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7. What are the conditions of the equilibrium of the atmosphere? What are winds, how are they classified and named ?

8. What are cyclones? Tornadoes? Waterspouts? Describe the rains in the zone of ca

9. What are the principal coffee districts of the New World: Where are our three : gold fields? Where are our principal petroleum regions ?

10. What is the general law of the development of life in nature? Explain the formatie intermittent springs.

COMPOSITION.

FOR STATE DIPLOMAS.

Prof. I. W. Pratt, State Eraminer. 1. What is composition? What is an argumentative discourse ? 2. Which affords the higher degree of pleasure, beauty or sublimity? Why? 3. What does figurative language imply? Which is more important, the thought or its di

4. What is essential to an honorable position in literature? To what does exact propor of parts contribute?

5. To what must art be addressed? What is the desire to see and hear new things called

6. What is the simplest form in which sublimity derelops itself? Give some fam examples

7. What are figures of orthography? What are figures of syntax? 8. In what does purity consist? What is the only standard of speaking and writing? 9. What are redundances? Euumerate the three faults opposed to clearness.

10. Define fiction. What is meant by the plot of a fictitious composition: What is esser with respect to a plot

ALGEBRA.

FOR STATE LIFE DIPLOMAS.

Prof. B. J. Hauthorne, State Examiner.

1. State the difference between algebra and arithmetic. 2. Define the apparert sign of a fraction. The real sign. Give an example of each.

3. If from of my height in inches 12 be subtracted, of the remainder will be 2. W is my height?

4. A young man received a fortune from England, and spent two-fifths of it the first y and three-fifths of the remainder the following year, and then had only $5,000 remaining; W was the fortune!

5. Define ratio. Problem. Involution. Evolution. Coëfficient.

6. A gentleman divided $ 0 between his two sons in such a manner that the product of 1 shares was 600; what was the share of each?

7. Find two numbers whose product is 3 times their sum, and the sum of their squares is

8. The difference of two numbers is 3, and the difference of their cubes is 117; required numbers.

9. There are two square grass-plats, a side of one of which is 10 yards longer than a sidi the other, and their areas are as 25 to 9; what are the lengths of the sides?

10. Find two numbers, such that the sums of their squares may be so, and their sum mu plied by the greater may produce 104.

BOOKKEEPING.

FOR STATE DIPLOMAS.

Prof. I. W. Pratt, State Examiner. 1. Define the double entry system. What is an account?

2. How are resources, liabilities, losses and gains shown in the ledger? Write a promiss note. 3. What is an account? Rule a ledger page.

State six steps in closing the ledger.
What is meant by shipment or adventure? How do they differ from merchandise !
What is posting? What should the pupil keep in view when journalizing?

How many classes of accounts are there? Why is a trial balance so called : 8. Is the trial balance a sure test of the correctness of the ledger? What is a bill of exchan 9. What is the process of closing an account? What is the first step in the order of closi

10. What is the rule for ascertaining the present worth of a concern? What is the condit of every complete entry upon the ledger ?

GENERAL HISTORY.

FOR STATE LIFE DIPLOMAS.

Prof. B. J. Hawthorne, State Examiner.

1. Give some account of the Aryan nations?

How far back does history, which we can fully trust, go? 3. In what nation did real freedom and real civilization begin ? 4. Nampe some of the causes that led to the founding of the Roman Commonwealth.

Explain the origin of fiefs. 6. Who were the inhabitants of Britain when the Aryles and the Saxons began to colonize bst island:

2. What was the condition of language and literature in the Middle Ages? The causes of bat rondition ?

What pation holds the fortress of Gibraltar ? . The people of wbat nation brought the first slaves from Africa iuto the New World: 1) When was Oregon organized as a Territory?

OREGON SCHOOL LAW.

FOR STATE LIFE DIPLOMAS.

Prof. B. J. Hauthorne, State Examiner.

1. How are text-books selected?
2. How often may a third-grade certificate be issued to the same person?

What is the law with reference to compulsory education ?
1. A person holding a State diploma from any one of the State normal schools is entitled to
* State Life Diploma, under what conditions ?

5. What are the qualifications of a voter at a school meeting?

6. All persons applying for certificates with the intention of teaching in any county shall be esamined in what branches?

When is Arbor Day? What does the law require?

What is the penalty for failure upon the part of a teacher to attend a county institute ? 9 What recourse has a teacher in case a County Superintendent does him an injustice on examination

10. How long may a teacher without a certificate draw public money?

ENGLISH LITERATURE.

FOR STATE LIFE DIPLOMAS.

Prof. B. J. Hawthorne, State Examiner.

What is the subject of Beowulf's poem?
What was meant by the King's English''?
Who wrote the "Shephearde's Calendar''?
What is the difference between the style of Samuel Johnson and that of Addison ?
How old is Tennyson?

Where was Bunyan's best work partly written ?
7. What is the earliest form of popular literature among every people ?

Wbac is the difference between satire and irony? 2. In what respect is Shakespeare not original ?

10. Mention the names of two famous American prose writers. Of two poets. Quote one Extract of prose and one of poetry.

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LIST OF QUESTIONS FOR NORMAL GRADUATES' EXAMINATIO

IN THE STATE NORMAL SCHOOLS.

CONDUCTED BY THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION.

FOR THE YEAR 1889.

PRELIMINARY QUESTIONS. 1. Write your full name, postoffice, county and State. 2. What is your age? 3. How long have you attended this normal school? 4. Do you intend to make teaching a profession?

ORTHOGRAPHY.

(Section 1. Sixty Credits.) Ted credits each for the following questions correctly answered:

1. (a) Define orthography. (b) How much time do you devote to spelling exercises? (c) Gi your methods of teaching spelling

2. How many elementary sounds in the English language, and how are they represented 3. Name and define the vowels and consonants. 4. When are w and y vowels ?

5. When is the hyphen generally used between the parts of a compound word, and when it commonly omitted ? 6. Give three rules for spelling, and illustrate each by exanıple.

(Section 2. Furty Credits.) The examiner will pronounce the following words, and the applicants will write the won correctly, capitalizing, placing marks of accent, and using proper diacritical inarks in accente syllables. One credit for each word spelled and written correctly : 1. Piteous. 11. Deleble. 21. Ridiculous.

31. Concurred. 2. Necessity. 12. Terrible. *22. Facetiuus.

32. Moccasin. Promissory. 13. Hemorrhage. 23. Fascinate.

33. Shoveling. Concurrence. 14. Eleemosynary. 21. Witticism.

31. Charlatan.
Alleghany.
15. Jehovah.

25.
Curricle.

35, Business.
Saleratus.
16. Alienate.
26. Mystical.

36.

Embarrass. Remittance. 17. Expatiate.

Admissible.

37. Imbroglio. 8. Pleurisy. 18. Emaciate. 28. Fallible.

38. Poignant. 9. Ecstacy. 19. Supersede.

9. Chargeable.

39. Fuchsia. 10. Labyrinth. 20. acade. 30. Erasable.

40. Reuben. READING.

inson

1. Is a pause ever made in reading where there are no punctuation marks? Explain.

2. What is inflection? Name the different kinds of infection and give the general principle for the use of each.

3. Name some of the most common errors in reading. 4. By w bat method would you lead a pupil to an appreciative rendering of a paragraph: 5. Should any of the pupils' skill in reading be acquired by imitation? If so, to what extent 6. What is meant by a monotoner Is a monotone ever appropriate in reading? If so, when 7. At what rate should the following be read? Why? Mark the pauses (as long or short:)

"And there lay the rider, distorted and pale,

With the dew on his brow and the rust on his mail,
And the tents were all silent, the banners alone,

The lances unlifted, the trumpet unblown."

Inderline emphatic words in following and give reasons :

-Man cannot know unless he can worship in some way. His knowledge is a pedantry and dead thistle otherwise. It is a calumny on men to say that they are roused to heroic action by ease, bope of pleasure, recompense, sugar plums of any kind in this world or the Dext. In the meanest instal there lies something nobler." Mark inflections in following, with the reasons for each:

*They tell us sir, that we are weak-unable to cope with so formidable an adversary. But when shall we be stronger? Will it be the next week, or the next year?''

Stu lies serve for delight, for ornament and for ability. Their chief use for delight is in privateness and retiring; for ornament, is in discourse, and for ability is in the judgment

and disposition of business." 70. Define pitch, force and rate.

PENMANSHIP.

1. Give the height of the following letters :

&, B, E, I, d, h, s.
Make and num'er the principles of the Spencerian system.

of the pen and band when in proper position for writing. 4. Which do you consider of first importance in teaching penmanship, form of letters or repent of hand? * Where and how should the shade be made in the following letters : T. W,0, t, E, p.

GEOGRAPHY.

1. Same the principal seaports and the principal manufacturing cities of England.

Locate Niagara Falls, Mammoth Cave and Yosemite Valley.

In wbat political division is each of the following: Berlin, Amsterdam, Melbourne, Dver, Calcutta and Stockholm?

4. Whut parts of the United States are noted for the production of the following: Rice, BO, tobacco, wheat, lead, iron, copper and coal ?

For what are the following places nuted: London, Rome, Paris, Venice, Mecca, Moscow d Jerusalem

6 A and B set out from Salem, Oregon. A travels ten degrees south, then ten degrees east; travel feu degrees east, then en degrees south. Which travels the greater distance? Why?

Name the three departments of our national government. What are the leading officers eveh department and how are they chosen?

* What is the difference between a State and a Territory? What four States were admitted the 'pion during the last session of congress?

How would you travel by water from Albany, New York, to Kansas City, Missouri ? What aportant cities, capes and bays would you pa's on the way?

10. Same the five Great Powers, and give the official title of the ruler of each.

UNITED STATES HISTORY.

ILLICOL. WILL CLC CU

1 Name four early explorers of America, of different nationalities, with the date and Facial explorations of each.

2 Give the date of two of the earliest settlements in the present territory of the United date with an account of the founuing of each.

What was the government of the colonies before the beginning of the Revolutionary war?
State briefly the causes of the Revolutionary war.

Xame four important Am rican victories during war, with dates and names of tanding generals. 6 Give the causes of the war of 1812, and describe Perry's victory on Lake Erie. i What were (a) the Missouri compromise, (b) the Omnibus bill, (c) the Kansas-Nebraska bill?

Kame three important Federal and three important Confederate victories during the Civil Far, with the date and names of commanding generais in each.

4. What State, were added to the Union durii g the Civil war? 10. Give the dates of the following events : The invention of the spinning jenney; the teption of the electric telegraph; the laying of the Atlantic cable.

MENTAL ARITHMETIC.

1 A sum of money, diminished by 3-7 of itself and $6, equals $12; what is the sum ?

2. Eight per cent of $200 is 2-5 of wbat A gave for a watch ; he sold it su as to gain 20%; for *bat did be sell it?

How many yards of cloth at $1 a yard must a merchant buy that by selling it at a profit of 2.6 be may gain $8.

1. B found 10 cents and then lost 2-5 of what he found, and then had yg as much as he had frt: bow puch had he at first?

James iost of his turkeys, and then finds by selling % of the remainder for cost he onld receive $20 ; but finding 6 and selling of the number he then had he received $24 ; how SDT did be retain ?

a d person being asked the hour of the day, replied that 2 hours ago the time past noon was of the time to midnight 2 hours hence; required the time?

7. Two-thirds the cube of a number is 10 more than the cube of % of the number; wh the number?

8. Twenty-five years ago John was 1-7 as old as his uncle, but 5 years ago he was 's as d how old is each at present?

9. A can cut a cord of wood in 5-6 of a day and B in 4-5 of a day; in what time can r together cut a cord?

10. A receives $2.50 a day for his labor and pays 50 cents a day for his board ; at the expira of 40 days he had saved $50; how many days did he work and how many days Was he idle.

WRITTEN ARITHMETIC.

1. Name and define the fundamental operations of Arithmetic.
2. Define: (1) Greatest common devisor, (2) Least common multiple.
3. Define: (1) A denominate number, (2) A measure.

Detine: (1) Money, (2) Currency.

Define: (1) Tariff, (2) A specific duty. 6. Define: (1) Similar volumes, (2) A series.

7. *The longitude of New York is 74° 3' west, and of Jerusalem is 30° 32' east: when it is o'clock A. M. at New York, what is the time at Jerusalem ?

8. If I buy Michigan 6's at 108, interest payable semi-annually, what annual raie perd do I receive, interest at 6 per cent?

9. A lady bought 102 yards of cloth at an average of 15c ; some at 8, some at 13, some at and some at 200 a yard; how many yards of each kind?

10. Extract the cube root of 277167808.

*The work must be given in full. No credit for answers only.

GRAMMAR.

1. Define language, elementary sound, and syllable.
2. Define an imperative sentence.
3. Define verb, preposition, nou, and conjunction.
4. Name and define the properiies of the noun.
5. Give the rule for forming possessive case of nouns.
6. Detine the present and perfect participle, and give an example of each.
7. Define a descriptive and a definitive adjective.
8. How many tenses has the indicative model Name them.
9. Analyze the following: Except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish,
0. (a) Parse all nouns:

The charities that soothe, and heel, and bless,

Are scattered at the feet of men like flowers. (b) Give the five forms common to most English verbs, Illustrate each. (c) Why should an adverb never be used as the attribute complement of a verb? d) Analyze and diagram the following sentence: "The proud bird, the condor of

Andes, that can soar through heaven's uplatbomable depths, or brave the fury of northern hurricane, and bathe his plumage in the thunder's home, furls his br wings at nightfall, and sinks down to rest upon his mountain-crag." Pare CUM furls, thunder's, to rest and that.

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES.

1. Name and briefly define each of the three departments of the government.

2. How are the following officers elected: (a) Representatives, (b) Senators, (c) The Pr dent of the United States?

3. In which house does the power of impeachment lie, and in which the power of trial! 4. Name six of the powers specifically vested in Congress. 5. In what three ways may a bill become a law?

METHODS.

SCHOOL MANAGEMENT

tereche apparatus for deres sciroportance :

1. What are educational instrumentalities? 2. Name the school apparatus necessary in common schools, in the order of importance! 3. What methods may a teacher adopt to secure suitable apparatus for his school ? 4. Give a plan of seating pupils in ungraded schools.

5. What general regulations should be adopted for the government of the school H should they be adopted and how enforced ?

TEACHING. 6. Give the proper method of conducting object lessons in primary grades

7. Nane the different methods of teaching the first steps in reading. Which of these wou you use?

8. What are the essentials of good reading?

9. What are the objects sought in analysis and parsing in grammar? Should analysis taught by diagrams? Why?

10. Describe the Grube method in arithmetic.

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