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READING. 1. What objects are to be aimed at in the study and teaching of reading? 2 What is emphasis. * What is the object of emphasis ? 4. Define the following: accent, inflection, articulation, monotone, modulation. 5. Read selections furaished by the examiners.
PENMANSHIP. 1. What system has been adopted for use in the public schools of Oregou ? 2 Give the elements of the small leiters; of the capitals. Name them. 3 How do you classify them? 4. How secure a proper way of holding the pen? J. Huw do you secure, in writing, the elementary forms? 6. Classify ihe small letters, stauing the basis of classification. 1. Define slant.
Name the requisites of good writing in the order of their importance. % How do you secure legibility? How does it rank in importance ? 10. How do you conduct a recitation in writing?
GEOGRAPHY. 1. Give three proofs that you would use in class to prove the rotundity of the earth. . What are the equinoxes? What are the solstices?
Name a state or Territory of the l'nited States distinguished for (a) wheat, (6) cotton, (c) orn, id) cattle, (c) iron.
4. Name and locate the largest grain market in the United States, the most important seapeet, the largest manufacturing city, the greatest cotton port, the largest iron manufacturing city:
3. What state bas the largest population ? the greatest area? The greatest mineral wealth ? the greatest agricultural wealth
Why has Great Britain a warmer climate than Labrador? i. Give some account of ihe Republic of the United States, and state (a) its area, (b) its popHazon, (q) its form of government, (d) the religion, and (c) the chief industries of the people.
Same, in order, the three largest islands in the world, not classing continents as islands. 9. Outline one lesson you would give to pupils beginning the study oi geography. 10. Same five mountain ranges and tive rivers in Europe.
UNITED STATES HISTORY. 1. State three causes that led to the civil war. 2. What is the Monroe doctrine"?
What were the causes of the financial crisis” in Van Buren's administration ? 4. What was tbe "hard-cider campaign?? When?
What was settled by the "Ashburton treaty". Who negotiated this treaty for the United
What was the “Wilmot proviso"? What were the principles of the “Know-Nothing" party? 1. What matters are at issue between the two dominant parties of this country at present?
Wbo was Noah Webster? S. F. B. Morse? Charles Sumner? George B. Mcciellan? Edwin 9. Who invented the cotton gin, the steamboat, the telephone, vulcanized India-rubber, submarine cable? 10. Name a prominent historical event of 1776, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1876.
MENTAL ARITHMETIC. 1. It 224 barrels of apples cost $15, how many barrels can be bought for $12?
Il twice my weight be diminished by % of my weight and 30 pounds, it will equal 180 pounds; required, my weight.
& If twice the length of a pole be increased by its 3-5 and 2 feet more, the sum will equal 3 to the length of the pole; required, its length.
Ifa 3 cent loaf weighs 9 ounces when flour is 6 dollars a barrel, how much ought a 4-cent nei to weigh when flour is 8 dollars a barrel ?
Four-fifths of $10 is % of what per cent of 4-5 of $50.
Twenty persons engage a pleasure boat for sailing, but before they start 12 of the company kelime going, by which the expense of each is increased s3; what did they pay for the boat ?"
A farmer had 40 sheep in one field, which was 4-5 of the number in another field; then, Mite sbeep in each field jumped into the other; how many then in each fleld?
9. A teacher bought a number of books for 88; had he bought 4 times this number, lacking 5, they would have cost $1 more; how many did he buy?
10. A man spent of his money and $2 more, and then spent $2 more than % of the remainer, and then had $2 remaining; required, his money at first.
WRITTEN ARITHMETIC. 1. (a) State the principles you would teach in multiplication.
(b) Stute the principles you would teach in greatest common divisor. 2. (a) Given, ihe dividend, quotient, and remainder, to find the divisor. State the process,
(b) Given, rate, time, and interest, to find principal. State rule or formula, 3. Bought 27%, barrels of sugar for $153.75, and sold it at a profit of $1.62%, a barrel. At what price was it sold?
A farmer's entire crop of barley just filled a bin 10 feet long, 6 feet wide, and 5 feet deer. What was its value at $1.78 per cental ?
5. A merchant pays $10,050 for a stock of goods; he sells them at an advance of 34 per cent; the expenses connected with the business are $1,750. How much does he gain?
6. If 24 men in 9 days of 12 hours each build a wall 200 feet loug, 6 feet high, and 2 feet thick, how many men, in 72 days of 10 hours each, can build a wall 950 leet long, 8 feet high aud 5 feet thick?
7. I sent $12,300 to my agent in New York, with which to purchase flour at $i per barrel, after deducting his commission of 272 per cent How many barrels of four did I receive:
Divide $1,500 among three persons, so that the share of the second may be one-half greater than that of the first, and the share of the third one-half greater than that of the second.
9. Wishing to borrow $500 at a bank, for what sum must my note be drawu, at 30 days, to obtain the required amount, discount being at 7 per cent?
10. A man sold a piece of property for $11,320; the terms were $3,200 in cash on delivery, $2,51) in 6 months, $2,500 in 10 months, and the remainder in one year, 3 months, with 7 per cent inter What was the whole amount paid ?
ENGLISH GRAMMAR. Selections: “The Northmen were people in whom Americans have much reason for feeling interested."
(2) * They were one of the finest and strongest races of men ever known in the world, and they were the ancestors of most of us.'
(3) I shall write you a letter to-morrow. 1. What is a common noun?
Mention the proper nouns in the above selections. 3. Mention and decline the pronouns
in the above selections, and tell to what class of prinouns they belong.
4. (aj Give the case of each noun and pronoun in the first two sentences of the abore selections
(b) Compare the adjectives in the same. 5. Give the tense and principal parts of each verb in the selection. 6. Parse you and letter in senience 3, and analyze the same. 7. What are the properties of nouns? Of verbs ?
Write the plural of fly, Miss Jones, son-in-law, money, child, basis, focus, t, 8. 9. Write the past tense and imperfect participle of the following verbs : do, hear, learn teach, see, sit, lie, lay, set, choose. 10. Write the following sentences with the errors corrected, and give reasons for corrections
(a) I knew it was him.
THEORY AND PRACTICE OF TEACHING.
Give illustrations of what educators mean by (a)“ Ideas before words;" (b) "Go from thi known to the unknown."
4. How would you conduct examinations, and of what should they be a test.
5. With what mental laws should the teacher be familiar, that ne may intelligently direc pupils in their study?
How would you organize a school?
Give your idea of emulation in the school. 8. Mention the elements of a good disciplınarian.
What means would you use to secure good oder? 10. What can you say of the teacher's relation to his profession?
PHYSIOLOGY AND HYGIENE. 1. What is meant by the nervous system and what are its parts ?
Tel. what you can about the brain. 3. Explain how food is made ready to mix with the blood. 4. Describe the stomach and its uses. 5. Explain in a general way as to what, when and how much we should eat. 6. Give some practical hints about getting proper sleep. 7. Name the five special senses and descr be them briefly. 8. Give some practical suggestions about the care of the eye and the ear,
Mention the effects of a cohol and tobacco on the special senses, 10. What is opium? Describe the opium habit.
1. 2. 3.
QUESTIONS FOR TEACHERS'
FOR TEACHERS' EXAMINATIONS.
FOR THE YEAR 1889.
FOR STATE DIPLOMAS AND STATE LIFE DIPLOMAS.
(Subdivision 9, Section 25, Oregon School Laws.)
PREPARED BY THE STATE BOARD OF EXAMINATION,
TO SUPERINTENDENTS AND EXAMINERS. 1. In examinining applicants for State and life diplomas, apply the rules and regulations relative to county examinations so far as the same may be necessary and applicable.
2. All questions prepared for the examination of applicants for state diplomas and State life diplomas will be forwarded to each county superintendent, who shall have charge of such Destions.
3. Each county superintendent may conduct the examination in person, or he may delegate this power to a member of his board of county examiners.
4. Applicants for State certificates must hold a first-grade county certificate, and have taught three years successfully in the public schools of the State. In making allowance for the actual service of teachers in our public schools, county superintendents may couut 7% months actually 'angbt in each calendar year, or 224 months' actual service in the school-room for a State certitiFate. The standard of 742 months is taken as the highest average yet attained by any county in the state. Similarly, applicants for State diplomas must have had at least 30 months' actual seryre in the public schools, and for State life diplomas 45 months' actual service.
5. When the examination of applicants for state diplomas and State life diplomas has been puppieted, all manu:cripts furnished by applicants must be forwarded to the office of the State Naberintendent of Public Instruction, by mail or express. The list of questions in each branch mest be inclosed in the manuscript relating thereto and returned at the same time.
6. The papers of each applicant must include a recommendation from the county superinfendent and county board of examiners, and the required fees as set forth in secions 25 and 17 of Le rebool laws. The fees should always be sent by postal order whenever the same is practicable.
i County superintendents may give one (1) day to the examination of applicants for State pamas, and one and one-half (1%) days to the examination for State life diplomas. For State C.plomas, applicants must pass an examination in Bookkeeping, Composition and Physical Geography; and for stale life diplomas, applicants must pass in Algebra, English Literature, Oregon School Law 11 Geacral History.
County superintendents shall be entitled to three dollars per day for the time actually piosed in conducting examinations for State and life diplomas. In forwarding fees for
you as to the office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, ihe county superintendent deduct and retain the amount due him as above mentioned, and also deduct the cost of postsige necessary in transmitting the examination papers.
DIRECTIONS AND QUESTIONS FOR APPLICANTS. 1. Write your name, age, postoffice address, and the date. 2 How many montht have you taught?
3. Did you attend the last teachers' institute held in the county in which you reside? If set, why not?
What books have you read on the subject of teaching? 5. Do you take a school journal? 6. Namber your answers to correspond with the questions, and give due attention to capitals
No communication or reference to books or memoranda permitted during the examinatha. Write carefully. Spell correctly, and write a full analysis of all
examples in algebra.
FOR STATE' LIFE DIPLOMAS.
Prof. J. B. Horner, State Ecaminer. 1. What is the difference between English literature and American literature : 2. Give three quotations from Shakespeare. 3. What can you say of Milton ? 4. Who is the author of To err is human; to forgive, divine." 5. What poets belong to tne Victorian age? 6. What works did Dickens write ?
Write two extracts from Daniel Webster. 8. Who wrote “ No man who needs a monument ever ought to have one." ** It is better know much of a few things than a llttle of many things."
9. What English writer is poet laureate? Give a selection from his writings.
10. Who, in your opinion, is the greatest American author of fiction? The greatest lisi historian.
FOR STATE LIFE DIPLOMAS.
Prof. J. B. Horner, State Examiner. 1. Tell what nations were the greatest during the different ages of the world up to t beginning of the present century;
2. Give a short hi-tory of Alexander the Great. 3. What were the Punic wars ?
4. What were the crusades? How many were there? Who was Peter the Hermit. Wh was the infiuence of the crusades?
5. Say what you can about Cromwell.
FOR STATE LIFE DIPLOMA.
Prof. J. B. Horner, State Examiner. 1. Define quantity, exponent, power, root, equation, algebra, binomial, residual, degre homogene us quautity.
2. What is meant by higher equation ?
5. Two men commenced trade together: the first put in $10 more than the second, and ti stock of the first was to that of the second as 5 to 4. What was the stock of each?
6. Give Newton's Binomial Theorem.
7. What number is that, the fourth part of whose square being abstracted from 8 leaves remainder of 4!
8. A laborer dug two trenches, one of which was 6 yards longer than the other, for 17 pound 16 shillings, and the digging of each trench cost as many shillings per yard as there were yards i its length. What was the length of each?
9. What is the sum (arithmetical progression) of n terms of the series 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, etc. 10. Two quantities are to each other as m to n, and the difference of thei squares is d? What are the quantities?
SCHOOL LAWS OF OREGON.
FOR STATE LIFE DIPLOMA.
Prof. J. B. Horner, Slate E.caminer.
State the duties of a teacher.
Wbat steps must be taken before a teacher is legally bired ? 7. State the conditions upon which students are received into the schools for deaf mutes also the school for the blind.
* What are the terms upon which students are received into the State university and the ste pormal schools ? 9. What is the substance of the law that authorizes iree planting by public schools ? 10. What influence upon a teacher's work will a thorough acquaintance with the State school 5s probably exert?
FOR STATE DIPLOMAS.
President Van Scoy, State Examiner. 1. Give form for dating, subscription, folding and directing a letter. - Give a topical analysis of an essay on the subject "Contentment." 3 Describe the style of a good essay. 4. What is meant by purity. propriety, precision and ambiguity of style? á Define tautology, perspicuity, irony and egotism. 6. What should be the general divisions of an oration? 7. What is poetry?
Define personification, apostrophe and hyperbole. 9. What is a metaphor, allusion and allegory? 10. What process is necessary in developing a subject ?
FOR STATE DIPLOMAS.
President Van Scoy, State Examiner. 1. Of what does Physical Geography treat? 2. What are volcanoes ? What connection have they with the interior of the earth ?
Same three noted volcanoes of the Mediterranean sea. 4. What do you understand by lines of trend? 5. What is the freezing point of ocean water? 6. Explain the origin of constant currents. 1. Distinguish between continental and oceanic islands.
Define river system, basin, water-shed, source and mouth. 9. What is silt? 10. In what different ways does the atmosphere receive its heat from the sun ?
FOR STATE DIPLOMAS
President Van Scoy, State Examiner. 1. What are resources and what are liabilities? 2 What is the difference between single entry and double entry book-keeping? 4 Describe the principal books used in double entry. 4. What is the general rule for journalizing? 5. What is an account?
How many kinds or classes of accounts are there? 1. When does an account show a loss, and when a gain ?
When does an account show a liability, and when a resource ?
How are accounts that show losses and gains closed ? 10. What is a balance sheet?
FOR STATE DIPLOMAS.
Prof. I. W. Pratt, State Examiner. 1 What are some of the more important problems investigated in physical geography ?
2. What general cause may be supposed to give rise to earthquakes? With what velocity does the earthquake wave move?
What is the relief of a continent, and how does it differ from altitude? In what respects de the oceanic islands differ from the continental?
4 Trace the water of the Atlantic ocean from the Cape of Good Hope to North Cape, naming Le corrents, and the coasts and islands bathed by each.
á Describe the formation of the Mississippi basin. What is the effect of the inequality of continental slopes ?
How do the temperatures of the ocean compare with those of the continents in summer? se are the regions of greatest heat? Where is the northern isothermal of 70o farthest from