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Years ago; corrupted indeed afterwards, by intreating God to turn from us all Evils for the Sake of the Intercession of his Saints; but reformed in our Liturgy, not only by leaving out that Addition, but by inserting for completer Security a new Clause: Grant, that in all our Troubles we may put our whole Trust and Confidence in thy Mercy. And thus it is, that we borrow from the Church of Rome. By this Prayer, fo amended, we humbly confess our Infirmities and Unworthiness: yet beg, that notwithstanding both, we inay, if God sees it proper, escape the Afflictions, which we fear: but if not, that being still assured of his Goodness to us, we may, with Job, though he flay us, trust in himo: and that for Proof of this, we may as faithfully do our Duty under the heaviest Pressures, as the highest Exaltation; and evermore serve him in Holiness and Pureness of Living, to bis Honour and Glory; saying with yob again, mall we receive Good at the Hand of God, and shall we not receive Evil'? The Lord gave, and the Lord hatb taken away: blessed be the Name of the Lord.

What remains of the Litany is the same with the Conclusion of the Morning and Evening € Job xiii. 15. Job ii. 1o. & Job i. 21.

Prayer :

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Prayer : and therefore needs no separato Explanation. May God give us Graec to use these and all our Devotions in fo right a Manrier, that from praying to him amidst the Troubles and Sorrows of this World, we may be taken, in his good Time, to praise him for ever amidst the Joys of the next, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

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SER

SERMON XI.

I COR. xiv. 15.

I will pray with the Spirit, and I will pray with the Understanding also: I will fing with the Spirit, and I will fing with the Understanding also.

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NCE more I intreat your Attention to the Subject, on which I have so often

discoursed from these Words. The Part of it, which remains, is the Communion Service. But as that Service is almost

every

where feparated, and very properly, from the preceding one, by the Singing of a Psalm, I would first say a little concerning that much disregarded Branch of Worship.

As Singing is capable of expressing strongly every State, in which the Mind can be, towards every Object; so there never was perhaps any

one

one Nation upon Earth, civilized or barbarous, that did not make this a part of the Honour paid by them to the God, whom they adored. We find in the Old Testament, it was practised by the Jews, before their Law was given, as well as after The Book of Psalms consists wholly of religious Songs: and directs the Saints of the Lord, to sing unto him, and give Thanks for a Remembrance of his Holinesso: to fing unto the Honour of bis

. Name, and make his Praise glorious" ; to fing Praises unto our God, while we have our Being. The Prophets foretell, that, in the Gospel Times, Men all sing for the Majesty of the Lord: and, which brings the Prediction home to Us, they fall cry aloud, and glorify God, in the Isles of the Sea'. Accordingly St. Paul, not only himself with Silas, even in Prison, sang Praises unto God'; but appoints, that all Christians should speak to themselves, and admonish one another, in Psalms and Hymns and spiritual Songs, making Melody with Grace in their Hearts to the Lords. And St. James prescribes, Is

any one merry ? in a joyful Frame on Account of Blessings received, (for the Word,

a Exod xv. 1, &c. d Pf.cxlvi. 2. 24, 25. & Eph. V. 19. Col. iii. 16.

b PS. XXX. 4• e If. xxiv. 14, 15.

c Pf. Ixvi, f Aets xvi. 23,

Mirth, comprehended anciently the most serious Kinds of Gladness) let him fing Psalms ".

In Pursuance of these Rules, the first Christians made Singing a constant Part of their Worship: as, besides the Ecclesiastical Writers, even a Heathen informs usi. And the whole Congregation joined in it. Afterwards indeed the Singers by Profession, who had been

prudently appointed to lead and direct them, by Degrees usurped the whole Performancek. But at the Reformation the People were restored to their Rights: and it made a much quicker Progress for the Pleasure and Comfort, which they found in this Practice: a Circumstance, that ought to endear it to considerate Persons not a little. And as the only way of singing known in commmon parochial Churches is by the Metre Pfalms; unless we join in that, we intirely omit this Branch of our Duty.

It is very true, the Verse Translation of the Psalms, generally used, is void of Ornament: and hath Expressions, often low and flat, fometimes obsolete. And I wilh a better were subftituted in its Place. But still in

many

other Cases, ancient folemn Forms of Words are

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