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Shewing the value of the coins or moneys of account, of foreign nations, estimated in Federal Money, agreeably to a law of the United States in most instances.

$ cts. Pound Sterling of Great Britain, - 4.14 Pound Sterling of Ireland, - - 4 10 Livre of France, .

- 0 181 Guilder, or Florin, of Holland, - - 0 39 Marc Banco of Hamburgh, - - - 0 331 Rix Dollar of Denmark, and Germany, 1 00 Rial Plate of Spain, . . . 0 10 Milre of Portugal, - - - - 1 24 Tale of China and Japan, - - 1 48 Pagoda of India, - - . 1 94 Rupee of Bengal, • - - 0 554 Ruble of Russia, - - o 1 00 Testoon of Italy,

0233 Pound English W. I. Islands,

3 16
Livre French W. I. Islands,
Franc of France, -
Rix Dollar of Sweden, - - 1 03
Do do. of Austria, - - - 0 777
Do. do. of Poland and Prussia,

077
Medio of Morocco, - - - 1 03
Piaster of Arabia, - - - 1 00
Or of Persia,

-

1 48

in

1.-Of Great Britain.

EXAMPLES.

1. In £45 10s. sterling, how many dollars and cents ?

A pound sterling being =444 cents. Therefore, as £1:444cts. : : 45,5£. : 20202cts=8202,02cts. Ans.

2. In $500 how many pounds sterling ? As 444cts. : £1 :: 50000cts,: £112 12s. 3d. + Ans. Note.—This method is not so exact as that given in Reduction of Currencies.

2.-Of Ireland. 1. In £85 7s. 6d. Irish money, how many cents ?

£1 Irish-410cts. £. cts. £.. cts. $ cts. Therefore, as 1 : 410 : : 85,375 : 35,0033=350,033 2. In $176,30cts., how many pounds Irish ? As 410cts. : £1 : : 17630cts. : £43 Irish. Ans.

3.- Of France.
Accounts are there kept in livres, sols, and deniers.

( 12 deniers, or pence, make 1 sol, or shilling.
120 sols, or shillings 1 livre or pound.

EXAMPLES. 1. In 360 livres, 12 sols, how many dollars and cents ?

1 livre, of France=183cts. or 185 mills. . I. m. 1. , m.

As 1 : 185 :: 360,6 : 66711=$66,71cts. 1m. Ans.

2. What sum of French money is equal to $94,52cts. 8m. ? m. liv. m. liv. so. den. As 185 :1: : 94528 : 510 19 2+ Ans.

4.-_Of Holland, fc. Accounts are kept there in guilders, stivers, grotes, and peningens.

8 peningens make 1 grote or penny.

2 grotes - 1 stiver.
( 20 stivers - 1 guilder or florin.
1 guilder=39cts.=390 mills.

EXAMPLE
In 250 guilders, 16 stivers, how much Federal Money?

guil. cts. guil. $. d. c. m.
As 1 : 39 : : 250,8 : 97 8 1 2 Ans.
As 390 : i : : 97812 : 250,8 Proof.

5.Of Hamburgh, in Germany. Accounts are kept in Hamburgh, in marcs, shillings, and fennings, and by some in rix dollars.

12 fenings make 1 shilling lub.
16 shillings - 1 marc.
| 3 marcs - Irix dollar.

1 marc=33cts. or one third of a dollar. Rule 1.-Divide the marcs by 3, and the quotient will be dollars.

EXAMPLE
Bring 584 marcs, 12 shillings to Federal Money.

3)584,75

$194,91c. 6ım. Ans. RULE 2.-When the given sum is Federal Money, multiply it by 3, and the product will be marcs and decimal parts.

EXAMPLE
In $315,70cts. how much Hamburgh, &c. money?

315,70

947,10=947 marcs, 1 shil. 7, 2 fenings. Ans.

.. 6.-Of Spain. In Spain, they keep their accounts in piastres, rials, and maravedies.

| 34 maravedies of plate make 1 rial of plate.
8 rials of plate make 1 piastre, or piece of 8.

1 rial=10 cents, or 1 dime.

Rule 1.–To reduce rials to Federal Money, point off the right hand figure of the given sum, and as it stands, it is the answer in dollars and dimes.

EXAMPLE
In 968 rials, how many dollars, &c. ?

Ans. 96,8=$96,8 dimes, or $96, 80cts. Rule 2.–To reduce cents into rials, divide the cents by 10.

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17.-Of Portugal, In Portugal, accounts are kept in milrez and rez, reck. oning 1000 rez to a milre, as its name imports,

1 milre=124 cents.

RULE 1.–To reduce milrez into Federal Money, multiply the given sum by 124, and the product will be cents ; if the given sum contain rez, multiply as before, and cut off 3 figures from the right of the product; the answer will be cents, and decimals of a cert. If the rez are less than 100, prefix a cipher to them, before you annex them to the milrez. A comma, or decimal point, is used to separate rez and milrez.

EXAMPLES 1. In 580 milrez how many cents ?

- 580 x 124571920 cents=$719,20cts. Ans. 2. In 125 milrez, 96 rez, how many cents ? 125,096 X 124=15511,904cts. or $155,1 1cts. 9m. + Ans.

RULE 2.- To reduce cents into milrez, divide the sum by 124, and if decimals arise, continue the division to three places of decimals; the whole numbers in the quotient will be milrez, and the decimals will be rez.

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8.- Of East-India Money. Rule. To reduce India Money to Federal. Multiply tales of China by 48 ; pagodas of India by 194 ; and rupres of Bengal hy 554; and ihe piroduce, in every case, will be cents. To change Federal Money into the before

named moneys, divide the given sum by one of the above numbers, as the case may be.

EXAMPLES. ( 1. In 1000 tales of China, how many dollars ?

Ans. $1480. 2. In 1420 tales of China, how many dollars, &c. ?

Ans. $2101,60cts. 3. In $948,68cts. how many tales of China ?

Ans. 641. 4. In 482 pagodas of India, how many dollars and cents ?

Ans. $935,8cts. 5. In $135,80cts. how many pagodas of India ?

Ans. 70. 6. In 920 rupees of Bengal, how much Federal Money?

Ans. $510,60cts. 7. In $54,39cts. how many rupees of Bengal ?

Ans. 98.

A compound Example in European Money. Suppose a merchant of Hallowell has effects at London, to the amount of $5460, which he can remit by way of Lisbon, at 1 milre per dollar, and thence to Boston, at $1,50tis. per inilre; or by way of Paris, at 5 livres per dollar ; thence to Brest, at 6 livres per crown, and thence to Washington, at $1,25cts. per crown ; which will be the most advantageous way of remitting?

u | Remitting by way of Lisbon is most 1 advantageous by $2502,50cts.

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VULGAR FRACTIONS. Vulgar FRACTIONs were briefly introduced immediately after Duodecimals; and some general definitions, and a few such problems as were necessary to prepare the scholar for, and to lead him into decimals, were there given. Those general definitions he is requested to read anew.

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