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Not proud, nor servile; be one poet's praise,
That, if he pleased, he pleased by manly ways;
That flattery, even to kings, he held a shame,
And thought a lie in verse or prose the same;
That not in fancy's maze he wander'd long,
But stooped to truth, and moralized his song:1
That not for fame, but virtue's better end,
He stood the furious foe, the timid friend,
The damning critic, half approving wit,
The coxcomb hit, or fearing to be hit;
Laughed at the loss of friends he never had,
The dull, the proud, the wicked, and the mad;
The distant threats of vengeance on his head,
The blow unfelt, the tear he never shed;
The tale revived, the lie so oft o'erthrown,
The imputed trash 3 and dullness not his own;
The morals blackened when the writings 'scape, 4
The libeled person, and the pictured shape ; 6
Abuse on all he loved, or loved him, spread, -
A friend in exile, or a father dead ;?

1 That not in fancy's maze .


person, physical form. song. That is, though he at first 6 pictured shape, caricatures of wrote light pieces of fancy, he af- Pope, who was terribly hurt by terwards treated graver themes some of these. ("moralized his song”), as in the 7 Abuse . dead. Curll the Essay on Man.

bookseller published every scrap 2 The blow unfelt. The allusion which he could rake out of the is to a lampoon professing to give sinks of literature against Pope an account of a whipping inflicted and his friends. By “a friend in on Pope in 1728.

exile” is meant Bolingbroke, who 8 imputed trash. Trash printed was much esteemed by Pope. By in Pope's name.

“a father dead” is meant Pope's 4 'scape=escape.

own father.

The whisper, that to greatness still too near,
Perhaps yet vibrates on his Sovereign's ear
Welcome for thee, fair virtue! all the past;
For thee, fair virtue! welcome even the last!

Of gentle blood, part shed in honor's cause, While yet in Britain honor had applause, Each parentsprung. —A.3 What fortune, pray?

P. Their own, And better got than Bestia's 4 from the throne. Born to no pride, inheriting no strife, Nor marrying discord in a noble wife, Stranger to civil and religious rage, The good man walked innoxious through his age. No courts he saw, no suits would ever try, Nor dared an oath, nor hazarded a lie. Unlearned, he knew no schoolman's subtile art, No language but the language of the heart. By nature honest, by experience wise, Healthy by temperance and by exercise; His life, though long, to sickness passed unknown, His death was instant, and without a groan.

1 part ... cause. One of his 5 Nor ... wife. Supposed to be mother's kindred was killed, and a reference to Addison. another died, in the service of 6 The good man; that is, Pope's Charles I.

father. 2 each parent; that is, each of 7 Nor dared an oath. As a RoPope's parents.

man Catholic, Pope's father de3 A.; that is, Arbuthnot, as P. is clined to take various oaths which of course Pope.

were at that time necessary qualifi4 Bestia, some unknown royal cations for civil offices under the favorite.

British government.

O grant me thus to live, and thus to die!
Who sprung from kings shall know less joy than 1.

O friend! may each domestic bliss be thine!
Be no unpleasing melancholy mine;
Me let the tender office long engage,
To rock the cradle of reposing age,
With lenient arts extend a mother's breath,
Make languor smile, and smooth the bed of death,
Explore the thought, explain the asking eye,
And keep a while one parent from the sky !1
On cares like these if length of days attend,
May Heaven, to bless those days, preserve my friend,
Preserve him social, cheerful, and serene,
And just as rich as when he served a queen.

A. Whether that blessing be denied or given, Thus far was right, the rest belongs to Heaven.


And now, unveiled, the toilet 3 stands displayed, Each silver vase in mystic order 4 laid.

1 O friend! . . sky. The pa- | therefore, here expressing a sentithetic sweetness of these lines is ment genuine and deep. not surpassed by any thing else 2 served a queen.

Arbuthnot which Pope has written. Their had been physician to Queen Anne. effect is founded on the truth they 8 toilet. “Toilet” is strictly the express. Pope's filial piety is well cloth covering the dressing-table. attested, and the affectionate soli mystic order. These words citude with which he surrounded carry out the mock-heroic style of the declining years of his aged the poem, and describe the toilet mother held the leading place in articles as arranged in a mystical his duties and occupations. He is, 'order, having some deep meaning.


First, robed in white, the nymph 1 intent adores,
With head uncovered, the cosmetice powers.
A heavenly image in the glass appears;
To that she bends, to that her eyes she rears.
The inferior priestess, at her altar's side,
Trembling, begins the sacred rites of pride.
Unnumbered treasures ope 4 at once, and here
The various offerings of the world appear.

From each she nicely 6 culls with curious toil,
And decks the goddess with the glittering spoil.
This casket India's glowing gems 7, unlocks,
And all Arabia 8 breathes from yonder box.
The tortoise here and elephant unite,
Transformed to combs, the speckled and the white.
Here files of pins extend their shining rows,
Puffs, powders, patches, Bibles, billets-doux.'
Now awful beauty puts on all its arms;
The fair each moment rises in her charms,
Repairs her smiles, awakens every grace,
And calls forth all the wonders of her face;

i nymph: that is, Miss Fermor, 7 India's gems, an allusion to the who, under the name of “Belinda,” diamonds of Golconda, in India. is the heroine of the poem.

8 all Arabia. A figurative ex2 cosmetic. See Glossary. pression for the perfumes, etc.,

3 inferior priestess. Who is brought from Arabia. Compare meant? (See the last line of this Shakespeare (Macbeth): “All the extract.)

perfumes of Arabia shall not ope. Give the modern form. sweeten this little hand." 6 various offerings, etc., the nu- 9 puffs . .. billets-doux. Note merous articles forming the dress the examples of alliteration. Exand adornment of a “ lady of qual- plain patches.” Billets - doux ity” in Pope's time.

(French), literally sweet notes, 6 nicely. Meaning here?

short love-letters.


Sees by degrees a purer blush arise,
And keener lightnings quicken in her eyes.
The busy sylphs 1 surround their darling care;
These set 2 the head, and those divide the hair,
Some fold the sleeve, while others plait the gown,
And Betty's 3 praised for labors not her own.


HONOR and shame from no condition rise:
Act well your part, there all the honor lies.
Fortune in men has some small difference made,
One flaunts in rags, one flutters in brocade;
The cobbler aproned, and the parson gowned,
The friar hooded, and the monarch crowned.
“What differ more,” you cry, “than crown and cowl!”
I'll tell you, friend, — a wise man and a fool.

Worth makes the man, and want of it the fellow:
The rest is all but leather or prunella.
But by your father's worth if yours you rate,
Count me those only who were good and great.
Go! if your ancient but ignoble blood
Has crept through scoundrels ever since the flood,
Go! and pretend your family is young;
Nor own your fathers have been fools so long.

1 sylphs, sprites of the Rosicru

2 set, adjust, arrange. cian philosophy, whom the poet 3 Betty, the waiting-maid, or imagines as presiding over the “inferior priestess” already re“mystic rites" of the toilet.

ferred to.

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