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of the citizens remembered the past too well to be so easily deceived. Fearing that, if they did not act at once, the danger would rapidly increase, they sent ambassadors to Athens to request assistance against Philip. The Athenians, who had long been desirous of obtaining such an ally, promised that they would send a force immediately to the Thraceward districts. Amongst others Demosthenes warmly advised this course, being anxious to persuade his countrymen to carry on the war more vigorously. Accordingly he said but little of the danger of Olynthus but described how great its power was, and how well situated it was for an attack on Macedonia.

“ If,” said he, "you wish to recover your losses, you must take advantage of the opportunity, which the good will of the gods has presented to you. Philip, though apparently strong, is in reality weak, and will not long be able to continue the war."

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The Board of Examiners

Finding that the Roman forces were rapidly approaching, the Volscians, who had a considerable advantage in numbers, determined to offer battle at once : the military skill of the Roman commander would thus, they thought, be rendered ineffectual. The Roman troops were burning 10 avenge their slaughtered comrades, and an engagement would have taken place at once, had not the farsighted Camillus been anxious to prolong the war, until reinforcements arrived. But the Volscians, rendered more confident by the delay, again and again rode up to the enemies' lines, taunting them with cowardice, and challenging them to fight. The impatience of the soldiers was increased by the utterances of the other consul, who did not refrain from openly attacking his colleague. He was too old for war, he said, and should give up his command to younger men. It was by courage, not delay, that victory would be won.



The Board of Examiners. Naukleides and his friends were eager to conduct the Thebans to the houses of the democratical leaders, in order that the latter might be seized or despatched. But to this the Thebans would not consent. Believing themselves now masters of the town, and certain of a large reinforcement at daylight, they thought they could overawe the citizens into acquiescence in their terms, without any actual violence. Accordingly their herald was directed to invite by public proclamation all Plataeans who were willing to return to the Bæotian confederacy, that they should come forth and take station in the ranks of the Thehans. The Plataeans, suddenly roused from sleep by the news that their great enemy was master of the town, supposed, amidst the darkness,

that the number of assailants was far greater than the reality ; so that in spite of their strong attachment to Athens they thought their case hopeless and began to open negotiations. But finding out soon that the real numbers of the Thebans were not greater than could be dealt with, they determined to attack them.


The Board of Examiners.

At this juncture William with a small guard, and accompanied by the principal magistrates, crossed over to the enemy's ranks and demanded an interview with the leaders. He represented to them the madness of their present course, which even if victorious must work infinite mischief to the cause. It would be easy for them to obtain by fair means all they could propose by violence; and for his own part, he concluded, however well disposed to them he now might be, if a single drop of blood were shed in this quarrel he would hold them from that hour as enemies. The remonstrance of the prince, aided by the conviction of their own inferiority in nuinbers, prevailed over the stubborn temper of the Calvinists. They agreed to an accommodation, one of the articles of which was that no garrison should be admitted within the city. The Prince of Orange subscribed and swore to the treaty on behalf of his party; and the Calvinists laid down their arms.



Professor Tucker.

1. Describe and illustrate the data upon which lan

guages classed together genealogically. Detail the Ural-Altaic family.


2. Point out exactly the difference of structural method

between the Monosyllabic, Agglutinative, and Inflexional languages.


3. Give in the form of a table or chart the relations to

each other of the several languages included in (a) the Aryan, (b) the Teutonic, (c) the Balto

Slavic branches respectively. 4. Enumerate the causes and departments of change

in language. Illustrate the total effect of all such changes combined.

5. Discuss the question how far phonetic laws are

rigid. State and illustrate Verner's Law and Grassmann's Law.

6. What is the exact meaning to be attached to such

terms as “Laziness,” “Economy,” Verwitterung, as descriptive of agencies in the disintegration of a language ?

7. Write a brief essay upon the connection between

language and race.

8. Explain the physiological difference between the

various sounds represented in the Latin alphabet. Discuss the propriety of the expression “vowels and consonants."



Professor Tucker.

1. Give in the form of a table or chart the relations to

a each other of the several languages included in (a) the Aryan (6) the Balto-Slavic branches of

Ì.-E. respectively. 2. What is the exact meaning to be attached to such terms “ Laziness,

Economy,” Verwit. terung, as applied to agencies in the change of a language ?

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3. Shew what changes occur in the original vowels

when they pass into Latin in unaccentuated syllables.

4. State the various origins of the spiritus asper in

Greek words, and give examples.

5. Account for the correspondence of the vowels (and,

where they differ, the consonants) in agimini, αγόμενοι-tdo, πείθω-έπου, seguere--δίς, bisάμα, μία, 8emel.


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