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New courage and revive, though now they lie
He scarce had ceased when the superior fiend Was moving toward the shore, his ponderous shield, Ethereal temper,4 massy, large, and round, Behind him cast. The broad circumference 6 Hung on his shoulders like the moon, whose orb Through optic glass the Tuscan artistē views At evening, from the top of Fesolé,3 Or in Valdarno, to descry new lands,10 Rivers, or mountains, in her spotty globe. His spear, — to equal which the tallest pine, Hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the mast Of some great ammiral,11 were but a wand, He walked with, to support uneasy steps
1 erewhile, before, previously. by his name the Galilean telescope, pernicious, excessive, ruin- which immensely advanced the
science of astronomy. 3 ethereal. What preposition is 8 Fesolé (Fiesole) is a hill near understood before this word ? Florence, on which are the remains 4 temper. Meaning here? of the ancient city of Fæsulæ.
massy. Poetic form of what 9 Valdarno ( Val d'Arno), the valword?
ley of the Arno, in which both broad circumference. Florence and Pisa are situated. What object is meant by this rhe- 10 new lands. Galileo was the torical expression ?
first to discover that the surface of 7 the Tuscan artist: meaning the moon is uneven. Galileo, whom Milton saw in Flor- 11 ammiral= admiral : not the ence (see p. 75). He constructed commander, however, but the chief (about 1609) an "optic glass,” called ship of a fleet.
Over the burning marle (not like those steps
i marle=marl; that is, soil gen- 5 Orion. The setting of the conerally.
stellation Orion is accompanied by 2 nathless=nevertheless. stormy weather,
8 Vallombrosa (Latin, vallis um- 6 Busiris ... chivalry. As the brosą, shady valley) is eighteen name Pharaoh was merely a genmiles east of Florence. The fall eral designation of Egyptian kings, of leaves is hastened, and the ac- Milton selected one who figures in cumulation of them enormously the myth of Hercules as notorious increased (as Milton may have seen for his. cruelty to strangers. Memon his Italian tour), by the peasants phis was one of the oldest cities of beating the woods for chestnuts. ancient Egypt.
4 scattered sedge, an allusion 7 sojourners of Goshen, etc. See to the Hebrew name of the Red Exod. xiv. 30. Sca, - Yâm Sûf, “Sea of Sedge.” 8 of=at.
Warriors ! the flower of heaven, once yours, now lost,
3.- INVOCATION TO LIGHT.
[The following fifty-five lines form the opening of the Third Book of Paradise Lost : they are of special interest, as containing the touching lament of the poet on his own blindness.)
Hail, holy Light !3 offspring 4 of Heaven first-born,
i astonishment, thunderstruck 4 offspring. With what in apdismay.
position? 2 virtue, valor, manhood. See 5 co-eternal. Meaning? Glossary.
express, name. 3 Hail, holy Light! Analyze 7 God is light. See John i. 5; this sentence.
1 Tin. vi. 16.
And never but in unapproachéd light
i dwelt. What is the subject of 7 utter ... middle darkness, this verb?
By the former (outer darkness), Mil2 effluence. See Glossary. ton means that remote part of Chaos
8 increate. What is the modern in which hell was situated; by the form?
latter, the intermediate part be4 hear'st thou. A Latin idiom :tween hell and the “new-created the meaning is, “art thou called?” world,” through which Satan had “Streanı” is the object of“hear'st.” | made his way.
5 Won ... infinite. To what 8 Orphean lyre; that is, Orphenoun is this adjective phrase an us, to whom are ascribed a hymn adjunct ?
on Night, and a poem on the Crea6 Thee I revisit, etc. “Thee;" tion out of Chaos. “With other that is, the light of the natural notes” is an intimation that Milworld, which the poet now reaches, ton deemed he drew his inspiration having completed his description from a deeper source than the heaof hell.
And feel thy sovran vital lamp; but thou
1 drop serene ... dim suffusion. | bard. He is mentioned by Homer, An allusion to the two causes of who relates his presumption in blindness, which, according to the challenging the Muses to a contest, medical authorities of Milton's and his punishment in being detime, were the “serene drop" (gut- prived by them of sight and the ta serena), - a sort of transparent power of song. watery humor that destroyed the 6 Mæon'ides; that is, Homer, optic nerve; and “suffusion” (suf- who is so called because supposed fusio), a kind of film that gathered to be a native of Mæonia, the over the eye.
ancient name of Lydia. 2 Yet not the more, etc. = ney- 7 Tiresi'as, a renowned “prophertheless I still wander.
et” (or bard) of the mythological 3 the flowery brooksare Kedron age of Greece. He was blind from and Siloa, the latter of which, how- childhood. ever, is only a pool.
8 Phinelus, a celebrated Thracian equaled with me in fate; that seer, whom the gods deprived of is, blind, like myself, by the decree sight because, on a false accusaof fate.
tion, he had caused his sons to be 5 Tham'yris was a Tlıracian blinded.