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A loss in all familiar things,
Am I not richer than of old ?
What change can reach the wealth 1 I hold ?
What chance can mar the pearl and gold
Where cool and long the shadows grow,
Shall shape and shadow overflow,
Shall I not see thee waiting stand,
The welcome of thy be koning hand ?
2. – THE CENIUS OF THE WEST.
(Whittier wrote this fine poem on the occasion of “receiving an eagle's quill from Lake Superior.” Its general purpose is to celebrate the breadtlı, freedom, and opportunity afforded by the Great West.)
ALL day the darkness and the cold
Upon my heart have lain,
1 the wealth: that is, the wealth 3 when the sunset gates unbar. of his sister's remembered affec- Explain this beautifully tender extion.
pression. 2 life's late afternoon. What 4 All day ... lain. Change this idea underlies this metaphor? couplet to the prose order.
Like shadows on the winter sky,
Like frost upon the pane;
But now my torpid 1 fancy wakes,
And, on thy 2 eagle's plume,
Or witch upon her broom!
Below me roar 3 the rocking pines,
Before me spreads the lake Whose long and solemn-sounding waves
Against the sunset break.
The prairie harvest mown.
I hear the far-off voyager's horn;
I see the Yankee's trail,
On every stream his sail.
By forest, lake, and waterfall,
I see his peddler show;
1 torpid (Latin torpidus, stiff), be 4 rice-eater, the rice-bird, so numbed.
named from its depredations in 2 thy, in reference to the sender rice-fields; the reed-bird. In New of the quill.
England it is called the bobolink. 3 Below me roar, etc. This and 5 thresh the grain, etc. Exsimilar expressions in the succeed-plain. ing stanzas (as “I hear,” “I see,” 6 scythe of fire, etc. A prairieetc.), are examples of the figure of fire. speech called vision.
7 his sail. What figure?
The mighty mingling with the mean,
The lofty with the low.
Upon his loaded wain;
With eager eyes of gain.
I hear the mattock 3 in the mine,
The ax-stroke in the dell,
The Jesuit chapel bell.
I see the swarthy trappers come
From Mississippi's springs; And war-chiefs with their painted brows,
And crests of eagle-wings.
Behind the scared squaw's birch canoe
The steamer smokes and raves ; And city lots are staked 5 for sale
Above old Indian graves.
I hear the tread of pioneers
Of nations yet to be; The first low wash of waves, where soon
Shall roll a human sea.
1 St. Mary's Falls. Where are 4 Jesuit chapel bell, in allusion they?
to the mission stations established 2 the Pictured Rocks. What in early times, in the Far West, by do you know about them?
French Jesuit missionaries, seek8 mattock, a pickaxe with broad ing to Christianize the Indians. ends.
5 staked, marked off.
The rudiments of empire here
Are plastic yet and warm ;
Is rounding into form!
Each rude and jostling fragment soon
Its fitting place shall find, -
Its muscle and its mind.3
And, westering 4 still, the star5 which leads
The New World in its train
Of many a mountain-chain.
Then blessings on thy eagle-quill,
As, wandering far and wide,
And Fancy's airy ride!
1 rudiments, rough elements. 5 the star. An allusion to Bishop How is the thought expressed in Berkeley's line, “Westward the the first two lines of this stanza course of empire takes its way;” varied in the last two?
generally misquoted, “Westward 2 chaos. Explain.
the star of empire,” etc. 3 Its muscle and its mind. Turn snowy cones of Oregon. In these figurative terms into plain allusion to the snow-clad peaks in words.
the Cascade region, as Mount Hood, 4 westering, moving westward. Mount Jefferson, etc., all of which The word is used by Milton. are extinct volcanoes,
Yet, welcomer than regali plumes
Which Western trappers find,
Like feathers on the wind.
Thy symbol be the mountain-bird,
Whose glistening quill I hold;
And memory's sunset gold!
And strength unite with love,
The warm heart of the dove!
So, when in darkness sleeps the vale
Where still the blind bird clings,
Shall glitter on thy wings !
3. – THE GIFT OF TRITEMIUS.
TRITEMIUS of Herbipolis, one day,
1 regal (from Latin rex, regis, a | 1516), a distinguished theologian, king)= royal, from French roi, a was abbot, or head, of the monasking.
tery of Herbipolis, - the Latinized 2 ample air. Compare Milton : name of the modern Wurzburg, in 'an ampler ether, a serener air." Germany. 8 Tritemius, or Trithemius (1462 4 miserable voice. Explain.