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3. Redace £45 17s. 98. Canada and Nova-Scotia cura rency to Federal Money.

£. s. d. 45 17 9 20

Or 45,8875 decimal expression.

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$183,55cts. Ans. 4. Reduce £58 13s. 630. Canada, &c. to Federal

Money

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CASE V. To reduce the money of Great Britain to Federal Money.

RULE.-If the given sum be pounds only, multiply by 40, and divide by 9, or multiply by 4, and divide by ,9; the quotient will be dollars ; if there be any remainder, annex ciphers to it, and continue the division ; the quotient will be cents, &c. But if it consist of pounds and shillings, reduce it to shillings, then double them, and divide as before. And if it contain pounds, shillings,

and pence, reduce it to pence, and divide by 54, the number of pence in a dollar.

Or, when the sum consists of pounds, shillings, and pence, reduce the shillings, &c. to the decimal of a pound, then multiply the whole by 40, and divide by 9.

EXAMPLES. 1. Reduce £36 sterling into Federal Money.

36 x 40

-=$160 Ans.

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2. Reduce £36 Is. sterling into Federal Money.

£. s. 36 9

36,45 decimal expression. . 40

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20

729

9) 1458,00

$162 Ans. 9)1458 doubled.

$162 Ans. 3. Reduce £579 178. 9d. sterling into Federal Money.

£. s. d. 579 17 9. 20

Or 579,8875 decimal expression.

40 11597

9)23195,5000

$. C. m. 54)139173(2577,277 + An. $2577,2777+Ans. 4. Reduce £100 sterling money, to Federal Money.

". Ans. $444,44 c.

12

To reduce Federal Money to the currency of
( New-England, )
) Virginia, Los

Multiply the given sum by ,3 Kentucky and } { & the product will be pounds, ( Tennessee

(and decimals of a pound. New-York and ) c ( Multiply the given sum by ,4 North-Carolina,

{& the product will be pounde,

and decimals of a pound.

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f New-Jersey, 7 Multiply the given sum by 3, | Pennsylvania, J and divide the product by 8;

Delaware and and the quotient will be pounds ( Maryland. J and decimals of a pound.

S Multiply the given sum by ,7 | South-Carolina j and divide the product by 3, land Georgia. Se & the quotient will be pounds,

į and decimals of a pound.

EXAMPLES IN THE FOREGOING RULES. 1. Reduce $152,60cts. to New-England currency, 152,60

.,3 £45,780 Ans. £45 15s. 73. .

20 But the value of any decimal of a pound;

- may be found by inspection, as in case 5, s.15,600 of Decimal Fractions, page 87.

12

d.7,200 2. Reduce $196 into Virginia, &c. currency.

196

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. 5. How many pounds, &c. South-Carolina, &c. currency in $65,36cts. 8mills ?

65,368

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$15,25253 Ans.=£15 5s. Ojd.

CASE II. To reduce Federal Money to Canada and Nova Scotia

currency. RULE.—Divide the dollars by 4, and the quotient will be pounds; to the remainder, if there be any, annex the cents, &c. and to that number annex a cipher ; then halve that number, and cut off the left hand figure or figures less than 20, for shillings; the remaining figure or figures multiply by 12, and cut off just as many right hand figures from the product as you multiply; the left hand ones are pence, &c.

Or, multiply the given sum by 60, the number of pence in a dollar, and if it contains cents, cut off two figures on the right, if mills, three ; those on the left are pence, which must be reduced into pounds. The figures cut off will be decimals of a penny.

Or, lastly, divide the given sum by 4, and the quotient will be pounds, and decimals of a pound.

EXAMPLES 1. Reduce $183,55cts. into Canada and Nova-Scotia Money.

4)183

£45—and 3 remain to be placed before the 55 cents. 355, to which annex a cipher. 3550 halved, or divided by 2=1775, of which cut off the two left hand figures, as they are less than 20, which are shillings 17,75. 75x12=900, of which cut off the two right hand figures because you multiply two=9,00 ; and the 9 on the left are' pence; the answer is, therefore, £45 17s. 9d.

By the second method : 183,55x60=1101300, from which cut off the two right hand figures, and it is 11013, which are pence. These reduced, are £45 17s. 9d. Ans. • By the last method : $. 6.

4)183,55

£45,8875=$45 178. 9d. Ans. 2. Bring $741 into Nova-Scotia currency.

Ans. £185 58. 3. What sum, Nova-Scotia money, is equal to $311, 75cts. ?

Ans. £77 18s. 9d. 4. In $2907,56cts., how much Nova Scotia money?.

Ans. £726 17s. 9 d.+ 5. How many pounds, &c. Canada money are in $2114,50cts. ?

Ans. £528 12s. 6d. · CASE III. To reduce Federal Money to the money of Great Britain.

RULE.—Multiply the given sum by 9, and divide the product by 40; or multiply the given sum by ,9 and divide the product by 4; and, in either case, the quotient will be the answer in pounds, and decimals of a pound.

EXAMPLES. 1. Reduce $183,55cts, into sterling money.

183,55

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