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THE

CONSTITUTION

OF THE

STATE OF NEW YORK

AS

Proposed by the Constitutional Convention, September 29, 1894, at Albany, N. Y., and Adopted by the People of the State, November 6, 1894.*

[In force on January 1, 1911.)

ARTICLE I.

§ 1. Persons not to be disfranchised.

2. Trial by jury. 3. Freedom of worship; religious liberty. 4. Habeas corpus. 5. Excessive bail and fines. 6. Bill of rights. 7. Compensation for taking private property ; private

roads; drainage of agricultural lands. 8. Freedom of speech and press; criminal prosecutions

for libel. 9. Right to assemble and petition ; divorces; lotteries, pool-selling and gambling, laws to prevent.

* Copyright by J. B. Lyon.

6973884

§ 10. Escheats.

11. Feudal tenures abolished. 12. Allodial tenures. 13. Leases of agricultural lands. 14. Fines and quarter-sales abolished. 15. Purchase of lands from Indians. 16. Common law and acts of the colonial and state legis.

latures. 17. Grants of land made by the king of Great Britain

since 1775 ; prior grants. 18. Damages for injuries causing death.

ARTICLE II. § 1. Qualification of voters.

2. Persons excluded from right of suffrage. 3. Certain occupations and conditions not to affect resi.

dence. 4. Registration and election laws to be passed, 5. Manner of voting. 6. Regi tion and election boards to be non-partisan,

except at town and village elections.

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ARTICLE III. 1. Legislative powers. 2. Number and terms of senators and assemblymen. 3. Senate districts. 4. Enumerations and reapportionments. 5. Apportionment of assemblymen; creation of assembly

districts. 6. Compensation of members. 7. Civil appointments of members void. 8. Persons disqualified from being members. 9. Time of elections. 10. Powers of each house. 11. Journals; open sessions; adjournments. 12. Members not to be questioned for speeches. 13. Bills may originate in either house. 14. Enacting clause of bills.

§ 15. Manner of passing bills. 16. Private and local bills not to embrace more than one

subject. 17. Existing law made applicable to be inserted. 18. Cases in which private and local bills shall not be

passed; restrictions as to laws authorizing street

railroads. 19. Private claims not to be audited by legislature. 20. Two-thirds bills. 21. Appropriation bills. 22. Restrictions as to provisions in the appropriation or

supply bills. 23. Certain sections not to apply to commission bills. 24. Tax bills to state tax distinctly. 25. When ayes and nays necessary; three-fifths to consti.

tute quorum. 26. Boards of supervisors. 27. Local legislative powers. 28. Extra compensation prohibited. 29. Prison labor ; ntract system abolished.

ARTICLE IV. § 1. Executive power.

2. Qualifications of governor and lieutenant-governor. 3. Election of governor and lieutenant-governor. 4. Duties and powers of governor; compensation. 5. Reprieves, commutations and pardons to be granted

by governor. 6. When lieutenant-governor to act as governor. 7. Qualifications and duties of lieutenant-governor; suc

cession to the governorship. 8. Salary of lieutenant-governor. 9. Bills to be presented to governor ; approval ; passage

of bills by legislature if not approved.

ARTICLE V.

§ 1. State officers.

2. First election of state officers.

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3. Superintendent of public works; appointment; powers

and duties. 4. Superintendent of state prisons; appointment; powers

and duties. 5. Commissioners of the land office; of the canal fund;

canal board. 6. Powers and duties of boards. 7. State treasurer; suspension by governor. 8. Certain offices abolished. 9. Civil service appointments and promotions.

ARTICLE VI. § 1. Supreme court; how constituted ; judicial districts. 2. Judicial departments; appellate division, how consti

tuted; governor to designate justices; reporter ; time

and place of holding courts. 3. Judge or justice not to sit in review ; testimony in

equity cases. 4. Terms of office; vacancies, how filled. 5. City courts abolished ; judges become justices of su

preme court; salaries; jurisdiction vested in su

preme court. 6. Circuit courts and courts of

oyer and terminer abolished. 7. Court of appeals. 8. Vacancy in court of appeals, how filled. 9. Jurisdiction of court of appeals. 10. Judges not to hold any other office. 11. Removal of judges. 12. Compensation ; age restriction; assignment by gove

ernor. 13. Trial of impeachments. 14. County courts. 15. Surrogates' courts;

surrogates, their powers and jurisdiction; vacancies. 16. Local judicial officers. 17. Justices of the peace; district court justices. 18. Inferior local courts. 19. Clerks of courts.

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