discussions,
Note.—The above programme is merely suggestive of the work that may be accomplis within the time specitied, by an active conductor and assistant instructors who give strict al tion to economy in time and methods of work. The programme itself may be readily revise meet the wants of the several districts and counties.
MAJOR OBJECTS OF THE INSTITUTE.
1. To acquaint teachers with the best and latest methods instruction.
2. To increase the efficiency of teachers, by giving a disti idea of the true ends of education; by giving some knowled he science of teaching; by illustrating latest methods of impartinstruction; by giving a correct idea of what constitutes a good bol.
To secure uniformity of work in methods of organization, in vol records, schedules, programmes, etc.; in school government; chool recitations.
The institute awakens a general interest in education.
To gain inspiration in teaching.
Teachers may compare themselves professionally with their ociate teachers.
The institute produces a feeling of professional pride, a necess element to secure success. 1. To correct prevailing faults, consisting of waste of time in rements of classes; in conducting recitations and managing sees; in repeating work done by predecessors; wrong methods sing from lack of experience.
WAYS AND MEANS.
1. Lectures and talks.
SUGGESTIONS TO MEMBERS. 1. Attend each session promptly and regularly. 2. Make copious notes of the work done and keep them for future se in the school-room. 3. Give your earnest attention to the instructors and enter Eartily into all general exercises. 4. Ask questions of instructors at the close of each exercise. 5. In conducting general discussions, the conductor should require pembers participating to confine themselves to the general principles f the question in hand and not distort the discussion into "pet" pecialties or personalities. Members should remember that the