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1. Describe the character of King Alfred, and his influence on the English language and

Who was the author of the Cantenbury tales? What is their plot, and from what source

Same two great allegorical works in English literature. Give the author and distinguishcharacters of each.

Give the prominent traits in the character of Alex. Pope. Name his principal books. To at age did he belong?

5. What are the strong features of Shakespeare's art? Illustrate by naming three works and anibent characters. 6 Towbat literary period did Shakespeare belong? Name two illustrious pro‘e writers of same period.

7. Describe the life and character of Sir Walter Scott. In what department of literature was most famous ? Xame two of his principal poems and three of his principal prose works.

Describe the character of Thos. Carlyle, and estimate his influence on the present age. 1. Same thiee popular characters from Dickens' novels, and tell where each may be found. 10. Characterize Nathaniel Hawthorne and his works. Name two of his principal novels.



1. Give the three general divisions of the human race, and name two nations under each. + Same the different epochs in Egyptian history, with dates, and describe the Egyptian art, nature and civilization.

Same the epochs in Babylonia and Assyrian history, with dates, and describe the city of yon.

Where and when were the following battles fought, and with what result: (a) Marathon, Thermopyla. (c) Salamis, (d) Platæa, (c) Chæronea, (f) Arbela.

5. Give the epochs in Roman history, with dates, and describe the life and character of 1. Char, of Marcos Antrpius, and of Constantine the Great.

What were the limits of Charlemagne's kingdom, and the principal divisions subsequent his death. 7. Give the cause, number and duration of the Crusades?

Give, briefly. the life and character of Louis XVI and Napoleon Bonaparte? 9. What were the causes and the result of the thirty years' war? What great Swedish monh took part in it?

M. Same, with nationality and approximate date, (a) five great generals, (b) five great states2. (c) five great poets, (d) five great religious teachers.


1 Define: (a) element, (b) compound, (c) acid, (d) base, (e) salt.
2 Explain the atomic theory, and give two of its laws.

Give the distinctions between metals and non-metals.
What is meant by the atomicity of an element: Give the atomicity of oxygen of carbon.

Name the following compounds : CH4, C, H4, C 02, H N 03. H, N, Ca C 0%, Cu 804, Fe S D. TU S (), KHCO3.

Explain the process of combustion, and name the products of ordinary combustion. 1. Describe the usual method of generating oxygen, and give the properties of the gas.

Define organic chemistry, and name the four elements which enter principally into artanic compounds.

9 Describe the process of changing a dydrocarbon into an alcohol and into an ether. 18. Explain the use of yeast in bread-making.


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1 Define (1) Trapezoid, (2) Rhombus, (3) Rhomboid. 2. Define (1) Scholium, (2) Theorem.

Define (1) Projection of a point on a plane, (2) Dihedral angle. 4. Detine (1) A Polyhedron, (2) Parallelopiped.

Defi' e (1) Truncated pyramid, (2) Fiustrum of a pyramid. 6. Problem: To divide a given straight line into equal parts.

An angle formed by a tångent and a chord is measured by one-half the intercopied arc. * Theorem--The exterior angles of a polygon, made by producing each of its sides in succeson, are together equal to four right angles.

Theorem-of all triangles having two sides respectively equal that in which these sides neinde right angles is the maximum.

20. Theorem-If in any triangle a medial line be drawn from the vertex to the base, the sum

the squares on the two sides is equivalent to twice the square of half the base, plus twice the By are on the medial line,

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CONSTITUTION OF OREGON. 1. Give the preamble to the constitution. 2. What offenses are not bailable ?

3. How are the powers of the government divided, and by whom is the power in each cised?

4. What persons are liab'e to do military duty, and who are exempt? 5. When and bow often is a State ceusus to be taken?

MENTAL SCIENCE. 1. What is the mind? 2. How can you prove that you have a mind! 3. Define the intellect, the sensibilities, the will. 4. l'efine imagination. What are its products? How may it be cultivated ? 5. What is abstraction? 6. Define generalization or conception. Give the steps in the process of conception.

7. What is the office of the judgment? Distinguish between judgments in extension judgments in intention.

8. Define reasoning; the syllogism. Form syllogism. Distinguish between linduc reasoving and deductive reasoning.

What is intuition? What are its products? What ideas are furnished by this faculty! 10. Why should teachers study mental science ?

ALGEBRA. 1. Define: (1) Simultaneous equations, (2) elimination. 2. Give the law of signs in involution. 3. Define: (1) Quadratic equation, (2) affected quadratic.

Define: (1) A surd. (2) similar surds. 5. Define an incommensurable ratio. 6. When are quantities in proportion by inversion ? 7. Problem-Factor (ac!?+y'?) into its prime factors. 8. Extract the square root of (a+b)2-4a—b)Vab.

2/10 7/48 9. Simplify x

3/27 5/14 15/21 10. If a carriage wheel 16%, feet round took 1 second more to revolve, the rate of the carria per hour would be 17 miles less. At what rate is the carriage travelling?

1. Name the departments of rhetoric and define each.

Name the two essential parts of discourse, and detine discussion.
Name the five different processes by which explanation is effected.


Define narration; analysis; comparison and contrast. 5. What general laws govern in explanation ? 6. Define confirmation; direct and indirect proofs. 7. Give the most general division of the properties of style.

Define metoa ymy and give an example. 9. Write a descriptive essay of not le-s than 'en lines. 10. How should the first steps in compo-ition be taught ?

NATURAL PHILOSOPHY. 1. Name the specific properties of matter. 2. Give the law for the efficiency of the wheel and axle. 3. Why does the magnetic needle point toward the north? 4. Name the sources of current electricity. 5. Name the circumstances that influence the evaporation of liquids. 6. Define (1) Pitch, (2) Quality as used in masic. 7. How would you netermine the specific gravity of a body? & Why does a solid body float in a liquid? 9. Redure 2 6° Farenheit to Centigrade degrees.

10. A body lighter thin water weighs 100 grains in the air; attached to a piece of bras weigbed 4.491 grains in the air and 3,210 grains in water; the brass itself loses, weighed in wat 460 grains; what i, the specific gravity of the budy?

BOOK-KEEPING. 1. Define bills receivable and bills payable.

How is the “loss" or "gưin" found when there is an inventory!

Give the general rule for journalizing a draft. 4. In closing the ledger what entries do we place in red ink?


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5. Define the journal, and state whether it is an essential book or not.
€ Make the proper vertical ruling for a journal, and journalize the following entries :

Commenced business with a cash investment of $6,000.

Rented store No. 300 Main street, and paid cash for two months' rent in advance, $150. i. Bought of S. M. Wallace for cash 100 bbls, of flour, at $7, $700.

Sold A.P. Wright on his note at 30 days, 50 bbls.of flour at $9, $400.
Paid my note due to-day in favor of I). F. Wheeler, in cash, $200.

Accepted A.P. Young's draft on us at 10 days' sight, for $300. 9. Received cash of James Brown in full of account, $50.

Bonght on our note at 30 days, 100 bbls.of flour, at $6, $600. 10. Wm. Russell, who owes us $400, has failed in business and made an assignment, and we e accepted, as payment in full, cash, $160. Paid book-keeper to date, $75.

ASTRONOMY. 1. What is the difference in the appearance of a planet and a fixed star? 2. Detine zenith, nadir, equinoctial, right ascension and ecliptic. 3. Define inferior and superior conjunction. What is a transit?

Tell what you can about the supposed discovery of a planet interior to Mercury.

What is the cause of twilight? What is the sun's right ascension at the summer solstice ? 6. How much is the moon's orbit inclined to the ecliptic? What is an occultation ? 7. Where can the zodiacal light be seen? Give its origin. & What proof have we that the fixed stars are suns? What are magellanic clouds ?

9. How is the heat of the sun generally considered to be produced? In what constellation t.be Dipper? 10. Describe the minor planets.

GEOLOGY. 1. By what course of reasoning does the geologist infer that certain kinds of rocks were ned by water? Also, that certain rocks have been thrown up in a melted state from the interior I the earth

How thick is the earth's crust? At what rate does the temperature increase as we debud:

What are stalactites and stalagmites? Why is amethyst so called ? 4. State the difference between granite and gneiss. 5. Classify the following rocks : Sandstone, granite, marble, limestone, lava, syenite and 6. Xame and define the different times of geologic history. 7. Same the ages of the above time.

What effect has been produced upon the coal in the Apalachain mountains by metamoror action?

9. Why are boulders more abundant in the east than in the west ?
10. What are "last rocks,” glacia) striae, and how are icebergs formed ?

1. Describe the different mode of growth of the root and stem.

Define terminal, axillary and adventitious buds. 3 Name the principal kinds of simple fruits, and give an example of each. 4. Define a perfect, complete, regular and unsymmetrical flower. 1. Define phyllotaxy, and also vernation.

What are equitant and perfoliate leaves? 7. What are subterranean stems? Name the four principal kinds.

Define a parasitic plant and give an example. Detine ovary, style and stigma.

Wbat is the tap-root? Also define suckers. stolons and runners. 10. (a) State the difference between endogenous and exogenous stems. (b) What are the proterting: also the essential organs of the flower?

PHYSIOLOGY. 1 State the two separate functions of the spinal marrow. How does the braiu differ from ike xpinal marrow is to intervals of rest?

Does a nerve have sensibility? What is true of the brain in relation to sensibility? 2. What is the difference between sensible and insensible per piration? What purpose do the abaceous glands serve?

4. What is the ordinary temperature of the human body? By what process is the heat of ibe body paintained?

Give the circulation of the blood throngh the heart. 6 Why are valves necessary in veins? What is the pulse?

1. Define hygiene, and state reasons for the importance of this being taught in the public erhool

Name and locate the salivary glands, and state their importance in digestion. 9. What is the pleura, periosteum, and spinal column.

10. Name the different kinds of joints in ihe body, and give an example of each. Also name the eigbt bones of the head.


YEAR 1890.


(Section 1. 40 credits.) 1. Wri'e and name eight diacritical marks. 2. Illustrate in words the proper use of each diacritical mark. 3. Define articulation and oral elements. Name and describe the three classes of oral elemen

Define alphabetic, equivalents. labials, dentals, linguils and palatals. 5. Define etymology, root, prefix and suffx. Nume six Saxon pretixes. 6. What is accent? Name the two kiuds of accent, and show how each is indicated.

(Section 2. 60 credits.) The applicants will write the following words from dictation, and they will be expected capitalize, io place marks of accent, and to show the sounds of vowels in accented syllables diacritical marks: 1. genius. 16. receipt.

31. parenthesis. 46. precedent. 2. analyze. 17. column. 32. partially.

47. accelerate. 3. parallel. 18. vicinity. 33. Mohammed

48. Soprano. 4. separate. 19. creditor. 34. irascible.

49. tenor. 5. mortgage.

35. enamored.

50. sovereign. 6. architecture. 21. enunciate.

36. superior.

51. symptom. 7. exaggerate.

37. facetious.

52. calendar.
8. Caucasian.
23. treacherous. 38. delirious.

53. fascinate. 9. excellency. 24. belligerent. 39. Italian.

54. solemn. 10. allegiance. 25. Wednesday. 40. choleric.

55. phonetic. 11. condense. 26. discipline. 41. conceited.

56. champagne. 12. isthmus. 27. behavior. 42. chivalrous.

57. financier. 13. adjacent. 28. apparatus. 43. fallacy.

58. centripetal. 14. anonymous, 29. conscientious. 41. lyric.

59. archipelago. 15. etymology. 30. punctual.

15. antecedent. 60. tautology.


READING. 1. Name and describe five qualities of tone.

2. In the natural expressiou, of what kinds of discourse or sentiment is each of the qualiti you have mentioned used?

3. State a general principle for the use of rising slides and for the use of falling slides a emphatic ideas. Upon what does the length of the slide depend?

4. When may an interrogative sentence be regarded as expressing a complete idea : Wha inflect on should be given in such case ?

5. When are circumflex slides used ? Describe two kinds of circumflex slides.
6. Define csdence. Name the two kinds of cadence and tell where each occurs.

7. What is melody in reading? Name and describe the kinds of melody, and state the ut of each.

8. Distinguish between concrete pitch and discrete pitch.
9. What is stress? Name and describe five kinds of stress.
10. Distinguish between the intellectual and the emotional element in reading.

WRITING. 1. Define writing.

2. What are the principal subjects to which attention should be given in teaching or learnin to write ?

3. (a) Describe the front position. (b) Give a description of the fore-arm movement ? 4. What is meant by the analysis of letters.

5. (a) How many kinds of lines are used in writing, and what are they? (b) How man kinds of curves are used, and define each. (c) Mention the letters which are five spaces in length (d) Write the following sentence for criticism: “George Washington was the Father of hi country.”

GEOGRAPHY. 1. Define (a) meridians, (b) parallels, (c) equator, (d) ecliptic, (e) zones, (1) earth's orbit, (g axis of the earth, (h) poles, (i) latitude, (j) longitude.

State the extent of the inclination of the earth's axis, the two causes of the change ol seasons, and the width of each of the zones. Same the two tropics and tell what determines the loc tion of each.

What is climate? In what five ways may it be affected and upon what does it produce important effects? Show how it varies from the equator to the poles, from the level of the sea ta the summit of a mountain.


What is the basis of a river? A watershed? A river system? Name four river systems Sorth America and three in South America.

3 Name the three movements of the water of the ocean and state the causes of each vement. 6. Xame and locate five mountain ranges in Europe. i. Locate the following rivers and tell into what each flows: Volga, Danube, Ganges, Congo,

Locate definitely the following cities: Rio Janiero, Valparaiso, Lisbon, Calcutta, Tokio, xandria, St. Petersburg, Quito, Tripoli, Cincinnati. 9. What parallel forms the northern boundary of the western section of the United States? ant parallel forms the southern boundary of Oregon and Idaho? Locate the Pacific Highland; cribe its elevation above the sea level, and its three drainage systems. Where is the Great in Name two of its river valleys, id Same and locate five great commercial cities of the United States.

UNITED STATES HISTORY. 1. Give two theories accounting for the original settlement of America. 2. Give a brief personal description of Columbus, together with the dates of his voyages ?

Same the principal explorations, with dates, of John Cabot, DeSoto, and Cartier 4. Same the different forms of government in the colonies previous to the Revolution, with example of each.

Name the five objective points in the French and Indian war. 6. Give the dates of the following events: Battle of Lexington, battle of Bunker Hill, BurThe's surrender, Cornwallis' surrender, the adoption of the Constitution.

1. Name the Presidents of the United States during the fourth epoch. * Name two great questions which led to the Civil war. 2. Same at least three great objective points of the war, together with the generals most timately connected with each of them. 10. What was the policy of reconstruction following the close of the war?

MENTAL ARITHMETIC. 1. Two-thirds of 30 is 5-2 of the difference between two numbers, and the less is 3-5 of the enter, what are the numbers ?

2. A man sold two watches for $80 each; on one he lost 20 per cent, and on the other be ined 5 per cent; how much was gained or lost by the tran saction ?

What is the amount of $100 for 2 years, 6 months, and 20 days at 9 per cent? 4. What are the present worth and discount of $340 due 10 years hence at 7 per cent? 3. At what per cent will a principal quadruple itself in ten years ?

& A, B and C can dig a ditch in three days. “A can dig it in 6 days, and B in 8 days; in what ne can Calone dig it?

7. In a school of 80 pupils there are 32 girls; how many boys must leave that there may be 5 vi to 4 girls

How many miles may I sail in a steamboat, going at the rate of 15 miles an hour, provided am gone only 9 hours, and return at the rate of 12 miles an hour?

A horse and cow eat a quantity of bay in three weeks; how long will it last each, providng the borse eats only as much as the cow?

1. How would you teach mental arithmetic, alone? Or in connection with written arith


WRITTEN ARITHMETIC. 1 Define exact or accurate interest. 2 Define (a) partnership, (b) resources and (c) liabilities. 1. Define equations of payments.

Define (a) stock broker, (b) bond, (c) coupon. & Define trade discount.

Wat are the two-fold applications of percentage ?

Having $32,300 to invest, I can buy N.Y.C.6's at 85 per cent or N.Y.C.7's at 95 per cent; rhich will be the better investment, and how much per annum?

Bowes $1,500, of which $400 is to be paid in 4 months, $500 in 5 months, and $600 in six Bonths. If he pays the whole at one time, at what time should it be paid ?

9. I sent $12,300 to my agent, with which to buy flour at $5 per barrel, after deducting his wamision of 2 per cent. How many barrels should I receive?

20. A gentleman owning of an iron foundry, sold 1-5 of his share for $2,570.6623; how much true the foundry worth?

1 Why shonld a text-book be used in teaching grammar?
2 Define (a) noun phrase, (b) verb phrase.
2. Define (a) conjugation, (b) parsing.
4. Give the classifications of pronouns, and define each.

Same the tenses of the indicative, potential and subjunctive modes.
Define (a) proximate, (b) ultimate analysis of sentences.

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